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Epigenetics In Cardiovascular Disease

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Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease Book
Author : Yvan Devaux,Emma Louise Robinson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-06
ISBN : 012822259X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics in Cardiovascular Disease, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetics mechanisms governing cardiovascular disease development, as well as instructions in research methods and guidance in pursing new studies. More than thirty international experts provide an (i) overview of the epigenetics mechanisms and their contribution to cardiovascular disease development, (i) high-throughput methods for RNA profiling including single-cell RNA-seq, (iii) the role of nucleic acid methylation in cardiovascular disease development, (iv) epigenetic actors as biomarkers and drug targets, (v) and the potential of epigenetics to advance personalized medicine. Here, readers will discover strategies to combat research challenges, improve quality of their epigenetic research and reproducibility of their findings. Additionally, discussion of assay and drug development for personalized healthcare pave the way for a new era of understanding in cardiovascular disease. Offers a thorough overview of role of epigenetics mechanisms in cardiovascular disease Includes guidance to improve research plans, experimental protocols design, quality and reproducibility of results in new epigenetics research Explores biomarkers and drug targets of therapeutic potential to advance personalized healthcare Features chapter contributions from a wide range of international researchers in the field

Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease

Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease Book
Author : Johannes Backs,Timothy A. McKinsey
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-21
ISBN : 3319414577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes important advances in our understanding of how environmental conditions affect cardiac gene expression through epigenetic mechanisms. Further, it discusses the roles of chromatin modifications (in particular DNA methylation and histone modifications) and of chromatin regulators in the context of cardiac diseases. The book provides readers with an overview of our current understanding of epigenetic regulation in the heart, and will stimulate further research in this exciting field. Edited and written by internationally respected experts, it addresses the needs of professors, students and researchers working in the fields of cardiac biology and epigenetics.

Nutrition Epigenetics and Health

Nutrition  Epigenetics and Health Book
Author : Burdge Graham,Lillycrop Karen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-10-07
ISBN : 9813143320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is emerging as an important factor in risk of diseases of global importance including obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Unlike gene polymorphisms which have been the focus of understanding the role of inherited disease susceptibility for some time, epigenetic can be modified by environmental factors, in particular nutrition. Thus research into the role of epigenetics in disease has substantial potential for explaining the impact of the environmental factors such as diet on disease risk. Since epigenetic processes can be modified by nutrition, it may be possible to modify inappropriate epigenetic marks by nutritional interventions to reduce disease risk. This book will explore current understanding of the interaction between nutrition, epigenetics and disease risk, will place this knowledge in the context of global health and discuss the ethical implications of this research.

Epigenetics and Exercise in Relation to Atherosclerosis

Epigenetics and Exercise in Relation to Atherosclerosis Book
Author : Sukhdeep Sandhu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists now realize that there is more to understanding various diseases than just looking at the DNA sequence of a gene. For this reason, the study of epigenetics has grown exponentially in regards to peer reviewed articles over the last decade. The focus of epigenetics is to determine under what circumstances a gene is expressed or silenced. It is not currently understood how epigenetic factors contribute to various cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the accumulation of fat and inflammatory cells in arteries. This disease was examined for the purpose of determining an epigenetic link between parents and their offspring in the study conducted. Epigenetics can be used to help understand what relationship the environment and diet has when it comes to atherogenic problems. The intent of this study was to examine whether the mother's exercise level has any impact on their offspring; such as epigenetic changes that may be linked to atherosclerosis. This was examined by extracting RNA from the femoral artery of the infant pigs. Once RNA was extracted, cDNA was synthesized in order to perform rt-PCR. Rt-PCR was used to determine whether differential gene expression occurred between the four sample types. Qiagen RNeasy Mini Kit was determined to be the optimal protocol for extracting RNA from the femoral artery of an infant pig. Although the total amount of RNA extracted was less than the other protocols, Qiagen kit yielded the highest level of purity as well as showed clear and intact ribosomal bands when electrophoresis was performed. It could not be determined whether differential gene expression occurred between the four sample types. Efficacies of the primers used in rt- PCR were determined and a control gene (ADD1) was identified for further studies.

Molecular mechanisms and physiology of disease

Molecular mechanisms and physiology of disease Book
Author : Nilanjana Maulik,Tom Karagiannis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-31
ISBN : 1493907069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a simplified form, epigenetics refers to heritable changes in phenotype that are not due to changes in the underlying DNA sequence. In this book, epigenetic mechanisms of regulation and dysregulation in health and disease are explored in great depth. Detailed chapters on epigenetic processes including DNA methylation and chromatin post-translational modifications including potential interventions with DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and histone deacetylase inhibitors are explored in initial chapters. These provide a detailed overview and important background to the entire field. The book is then focussed on epigenetic mechanisms involved in various diseases including anti-inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Important accounts relating to the effects of epigenetics in metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and asthma are the focus of subsequent chapters. The role of epigenetic dysregulation in malignancy is a current topic of interest and represents an intense field of research. A large component of this book is dedicated to the analysis of aberrant epigenetic processes in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Further, chapters are focused on emerging cancer prevention using nutritional components and anti-cancer therapies particularly with histone deacetylase inhibitors, which have already been approved for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The emerging role of nanoparticle preparations, especially in the context of delivering potential epigenetic therapies to target cells in various diseases, is also explored in this book. Overall, this book encompasses a wide range of topics related to epigenetic mechanisms in health and disease and would appeal to anyone with an interest in epigenetics, chromatin biology and emerging epigenetic interventions and therapies.

Endothelium and Cardiovascular Diseases

Endothelium and Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Protasio Lemos Da Luz,Peter Libby,Francisco Rafael Martins Laurindo,Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-03
ISBN : 0128125519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Endothelium and Cardiovascular Diseases: Vascular Biology and Clinical Syndromes provides an in-depth examination of the role of endothelium and endothelial dysfunction in normal vascular function, and in a broad spectrum of clinical syndromes, from atherosclerosis, to cognitive disturbances and eclampsia. The endothelium is a major participant in the pathophysiology of diseases, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and hypertension, and these entities are responsible for the largest part of cardiovascular mortality and morbidly. Over the last decade major new discoveries and concepts involving the endothelium have come to light. This important reference collects this data in an easy to reference resource. Written by known experts, and covering all aspects of endothelial function in health and disease, this reference represents an assembly of recent knowledge that is essential to both basic investigators and clinicians. Provides a complete overview of endothelial function in health and diseases, along with an assessment of new information Includes coverage of groundbreaking areas, including the artificial LDL particle, the development of a new anti-erectile dysfunction agent, a vaccine for atherosclerosis, coronary calcification associated with red wine, and the interplay of endoplasmic reticulum/oxidative stress Explores the genetic features of endothelium and the interaction between basic knowledge and clinical syndromes

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 0128243260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Junjie Xiao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-13
ISBN : 9811516715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on non-coding RNAs in cardiovascular disease, a major cause of death worldwide. Non-coding RNAs play a significant role in development, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Since altered non-coding RNA expression is often associated with various diseases, their potential use in diagnostics, prognostics and therapeutics is an important current area of study. The book consists of six parts: 1) An overview of non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular system, 2) Bioinformatics and interactions, 3) Non-coding RNA regulation in cardiovascular system, 4) Non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular diseases, 5) Potential biomarkers and therapeutic implications, 6) Future prospects. It is particularly useful for researchers and students in the field of non-coding RNA and cardiovascular biology, as well as for cardiologists, pharmacologists and physiologists.

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic Book
Author : Jeffrey Laurence
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-30
ISBN : 0128006129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translating Epigenetics to the Clinic reviews current methodological tools and experimental approaches used by leading translational researchers seeking to use epigenetics as a clinical model. It organizes epigenetics into disease treatment areas with a major focus on oncology, and with much coverage of pervasive treatment categories such as diabetes, as well as the ‘diseases of modernity’—including pharmacological addiction, dementia, and ageing. Pedagogically, the work concentrates on the latest knowledge, laboratory techniques, and experimental approaches used by translational research leaders in this field. The book promotes cross-disciplinary communication between the sub-specialties of medicine. In common with the rest of the books in Translational Medicine, the book remains unified in theme by emphasizing recent innovations, critical barriers to progress, and the new tools being used to overcome them. Also includes specific areas of research that require additional study to advance the field as a whole. Encompasses the latest innovations and tools being used to apply epigenetics in the lab and clinic Features extensive pedagogical updates aiming to improve the education of translational researchers in this field Offers a transdisciplinary approach to support cross-fertilization between different sub-specialties of medicine

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book
Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Personalized Epigenetics

Personalized Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 0128004363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized Epigenetics discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures that can guide both disorder and disease prevention and therapy. The book details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential of the field, it also reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the role of pharmacology and drug development in personalized epigenetics. Most importantly, the text covers personalized epigenetics from a disease-oriented perspective, presenting chapters that provide advances in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management. Discusses the core translatability of epigenetics to health management of individuals who have unique variations in their epigenetic signatures Details inter-individual variability in the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and noncoding RNA, and the consequent diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic potential of the field Reviews the impact of the environment on epigenetic variations among individuals and the roles of pharmacology and drug development Devotes several chapters to the advances made in widespread disorders or diseases, including diabetes, cancer, autoimmune disorders, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and pain management

Modulation of Oxidative Stress in Heart Disease

Modulation of Oxidative Stress in Heart Disease Book
Author : Sajal Chakraborti,Naranjan S. Dhalla,Madhu Dikshit,Nirmal K. Ganguly
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-10
ISBN : 9811389462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the multifaceted roles of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in modulating normal cellular and molecular mechanisms during the development of different types of heart disease. Each chapter in the book deals with the role that altered redox homeostasis plays in the pathophysiology of heart disease. In addition, the book explains how reactive oxidant species interact with their targets and provides novel strategies for attenuating oxidative stress-induced types of heart disease. The book not only covers ROS-induced response in heart disease at the cellular level, but also demonstrates that an imbalance of redox states has its roots in our genes, and explains the ways gene expression is regulated. In turn, it reviews potential sources of ROS, their pathological effects on the heart, and potential sites for therapeutic interventions.

Cardiovascular Diseases New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition

Cardiovascular Diseases  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2012 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-10
ISBN : 1464970769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Cardiovascular Diseases. The editors have built Cardiovascular Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Cardiovascular Diseases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Cardiovascular Diseases: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Cracking the Epigenetics Code in Vascular Diseases

Cracking the Epigenetics Code in Vascular Diseases Book
Author : Mengxue Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the leading health problem in the US, affecting nearly half of adults and accounting for almost 1 in every 4 deaths. Additionally, CVDs incur significant economic burden to the society, costing ~$213.8 in 2014 to 2015. Endovascular interventions have gradually become the standard-of-care for treatment of many types of CVDs, leading to significant improvement in health care outcome and patients' life quality. However, the success of endovascular procedures is compromised by one key complication, which is the re-narrowing of the reconstructed vessels, or restenosis. New generations of endovascular devices have been developed to tackle this issue, yet recent studies have unveiled increased mortality rate associated. In this regard, there is an urgent clinical need for newer generation endovascular therapies that could lead to enhanced anti-restenotic efficacy as well as safety profile. Epigenetic modifications and their modifiers have been recognized as key participants and even drivers in the pathogenesis of many diseases, and epigenetic-based drugs are also gaining more and more tractions as potential therapeutics with great potency and safety profile. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of studies available focusing on the epigenetic mechanism underlying cardiovascular diseases, particularly restenosis. In this manuscript, we will elaborate the current progress in our efforts to crack the epigenetics code in restenosis, with a special focus on histone acetylation and methylation modifiers. In Chapter 1, we will provide a comprehensive review regarding the current understanding in the etiology and pathophysiologies of restenosis, as well as the histone epigenetic modification system which is essentially comprised of 3 major categories of modifiers, i.e. "readers", "writers", and "erasers". We will dedicate the following 3 chapters to each of the 3 categories, with Chapter 2 focusing on a histone acetylation reader BRD4, Chapter 3 focusing on histone methylation writers EZH1/2, and Chapter 4 focusing on histone acetylation erasers HDAC3 and 6.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Diseases

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Sebastiano Sciarretta,Richard N. Kitsis,Junichi Sadoshima
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-03-04
ISBN : 2889665569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Diseases book written by Sebastiano Sciarretta,Richard N. Kitsis,Junichi Sadoshima, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental Epigenetics Book
Author : L. Joseph Su,Tung-chin Chiang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 1447166787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Manel Esteller
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-17
ISBN : 1000654206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Pharmacoepigenetics

Pharmacoepigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 0128139404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pharmacoepigenetics, Volume Eleven provides a comprehensive volume on the role of epigenetics and epigenomics in drug discovery and development, providing a detailed, but accessible, view of the field, from basic principles, to applications in disease therapeutics. Leading international researchers from across academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry discuss the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, and treatment, current epigenetic drugs, and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development. Throughout the book, chapter authors offer a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial contribution to the growth of precision and personalized medicine. Fully examines the influence of epigenetics and epigenomics in human pathology, epigenetic biomarkers for disease prediction, diagnosis, treatment, current epigenetic drugs and the application of epigenetic procedures in drug development Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers in academia, clinical settings and the pharmaceutical industry Instructs researchers, students and clinicians on how to better interpret and employ pharmacoepigenetics in drug development, efficiency and safety Provides a balanced and objective discussion of the future of pharmacoepigenetics and its crucial role in precision medicine

Post Genomic Cardiology

Post Genomic Cardiology Book
Author : José Marín-García
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-09
ISBN : 0124046428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this second edition of Post-Genomic Cardiology, developing and new technologies such as translational genomics, next generation sequencing (NGS), bioinformatics, and systems biology in molecular cardiology are assessed in light of their therapeutic potential. As new methods of mutation screening emerge, both for the genome and for the “epigenome,” comprehensive understanding of the many mutations that underlie cardiovascular diseases and adverse drug reactions is within our reach. This book, written by respected cardiologist José Marín-García, features discussion on the Hap-Map: the largest international effort to date aiming to define the differences between our individual genomes. This unique reference further reviews and investigates genome sequences from our evolutionary relatives that could help us decipher the signals of genes, and offers a comprehensive and critical evaluation of regulatory elements from the complicated network of the background DNA. Offers updated discussion of cutting-edge molecular techniques including new genomic sequencing / NGS / Hap-Map / bioinformatics / systems biology approaches Analyzes mitochondria dynamics and their role in cardiac dysfunction, up-to-date analysis of cardio-protection, and cardio-metabolic syndrome Presents recent translational studies, gene therapy, transplantation of stem cells, and pharmacological treatments in CVDs

Pathophysiology and Pharmacotherapy of Cardiovascular Disease

Pathophysiology and Pharmacotherapy of Cardiovascular Disease Book
Author : Gowraganahalli Jagadeesh,Pitchai Balakumar,Khin Maung-U
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-06
ISBN : 3319159615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book covers the basic principles of cardiovascular physiology, pathophysiology and advanced pharmacology with particular emphasis on cellular mechanisms of drug action. It provides an update on the progress made in several aspects of cardiovascular diseases so that it might kindle scientists and clinicians alike in furthering basic and translational research. In addition, the book is expected to fill imperative gaps in understanding and optimally treating cardiovascular disease.