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Equilibrium Models And Variational Inequalities

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Equilibrium Models and Variational Inequalities

Equilibrium Models and Variational Inequalities Book
Author : Igor Konnov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-02-08
ISBN : 9780080471389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of equilibrium plays a central role in various applied sciences, such as physics (especially, mechanics), economics, engineering, transportation, sociology, chemistry, biology and other fields. If one can formulate the equilibrium problem in the form of a mathematical model, solutions of the corresponding problem can be used for forecasting the future behavior of very complex systems and, also, for correcting the the current state of the system under control. This book presents a unifying look on different equilibrium concepts in economics, including several models from related sciences. - Presents a unifying look on different equilibrium concepts and also the present state of investigations in this field - Describes static and dynamic input-output models, Walras, Cassel-Wald, spatial price, auction market, oligopolistic equilibrium models, transportation and migration equilibrium models - Covers the basics of theory and solution methods both for the complementarity and variational inequality problems - The methods are illustrated by applications and exercises to economic equilibrium models

Equilibrium Problems Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models

Equilibrium Problems  Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models Book
Author : F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri,Panos M. Pardalos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306480263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the book is to cover the three fundamental aspects of research in equilibrium problems: the statement problem and its formulation using mainly variational methods, its theoretical solution by means of classical and new variational tools, the calculus of solutions and applications in concrete cases. The book shows how many equilibrium problems follow a general law (the so-called user equilibrium condition). Such law allows us to express the problem in terms of variational inequalities. Variational inequalities provide a powerful methodology, by which existence and calculation of the solution can be obtained.

Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems

Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems Book
Author : F. Giannessi,A. Maugeri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489913580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings forth a set of papers presented at the conference on "Varia tional Inequalities and network equilibrium problems", held in Erice at the "G. Stam pacchia" School of the "E. Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture in the period 19~25 June 1994. The meeting was conceived to contribute to the exchange between Variational Analysis and equilibrium problems, especially those related to network design. Most of the approaches and viewpoints of these fields are present in the volume, both as concerns the theory and the applications of equilibrium problems to transportation, computer and electric networks, to market behavior, and to bi~level programming. Being convinced of the great importance of equilibrium problems as well as of their complexity, the organizers hope that the merging of points of view coming from differ ent fields will stimulate theoretical research and applications. In this context Variational and Quasi~Variational Inequalities have shown them selves to be very important models for equilibrium problems. As a consequence in the last two decades they have received a lot of attention both as to mathematical inves tigation and applications. The proof that the above mentioned equilibrium problems can be expressed, in terms of Variational or Quasi~Variational Inequalities also in the non~standard and non~symmetric cases, has been a crucial improvement.

Network Economics

Network Economics Book
Author : Anna Nagurney
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475730055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the first edition of Network Economics: A Variational Inequality Approach in 1993, there have been many ad vances in both methodological developments, as well as, applications in this field. These have occurred in an environment of an increasingly networked global economy, in which the importance of transportation networks and communication networks is now well-recognized, with net works such as knowledge networks, environmental networks, and finan cial networks receiving growing attention. This edition adds recent research progress in new and evolving ar eas of network economics through common and unifying principles. In addition, it includes dynamic models of traffic, of spatially separated markets, of oligopolistic markets, and of financial markets. In order to expand the range and reach of this material, we have also included a series of problems in an appendix for self-study purposes and for use in the classroom. We note that computational economics has been at the forefront in stimulating the development of mathematical methodologies for the analysis and solution of complex, large-scale problems. The past fifteen years, in particular, have witnessed a dramatic growth of interest in this area. Supported by the increasing availability of data and by advances in computer architectures, the scale and dimensions of problems that can now be handled are unveiling new horizons in both theoretical modeling and policy analysis.

Vector Variational Inequalities and Vector Equilibria

Vector Variational Inequalities and Vector Equilibria Book
Author : F. Giannessi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-12-31
ISBN : 9780792360261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with the mathematical theory of vector variational inequalities with special reference to equilibrium problems. Such models have been introduced recently to study new problems from mechanics, structural engineering, networks, and industrial management, and to revisit old ones. The common feature of these problems is that given by the presence of concurrent objectives and by the difficulty of identifying a global functional (like energy) to be extremized. The vector variational inequalities have the advantage of both the variational ones and vector optimization which are found as special cases. Among several applications, the equilibrium flows on a network receive special attention. Audience: The book is addressed to academic researchers as well as industrial ones, in the fields of mathematics, engineering, mathematical programming, control theory, operations research, computer science, and economics.

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models

Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models Book
Author : P. Daniele,Franco Giannessi,A. Maugeri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-06-30
ISBN : 9781402074707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume, devoted to variational analysis and its applications, collects selected and refereed contributions, which provide an outline of the field. The meeting of the title "Equilibrium Problems and Variational Models", which was held in Erice (Sicily) in the period June 23 - July 2 2000, was the occasion of the presentation of some of these papers; other results are a consequence of a fruitful and constructive atmosphere created during the meeting. New results, which enlarge the field of application of variational analysis, are presented in the book; they deal with the vectorial analysis, time dependent variational analysis, exact penalization, high order deriva tives, geometric aspects, distance functions and log-quadratic proximal methodology. The new theoretical results allow one to improve in a remarkable way the study of significant problems arising from the applied sciences, as continuum model of transportation, unilateral problems, multicriteria spatial price models, network equilibrium problems and many others. As noted in the previous book "Equilibrium Problems: Nonsmooth Optimization and Variational Inequality Models", edited by F. Giannessi, A. Maugeri and P.M. Pardalos, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Vol. 58 (2001), the progress obtained by variational analysis has permitted to han dle problems whose equilibrium conditions are not obtained by the mini mization of a functional. These problems obey a more realistic equilibrium condition expressed by a generalized orthogonality (complementarity) con dition, which enriches our knowledge of the equilibrium behaviour. Also this volume presents important examples of this formulation.

Finite Dimensional Variational Inequalities and Complementarity Problems

Finite Dimensional Variational Inequalities and Complementarity Problems Book
Author : Francisco Facchinei,Jong-Shi Pang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 0387218157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is part two of a two-volume work presenting a comprehensive treatment of the finite-dimensional variational inequality and complementarity problem. It details algorithms for solving finite dimensional variational inequalities and complementarity problems. Coverage includes abundant exercises as well as an extensive bibliography. The book will be an enduring reference on the subject and provide the foundation for its sustained growth.

Operator Theorems with Applications to Distributive Problems and Equilibrium Models

Operator Theorems with Applications to Distributive Problems and Equilibrium Models Book
Author : Antonio Villar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642457118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presentation Many economic problems, as equilibrium models, input-output analysis, rational behaviour, etc. , are usually modelled in terms of operators in Euclidean spaces. This monograph deals with the analysis of a number of formal problems involving this kind of operators (with particular reference to complementarity problems and variational inequalities), and their applications to distributive problems and equilibrium models. Thus the purpose of this work is to provide a set of new results on the solvability of those problems, and a number of economic applications that will illustrate the interest of these results in economics. It is worth stressing from the very begining that our analysis concentrates on the existence (and in some cases optimality) of solutions. That is what is meant here by solvability (in particular, nothing will be said with respect to the uniqueness, stability, sensitivity analysis or computation of solutions). The results on the solvability of operator problems presented here, were actually arrived at as a way of solving specific economic models. Yet we are going to relate this case by somehow reversing the way it happened, that is, starting with the formal results and then presenting a number of economic models which appear as applications of VIII these formal results. The rationale for this approach is twofold. First, it provides a neat track via which to go through the whole work. Then, because I would like to emphasize the interest of complementarity and variational inequalities problems in economic modelling.

Projected Dynamical Systems and Variational Inequalities with Applications

Projected Dynamical Systems and Variational Inequalities with Applications Book
Author : Anna Nagurney,Ding Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146152301X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Equilibrium is a concept used in operations research and economics to understand the interplay of factors and problems arising from competitive systems in the economic world. The problems in this area are large and complex and have involved a variety of mathematical methodologies. In this monograph, the authors have widened the scope of theoretical work with a new approach, `projected dynamical systems theory', to previous work in variational inequality theory. While most classical work in this area is static, the introduction to the theory of projected dynamical systems will allow many real-life dynamic situations and problems to be handled and modeled. This monograph includes: a new theoretical approach, `projected dynamical system', which allows the researcher to model real-life situations more accurately; new mathematical methods allowing researchers to combine other theoretical approaches with the projected dynamical systems approach; a framework in which research can adequately model natural, financial and human (real life) situations in competitive equilibrium problems; the computational and numerical methods for the implementation of the methods and theory discussed in the book; stability analysis, algorithms and computational procedures are offered for each set of applications.

Variational and Quasi Variational Inequalities in Mechanics

Variational and Quasi Variational Inequalities in Mechanics Book
Author : Alexander S. Kravchuk,Pekka J. Neittaanmäki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-04
ISBN : 1402063776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essential aim of this book is to consider a wide set of problems arising in the mathematical modeling of mechanical systems under unilateral constraints. In these investigations elastic and non-elastic deformations, friction and adhesion phenomena are taken into account. All the necessary mathematical tools are given: local boundary value problem formulations, construction of variational equations and inequalities and their transition to minimization problems, existence and uniqueness theorems, and variational transformations (Friedrichs and Young-Fenchel-Moreau) to dual and saddle-point search problems.

Dynamic Networks and Evolutionary Variational Inequalities

Dynamic Networks and Evolutionary Variational Inequalities Book
Author : Patrizia Daniele
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 9781781008164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Since the extraordinary impact of networks is self-evident today both in the field of telecommunications and transportation as well as in the field of economic and financial equilibria, the scientific work carried out by Patrizia Daniele appears as an outstanding resource. The author employs with uncommon competence mathematical topics that are at the forefront of the science, while at the same time enabling the reader to understand the matter treated without any difficulty. Moreover the reader is fascinated by the clarity, depth and soundness with which the evolutionary equilibria problems are studied and by the original efficient computational procedures which allow for the solving of many significant examples and concrete problems. Without any doubt the book represents a shining light and a necessary tool for scholars of pure and applied mathematics, for economists and engineers as well as for practitioners, general managers and managing directors.' - Antonino Maugeri, Università di Catania, Italy This book offers a comprehensive analysis of dynamic networks and evolutionary variational inequalities, a topic of growing prominence in the study of networks. The extraordinary importance of networks in finance, mathematics, computer science and other areas is well known but the relatively new concept of 'dynamic' networks is less well understood. They become dynamic when the constitutive elements of the phenomena associated with the fixed geometry of networks are considered to be evolving over time. Patrizia Daniele offers many numerical examples to illustrate the issues discussed and provides a broad appendix to enrich this challenging but deeply informative book.

Dynamic Travel Choice Models

Dynamic Travel Choice Models Book
Author : Huey-Kuo Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 364259980X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contains up-to-date and accessible material, plus all the necessary mathematical background. By verifying the asymmetric property of the dynamic link travel time function, while identifying the inflow, exit flow and number of vehicles on a physical link as three different states over time, the author adopts a variational inequality approach using one time-space link variable. This is then used to formulate problems with deterministic, stochastic and fuzzy traffic information. The book is thus of particular interest to those readers involved in aspects of model formulation, solution algorithm, equivalence analysis and numerical examples.

Generalized Convexity Nonsmooth Variational Inequalities and Nonsmooth Optimization

Generalized Convexity  Nonsmooth Variational Inequalities  and Nonsmooth Optimization Book
Author : Qamrul Hasan Ansari,C. S. Lalitha,Monika Mehta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1439868212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until now, no book addressed convexity, monotonicity, and variational inequalities together. Generalized Convexity, Nonsmooth Variational Inequalities, and Nonsmooth Optimization covers all three topics, including new variational inequality problems defined by a bifunction. The first part of the book focuses on generalized convexity and generalized monotonicity. The authors investigate convexity and generalized convexity for both the differentiable and nondifferentiable case. For the nondifferentiable case, they introduce the concepts in terms of a bifunction and the Clarke subdifferential. The second part offers insight into variational inequalities and optimization problems in smooth as well as nonsmooth settings. The book discusses existence and uniqueness criteria for a variational inequality, the gap function associated with it, and numerical methods to solve it. It also examines characterizations of a solution set of an optimization problem and explores variational inequalities defined by a bifunction and set-valued version given in terms of the Clarke subdifferential. Integrating results on convexity, monotonicity, and variational inequalities into one unified source, this book deepens your understanding of various classes of problems, such as systems of nonlinear equations, optimization problems, complementarity problems, and fixed-point problems. The book shows how variational inequality theory not only serves as a tool for formulating a variety of equilibrium problems, but also provides algorithms for computational purposes.

Optimization in Science and Engineering

Optimization in Science and Engineering Book
Author : Themistocles M. Rassias,Christodoulos A. Floudas,Sergiy Butenko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-29
ISBN : 1493908081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optimization in Science and Engineering is dedicated in honor of the 60th birthday of Distinguished Professor Panos M. Pardalos. Pardalos’s past and ongoing work has made a significant impact on several theoretical and applied areas in modern optimization. As tribute to the diversity of Dr. Pardalos’s work in Optimization, this book comprises a collection of contributions from experts in various fields of this rich and diverse area of science. Topics highlight recent developments and include: Deterministic global optimization Variational inequalities and equilibrium problems Approximation and complexity in numerical optimization Non-smooth optimization Statistical models and data mining Applications of optimization in medicine, energy systems, and complex network analysis This volume will be of great interest to graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, in the fields of optimization and engineering.

Nonlinear Programming Techniques for Equilibria

Nonlinear Programming Techniques for Equilibria Book
Author : Giancarlo Bigi,Marco Castellani,Massimo Pappalardo,Mauro Passacantando
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 3030002055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers a range of problems in operations research, which are formulated through various mathematical models such as complementarity, variational inequalities, multiobjective optimization, fixed point problems, noncooperative games and inverse optimization. Moreover, the book subsumes all these models under a common structure that allows them to be formulated in a unique format: the Ky Fan inequality. It subsequently focuses on this unifying equilibrium format, providing a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical results and solution algorithms, together with a wealth of applications and numerical examples. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of nonlinear optimization techniques – e.g. convex optimization, nonsmooth calculus, proximal point and descent algorithms – as valuable tools for analyzing and solving Ky Fan inequalities.

Applied Functional Analysis

Applied Functional Analysis Book
Author : Abul Hasan Siddiqi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-19
ISBN : 9780203913017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The methods of functional analysis have helped solve diverse real-world problems in optimization, modeling, analysis, numerical approximation, and computer simulation. Applied Functional Analysis presents functional analysis results surfacing repeatedly in scientific and technological applications and presides over the most current analytical and n

Quadratic Programming and Affine Variational Inequalities

Quadratic Programming and Affine Variational Inequalities Book
Author : Gue Myung Lee,N.N. Tam,Nguyen Dong Yen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 0387242783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quadratic programs and affine variational inequalities represent two fundamental, closely-related classes of problems in the t,heories of mathematical programming and variational inequalities, resp- tively. This book develops a unified theory on qualitative aspects of nonconvex quadratic programming and affine variational inequ- ities. The first seven chapters introduce the reader step-by-step to the central issues concerning a quadratic program or an affine variational inequality, such as the solution existence, necessary and sufficient conditions for a point to belong to the solution set, and properties of the solution set. The subsequent two chapters discuss briefly two concrete nlodels (linear fractional vector optimization and the traffic equilibrium problem) whose analysis can benefit a lot from using the results on quadratic programs and affine variational inequalities. There are six chapters devoted to the study of conti- ity and/or differentiability properties of the characteristic maps and functions in quadratic programs and in affine variational inequa- ties where all the components of the problem data are subject to perturbation. Quadratic programs and affine variational inequa- ties under linear perturbations are studied in three other chapters. One special feature of the presentation is that when a certain pr- erty of a characteristic map or function is investigated, we always try first to establish necessary conditions for it to hold, then we go on to study whether the obtained necessary conditions are suf- cient ones. This helps to clarify the structures of the two classes of problems under consideration.

Vector Optimization

Vector Optimization Book
Author : Guang-ya Chen,Xuexiang Huang,Xiaogi Yang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 3540284451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vector optimization model has found many important applications in decision making problems such as those in economics theory, management science, and engineering design (since the introduction of the Pareto optimal solu tion in 1896). Typical examples of vector optimization model include maxi mization/minimization of the objective pairs (time, cost), (benefit, cost), and (mean, variance) etc. Many practical equilibrium problems can be formulated as variational in equality problems, rather than optimization problems, unless further assump tions are imposed. The vector variational inequality was introduced by Gi- nessi (1980). Extensive research on its relations with vector optimization, the existence of a solution and duality theory has been pursued. The fundamental idea of the Ekeland's variational principle is to assign an optimization problem a slightly perturbed one having a unique solution which is at the same time an approximate solution of the original problem. This principle has been an important tool for nonlinear analysis and optimization theory. Along with the development of vector optimization and set-valued optimization, the vector variational principle introduced by Nemeth (1980) has been an interesting topic in the last decade. Fan Ky's minimax theorems and minimax inequalities for real-valued func tions have played a key role in optimization theory, game theory and math ematical economics. An extension was proposed to vector payoffs was intro duced by Blackwell (1955).

Economic Equilibrium

Economic Equilibrium Book
Author : Alan Sussmann Manne
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 1985
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :