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Ethical Challenges In Oncology

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Ethical Challenges in Oncology

Ethical Challenges in Oncology Book
Author : Colleen Gallagher,Michael Ewer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-23
ISBN : 0128039019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ethical Challenges in Oncology: Patient Care, Research, Education, and Economics covers a wide variety of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology throughout the full cancer care continuum. This book provides a holistic view on oncology ethics, incorporating the knowledge and expertise of authors from various departments and oncology specialties within the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The first section focuses on the ethical issues associated with treating cancer patients. Next, the ethical challenges associated with oncology research, including funding, regulation, subject selection and the big picture are explored. The third section covers ethical issues associated with education in oncology as it reflects both past and future trends in developing proficient health care providers, patients and even executives. Final sections concentrate on the ethical dilemmas associated with the economic repercussions of oncology, offering thoughts on how to alleviate the ethical consequences that can arise from the global effects of cancer and cancer treatment. Each chapter includes discussion topics, answers pertinent questions and provides an ethical framework for problem- solving in each scenario. The topics uncover the ethical apprehensions and problems associated with oncology research and practice in order to determine best practices as well as provide guidance for all parties involved. Offers a diverse range of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology Provides direction by bringing real issues to the forefront Contains a truly ethical approach on problems as broad as research, finance, appropriateness of care, and professional education

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology Oncology

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology Oncology Book
Author : Kate A. Mazur,Stacey L. Berg
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 3030226840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book identifies the various ethical challenges that arise in pediatric hematology/oncology and provides the necessary tools to overcome these challenges. Aiming to expand upon and strengthen providers’ knowledge and experience in pediatric health care ethical issues, the text positions providers to be beneficial resources to faculty, staff, patients, and families within their institution. It presents a multidisciplinary approach to sound ethical practices that is necessary to effectively care for these patients and their families. The book reviews the principles of ethical decision-making, the unique difficulties in using children as research subjects, common ethical conundrums involved in providing end-of-life care, and general moralities of professional practice. Written by experts in their fields, Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology is an innovative and valuable resource for clinicians, practitioners, and trainees who work in the field of pediatric hematology/oncology.

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care Book
Author : Peter Angelos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1475730446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a variety of ethical issues that arise in the care of oncology patients. Many volumes have been written on medical ethics in the past 30 years. However, few have focused on ethical issues specific to the care of cancer patients. This book brings together such a focused examination. The contributors are experienced clinicians, ethicists, medical humanists, and medical educators. The issues raised have direct relevance to the care of oncology patients in treatment as well as research settings. The chapters address issues that are central to contemporary medical practice and medical ethics inquiry. Any practicing clinician will be well aware of the problems of communication and how uncertainty, cross-cultural issues, and religious influences can impact patient care. The limits of care and the role of advance directives and palliative care are common issues that must be addressed in treating patients at the end of life. For oncologists and oncology patients, participation in clinical trials may be a thomy topic, especially when phase I clinical trials are being considered. The impact of managed care and reimbursement issues cannot be avoided in the contemporary patient care and similarly cannot be neglected when considering the ethical ramifications raised. No discussion of ethics in oncology can be complete without attention to the specific challenges raised by the pediatric patient with cancer. All of these topics are explored by the contributors to this book.

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy Book
Author : Axel W. Bauer,Ralf-Dieter Hofheinz,Jochen S. Utikal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-02-15
ISBN : 9783030637484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents in detail the problems and ethical challenges in daily oncological practice. In western industrialized countries, roughly 25 percent of all citizens still die from cancer. Despite significant progress in basic science and in individual areas of clinical care, even in the 21st century, being diagnosed with cancer has lost none of its dread and can still be a death sentence. This situation raises many problems and challenges for medical ethics, e.g., the question of the benefits and risks of prevention programs, or the right to know and not to know. Clinical trials with cancer patients and quality assurance for surgery, radiotherapy and medication also pose a series of ethical dilemmas. Furthermore, cancer treatment is a psychological challenge not only for patients but also for physicians and caregivers. The issues of adequate pain management and good palliative care, of treatment limiting and the question of assisted suicide at the end of life also have to be considered. In order to reflect the subject’s diverse and multifaceted nature, the book incorporates legal, ethnographic, historical and literary perspectives into ethical considerations.

Ethics and Oncology

Ethics and Oncology Book
Author : Monika Bobbert,Beate Herrmann,Wolfgang U. Eckart
Publisher : Verlag Herder GmbH
Release : 2018-04-04
ISBN : 3495813438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advances in oncological therapy as well as the knowledge of the limitations to what is possible pose major ethical challenges for doctors, nurses and patients: The possibilities for treatment in oncology are expanding continuously. As a result patients are involved with increasingly complex treatment decisions, including end of life decisions. As a consequence doctors must inform their patients adequately, deliver difficult news and advise patients and their relatives on treatment goals and changes thereto, e.g. when changing from curative to palliative care. This interdisciplinary conference with experts from a wide range of fields provides an opportunity to initiate and deepen the discussion of the above-mentioned issues.

The Ethical Challenges of Human Research

The Ethical Challenges of Human Research Book
Author : Franklin G. Miller
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-11-15
ISBN : 0199896208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains 22 essays on the ethics of research involving human subjects written over a 15-year period. Topics addressed include the ethics of clinical trials, controversial study designs, and informed consent.

Psycho Oncology

Psycho Oncology Book
Author : Jimmie C. Holland, M.D et al.
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-03-22
ISBN : 0199710163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psycho-Oncology was the first comprehensive text in the field of psychosocial oncology and remains the gold standard today. Written by 67 internationally known psychiatry and palliative care experts, the resource is truly an essential reference for all providers of palliative care. Joining Oxford Medicine Online this resource offers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format. Online only benefits include downloading images and figures to PowerPoint and downloading chapters to PDF.

Oncology of Infancy and Childhood E Book

Oncology of Infancy and Childhood E Book Book
Author : Stuart H. Orkin,David E. Fisher,A. Thomas Look,Samuel Lux,David Ginsburg,David G. Nathan
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009-06-09
ISBN : 1437721389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To address the growing complexities of childhood cancer, Nathan and Oski’s Hematology and Oncology of Infancy and Childhood has now been separated into two distinct volumes. With this volume devoted strictly to pediatric oncology, and another to pediatric hematology, you will be on the cutting edge of these two fields. This exciting new, full-color reference provides you with the most comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date information for diagnosing and treating children with cancer. It brings together the pathophysiology of disease with detailed clinical guidance on diagnosis and management for the full range of childhood cancers, including aspects important in optimal supportive care. Written by the leading names in pediatric oncology, this resource is an essential tool for all who care for pediatric cancer patients. Offers comprehensive coverage of all pediatric cancers, including less common tumors, making this the most complete guide to pediatric cancer. Covers emerging research developments in cancer biology and therapeutics, both globally and in specific pediatric tumors. Includes a section on supportive care in pediatric oncology, written by authors who represent the critical subdisciplines involved in this important aspect of pediatric oncology. Uses many boxes, graphs, and tables to highlight complex clinical diagnostic and management guidelines. Presents a full-color design that includes clear illustrative examples of the relevant pathology and clinical issues, for quick access to the answers you need. Incorporates the codified WHO classification for all lymphomas and leukemias.

Acute Care Oncology Nursing

Acute Care Oncology Nursing Book
Author : Cynthia C. Chernecky,Kathleen Murphy-Ende
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1416037349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the likely first responder in an emergency, you need quick access to essential information on the potential complications of many different cancer types and treatments. The new edition of this trusted resource provides up-to-date information on the pathophysiology, complications, risks, treatment approaches, prognosis, assessment findings, and nursing and medical interventions for a wide range of cancers. It also offers valuable information to help you fulfill your role as care coordinator and patient advocate, including client education guidelines, discharge procedures, and strategies for helping the client and family deal with the impact of the disease's progression. A consistent format throughout helps you quickly find the information you need, no matter what the topic. This indispensable reference is written and reviewed by both oncology and acute care nurses, ensuring accuracy, currency, and clinical relevance. Coverage of each cancer includes pathophysiologic mechanisms, epidemiology and etiology, risk profile, prognosis, professional assessment criteria (PAC), nursing care and treatment, evidence-based practice update, patient teaching, nursing diagnoses or DSM-IV, evaluation and desired outcomes, and discharge planning with follow-up care, where needed. The latest prognosis statistics give you a realistic picture of the survival possibilities for your patients so you can provide the most appropriate nursing care and patient education. Multiple-choice review questions with answers and rationales at the end of each chapter help reinforce your understanding of key concepts and prepare you for certification examinations. Special boxes highlight pediatric-specific care considerations for working with children. Six new chapters - Biliary and Pancreatic Obstruction, Depression and Cognitive Dysfunction, Dyspnea and Airway Obstruction, GI Obstruction, Heart Failure, and Spiritual Distress - keep you up to date with the latest advances in oncology nursing. Evidence-based rationales in the nursing interventions help you apply the latest research findings to actual practice. Each chapter includes a new section on pathophysiology to help you understand the physiologic processes associated with each oncologic complication.

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics Book
Author : Ezekiel J. Emanuel,Christine Grady,Reidar K. Lie,Franklin G. Miller,Robert A. Crouch,David Wendler
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-05
ISBN : 0195168658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics is the first systematic and comprehensive reference on clinical research ethics. Under the editorship of experts from the National Institutes of Health of the United States, the book offers a wide-ranging and systematic examination of all aspects of research with human beings. Considering historical triumphs of research as well as tragedies, the textbook provides a framework for analysing the ethical aspects of research studies with human beings. Through both conceptual analysis and systematic reviews of empirical data, the textbook examines issues ranging from scientific validity, fair subject selection, risk benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent as well as focused consideration of international research ethics, conflicts of interests and other aspects of responsible conduct of research. The editors of The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics offer a work that critically assesses and advances scholarship in the field of human subjects research with human beings.

Geriatric Oncology An Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

Geriatric Oncology  An Issue of Clinics in Geriatric Medicine Book
Author : Richard Rosenbluth
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-02-28
ISBN : 1455742821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue serves as a comprehensive review and update in the management of the geriatric cancer patient. Topics covered include: Cancer and Aging, Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, Breast Cancer in the Elderly, Solid Tumors in the Elderly, Radiation Therapy with the Elderly, Liquid Tumors in the Elderly, Nursing and Palliation of Elderly Cancer Patients, Ethics and Religion in Care of the Elderly, and Surgery in the Elderly.

Individualized Medicine Between Hype and Hope

Individualized Medicine Between Hype and Hope Book
Author : Peter Dabrock,Matthias Braun,Jens Ried
Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3643902980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Individualized medicine" is a catchphrase currently used to denote efforts in medical research and practice to establish tailored healthcare. The vision of "personalized" medicine has proved to be highly ambivalent, reflecting hype and hope - compared to the great expectations only very few applications have been realized up to now. The contributions to this volume discuss the challenges for patients, doctors, and the healthcare system and examine ethical and societal issues arising from one the most promising and most controversial developments in medical science and biotechnology. (Series: Medizin und Gesellschaft - Vol. 19)

Pediatric Psycho oncology

Pediatric Psycho oncology Book
Author : Shulamith Kreitler,Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush,Andrés Martin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-07-02
ISBN : 1118307801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Like the ground-breaking first edition, PediatricPsycho-oncology, Second edition puts the child at the centre ofmedical and psychological care. It broadens the focus beyondtreatment and cure to consider the quality of life of the child andtheir family. Written by an international group of pediatriconcologists and psychologists/psycho-oncologists brought togetherby an expert editorial team, it focuses on the real-life practicalaspects of children undergoing treatment for cancer. This edition has been restructured and opens with a majorsection on Active treatment, which includes chapters addressingquality of life, pain, psychosocial aspects of treatment andinterventions, art therapy and different fantasy-based techniques,palliative care, communication and education, as well as a newchapter on psychopharmacology. Shorter sections then discusssurvivorship and care of the dying child, including a new chapteron bereavement. The final section comprises new chapters onethical considerations and on addressing the emotional needs ofchildren whose parents have cancer, as well as a case study oninternational collaboration. An appendix provides acomprehensive overview of tools for evaluation and assessment inpediatric psychooncology. This book is a highly practical resource that will be invaluablefor all health care professionals looking after children andadolescents with cancer.

Handbook of Oncology Social Work

Handbook of Oncology Social Work Book
Author : Grace Hyslop Christ,Lynn C. Behar,Carolyn Messner,Lynn Behar
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199941920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of this inaugural Handbook of Oncology Social Work: Psychosocial Care for People With Cancer provides a repository of the scope of oncology social workers' clinical practice, education, research, policy and program leadership in the psychosocial care of people with cancer and their families. It focuses on the unique synergy of social work perspectives, values, knowledge, and skills with the psychosocial needs of cancer patients, their families, and the health care systems in which they are treated. It addresses both the science and art of psychosocial care and identifies the increasing specialization of oncology social work related to its unique knowledge base, skills, role, and the progressive complexity of psychosocial challenges for patients with cancer. This Handbook equips the reader with all that we know today in oncology social work about patient and family centered care, distress screening, genetics, survivorship, care coordination, sociocultural and economic diversity, legal and ethical matters, clinical work with adults living with cancer, cancer across the lifespan, their caregivers and families, pediatrics, loss and grief, professional career development, leadership, and innovation. Our hope is that in reading this Handbook you will identify new areas where each of you can leave your mark as innovators and change agents in our evolving field of practice.

Principles of Neuro Oncology

Principles of Neuro Oncology Book
Author : David Schiff,Brian Patrick O'Neill
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Professional
Release : 2005-06-23
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of diagnosis and treatment of all and metastic tumors of the nervous system. Offering streamlined access to sophisticated imaging studies that aid in diagnosis, and to management guidelines for treatment, the text assists those physicians who care for the growing numnbers of patients with nervous system malignancies.

Supportive Oncology E Book

Supportive Oncology E Book Book
Author : Mellar P. Davis,Petra Feyer,Petra Ortner,Camilla Zimmermann
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-02-11
ISBN : 1437735940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supportive Oncology, by Drs. Davis, Feyer, Ortner, and Zimmermann, is your practical guide to improving your patients‘ quality of life and overall outcomes by integrating palliative care principles into the scope of clinical oncologic practice at all points along their illness trajectories. A multidisciplinary editorial team, representing the dual perspectives of palliative medicine and oncology, offers expert guidance on how to effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counselling when appropriate. Integrate complementary palliative principles as early as possible after diagnosis with guidance from a multidisciplinary editorial team whose different perspectives and collaboration provide a well-balanced approach. Effectively communicate diagnoses and prognoses with cancer patients and their families, set treatment goals, and manage symptoms through pharmacological therapies, as well as non-pharmacological therapies and counseling when appropriate. Improve patients’ quality of life with the latest information on pain and symptom management including managing side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, rehabilitating and counselling long-term survivors, and managing tumor-related symptoms and other complications in the palliative care setting. Prescribe the most effective medications, manage toxicities, and deal with high symptom burdens.

Clinical Radiation Oncology E Book

Clinical Radiation Oncology E Book Book
Author : Leonard L. Gunderson,Joel E. Tepper
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2011-09-16
ISBN : 1455726036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With thorough updates throughout, Clinical Radiation Oncology provides the most comprehensive, authoritative, and up-to-date information available for treating patients with cancer. From a multidisciplinary perspective, this new edition, edited by Drs. Leonard L. Gunderson and Joel E. Tepper, examines the therapeutic management of specific disease sites based on both single-modality and combined-modality approaches - providing you with the well-rounded, cutting-edge guidance you need to offer the most effective treatments. A consistent chapter format, full-color design, and access to the full text at www.expertconsult.com make reference fast and easy. It is an ideal resource for mastering the latest, most effective techniques and modalities! Deepen your knowledge with a comprehensive, clinical approach to the scientific foundations of radiation oncology and general oncology as well as state-of-the-art techniques and modalities. Implement a multidisciplinary, "team care" approach to providing intricate treatment plans for patients, often in conjunction with medical oncologists, and surgeons. Broaden your understanding of the basic biology of the disease processes. Examine the therapeutic management of specific disease sites based on single-modality and combined-modality approaches. Quickly and easily find critical information thanks to an easily accessible, full-color design with over 800 color figures that clearly depict treatment techniques. Get broad multimodality perspectives and unique insights from a diverse team of respected editors and contributors –many of whom are new to this edition – affiliated with institutions across North America and internationally Access the fully searchable text anywhere, anytime at www.expertconsult.com, along with references, additional images and tables, video clips and more! Stay current with comprehensive updates throughout that include a new chapter on survivorship issues, and additional video clips on treatments such as prostate and penile cancer brachytherapy. Improve outcomes by providing the most effective treatment for each patient with expanded coverage of new modalities and treatment regimens. Understand and comply with the latest staging guidelines.