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Events Of Increased Biodiversity

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Events of Increased Biodiversity

Events of Increased Biodiversity Book
Author : Pascal Neige
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 0081004745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fossil record offers a surprising image: that of evolutionary radiations characterized by intense increases in cash or by the sudden diversification of a single species group, while others stagnate or die out. In a modern world, science carries an often pessimistic message, surrounded by studies of global warming and its effects, extinction crisis, emerging diseases and invasive species. This book fuels frequent "optimism" of the sudden increase in biodiversity by exploring this natural phenomenon. Events of Increased Biodiversity: Evolutionary Radiations in the Fossil Record explores this natural phenomenon of adaptive radiation including its effect on the increase in biodiversity events, their contribution to the changes and limitations in the fossil record, and examines the links between ecology and paleontology’s study of radiation. Details examples of evolutionary radiations Explicitly addresses the effect of adaptation driven by ecological opportunity Examines the link between ecology and paleontology’s study of adaptive radiation

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity Book
Author : Danny Hunter,Luigi Guarino,Charles Spillane,Peter C. McKeown
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-10-03
ISBN : 1317753291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies.

Practicing Transcendence

Practicing Transcendence Book
Author : Christopher Peet
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-06
ISBN : 3030144321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the concept of the Axial Age and its relevance for a world in crisis. Scholars have become increasingly interested in philosopher Karl Jaspers’ thesis that a spiritual revolution in consciousness during the first millennium BCE decisively shaped world history. Axial ideas of transcendence develop into ideologies for world religions and civilizations, in turn coalescing into a Eurasian world-system that spreads globally to become the foundation of our contemporary world. Alongside ideas and ideologies, the Axial Age also taught spiritual practices critically resisting the new scale of civilizational power: in small counter-cultural communities on the margins of society, they turn our conscious focus inward to transform ourselves and overcome the destructive potentials within human nature. Axial spiritualities offer humanity a practical wisdom, a profound psychology, and deep hope: to transform despair into resilience, helping us face with courage the ecological and political challenges confronting us today.

Biodiversity in a Changing Climate

Biodiversity in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Terry Louise Root,Kimberly R. Hall,Mark P. Herzog,Christine A. Howell
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2015-06-16
ISBN : 0520961803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One major consequence of climate change is abrupt, dramatic changes in regional biodiversity. Even if the most optimistic scenarios for mitigating climate change transpire, the fate of many wild species rests on the shoulders of people engaged in conservation planning, management, and policy. Providing managers with the latest and most useful climate change research is critical and requires challenging the conventional divide between scientists and managers. Biodiversity in a Changing Climate promotes dialogue among scientists, decision makers, and managers who are grappling with climate-related threats to species and ecosystems in diverse forms. The book includes case studies and best practices used to address impacts related to climate change across a broad spectrum of species and habitats—from coastal krill and sea urchins to prairie grass and mountain bumblebees. Focused on California, the issues and strategies presented in this book will prove relevant to regions across the West, as well as other regions, and provide a framework for how scientists and managers in any region can bridge the communication divide to manage biodiversity in a rapidly changing world. Biodiversity and a Changing Climate will prove an indispensable guide to students, scientists, and professionals engaged in conservation and resource management.

Origin and Evolution of Biodiversity

Origin and Evolution of Biodiversity Book
Author : Pierre Pontarotti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 3319959549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book includes 19 selected contributions presented at the 21st Evolutionary Biology Meeting, which took place in Marseille in September 2017. The chapters are grouped into the following five categories: · Genome/Phenotype Evolution · Self/Nonself Evolution · Origin of Biodiversity · Origin of Life · Concepts The annual Evolutionary Biology Meetings in Marseille serve to gather leading evolutionary biologists and other scientists using evolutionary biology concepts, e.g. for medical research. The aim of these meetings is to promote the exchange of ideas to encourage interdisciplinary collaborations. Offering an up-to-date overview of recent findings in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is in invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture Land Resources Water Resources and Biodiversity in the United States

Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture  Land Resources  Water Resources  and Biodiversity in the United States Book
Author : Peter Backlund
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2009-05
ISBN : 143791098X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report by the Nat. Science and Tech. Council¿s U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) is part of a series of 21 reports aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. These reports are also intended to help the CCSP develop future program research priorities. The CCSP¿s guiding vision is to provide the Nation and the global community with the science-based knowledge needed to manage the risks and capture the opportunities associated with climate and related environmental changes. This report assesses the effects of climate change on U.S. land resources, water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity. It was developed with broad scientific input. Illus.

Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia

Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia Book
Author : Serge Morand,Claire Lajaunie,Rojchai Satrawaha
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1315313553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Southeast Asia is highly diversified in terms of socio-ecosystems and biodiversity, but is undergoing dramatic environmental and social changes. These changes characterize the recent period and can be illustrated by the effects of the Green Revolution in the late 1960s and 1970s, to the globalization of trade and increasing agronomic intensification over the past decade. Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia provides theoretical overviews and challenges for applied research in living resource management, conservation ecology, health ecology and conservation planning in Southeast Asia. Five key themes are addressed: origin and evolution of Southeast Asian biodiversity; challenges in conservation biology; ecosystem services and biodiversity; managing biodiversity and living resources; policy, economics and governance of biodiversity. Detailed case studies are included from Thailand and the Lower Mekong Basin, while other chapters address cross-cutting themes applicable to the whole Southeast Asia region. This is a valuable resource for academics and students in the areas of ecology, conservation, environmental policy and management, Southeast Asian studies and sustainable development.

Population Agriculture and Biodiversity

Population  Agriculture  and Biodiversity Book
Author : J. Perry Gustafson,Peter H. Raven,Paul R. Ehrlich
Publisher : University of Missouri Press
Release : 2020-05-04
ISBN : 0826274404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely collection of 15 original essays written by expert scientists the world over addresses the relationships between human population growth, the need to increase food supplies to feed the world population, and the chances for avoiding the extinction of a major proportion of the world's plant and animal species that collectively makes our survival on Earth possible. These relationships are highly intertwined, and changes in each of them steadily decrease humankind’s chances to achieve environmental stability on our fragile planet. The world population is projected to be nine to ten billion by 2050, signaling the need to increase world food production by more than 70 percent on the same amount of land currently under production—and this without further damaging our fragile environment. The essays in this collection, written by experts for laypersons, present the problems we face with clarity and assess our prospects for solving them, calling for action but holding out viable solutions.

Climate Change and Biodiversity

Climate Change and Biodiversity Book
Author : Chris Turner
Publisher : Scientific e-Resources
Release : 2018-10-04
ISBN : 1839472480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Change in climate has consequences on the biophysical environment such as changes in the start and length of the seasons, glacial retreat, decrease in Arctic sea ice extent and a rise in sea level. These changes have already had an observable impact on biodiversity at the species level, in term of phenology, distribution & populations, and ecosystem level in terms of distribution, composition & function. From a human perspective, the rapid climate change and accelerating biodiversity loss risks human security (e.g. a major change in the food chain upon which we depend, water sources may change, recede or disappear, medicines and other resources we rely on may be harder to obtain as the plants and forna they are derived from may reduce or disappear, etc.). Environmental conditions play a key role in defining the function and distribution of plants, in combination with other factors. Changes in long term environmental conditions that can be collectively coined climate change are known to have had enormous impacts on current plant diversity patterns; further impacts are expected in the future. It is predicted that climate change will remain one of the major drivers of biodiversity patterns in the future. This book is written for the specialist as well as the concerned citizen, this important book presents a comprehensive view of the newest research and thinking on climate change and biological diversity.

Review of the Literature on the Links Between Biodiversity and Climate Change

Review of the Literature on the Links Between Biodiversity and Climate Change Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : UNEP/Earthprint
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789292251352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 4th Assessment Report (AR4) concluded that climate change will have significant impacts on many aspects of biological diversity: On ecosytems, species, genetic diversity within species, and on ecological interactions. The implications of these impacts are significant For The long-term stability of the natural world and For The many benefits and services that humans derive from it. This report reviews the literature since the AR4. it draws on recent research to summarise advances in our understanding of the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. The evidence For The impacts on biodiversity comes from three principal sources. First, from direct observation of changes in components of biodiversity in nature that can be clearly related to changes in climatic variables. Second, experimental studies using manipulations to elucidate responses to climate change. Finally, and most widely, from modelling studies where our current understanding of the requirements and constraints on the distribution of species and ecosystems are combined with modelled changes in climatic variables to project the impacts of climate change and predict future distributions and changes in populations.

Marine Biodiversity Climatic Variability and Global Change

Marine Biodiversity  Climatic Variability and Global Change Book
Author : Grégory Beaugrand
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-11-28
ISBN : 1136462864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity loss in terrestrial environments associated with human activities has been appreciated as a major issue for some years now. What is less well documented is the effect of such activities, including climate change, on marine biodiversity. This pioneering book is the first to address this important but neglected topic, which is likely to be the key challenge for marine scientists in the near future. Using a multidisciplinary and a holistic approach, the book reveals how climatic variability controls biodiversity at time scales ranging from synoptic meteorological events to millions of years and at spatial scales ranging from local sites to the whole ocean. It shows how global change, including anthropogenic climate change, ocean acidification and more direct human influences such as exploitation, pollution and eutrophication may alter biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and regulating and provisioning services. The author proposes a theory termed the 'macroecological theory on the arrangement of life', which explains how biodiversity is organized and how it responds to climatic variability and anthropogenic climate change. The book concludes with recommendations for further research and theoretical development to identify oceanic areas in need of observation and gaps in current scientific knowledge. Many references and comparisons with the terrestrial realm are included in all chapters to better understand the universality of the relationships between biodiversity, climate and the environment. The book will serve as a textbook for all students and researchers of marine science and environmental change, but will also be accessible to the more general reader.

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change Book
Author : Melissa R. Marselle,Jutta Stadler,Horst Korn,Katherine N. Irvine,Aletta Bonn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 3030023184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

Biodiversity Change and Human Health

Biodiversity Change and Human Health Book
Author : Osvaldo E. Sala,Laura A. Meyerson,Camille Parmesan
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2012-09-26
ISBN : 1610911253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity Change and Human Health brings together leading experts from the natural science and social science realms as well as the medical community to explore the explicit linkages between human-driven alterations of biodiversity and documented impacts of those changes on human health. The book utilizes multidisciplinary approaches to explore and address the complex interplay between natural biodiversity and human health and well-being. The five parts examine health trade-offs between competing uses of biodiversity (highlighting synergistic situations in which conservation of natural biodiversity actually promotes human health and well-being); relationships between biodiversity and quality of life that have developed over ecological and evolutionary time; the effects of changing biodiversity on provisioning of ecosystem services, and how they have affected human health; the role of biodiversity in the spread of infectious disease; native biodiversity as a resource for traditional and modern medicine Biodiversity Change and Human Health synthesizes our current understanding and identifies major gaps in knowledge as it places all aspects of biodiversity and health interactions within a common framework. Contributors explore potential points of crossover among disciplines (both in ways of thinking and of specific methodologies) that could ultimately expand opportunities for humans to both live sustainably and enjoy a desirable quality of life.

Business Events

Business Events Book
Author : Rob Davidson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 1351736817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The dynamic and fast-expanding business events sector plays a vital role in the professional lives of hundreds of millions of people worldwide by providing settings in which they can meet for the purposes of negotiation, deliberation, motivation, the dissemination of knowledge, and the celebration of their greatest career-related achievements. This book provides a sound practical and theoretical context for the study of this subject by covering, in depth, all categories of business-related events including corporate meetings, association conferences, political events, incentive travel, exhibitions, corporate hospitality, awards ceremonies and SMERF (social, military, educational, religious and fraternal) gatherings. This new edition has been extensively revised and updated to reflect recent developments in business events, including: Five new chapters on business events destination marketing, knowledge, sustainability, ethics and technology New ‘It’s my job’ voice boxes offering practical insights from people employed in the business events industry A wide range of new case studies illustrating business events throughout the world, including emerging business events destinations such as Russia and the Middle East Written in an accessible yet analytical manner, Business Events is essential reading for all students of events, tourism and hospitality management.

Climate Change Extreme Events and Disaster Risk Reduction

Climate Change  Extreme Events and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Suraj Mal,R.B. Singh,Christian Huggel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-05
ISBN : 3319564692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the science, causes, impacts and risk reduction strategies for climate change and disasters. It focuses on the use of traditional knowledge, new innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels in order to promote sustainable development goals in general and disaster risk reduction in particular. The global climate has changed substantially over the last century. There is strong evidence of global climate change in the form of increase in air and sea surface temperature, recession of glaciers, changes and shifting of climate regimes, increasing number of extreme events and sea levels changes. The increasing frequency of climate change induced disasters in particular is posing a threat to resilience, lives and livelihoods at global, regional and local levels. Major ecosystems of the world have experienced several climate induced disaster events in recent past. This book provides new insights into the occurrence and impacts of climatic extremes and strategies for disaster risk reduction. It includes studies on rainfall and temperature trends, floods and drought disasters, weather and climatic related disasters in mountains, changes in plant activities, risk assessment and responses in different ecosystems of the world. The book is particularly useful for environmental and disaster managers, researchers and graduate students, as well as policy makers.

Singapore Biodiversity

Singapore Biodiversity Book
Author : Peter K. L. Ng,Richard Corlett,Hugh T. W. Tan
Publisher : Editions Didier Millet
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9814260088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A magnificently illustrated and superbly written guide to the unique and simply astounding biodiversity of Singapore.

Nitrogen Deposition Critical Loads and Biodiversity

Nitrogen Deposition  Critical Loads and Biodiversity Book
Author : Mark A. Sutton,Kate E. Mason,Lucy J. Sheppard,Harald Sverdrup,Richard Haeuber,W. Kevin Hicks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-04-10
ISBN : 9400779399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together extended reviews and papers of new scientific research on atmospheric nitrogen deposition impacts globally. While there is a wealth of evidence on the magnitude, components and effects of nitrogen disposition on floral biodiversity in Europe and North America, there is an obvious lack of information on impacts on above- and below-ground fauna, and all impacts in other parts of the world, with no clear overview of how the different strands of evidence fit together. This overall synthesis is targeted at the international conventions, but is equally readable for scientists, environmental managers, conservation agencies and policy makers. 'This timely book highlights the global nitrogen deposition problem. Major regions of the world are exceeding sustainability thresholds for adverse effects on ecosystem function and biodiversity. This highlights the importance of ongoing work, including under the Convention on Biological Diversity, in developing indicators and monitoring nitrogen deposition effects to enable appropriate measures. This book presents a milestone towards this global goal as the international community works toward meeting the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, especially Target 8: "By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity". Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity “This key volume highlights the global challenge to reduce atmospheric nitrogen pollution resulting from energy production, transport and agricultural activities. It takes forward the agenda recently launched in the UNEP commissioned report ‘Our Nutrient World”. Dr. Anjan Datta, UNEP.

Baseline Studies of Biodiversity

Baseline Studies of Biodiversity Book
Author : Daniel Pauly,Purwito Martosubroto
Publisher : WorldFish
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9718709487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Baseline Studies of Biodiversity book written by Daniel Pauly,Purwito Martosubroto, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Current State and Future Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity

Current State and Future Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity Book
Author : Rathoure, Ashok Kumar,Chauhan, Pawan Bharati
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-11-29
ISBN : 1799812286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the balance of society and nature is imperative when researching ecosystems and their global influence. A method of studying the health of these ecosystems is biodiversity. The more diverse the species that live in an ecosystem, the healthier it is. As the climate continues to transform, small-scale ecosystems are affected, altering their diversity. Environmentalists need a book of research that studies the specific impacts of climate change and how it affects the future of the environment. Current State and Future Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on biological systems and how climate change influences their health. While highlighting topics such as genetic diversity, economic valuation, and climatic conditions, this publication explores the effects of climate change as well as the methods of sustainable management within ecosystems. This book is ideally designed for environmental scientists, environmental professionals, scientists, ecologists, conservationists, government officials, policymakers, agriculturalists, environmentalists, zoologists, botanists, entomologists, urban planners, researchers, scholars, and students seeking research on current and future developments of various ecosystems.