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Five Types of Ethical Theory

Five Types of Ethical Theory Book
Author : C. D. Broad
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780415225311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ethical Theory

Ethical Theory Book
Author : Heimir Giersson,Margaret Holmgren
Publisher : Broadview Press
Release : 2000-06-28
ISBN : 9781551112923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This anthology is designed for use as a brief introduction to ethical theory. Included are sections on various forms of ethical theory: Ethical Relativism; Divine Command Theory; Egoism; Consequentialism; Deontology; Justice; Virtue Ethics; and Feminist Ethics. Each section includes two or three of the most important and interesting contributions to the field, together with brief introductions by the editors. A final section, Theories in Practice, consists of five selections on the issues of abortion, world poverty, and affirmative action.

Ethical Theory

Ethical Theory Book
Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-20
ISBN : 1118316827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Ethical Theory: An Anthology features a comprehensive collection of more than 80 essays from classic and contemporary philosophers that address questions at the heart of moral philosophy. Brings together 82 classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from seminal works by Hume and Kant to contemporary views by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and many more Features updates and the inclusion of a new section on feminist ethics, along with a general introduction and section introductions by Russ Shafer-Landau Guides readers through key areas in ethical theory including consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, and virtue ethics Includes underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge, moral standing, moral responsibility, and ethical particularism

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory Book
Author : David Copp
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005-12-22
ISBN : 9780198033721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.

The Centrality of Normative Ethical Theory

The Centrality of Normative Ethical Theory Book
Author : Bernard Rosen
Publisher : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A normative ethical theory provides a means of arriving at justified moral and value judgments. A clear example of such a theory is J. S. Mill's utilitarianism. When Mill, or any authors, attempt to justify these normative ethical theories they provide meta-ethical arguments. Any attempted justification of the meta-arguments, or the methods they employ, is at the meta-philosophical level and are parceled out to their proper level, thus revealing Mill's full ethical theory. Bernard Rosen argues Mill's critics and supporters address one level or another, often without noting which one it is. The positions of important ethical theorists who have been influenced by, or who criticize Mill are presented. They include A. Sidgwick, G. E. Moore, William James, M. Schlick, A. J. Ayer, R. M. Hare, C. L. Stevenson, William Frankena, and John Dewey. Along the way, a thoroughgoing, pragmatic ethical theory at every level, is set out and defended.

Five Types of Ethical Theory

Five Types of Ethical Theory Book
Author : C.D. Broad
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-06-03
ISBN : 1317834011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, Broad expounds and criticises five typical theories of ethics, viz. those of Spinoza, Butler, Hume, Kant and Sidgwick. This edition first published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ethical Emotivism

Ethical Emotivism Book
Author : S.A. Satris
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400935072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The primary contributions of this work are in three overlapping categories: (i) the history of ideas (and in particular the history of the idea of value) and moral philosophy in both continental and Anglo-American traditions, (ii) the identification and interpretation of ethical emotivism as one of the major twentieth-century ethical theories, and (iii) the evolution of a philosophically viable form of ethical emotivism as an alternative to utilitarianism and Kantianism. In addition, along the way, many particular points are touched upon, e. g. , the relation of Hume to Stevenson and emotivism, the facti value distinction, and human emotional and social nature. The work begins by challenging the received account of the development of twentieth-century moral philosophy, i. e. , the account that occurs in all the recognized historical books (such as G. c. Kerner, The Revolution in Ethical Theory, Oxford, 1966; G. 1. Warnock, Contemporary Moral Philosophy, London, 1967; W. D. Hudson, Modern Moral Philosophy, London, 1967; Mary Warnock, Ethics Since 1900, 3rd ed. , Oxford, 1978; and W. D. Hudson, A Century of Moral Philosophy, New York, 1980). This received account is not only the property of scholars of the history of recent moral philosophy but is also generally assumed by philosophers themselves, and is repeated quite uncritically in the literature at large.

Essays in Ethical Theory

Essays in Ethical Theory Book
Author : Richard Mervyn Hare,Formerly White's Professor of Moral Philosophy Oxford University Graduate Research Professor R M Hare
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

R.M. Hare is one of the most widely discussed of today's moral philosophers. In this volume he has collected a number of essays, including one which is previously unpublished, which fill in the theoretical background of his thought. Each essay is self-contained, but together they give a connected picture of his views on such questions as the objectivity and rationality of moral thinking, the issue between the ethical realists and their opponents, the place in our moral thought of appeals to common convictions, and how to tell whether a feature of a situation is morally relevant.

Corporate Citizenship Contractarianism and Ethical Theory

Corporate Citizenship  Contractarianism and Ethical Theory Book
Author : Jesús Conill
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-30
ISBN : 1351160982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study provides a representation of the broad spectrum of theoretical work on topics related to business ethics, with a particular focus on corporate citizenship. It considers relations of business and society alongside social responsibility and moves on to examine the historical and systemic foundations of business ethics, focusing on the concepts of social and ethical responsibilities. The contributors explore established theories and concepts and their impact on moral behaviour. Together, the contributions offer varied philosophical theories in approaches to business ethics. The book will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers with an interest in the theoretical development of business ethics.

Motivation and the Moral Sense in Francis Hutcheson s Ethical Theory

Motivation and the Moral Sense in Francis Hutcheson   s Ethical Theory Book
Author : Henning Jensen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401029717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the works of Francis Hutcheson are unfamiliar to most students of philosophy, it cannot be said that he has been entirely ignored. To be sure, most of the recent writers who deal with Hutcheson's philosophy do so in the course of writing about Hutcheson's famous contemporary, David Hume. This is true, for example, of Norman Kemp Smith, whose book entitled The Philosophy of David Hume 1 includes much detailed information concerning Hume's indebtedness to Hutcheson. But others have written about Hutcheson on his own account. William R. Scott's Francis Hutcheson,2 although mainly biographical and historical, is well worth reading. In his article "Some Reflections on Moral-Sense Theories in Ethics," 3 C. D. Broad presents a sustained analysis of the sort of theory held by Hutcheson. D. Daiches Raphael's The Moral Sense 4 is competent, interesting, and especially valuable in its treatment of epistemological issues surrounding the moral sense theory. William K. Frankena's article entitled "Hutcheson's Moral Sense Theory" Ji is search ing and profound. And, most recent of all, a book by William T. Black stone has appeared entitled Francis Hutcheson and Contemporary Ethi cal Theory. 6 One of the difficulties encountered in presenting a study of Hutcheson is that all of his books are extremely rare. Fortunately, L. A. Selby-Bigge'l) 1 Nonnan Kemp Smith, The Philosophy of David Hume (London: Macmillan and Co. , Limited, 1949). Ii William Robert Scott, Francis Hutcheson (Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge Uni venity Press, 1900).

Ethical Theory The question of objectivity

Ethical Theory  The question of objectivity Book
Author : James Rachels
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780198751922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rachels's two-volume Ethical Theory provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary moral philosophy, reprinting classic and contemporary articles, including many that are not otherwise readily available. Each volume contains a clearly written, substantial introduction that guides the beginner through the intricacies of the subject. Ethical Theory 1 deals with the question of objectivity in ethics and the viability of moral realism, focusing on what moral judgments mean, whether morality can be objective, and whether there are any such things as moral facts. It includes a clearly written, substantial, and critical introduction guiding the beginner through the intricacies of the subject.

Ethical Theory in the Study of International Politics

Ethical Theory in the Study of International Politics Book
Author : Mark Evans
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781590339718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to introduce readers to a representative range of work which raises what should be regarded as pressing ethical issues in the context of international politics. Although by no means comprehensive in coverage of the possible questions that could be appropriately asked, the chapters convey a sense of how variegated is the field of ethical inquiry in the global realm. Some of the issues are familiar to students of international relations, some of them less so. What they all show, however, is that the academic discipline of international relations has much to learn and benefit from how such problems may be addressed using techniques and approaches that have, until recently, been rather more exclusively restricted to domestic -- nation-statist -- political theory...(From the Introduction) Contents: Introduction: Topics in International Political Theory; Who Should Pay (And How Much) for Realising Human Rights?; World Citizenship and The Ethics of Individual Responsibility; World Hunger, Moral Theory, and Radical Rawlsianism; Kids 'R' Us? Children as Political Bodies; Dealing with the Past: Forgiveness and the Reconstruction of Memory in Divided Societies; Outsour

Ethical Theories in Islam

Ethical Theories in Islam Book
Author : Mağīd Fah̲rī
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 9789004093003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work provides a typology of Islamic ethics, without overlooking the chronological development. Four types of ethical theory are isolated: the scriptural, the theological, the philosophical and the religious. This edition contains extra material from Ibn Sina's writings, translated into English. The book should interest Islamic scholars, philosophers and historians of ethics.

Literature and Moral Theory

Literature and Moral Theory Book
Author : Nora Hämäläinen
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 1501305387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Literature and Moral Theory investigates how literature, in the past 30 years, has been used as a means for transforming the Anglo-American moral philosophical landscape, which until recently was dominated by certain ways of “doing theory”. It illuminates the unity of the overall agenda of the ethics/literature discussion in Anglo-American moral philosophy today, the affinities and differences between the separate strands discernible in the discussion, and the relationship of the ethics/literature discussion to other (complexly overlapping) trends in late-20th century Anglo-American moral philosophy: neo-Aristotelianism, post-Wittgensteinian ethics, particularism and anti-theory. It shows why contemporary philosophers have felt the need for literature, how they have come to use it for their own (philosophically radical) purposes of understanding and argument, and thus how this turn toward literature can be used for the benefit of a moral philosophy which is alive to the varieties of lived morality.

Insights Into Ethical Theory and Practice

Insights Into Ethical Theory and Practice Book
Author : Francis Fallon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781527576056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ethical issues hold great importance for all of us, but expert accounts of them are difficult to access for those outside academics. This volume bridges that gap by framing a variety of essays within the field in a way that renders them accessible to experts and non-experts alike. Many collections on ethics re-publish classic essays and offer contextualization and analysis, while other volumes of emerging, innovative work presuppose a background in the field. This book uniquely borrows from both approaches, offering emerging, innovative work, carefully curating its order for sense, and presenting the work so that non-experts may understand it. The field of ethics is an eclectic one. Where other collections on ethics may intimidate the reader by representing the field as an organized monolith, or as impenetrable to outsiders, this volume is designed to give readers confidence and enthusiasm in approaching a diverse and lively subject.

Consider Ethics

Consider Ethics Book
Author : Bruce N. Waller
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 2010-11-24
ISBN : 9780205017737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here's how MyEthicsKit will help you succeed: -You Decide! ùA series of issue-centered debates that focus on opposing viewpoints via videos and survey tools that ultimately help students reach their own ethical decisions. -AssessmentùAutomated grading offers immediate feedback on quizzes and assignments, and a gradebook allows both students and instructors to monitor student progress throughout the course. -ResearchùStudents receive round-the-clock access to reliable content for internet research projects, including thousands of full articles from the EBSCO ContentSelect database.

Environmental Ethics Readings in Theory and Application

Environmental Ethics  Readings in Theory and Application Book
Author : Louis P. Pojman,Paul Pojman,Katie McShane
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2016-01-01
ISBN : 1305687809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS, 7th Edition presents the main issues in environmental ethics using a diverse set of readings arranged in dialogue format. The seventh edition of this popular anthology features selections from contemporary authors as well as readings from classic writers, all chosen for their clarity and accessibility. By exploring both sides of every topic, this edition helps students quickly grasp each subject and move from theory to application. Making this textbook even more enjoyable to read include new sections on Environmental Justice, Climate Change, Food Ethics, Nature and Naturalness, Sustainability, Population and Consumption, Future Generations, and Holism. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Ethical Theory and Social Change

Ethical Theory and Social Change Book
Author : Abraham Edel
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 9781138509689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

John Dewey was unique among American philosophers in his insistence that the events, the social structure, the beliefs and attitudes of a period, its models of science and human history, all have some constitutive role in its philosophical theory. This belief is amply demonstrated in Dewey's own writings. Dewey and James H. Tufts' Ethics was first published in 1908 with a revised edition appearing in 1932. Dewey's part in the latter was wholly rewritten, and in effect constituted a new work, showing that Dewey did not believe ethical beliefs were eternal and unchanging. In Ethical Theory and Social Change, Abraham Edel provides a comparative analysis of the two editions to show how Dewey conceived ethics as part of an ongoing culture, not intelligible if isolated.The years between the two editions of Dewey and Tufts' Ethics were momentous in America and across the world. In 1908 industrialism was in high gear, putting greater pressure on social institutions and raising expectations of technological progress and extended democratic growth. By 1932, the devastation of World War I, economic depression, and the rise of totalitarianisms of the left and right had shattered that earlier optimism. The shift toward secular philosophy and new perspectives in research and method in the social sciences was challenging established universalizing views of morality with perceptions of fundamental moral conflict and the threat of relativism in their resolution.Dewey, is an ideal case for comparing changes in ethical theory over a quarter century. Unlike many philosophers he appreciated change and many of his basic ideas are geared to the problem of human control over change. Moreover he is concerned with the relation of theory and practice, and much of his work in metaphysics and epistemology is devoted to discovering the role that doctrines in these fields play and how they reflect the movement of social life. He is constantly concerned with ethics, with the history of ethics, and with the presuppositions of ethical theories that are studied in the social sciences and applied in the normative disciplines of politics, education, and law.Dewey's project of comparison in ethics reveals how theory is crystallized in the processes of the growth of knowledge in all fields and the human vicissitudes of history. Ethical Theory and Social Change will be of interest to philosophers, sociologists, and intellectual historians.

Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory

Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory Book
Author : James Dreier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-04
ISBN : 1405150262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory features pairs of newly commissioned essays by some of the leading theorists working in the field today. Brings together fresh debates on the most controversial issues in moral theory Questions include: Are moral requirements derived from reason? How demanding is morality? Are virtues the proper starting point for moral theorizing? Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary moral theory, while also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers.

Moral Theory in Santideva s Siksasamuccaya

Moral Theory in Santideva s Siksasamuccaya Book
Author : Barbra R. Clayton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2006-04-07
ISBN : 1134278284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important text analyzes the moral theory of the seventh century Indian Mahayana master, Santideva, author of the well-known religious poem, the Bodhicaryavatara (Entering the Path of Enlightenment) as well as the significant, but relatively overlooked, Siksasamuccaya (Compendium of Teachings). With particular focus on the Siksasamuccaya, this book uses original translations and critical analysis in order to answer the question: How would Santideva’s ethics be understood in terms of Western moral theory? Santideva’s ethical presuppositions and moral reasoning are illuminated by analyzing his key moral terms and comparing them to other Buddhist principles. By focusing on a neglected Buddhist Sanskrit text by a major Mahayana figure, Barbra R. Clayton helps to redress a significant imbalance in the scholarship on Buddhist ethics, which has - up to now - focused primarily on the ethics of the Pali literature as interpreted in the Theravada tradition.