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Epigenetics In Precision Medicine

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Epigenetics in Precision Medicine

Epigenetics in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Jose Luis Garcia-Gimenez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0323858058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, knowledge of epigenetic mechanisms underlying disease onset and progression has proven crucial for the development of novel early diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers for patient stratification and precision medicine. Epigenetics in Precision Medicine, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough discussion and overview of current developments in clinical epigenetics with special emphasis on epigenetic biomarkers that can be used for clinical diagnosis, prognosis, patient stratification, and treatment monitoring. Disease types discussed include cancer, metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, bone disease, and immune-related disorders. The book examines the challenges of advancing epigenetics research and translating findings to the clinic and drug discovery in each of these areas, as well as current solutions; chapter authors discuss how to leverage epigenomic technologies, applications, and tools, such as next-generation sequencing, to discover new epigenetic biomarkers in disease and drug studies. Epigenetics in Precision Medicine focuses on complex epigenetic mechanisms in several pathologies, and explores how epigenetics can power the advance of precision medicine, not only by improving in vitro diagnostic and prognostic tools, but by providing new therapeutic approaches to treat human disease. Provides a thorough grounding in epigenetics-driven precision medicine, with emphasis on developing and implementing early diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers, and supporting patient stratification Empowers researchers and clinicians to incorporate epigenetics in new disease research, drug discovery, and clinical practice Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine Book
Author : Ramona G. Dumitrescu,Mukesh Verma
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 9781493993833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses certain epigenetic changes recognized in early carcinogenic lesions and different tumors, as well as factors that alter the epigenome and epigenetic profile such as diet, alcohol, immunity, circadian rhythm, and more. The chapters in this book further delve into this field and cover topics such as epigenome-based precision medicine in lung cancer; interplay between genetic and epigenetic changes in breast cancer subtypes; genetic regulation of PDCD1 gene in cancer immunology; and pyrosequencing methylation analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers and scientists identify these specific biomarkers and work towards the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of different cancers in the future.

Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine

Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine Book
Author : Jiucun Wang,Dongyi He,Momiao Xiong,Yun Liu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 2889661849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epigenetic Biomarker and Personalized Precision Medicine book written by Jiucun Wang,Dongyi He,Momiao Xiong,Yun Liu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128239285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine

Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Carini,Sandeep M Menon,Mark Chang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-03-27
ISBN : 1466593873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Future of Clinical Research and Health Care: From Empirical to Precision Medicine Clinical and Statistical Considerations in Personalized Medicine explores recent advances related to biomarkers and their translation into clinical development. Leading clinicians, biostatisticians, regulators, commercial professionals, and researchers address the opportunities and challenges in successfully applying biomarkers in drug discovery and preclinical and clinical development. Robust Biomarkers for Drug Development and Disease Treatment The first four chapters discuss biomarker development from a clinical perspective. Coverage ranges from an introduction to biomarkers to advances in RNAi screens, epigenetics, and rare diseases as targets for personalized medicine approaches. Subsequent chapters examine the statistical considerations in applying a personalized medicine approach, including multiplicity in pharmacogenomics. The last chapter assesses the regulatory issues involved in using biomarkers. Improve Patient Care and Reduce Costs and Side Effects Despite the vast amount of literature on biomarkers, there is no comprehensive book that integrates the clinical and statistical components. This book is one of the first to incorporate both the clinical and statistical aspects of biomarkers in the personalized medicine paradigm. Covering a wide spectrum of personalized medicine-related topics, it presents state-of-the-art techniques for advancing the application of biomarkers in drug discovery and development.

Pharmacoepigenetics

Pharmacoepigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 0128139404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacoepigenetics, Volume Eleven provides a comprehensive volume on the role of epigenetics and epigenomics in drug discovery and development, providing a detailed, but accessible, view of the field, from basic principles, to applications in disease therapeutics. Leading international researchers from across academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry discuss the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, and treatment, current epigenetic drugs, and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development. Throughout the book, chapter authors offer a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial contribution to the growth of precision and personalized medicine. Fully examines the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, treatment, current epigenetic drugs and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers in academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry Instructs researchers, students and clinicians on how to better interpret and employ pharmacoepigenetics in drug development, efficiency and safety Provides a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial role in precision medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine Book
Author : Judy S. Crabtree
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 0128204028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine

Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Claudio Carini,Mark Fidock,Alain van Gool
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 0429576730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The field of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine in drug development is rapidly evolving and this book presents a snapshot of exciting new approaches. By presenting a wide range of biomarker applications, discussed by knowledgeable and experienced scientists, readers will develop an appreciation of the scope and breadth of biomarker knowledge and find examples that will help them in their own work." -Maria Freire, Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Handbook of Biomarkers and Precision Medicine provides comprehensive insights into biomarker discovery and development which has driven the new era of Precision Medicine. A wide variety of renowned experts from government, academia, teaching hospitals, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies share best practices, examples and exciting new developments. The handbook aims to provide in-depth knowledge to research scientists, students and decision makers engaged in Biomarker and Precision Medicine-centric drug development. Features: Detailed insights into biomarker discovery, validation and diagnostic development with implementation strategies Lessons-learned from successful Precision Medicine case studies A variety of exciting and emerging biomarker technologies The next frontiers and future challenges of biomarkers in Precision Medicine Claudio Carini, Mark Fidock and Alain van Gool are internationally recognized as scientific leaders in Biomarkers and Precision Medicine. They have worked for decades in academia and pharmaceutical industry in EU, USA and Asia. Currently, Dr. Carini is Honorary Faculty at Kings’s College School of Medicine, London, UK. Dr. Fidock is Vice President of Precision Medicine Laboratories at AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK. Prof.dr. van Gool is Head Translational Metabolic Laboratory at Radboud university medical school, Nijmegen, NL.

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity Book
Author : Christopher Chang,Qianjin Lu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-22
ISBN : 9811534497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will address the growing roles of epigenetics in disease pathogenesis, and review the contribution of epigenetic modifications to disease onset and progression. The roles that epigenetics plays in facilitating effects of the environment on allergy and immunologic diseases will be reviewed. The book is divided into three parts – the first is an introduction to epigenetics and the methods that have been developed to study epigenetics, the second addresses epigenetics in allergic diseases and the third part will cover epigenetics in autoimmune diseases. With the rapid expansion of knowledge of how genes are regulated and how this regulation affects disease phenotypes, this book will be attractive to experienced researchers as well as those just launching an epigenetics research program. It will also be of interest to allergist, immunologists, rheumatologists and dermatologist who are engaged in clinical practice as a resource for understanding the basis for personalized and precision medicine. For example, the role that epigenetics plays in the pathogenesis in various allergic and autoimmune disorders and how this determines disease phenotypes will be covered extensively in this book. This book will thus help fill the gap in available resources on epigenetics in allergy and autoimmune diseases.

Genomics in Precision Medicine

Genomics in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Shiv Sanjeevi,Prerna Pandey
Publisher : Delve Publishing
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 9781774073445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics in Precision Medicine makes the people aware about the field of genomics and that of precision medicine, by taking the readers through all the details related to genomics and precision medicine. It also updates the readers about the various innovations that have taken place in the field of precision medicine and discusses the path that is to be followed further. Also discussed in the book is a review on the relation between the precision medicine and the mutations that drive it, delving on the various computational methods and conformational principles for the detection of the factors that drive cancer. It also discusses the various genetic mutations and epigenetic modifications and goes on to explore the various benefits and harms in the research on precision medicine.

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Mukesh Verma,Debmalya Barh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-22
ISBN : 0128095024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine presents an insightful overview to the myriad factors of personalized and precision medicine. The availability of the human genome, large amounts of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the age of personalized and precision medicine. Bringing together a global range of experts on precision medicine, this book collects previously scattered information into one concise volume which covers the most important developments so far in precision medicine and also suggests the most likely avenues for future development. The book includes clinical information, informatics, public policy implications, and information on case studies. It is a useful reference and background work for students, researchers, and clinicians working in the biomedical and medical fields, as well as policymakers in the health sciences. Provides an overview of the growing field of precision medicine Contains chapters from geographically diverse experts in their field Explores important aspects of precision medicine, including applications, ethics, and development

Integrative Preventive Medicine

Integrative Preventive Medicine Book
Author : Richard H. Carmona,Mark Liponis
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-12
ISBN : 019024125X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the preventable disease and economic burden continues to mount for the United States and the world, it is becoming apparent that embracing prevention strategies is essential. Simply continuing on the same course and infrastructure will not suffice. The future we will leave our children is unsustainable without change. Amidst all the partisan political chaos, Integrative Preventive Medicine (IPM) practices are strongly entering the public consciousness since many are dissatisfied with their traditional health (sick) care delivery systems and the scientific validity of IPM is increasing rapidly. This IPM textbook, the first of its kind, authored by nationally recognized thought leaders and edited by the 17th Surgeon General of the United States and the Canyon Ranch Medical Director will serve to bring together the science of IPM so that health practitioners have a ready reference containing practices that can prevent disease, decrease cost of care and improve the quality of life. Our IPM textbook is divided into three sections, Public Health and Evolving Science in IPM, Multidisciplinary Nature of IPM and The IPM Approach of Selected Clinical Problems, providing a continuum of IPM from basic science to clinical science to practical application. This depth and breadth of scientific information and comprehensive approach is a first for a single textbook in IPM. A must read for all health providers and students in order to incorporate these essential concepts into practice.

Precision Medicine

Precision Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789279811913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is 2040. Individualized precision medicine combining mass data analyses, genetic engineering, epigenetics, and knowledge about the personal microbiome and the biotic environments helps anticipate and cure illnesses. Human enhancement is an issue of ethical and regulatory concern.

Oncology in the Precision Medicine Era

Oncology in the Precision Medicine Era Book
Author : Ravi Salgia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-17
ISBN : 3030314715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume comprehensively reviews oncology in the precision medicine era of personalized care, latest developments in the field, and indications and clinical trials for the treatment of cancer with targeted therapies, immunotherapy, and epigenetic modulators. It thoroughly addresses concerns of various types of cancers including cancers of the head and neck, lung, colon, esophagus, bladder, pancreas, and breast; melanoma; multiple myeloma; hepatocellular carcinoma; renal cell carcinoma; and sarcomas. It is organized and written in a format that is easy to follow for both clinicians and non-clinical scientists interested in personalized medicine. Chapters cover the identification of the clinical problem and summary of recent findings, tumor biology and heterogeneity, genomics, examples of simple and complex cases, biological pathways, future clinical trials, and financial considerations. Oncology in the Precision Medicine Era: Value-Based Medicine will serve as a useful resource for medical oncologists and healthcare providers tailoring medicine to the needs of the individual patient, from prevention and diagnosis to treatment and follow up.

Toward Precision Assessment and Psychotherapy Understanding Individual Differences Through Neurobiology Genetics and Epigenetics

Toward Precision Assessment and Psychotherapy  Understanding Individual Differences Through Neurobiology  Genetics  and Epigenetics Book
Author : Thomas G. Arizmendi, Ph.d.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02-12
ISBN : 9781536165364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a transformative approach to the understanding of mental health in the 21st century. It does so by encouraging the replacement of traditional subjective techniques with more precise and objective measures that are designed to discover individual differences in our patients. Just as in personalised medicine, where diagnostic and treatment techniques are becoming more targeted toward the specific conditions of a particular patient, so to in the mental health field we need to develop targeted and focused methods through the use of clinical science concepts and through the adoption of an agnostic, unassuming posture where the presentation of each patient is viewed as unique. For example, treatments may draw from an integrative approach that incorporates genomic and epigenomic analyses of the patient to inform a more targeted medication regimen or psychotherapy approach (some psychiatrists are beginning to use genomic analysis to aid in the choice of a specific antidepressant, for example, that would most likely be effective for a certain patient). Diagnostically, paper and pencil questionnaires leading to current diagnostic labels, long the standard, must be replaced, for the most part, by objective measures of stress that prioritise "reports from the body". Additionally, research methods of extremely complex psychological disorders can be enhanced by breaking them down into smaller subtypes (or endophenotypes) versus large phenomenologically-based symptom clusters (ie: DSM diagnoses). Individual differences, a consistent focus throughout the book, may be the product of genetic variants and/or epigenetic mechanisms. The latter mediate gene X environment interaction that is now the primary paradigmatic lens through which we investigate and seek to explain resultant behavioural profiles. A major focus of the book is on the effects of early adversity, particularly trauma, and how they contribute to a "re-programming" of the brain through epigenetic alterations of gene expression. This results in increased vulnerability to possible psychological disorders, such as various anxiety conditions, depression, and character disorders which may manifest later in life. By identifying the epigenetic effects caused by early stressors, that is, how gene expression is altered, we can eventually make significant advances in primary prevention. This book represents an attempt to move us into a transitional domain and beyond, where causes and the treatment of psychological disorders are re-conceptualized through our developing insights from neurobiology, genetics, and epigenetics.

Gene Environment Interactions

Gene Environment Interactions Book
Author : Moyra Smith
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-24
ISBN : 0128196130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gene Environment Interactions: Nature and Nurture in the Twenty-first Century offers a rare, synergistic view of ongoing revelations in gene environment interaction studies, drawing together key themes from epigenetics, microbiomics, disease etiology, and toxicology to illuminate pathways for clinical translation and the paradigm shift towards precision medicine. Across eleven chapters, Dr. Smith discusses interactions with the environment, human adaptations to environmental stimuli, pathogen encounters across the centuries, epigenetic modulation of gene expression, transgenerational inheritance, the microbiome's intrinsic effects on human health, and the gene-environment etiology of cardiovascular, metabolic, psychiatric, behavioral and monogenic disorders. Later chapters illuminate how our new understanding of gene environment interactions are driving advances in precision medicine and novel treatments. In addition, the book's author shares strategies to support clinical translation of these scientific findings to improve heath literacy among the general population. Offers a thorough, interdisciplinary discussion on recent revelations from gene environment interaction studies Illuminates environmental factors affecting disease-gene etiology and treatment Supports the clinical translation of gene environment interaction findings into novel therapeutics and precision medicine

Precision Medicine CRISPR and Genome Engineering

Precision Medicine  CRISPR  and Genome Engineering Book
Author : Stephen H. Tsang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-11
ISBN : 3319639048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents descriptive overviews of gene editing strategies across multiple species while also offering in-depth insight on complex cases of application in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Chapters feature contributions from leaders in stem cell therapy and biology, providing a comprehensive view of the application of gene therapy in numerous fields with an emphasis on ophthalmology, stem cells, and agriculture. The book also highlights recent major technological advances, including ZFN, TALEN, and CRISPR. Precision Medicine, CRISPR, and Genome Engineering is part of the highly successful Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology series. It is an indispensable resource for researchers and students in genetics as well as clinicians.

Prognostic Epigenetics

Prognostic Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 012814260X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can be applied in drug development and for better diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Prognostic Epigenetics is the most-inclusive volume to-date specifically dedicated to epigenetic markers that have been developed for prognosis of diseases, recent advances in this field, the clinical implementation of this research, and the future outlook. Compiles all known information on prognostic epigenetics and its role in preventive medicine and drug discovery Covers the basic functionality of epigenetic mechanisms involved in early disease prognosis and diagnosis, and provides tools for the identification and development of these biomarkers for a wide range of diseases Enables clinicians, researchers, and pharmacologists to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics throughout a person’s lifetime Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers

Bioscience Lost in Translation

Bioscience   Lost in Translation  Book
Author : Richard Barker
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0198737785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical innovation as it stands today is fundamentally unsustainable. There is a widening gap between what biomedical research promises and the impact that it is currently achieving, in terms of patient benefit and health system improvement. This book highlights the global problem of the ineffective translation of bioscience innovation into health system improvements and its consequences, analyses the underlying causative factors and provides powerful prescriptions for change to close the gap. It contrasts the progress in biomedicine with other areas of scientific and technological endeavour, such as information technology, in which there are faster and more reliable returns for society from scientific advance. It asks searching questions about whether society is right to expect so much from biomedicine and why we have become accustomed to such poor returns. Throughout the book, techniques such as stratified medicine, open innovation, adaptive development and personalised adherence are discussed and described in terms accessible to the non-specialist, and their impact on the innovation gap explored. By using examples in which bottlenecks have prevented progress, such as dementia and antibiotic-resistant infections, and in which these barriers have been overcome, such as HIV treatment, Bioscience - Lost in Translation? lays out a strategy for advancing the innovation process, presenting suggestions for how health systems can move from being passive recipients of innovation to being active participants in development.

Targeted Therapy in Translational Cancer Research

Targeted Therapy in Translational Cancer Research Book
Author : Apostolia-Maria Tsimberidou,Razelle Kurzrock,Kenneth C. Anderson,Maurie Markman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-21
ISBN : 1118468570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational medicine has opened the gateway to the era of personalized medicine. No longer a one-size-fits-all approach, the treatment of cancer is now based on an understanding of underlying biologic mechanisms and is increasingly being tailored to the molecular specificity of a tumor. Translational Oncology: Targeted Therapy in Translational Cancer Research provides a comprehensive overview of the pertinent molecular discoveries in the cancer field and explains the clinical ramifications and utility of these on targeted cancer therapies. Beginning with a chapter introducing the “Bench to Bedside and Back” paradigm, an overview is presented of the exponential growth in the field of translational medicine, including historical perspectives and recent progress. Following the introduction, subsequent chapters review the progress of targeted therapy within three major categories: hematological malignancies, solid tumors, and hereditary cancers. Each of these categories comprises a single a chapter with subsections that discuss specific cancer types. Following this is a chapter on targeted and functional imaging that reviews progress in the different modalities of anatomical and molecular imaging used to complement targeted therapy. The next chapter discusses the need to combine individual agents with existing therapies or in novel combinations in order to overcome drug resistance. Following this is a chapter presenting the challenges in drug development and the selection of targets for cancer therapeutics. The final chapter offers perspectives on personalized medicine and presents future challenges in the investigation of optimal combinations and the identification of biomarkers that can provide both predictive and prognostic information for tailoring targeted therapies to individual patients.