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Estimating The Human Cost Of Transportation Accidents

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Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents

Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents Book
Author : Jagadish Guria
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0128126124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Estimating the Human Cost of Transportation Accidents: Methodologies and Policy Implications discusses the estimation methods needed to determine the monetary value of loss of life and quality of life when evaluating transportation safety programs, policies and projects. In addition, it highlights how to overcome the many challenges researchers face in choosing the right values, including estimating loss of life and life quality, examining strengths and weaknesses, and critically analyzing social costs and implications. This book will allow researchers to better formulate accurate social costs, select safety improvement values, and understand limitations. Provides a comprehensive, theoretical, one-stop reference on non-market valuation methodologies, issues and policy implications for transportation health, safety and economics researchers Helps researchers better evaluate the actual total cost of road safety programs, policies and projects, including life quality valuation due to environmental impacts, such as harmful vehicle emissions Provides valuable case studies from around the globe

Using Public Transportation to Reduce the Economic Social and Human Costs of Personal Immobility

Using Public Transportation to Reduce the Economic  Social  and Human Costs of Personal Immobility Book
Author : Ricardo Byrd,Transit Cooperative Research Program,Crain & Associates
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780309066013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report provides a method to define and measure the costs of personal immobility at a local level and contains a compendium of public transportation practices that address immobility, help reduce costs, and possibly provide economic benefits to both the riders and the larger community. The focus is on practices that assist people who need transportation to health care or who are transitioning from welfare to work. This report should be of interest to planners, decision makers, and social service and transportation providers. It should also serve as a resource to assist decision makers and transportation service providers in using their services more effectively to address the issue of personal immobility.

Alternative Approaches to Accident Cost Concepts

Alternative Approaches to Accident Cost Concepts Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1984
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

State-level studies of direct motor vehicle accident costs are based on data which are out of date. If these data are used, the Texas Transportation Institute's 1982 update is most accurate and more current than the State-level cost data presented in the AASHTO "Red Book" (1977) and the Transportation Research Board's Methods for Evaluating Highway Safety Improvements (1975). Good national direct cost estimates (and estimates of the cost of police, coroners, etc.) appear in: The Incidence and Economic Costs of Major Health Impairments by Hartunian, Smart, and Thompson (1981) and The Economic Cost to Society of Motor Vehicle Accidents by NHTSA (1983). Good estimates for human capital costs appear in NHTSA (1983) and are preferred over the National Safety Council's 1981 estimates. No estimates exist of psychosocial costs. Estimates of willingness to pay for life and safety would be theoretically superior to human capital costs for use in benefit-cost analyses. Empirical studies of willingness to pay offer widely divergent value-of-life estimates, and most are based on questionable data, assumptions, or estimation procedures. A survey is needed to determine willingness to pay in a highway safety context. Failing that, use of the willingness-to-pay/human-capital approach presented by Landefeld and Seskin in the American Journal of Public Health in 1982 is recommended. It yields willingness-to-pay values approximately 2.128 times as large as human capital costs. A 4-percent discount rate is recommended. All recommended accident cost data are provided in the present report.

The Ecology of Transportation Managing Mobility for the Environment

The Ecology of Transportation  Managing Mobility for the Environment Book
Author : John Davenport,Julia L. Davenport
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-30
ISBN : 1402045042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reviews the ecological effects of road, rail, marine and air transport. The focus ranges from identification of threats and repair of damaging effects to design of future transport systems that minimize environmental degradation. The scope of coverage extends from small ecosystems to the planet as a whole. Experts from a variety of disciplines address the topic, expressing views across the spectrum from deep pessimism to cautious optimism.

Janus

Janus Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1997
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Transport IX

Urban Transport IX Book
Author : Lance J. Sucharov,C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
Release : 2003
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The issue of urban transportation, together with its inter-related environmental and social concerns, continues to rise up the agenda of all city authorities and central governments. Reflecting the wide range of research being carried out in many countries today, and highlighting urban transport systems, traffic control, accessibility and mobility, control and simulation, finance, air quality and noise, and social issues and safety, this volume features papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century. The material included should be of interest to engineers, scientists and managers who are involved in the planning and management of urban transportation and transport policy.

Efficient Transport for Europe Policies for the Internalisation of External Costs

Efficient Transport for Europe Policies for the Internalisation of External Costs Book
Author : European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 1998-07-17
ISBN : 9264163182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report summarises the theoretical and practical dimensions to internalisation; reviews recent estimates of external costs; explores the mix of policies that might be used to promote internalisation successfully; and estimates the size of incentives required in monetary terms.

Transportation

Transportation Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1984
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The True Costs of Road Transport

The True Costs of Road Transport Book
Author : Olof Johansson,David Maddison,David Pearce
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9781853832680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The last 30 years has been a period of phenomenal growth in road transport on the UK: today, 67 per cent of households have access to one or more cars. The same period has witnessed a precipitous decline in public transport, a rapid rise in the real price of both rail and bus fares, and a marked decline in the distance we travel by foot or bicycle. Yet the UK government's road-building programme and other transport policies have provoked outrage throughout the country; and, moreover, new evidence has come to light regarding the impact of benzene emissions from road transport on the incidence of asthma and the possible toll of particulate matter from diesel engines on human health. Blueprint 5 provides a detailed evaluation of the UK transport sector, and argues that without a fundamental change in policy it will inevitably continue to impose increasing costs on the natural environment, human health and the economy. It quantifies the external costs of road transport, and suggests new measures, such as road pricing and financial incentives, to pave the way to a sustainable transport system.

The RFF Reader in Environmental and Resource Policy

The RFF Reader in Environmental and Resource Policy Book
Author : Wallace Oates
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-09-30
ISBN : 1136523677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many articles in the Reader were originally published in RFF's quarterly magazine, Resources. Wally Oates has supplemented that with material drawn from other RFF works, including issue briefs and special reports. The readings provide concise, insightful background and perspectives on a broad range of environmental issues including benefit-cost analysis, environmental regulation, hazardous and toxic waste, environmental equity, and the environmental challenges in developing nations and transitional economies. Natural-resource topics include resource management, biodiversity, and sustainable agriculture. The articles address many of today's most difficult public policy questions, such as environmental policy and economic growth, and 'When is a Life Too Costly to Save?' New to the second edition is an expanded set of readings on global climate change and sustainability, plus cutting-edge policy applications on topics like the environment and public health and the growing problem of antibiotic and pesticide resistance. For general readers, the RFF Reader has been an accessible, nontechnical, authoritative introduction to key issues in environmental and natural resources policy. It has been especially effective in demonstrating the contribution that economics and other social science research can make toward improving public debate and decisionmaking. Organized to follow the contents of popular textbooks in environmental economics and politics, it has also found wide use in beginning environmental policy courses.

Transport and the Environment

Transport and the Environment Book
Author : Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution,Sir John Houghton
Publisher : Stationery Office/Tso
Release : 1994
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World Transport Research

World Transport Research Book
Author : David A. Hensher,Jenny King,Tae Hoon Oum
Publisher : Pergamon Press
Release : 1996-06-01
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total Cost of Transportation Analysis of Road and Highway Issues

Total Cost of Transportation Analysis of Road and Highway Issues Book
Author : Stephen W. De Vries
Publisher :
Release : 2003
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A prior project, HR-388 (which was entitled Total Cost of Transportation Analysis of Road and Highway Issues), explored the use of total economic cost basis for evaluation of road based transportation issues. It was conducted as a proof-of concept effort between 1996 and 2002, with the final report being presented in May 2002. The basic total cost theory developed and tested in HR-388 was: a) That a road 'system' is more than just the roads and bridges. It also includes and consists of vehicles, human resources, supporting facilities, and enabling institutions. b) The operation of the overall system produces fixed, distance based, and time based costs from the following sources: road network, vehicles, human resources, accidents, business/economic expenses and socio-environmental impacts. c) The sum of all fixed, distance, and time costs from all sources in the Total Cost of Transportation. d) The objective of operating and improving the road network is to reduce the distance and time based costs of the total system. Using data from Iowa's county road network, the TCT theory was explored, tested and shown to be both valid and workable. At a final briefing, county engineers requested that the study be re-done using current 2002 data instead of the 1988 data on which HR-388's analyses were built. This was proposed and approved to be performed as TR-477. TR-477 rebuilt the analytical model using current data, then performed general, system level, and road segment level analyses. The results are presented herein and will be distributed to all county engineers for information and local use. Key findings include that: a) The county road network is economically appropriate and adequate for the traffic it serves. b) Current road use and property tax rates are not set high enough to permit the county road system to be completely self-funded. c) About $402 million in level of service upgrades were justifiable in fiscal year 2002. d) It is possible to obtain consistent results for the entire system, county-by-county, and segment-by-segment.