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Ethical And Legal Issues In Neurology

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Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : James L. Bernat,Richard Beresford
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0444535047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in our understanding of the brain and rapid advances in the medical practice of neurology are creating questions and concerns from an ethical and legal perspective. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology provides a detailed review of various general aspects of neuroethics, and contains chapters dealing with a vast array of specific issues such as the role of religion, the ethics of invasive neuroscience research, and the impact of potential misconduct in neurologic practice. The book focuses particular attention on problems related to palliative care, euthanasia, dementia, and neurogenetic disorders, and concludes with examinations of consciousness, personal identity, and the definition of death. This volume focuses on practices not only in North America but also in Europe and the developing world. It is a useful resource for all neuroscience and neurology professionals, researchers, students, scholars, practicing clinical neurologists, mental health professionals, and psychiatrists. A comprehensive introduction and reference on neuroethics Includes coverage of how best to understand the ethics and legal aspects of dementia, palliative care, euthanasia and neurogenetic disorders Brings clarity to issues regarding ethics and legal responsibilities in the age of rapidly evolving brain science and related clinical practice

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology Book
Author : James L. Bernat
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780781790604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Marie-Aurélie Bruno,Steven Laureys,Athena Demertzi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Patients in coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and in minimally conscious states pose medical, scientific, and ethical challenges. As patients with disorders of consciousness are by definition unable to communicate, the assessment of pain, quality of life, and end-of-life preferences in these conditions can only be approached by adopting a third-person perspective. Surveys of healthcare workers’ attitudes towards pain and end of life in disorders of consciousness shed light on the background of clinical reality, where no standard medical-legal framework is widely accepted. On the other hand, patients with locked-in syndrome, who are severely paralyzed but fully conscious, can inform about subjective quality of life in serious disability and help us to understand better the underlying factors influencing happiness in disease. In the medico-legal arena, such ethical issues may be resolved by previously drafted advance directives and, when absent, by surrogate representation. Lately, functional medical imaging and electrophysiology provide alternative means to communicate with these challenging patients and will potentially mediate to extract responses of medical-ethical content. Eventually, the clinical translation of these advanced technologies in the medical routine is of paramount importance for the promotion of medical management of these challenging patients.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Eric Racine,Emily Bell,Michael Shevell
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurodevelopmental disabilities, like autism spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy are a common health problem in children. Given the impact of these conditions on children, families, and healthcare and social systems, the care of developmentally challenged children raises questions related to values and ethical principles. We review the common features of neurodevelopmental disorders that help understand the associated ethical questions. We focus on three major areas where ethical questions arise for clinicians and those involved in making decisions for or caring for these children: (1) the principles of decision-making and autonomy as they relate to developmental disability; (2) the issues related to quality of life that have long intersected with developmental disability; and (3) the use of unproven therapies and diagnostics that are particularly controversial given the extent that neurodevelopmental disabilities impact children and their families, yet active treatments options are limited.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Ralf J. Jox,Ruth J. Horn,Richard Huxtable
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

End-of-life care practices and attitudes in Europe are highly diverse, which is unsurprising given the variety of cultural and religious patterns across this region. The most marked differences are in the legal and ethical stances towards assisted dying, although there are also variations in limitation of life-sustaining treatment and the authority of advance directives to decline such treatment. Palliative care has made a rapid and impressive development in many European countries over the last decade, and alleviating symptoms at the end of life is permitted, even if the drugs used might (in the rare case) not only relieve suffering but also shorten life. Fueled by the politically led process of European harmonization, future policies and laws on end-of-life care might converge. However, at the base of many ethical conflicts there remain deeply rooted differences about promoting the sanctity of life, eradicating suffering, and respecting patients’ autonomous wishes.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Adam Zeman,Jan Adriaan Coebergh
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Consciousness is a fundamentally important neurological capacity which is also of great relevance to ethical thinking and decision-making. The scientific basis of consciousness, and the philosophical questions raised by scientific discoveries about consciousness, have both attracted intense interest over recent decades. This chapter provides a wide-ranging review of the topic. It first considers the principal senses of “consciousness” and “self-consciousness,” acknowledging that both terms are as much colloquial as scientific: “consciousness” is used to refer first, to the waking state and second, to the contents of current experience or awareness; “self-consciousness” can be used to refer to self-perception, self-monitoring, self-recognition, the awareness of one’s own and others’ minds, and the capacity for mental time travel. Next, we review the biological basis of conscious states and conscious contents. The third section presents a taxonomy of states of altered consciousness. The fourth section reviews the major current overarching theories of consciousness. Finally we examine the main philosophic accounts of the relationship between consciousness and neural activity, emphasizing three strong but sometimes conflicting intuitions about consciousness: that it is a robust phenomenon, has a physical basis in neuronal activity, and plays a role in the control of behavior.

Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians

Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians Book
Author : James E Szalados
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 2019-02-04
ISBN : 0813595991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The brain represents the final frontier in medical sciences. Clinical neurosciences include the subspecialties of neurology, neurosurgery, neuro-imaging, cerebrovascular interventional specialties, neurocritical care, and the allied specialties in pharmacy and nursing. The first lens through which we see our patients is the clinical perspective; however, the complexity of neurosciences and the rapidity of the advances in these subspecialties require that clinicians not lose sight of the personhood of the patients, the professionalism required in the care of these complex patients, or the regulatory environment in which we practice. Science and technology are advancing more rapidly than regulations or the law can interpret and integrate them into a supportive or regulatory framework. Thus, morality, ethics, and the law comprise the final lens through which we approach complex patient management issues, frame our communications with patients and families, and evaluate the risks and potential benefits of new technology. Ethics and Law for Neurosciences Clinicians is written for all clinicians in the neurosciences specialties to examine and re-examine the ethical and legal implications of advances in clinical neurosciences.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Lois Margaret Nora
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented. Examples of how these laws, in turn, impact the practice of neurology through protection of patient privacy, the avoidance of conflict of interest, and informed consent and other issues are offered.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology

Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology Book
Author : Paul J. Ford,Abhishek Deshpande
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2014-01-09
ISBN : 0128080884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear understanding of distinctions and definitions is necessary before determining which types of surgically invasive neuroscience research should be permitted and how the experimental protocols can properly be undertaken. A failure to clarify the ethical distinctions in invasive neuroscience research hinders attempts at ethical analysis and guidance. At least four main distinctions need to be addressed: “invasiveness” as an important moral characteristic; special brain–mind-related risks; research participant selection; and ideologic interpretation of human function. Harm and not invasiveness is the metric by which to measure the ethical permissibility of research. Because of a class of harms to minds and selves, special attention should be paid to value considerations. These considerations need to be addressed by researchers, funders, and review boards to create proper safeguards from conception of research through final application of results.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics Book
Author : Judy Illes,Professor of Neurology Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics and Director of the National Core for Neuroethics Judy Illes
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780198567219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the brain sciences have dramatically improved our understanding of brain function. As we find out more and more about what makes us tick, we must stop and consider the ethical implications of this new found knowledge. Will having a new biology of the brain through imaging make us less responsible for our behavior and lose our free will? Should certain brain scan studies be disallowed on the basis of moral grounds? Why is the media so interested in reporting results of brain imaging studies? What ethical lessons from the past can best inform the future of brain imaging? These compelling questions and many more are tackled by a distinguished group of contributors to this, the first-ever volume on neuroethics. The wide range of disciplinary backgrounds that the authors represent, from neuroscience, bioethics and philosophy, to law, social and health care policy, education, religion and film, allow for profoundly insightful and provocative answers to these questions, and open up the door to a host of new ones. The contributions highlight the timeliness of modern neuroethics today, and assure the longevity and importance of neuroethics for generations to come.

Neuroethics in Practice

Neuroethics in Practice Book
Author : Anjan Chatterjee,Martha J. Farah
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-17
ISBN : 0195389786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores relevant questions within this multi-faceted and rapidly growing field, and will help to define and foster scholarship within the intersection of neuroethics and clinical neuroscience.

The Clinical Practice of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing

The Clinical Practice of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing Book
Author : Joanne V. Hickey
Publisher : Lippincott Raven
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fourth Edition of this classic comprehensive reference continues to provide reliable clinical guidance for neurological and neurosurgical nursing. A wide range of clinical topics is presented, including neuroanatomy, physiology, neurological assessment, diagnostic evaluation and specific disorders such as trauma, stroke, tumors, aneurysms, headaches, seizures, infections, and degenerative diseases of the nervous system. Six new chapters: The Continuum of Care and Models of Practice; Clinical Reasoning and Neuroscience Nursing Practice; Pharmacological Management of Neuroscience Patients; Respiratory Management of Neuroscience Patients; Management of Pain; and AIDS: Neurological Manifestations and Critical Thinking.

Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders

Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders Book
Author : A. John Popp
Publisher : Thieme
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 1604063297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesizing the expert clinical advice of specialists who treat disorders of the nervous system, this book is an accessible, single-volume resource for primary care physicians requiring practical information on a range of neurological disorders. A Guide to the Primary Care of Neurological Disorders provides readers with a firm foundation in neuroscience concepts that will enable them to make timely diagnostic, treatment, and referral decisions about common symptoms, including chronic pain, headache, seizures, numbness, and dizziness. Additional chapters cover specific categories of neurological disease, providing the reader with concise descriptions of the clinical manifestations, examination techniques, and treatment options for each. Features: An outline at the start of each chapter aids rapid location of topics of interest Thorough coverage of history-taking and the physical examination Pearls and Pitfalls at the end of each chapter review fundamental concepts and provide helpful guideposts for managing each clinical situation Packed with essential information on clinical neurosciences, this comprehensive book is ideal for primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, physicians' assistants, residents in primary care specialties, and medical students.A co-publication of Thieme and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

Neurology and the Law

Neurology and the Law Book
Author : H. Richard Beresford
Publisher : F A Davis Company
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Beresford's text provides an excellent source for neurologists and neurosurgeons to gain a better understanding of the legal process. This book will also help them avoid some of the legal pitfalls that physicians encounter during infrequent courtroom appearances. The text reviews importantneurologic malpractice judgments. It also covers medical ethical issues such as determination of brain death, how to handle patient information concerning incurable diseases, and diagnostic errors. Credentialing disputes in the context of managed care, scientific misconduct, and criminal liabilityfor violating anti-trust and antifraud laws are also discussed. A full chapter is also devoted to health care reform from the perspective of its practical impact on neurologic clinicians and academicians.

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities Book
Author : Michael Shevell,International Child Neurology Association
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Neurodevelopmental disabilities are a common problem in child health. This book takes a comprehensive approach to addressing these often challenging clinical diagnoses. In particular, it focuses on the two most common of childhood neurodevelopmental disabilities: global developmental delay and developmental language impairment. It seeks to put forward our present conceptualization of these entities as well as their proper evaluation and assessment and diagnosis from a variety of perspectives. It also provides details on our current understanding of the scientific basis of these disorders and their underlying causes. Issues related to medical management, rehabilitation, and eventual outcomes are also addressed in a detailed way. The book has wide appeal to those in paediatrics, developmental paediatrics, child neurology, and paediatric rehabilitation. Its geographic appeal includes both developed and developing nations as some chapters are devoted to the particular issues faced in underdeveloped countries. The book's focus on both clinical and scientific aspects is invaluable in this field. It also provides extensive information in a single source relating to often-overlooked areas such as medical management, rehabilitation, public policy, and ethics."--Publisher's website.

Nursing Ethics and Law

Nursing Ethics and Law Book
Author : Jacqulyn Kay Hall
Publisher : W B Saunders Company
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text integrates law and ethics in nursing. Ideal ethical behaviour is described for specific nursing values, as well as the minimum legal behaviour that should result, and the reality if it differs. The author discusses separate nursing behaviour in relationships with patients and non-patients. The text's emphasis on legal principles allows for quick and easy understanding, thus avoiding the need for nurses to get bogged down in the fine details of the law.

Moral Ethical and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences

Moral  Ethical  and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences Book
Author : Thomas P. Morley
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Moral Ethical and Legal Issues in the Neurosciences book written by Thomas P. Morley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience

Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : Grace Lee,Judy Illes,Frauke Ohl
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-09
ISBN : 3662448661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behavioral neuroscience encompasses the disciplines of neurobiology and psychology to study mechanisms of behavior. This volume provides a contemporary overview of the current state of how ethics informs behavioral neuroscience research. There is dual emphasis on ethical challenges in experimental animal approaches and in clinical and nonclinical research involving human participants.

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics Book
Author : L. Syd M. Johnson,Karen S. Rommelfanger
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781138898295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. The Handbook features easy-to-follow chapters that appear here for the first time in print and�written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices�represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts, and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook�s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues, and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice Value based Medicine

Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice  Value based Medicine Book
Author : Ahmed Ammar,Mark Bernstein
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-26
ISBN : 3642549802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Good neurosurgical practice is based not only on evidence, skills, and modern equipment, but also on good values. This book is the first to discuss specifically the ethical issues that arise during the daily practice of neurosurgery. It is divided into three parts addressing patients’ rights, ethical issues relating to the working environment, and wider societal aspects such as dealings of neurosurgeons with the legal system, the media, and companies. The authors are well-established neurosurgeons who present the ethical problems that they have encountered during their careers and explain what they have learned in confronting these problems. In all, more than 50 neurosurgical cases drawn from real life are reported and discussed from an ethical point of view. This book will be especially informative for young neurosurgeons and will provide all who work in this very special field with a road map on how to avoid violations of medical ethics in neurosurgical practice.