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Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 0128140682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution, Second Edition, fully examines the causal basis of evolution from an epigenetic point-of-view. By revealing the epigenetic uses of the genetic toolkit, this work demonstrates the primacy of epigenetic mechanisms and epigenetic information in generating evolutionary novelties. The author convincingly supports his theoretical perspective with examples from varied fields of biology, emphasizing changes in developmental pathways as the basic source of evolutionary change in metazoans. Users will find a broader view of the epigenetic mechanisms of evolution, moving beyond conventional changes in epigenetic structures, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and patterns of miRNA, sRNA, and mRNA expression. This second edition is thoroughly updated to reflect new evidence and developing theories in the field of evolutionary epigenetics. New and revised chapters speak to the epigenetic basis of heredity, epigenetic regulation of animal structure and homeostasis, neural manipulation of gene expression, central control of gametogenesis, epigenetic control of early development, the origin of epigenetic information, evolutionary changes in response to environmental stressors, epigenetics of sympatric evolution, and the epigenetics of the Cambrian explosion, among other topics. Adopts an integrative approach to examine the causal basis of evolution from an epigenetic point-of-view Features new and revised chapters which reflect novel experimental and observational evidence in the field of evolutionary epigenetics, as well as alternative theoretical approaches Offers a broad view of epigenetic mechanisms of evolution, moving beyond conventional changes in epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and patterns of miRNA, sRNA and mRNA expression

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson Çabej
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0124158315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first and only book, so far, to deal with the causal basis of evolution from an epigenetic view. By revealing the epigenetic "user" of the "genetic toolkit", this book demonstrates the primacy of epigenetic mechanisms and epigenetic information in generating evolutionary novelties. The author convincingly supports his theory with a host of examples from the most varied fields of biology, by emphasizing changes in developmental pathways as the basic source of evolutionary change in metazoans. Original and thought provoking--a radically new theory that overcomes the present difficulties of the theory of evolution Is the first and only theory that uses epigenetic mechanisms and principles for explaining evolution of metazoans Takes an integrative approach and shows a wide range of learning

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780971074675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Epigenetic Principles of Evolution is a postgenetic treatment of the problem of metazoan evolution. It presents a radically novel epigenetic theory of evolution describing epigenetic mechanisms of evolutionary changes as they arise in the process of individual development. In seven chapters of Part 1 (Epigenetic Basis of Metazoan Heredity, pp. 21-216) the author introduces the reader to the epigenetic system of heredity - a function of the integrated control system. Cabej describes the dominant role of the epigenetic system of heredity in the processes of reproductive functions (chapter 3), in gametogenesis and in the process of the deposition of parental cytoplasmic factors (=epigenetic information) in gametes (chapter 4). In chapter 5 the author shows how the epigenetic information deposited in gametes in the form of maternal cytoplasmic factors determines the early embryonic development from the zygote stage to the phylotypic stage. A detailed description of the control of the postphylotypic stage of development, especially the formation of organs and organ systems, is presented in chapter 6 (p. 139-202). An outline of the main features of the epigenetic system of heredity and its relationship with the genetic system of heredity is provided in chapter 7 (203-216). Interactions between metazoan organisms and their environment, metazoan responses (especially behavioral responses) to changes in the environment and the ontogeny as a workshop of evolutionary change are dealt with in three chapters (8-10) of Part 2 (Neural-developmental premises of evolutionary adaptation, pp. 219-281). In Part 3 (chapters 11 and 12, pp. 285-339) the author deals with the mechanisms of developmental plasticity, the so-called circumevolutionary phenomena, and reveals the essential similarity between the transgenerational developmental plasticity and evolutionary change. In Part 4, Epigenetics of Metazoan Evolution (pp. 341-623), the author deals in details with evolution of the control system (chapter 13, pp. 341-377), developmental mechanisms of evolutionary change in evolutionary modifications (chapter 14, pp. 379-501), evolution by loss/vestigialization of organs (chapter 15, pp. 501-541), evolution by reverting to ancestral structures (chapter 16, pp. 543-569). A special chapter is devoted to the role of the neural crest, a uniquely vertebrate structure of neural origin, in evolution of de novo metazoan structures. Evolutionary convergences and their evolutionary-epigenetic implications are discussed in chapter 18. Part 5 (pp.645-732) is devoted to description of epigenetic mechanisms as determinants of species formation in sympatry. For all the cases of evolution of structures and species formation described in the book, the author presents both the conventional neoDarwinian explanation and the epigenetic explanation making it possible for the reader to assess the relative explanatory power of the genetic and epigenetic explanations. The book was published in 2008 by Albanet Publishing and contains 880 pages." --Amazon.

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780971074682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epigenetic Principles of Evolution book written by Nelson R. Cabej, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Building the Most Complex Structure on Earth

Building the Most Complex Structure on Earth Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-04-01
ISBN : 0124017290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building the Most Complex Structure on Earth provides readers with a basic biological education an easy and understandable introduction into a new epigenetic theory of development and evolution. This is a novel theory that describes the epigenetic mechanisms of the development and evolution of animals and explains the colossal evolution and diversification of animals from a new post-genetic perspective. Modern biology has demonstrated the existence of a common genetic toolkit in the animal kingdom, but neither the number of genes nor the evolution of new genes is responsible for the development and evolution of animals. The failure to understand how the same genetic toolkit is used to produce millions of widely different animal forms remains a perplexing conundrum in modern biology. The novel theory shows that the development and evolution of the animal kingdom are functions of epigenetic mechanisms, which are the competent users of the genetic toolkit. Provides a comprehensive view of the epigenetic aspects of reproduction, development, and evolution. Highly rigorous, but simple enough for readers with only a basic knowledge of biology.

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-12
ISBN : 0128143126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion provides readers with a basic biological knowledge and epigenetic explanation of the biological puzzle of the Cambrian explosion, the unprecedented rapid diversification of animals that began 542 million years ago. During an evolutionarily instant of ~10 million years, which represents only 0.3% of the time of existence of life on Earth, or less than 2% of the time of existence of metazoans, all of the 30 extant body plans, major animal groups (phyla) and several extinct groups appeared. The work helps address this phenomena and tries to answer remaining questions for evolutionary biology, epigenetics, and scientific researchers. The book recognizes and presents objective representations of alternative theories for epigenetic evolution in this period, with the author drawing on his epigenetic theory of evolution to explain the causal basis of the Cambrian explosion. Both empirical evidence and theoretical arguments are presented in support of this thought-provoking epigenetic theory. Explains the Cambrian explosion from an entirely epigenetic view Takes a causal rather than descriptive approach to the phenomenon Allows for a broad readership, including those with only a basic biological knowledge, while maintaining scientific rigor

The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution

The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0323851665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution provides readers with a substantial biological education on animal nervous systems and their role in the development, adaptation, homeostasis, and evolution of species. The book begins by delving into the embryonic development of the brain and then discusses epigenetic information and neural activity post-birth. It then analyzes the inductive brain’s neural and brain control of such factors like myogenesis, bone development, sensory organs, metamorphosis in vertebrates and invertebrates, and wing development in insects. The book closes with an examination of phenotypic evolution in neural control, mechanisms, and drivers of animal brains. The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution will offer evolutionary biologists, specifically those researching development, adaptation, and evolution of animals, a comprehensive text that covers a variety of valuable topics. Presents the first book devoted to the inductive role of the brain in development, in adaptation, and in the evolution processes in animals Examines the central nervous system (CNS) from embryonic to adult life stages Provides detailed evidence to investigate the role of the CNS in molding animal morphology and life histories

Principles of Cloning

Principles of Cloning Book
Author : Jose B. Cibelli
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780121745974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Epigenetic Principles of Evolution is a postgenetic treatment of the problem of metazoan evolution. It presents a radically novel epigenetic theory of evolution describing epigenetic mechanisms of evolutionary changes as they arise in the process of individual development. In seven chapters of Part 1 (Epigenetic Basis of Metazoan Heredity, pp. 21-216) the author introduces the reader to the epigenetic system of heredity - a function of the integrated control system. Cabej describes the dominant role of the epigenetic system of heredity in the processes of reproductive functions (chapter 3), in gametogenesis and in the process of the deposition of parental cytoplasmic factors (=epigenetic information) in gametes (chapter 4). In chapter 5 the author shows how the epigenetic information deposited in gametes in the form of maternal cytoplasmic factors determines the early embryonic development from the zygote stage to the phylotypic stage. A detailed description of the control of the postphylotypic stage of development, especially the formation of organs and organ systems, is presented in chapter 6 (p. 139-202). An outline of the main features of the epigenetic system of heredity and its relationship with the genetic system of heredity is provided in chapter 7 (203-216). Interactions between metazoan organisms and their environment, metazoan responses (especially behavioral responses) to changes in the environment and the ontogeny as a workshop of evolutionary change are dealt with in three chapters (8-10) of Part 2 (Neural-developmental premises of evolutionary adaptation, pp. 219-281). In Part 3 (chapters 11 and 12, pp. 285-339) the author deals with the mechanisms of developmental plasticity, the so-called circumevolutionary phenomena, and reveals the essential similarity between the transgenerational developmental plasticity and evolutionary change. In Part 4, Epigenetics of Metazoan Evolution (p. 341-623), the author deals in details with evolution of the control system (chapter 13, pp. 341-377), developmental mechanisms of evolutionary change in evolutionary modifications (chapter 14, pp. 379-501), evolution by loss/vestigialization of organs (chapter 15, pp. 501-541), evolution by reverting to ancestral structures (chapter 16, pp. 543-569). A special chapter is devoted to the role of the neural crest, a uniquely vertebrate structure of neural origin, in evolution of de novo metazoan structures. Evolutionary convergences and their evolutionary-epigenetic implications are discussed in chapter 18. Part 5 (p.645-732) is devoted to description of epigenetic mechanisms as determinants of species formation in sympatry. For all the cases of evolution of structures and species formation described in the book, the author presents both the conventional neoDarwinian explanation and the epigenetic explanation making it possible for the reader to assess the relative explanatory power of the genetic and epigenetic explanations. The book was published in 2008 by Albanet Publishing and contains 880 pages."--Amazon.

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine Book
Author : Alan Beedle,Mark Hanson,Tatjana Buklijas,Felicia Low
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-17
ISBN : 0199663920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. This revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. It is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. The general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. The second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. The two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. The final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. A number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. This second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

Principles of Epigenome Evolution

Principles of Epigenome Evolution Book
Author : Jia Zhou
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene activity that are not caused by changes in the DNA sequence. It involves the addition of various chemical groups to the DNA or histone tails. By controlling the chromatin accessibility, epigenetics can regulate gene expression, and as a result, influence biological processes at various different levels. DNA methylation is a heritable epigenetic mechanism with important roles in diverse biological processes ranging from gene-environment interactions underlying complex diseases in humans to the evolution of epigenomes across multiple species. The investigation of DNA methylation and its relationship with genetics is the focus of this dissertation project. My research encompasses several domains in the fields of epigenome evolution, and in epigenetics of complex diseases, particularly addiction and metabolic diseases. At the epigenome level, I took a comparative epigenomics approach and investigated principles of epigenome evolution using next-generation sequencing data in several species. Advanced sequencing technologies can characterize the DNA methylomes at high resolution in multiple samples. In this project, I utilized MeDIP-seq and MRE-seq technologies to generate DNA methylomes in multiple tissue types in rats. I have also collected and studied publically available methylation data, including MeDIP-seq, MRE-seq and genome wide bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) data, to comprehensively analyze DNA methylomes of different tissues in multiple species. To our knowledge, this study is the first comprehensive characterization of three tissue types (blood, brain, sperm) in rats; the work is also the first to examine epigenetic conservation using multiple tissues in multiple species. I showed that tissue-specifically differentially methylated regions (tsDMRs) strongly associate with tissue-specific regulatory elements. Comparisons between species revealed that 10-40% of this tissue-specific DNA methylation pattern is conserved, a phenomenon that we defined as epigenetic conservation. Conserved DNA methylation is also accompanied by conservation of other epigenetic marks including histone modification. Examination of the genetic underpinning of epigenetic conservation suggests that primary sequence conservation is a driving force behind epigenetic conservation. In contrast, analyses of evolutionarily dynamic regions harboring tissue-specific DNA methylations implicated the maintaining or turning over of binding sites of important transcription factors. Our study thus provides a framework into investigation of principles of epigenetic evolution. At the complex diseases level, I conducted two projects that applied sequencing and microarray technologies to study methylation patterns in morphine addiction in model rats and in adiposity traits in humans, respectively. The purpose of the studies is to improve our understanding of DNA methylation in studying complex diseases, particularly in the context of gene-environment interactions that lead to the manifestation of disease phenotypes. In the morphine addiction study, I applied the DNA methylome sequencing technologies and the M & M analysis method to compare methylation patterns in morphine treated and placebo treated rats. I generated 36 DNA methylomes and investigated the effects of morphine on differential DNA methylation in three tissue types: blood, brain and sperm, across three generations including the morphine/placebo treated rats (F1 generation), the male offspring of the F1 generations (which were not exposed to the treatments - F2), and the precise fathers of the F2 generation). While a number of minor alterations were detected, I did not observe dramatic difference in DNA methylations between the morphine-treated samples and placebo-treated samples. The results seemed to suggest that the acute environmental assault of a short-period (3-day) of morphine treatment in the rat model was not enough to induce dramatic DNA methylation change in blood, brain and sperm. We venture that an increased or sustained exposure to morphine is needed to induce more substantial change in the epigenome and a refined sample type (use specific region in the brain such as nucleus accumbens and ventral tegmental area) is necessary to detect the difference. In the adiposity traits study, I applied methylation microarray technology to survey global methylation marks in peripheral blood cells (PBC) in 16 Caucasians selected from a linkage study of body mass index (BMI) and 8 unrelated controls. Association analysis of BMI with methylation levels at 27K CpG sites was followed by family-based association test of methylation levels at the significant sites with GWAS single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). I found 140 CpG sites significantly associated with BMI (p5x10-3), many with regulatory potentials, including one in a CpG island in the promoter region of HDAC11 that encodes for a histone deacetylase important to transcriptional regulation. Hierarchical clustering applied to methylation levels at the significant sites showed clear familial aggregation of methylation patterns. The family-based GWAS of methylation levels at the significant sites identified 1,710 unique "methylation SNPs" (mSNPs) associated (p

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-12-05
ISBN : 9780124158313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first and only book, so far, to deal with the causal basis of evolution from an epigenetic view. By revealing the epigenetic "user" of the "genetic toolkit", this book demonstrates the primacy of epigenetic mechanisms and epigenetic information in generating evolutionary novelties. The author convincingly supports his theory with a host of examples from the most varied fields of biology, by emphasizing changes in developmental pathways as the basic source of evolutionary change in metazoans. Original and thought provoking--a radically new theory that overcomes the present difficulties of the theory of evolution Is the first and only theory that uses epigenetic mechanisms and principles for explaining evolution of metazoans Takes an integrative approach and shows a wide range of learning

Epigenetics

Epigenetics Book
Author : Benedikt Hallgrimsson Ph.D.,Brian K. Hall Ph.D.
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2011-04-11
ISBN : 0520948823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Illuminating the processes and patterns that link genotype to phenotype, epigenetics seeks to explain features, characters, and developmental mechanisms that can only be understood in terms of interactions that arise above the level of the gene. With chapters written by leading authorities, this volume offers a broad integrative survey of epigenetics. Approaching this complex subject from a variety of perspectives, it presents a broad, historically grounded view that demonstrates the utility of this approach for understanding complex biological systems in development, disease, and evolution. Chapters cover such topics as morphogenesis and organ formation, conceptual foundations, and cell differentiation, and together demonstrate that the integration of epigenetics into mainstream developmental biology is essential for answering fundamental questions about how phenotypic traits are produced.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Evolutionary Developmental Biology Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940113961X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although evolutionary developmental biology is a new field, its origins lie in the last century; the search for connections between embryonic development (ontogeny) and evolutionary change (phylogeny) has been a long one. Evolutionary developmental biology is however more than just a fusion of the fields of developmental and evolutionary biology. It forges a unification of genomic, developmental, organismal, population and natural selection approaches to evolutionary change. It is concerned with how developmental processes evolve; how evolution produces novel structures, functions and behaviours; and how development, evolution and ecology are integrated to bring about and stabilize evolutionary change. The previous edition of this title, published in 1992, defined the terms and laid out the field for evolutionary developmental biology. This field is now one of the most active and fast growing within biology and this is reflected in this second edition, which is more than twice the length of the original and brought completely up to date. There are new chapters on major transitions in animal evolution, expanded coverage of comparative embryonic development and the inclusion of recent advances in genetics and molecular biology. The book is divided into eight parts which: place evolutionary developmental biology in the historical context of the search for relationships between development and evolution; detail the historical background leading to evolutionary embryology; explore embryos in development and embryos in evolution; discuss the relationship between embryos, evolution, environment and ecology; discuss the dilemma for homology of the fact that development evolves; deal with the importance of understanding how embryos measure time and place both through development and evolutionarily through heterochrony and heterotrophy; and set out the principles and processes that underlie evolutionary developmental biology. With over one hundred illustrations and photographs, extensive cross-referencing between chapters and boxes for ancillary material, this latest edition will be of immense interest to graduate and advanced undergraduate students in cell, developmental and molecular biology, and in zoology, evolution, ecology and entomology; in fact anyone with an interest in this new and increasingly important and interdisciplinary field which unifies biology.

Darwin and Velikovsky Cataclysmic Metamorphic Evolution a Materialist Theory of Evolution Based on New Principles and Evidence

Darwin and Velikovsky   Cataclysmic Metamorphic Evolution a Materialist Theory of Evolution Based on New Principles and Evidence Book
Author : Charles Ginenthal
Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
Release : 2017-03-21
ISBN : 1365833984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The basis of evolutionary change, according to Ginenthal, is master genes that have been conserved from the time of the Cambrian explosion to the present. By following these master genes and using the fossil record as the true evidence of evolution, is it shown why no new phyla have developed since the Cambrian explosion and why the chronology for dating evolution is in serious error. Ginenthal then outlines the evolution of the vertebrates from their earliest appearance to the present via saltations that morph and metamorph new species at the times of Velikovskian global cataclysms. Throughout the book, Ginenthal elucidates how the master genes operate to do this and also presents new evidence connecting this process to physics. Those who read this volume will have an entirely new understanding of evolution and may never think about it in the same way.

Above the Gene Beyond Biology

Above the Gene  Beyond Biology Book
Author : Jan Baedke
Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
Release : 2018-07-20
ISBN : 0822983400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is currently one of the fastest-growing fields in the sciences. Epigenetic information not only controls DNA expression but links genetic factors with the environmental experiences that influence the traits and characteristics of an individual. What we eat, where we work, and how we live affects not only the activity of our genes but that of our offspring as well. This discovery has imposed a revolutionary theoretical shift on modern biology, especially on evolutionary theory. It has helped to uncover the developmental processes leading to cancer, obesity, schizophrenia, alcoholism, and aging, and to facilitate associated medial applications such as stem cell therapy and cloning. Above the Gene, Beyond Biology explores how biologists in this booming field investigate and explain living systems. Jan Baedke offers the first comprehensive philosophical discussion of epigenetic concepts, explanations, and methodologies so that we can better understand this “epigenetic turn” in the life sciences from a philosophical perspective.

The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change

The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change Book
Author : Jan D. Sinnott,Joan S. Rabin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 3030382702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume seeks to add a unique perspective on the complex relationship between psychology and politics, focusing on three analytical points of view: 1) psychology, politics, and complex thought, 2) bio/psycho/social factors of masculinity and power, and 3) underlying factors in political behavior. Contributors examine recent political events worldwide through a psychological lens, using interdisciplinary approaches to seek a deeper understanding of contemporary political ideas, psychologies, and behaviors. Finally, the book offers suggestions for surviving and thriving during rapid political change. Among the topics discussed: Biopsychological factors of political beliefs and behaviors Understanding political polarization through a cognitive lens Impact of psychological processes on voter decision making Motivations for believing in conspiracy theories Nonverbal cues in leadership Authoritarian responses to social change The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change is a timely and insightful volume for students and researchers in psychology, political science, gender studies, business and marketing, and sociology, as well as those working in applied settings: practitioners, government workers, NGOs, corporate organizations.

Cellular Molecular Mechanisms in Epigenetic Evolutionary Biology

Cellular Molecular Mechanisms in Epigenetic Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : John Torday,William Miller Jr.
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-13
ISBN : 3030381331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been no mechanistic explanation for evolutionary change consistent with phylogeny in the 150 years since the publication of ‘Origins’. As a result, progress in the field of evolutionary biology has stagnated, relying on descriptive observations and genetic associations rather testable scientific measures. This book illuminates the need for a larger evolutionary-based platform for biology. Like physics and chemistry, biology needs a central theory in order to frame the questions that arise, the way hypotheses are tested, and how to interpret the data in the context of a continuum.The reduction of biology to its self-referential, self-organized properties provides the opportunity to recognize the continuum from the Singularity/Big Bang to Consciousness based on cell-cell communication for homeostasis.

Evolutionary Theory in Social Science

Evolutionary Theory in Social Science Book
Author : M. Schmid,Franz M. Wuketits
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940094005X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In retrospect the 19th century tmdoubtedly seems to be the century of evolutionism. The 'discovery of time' and therewith the experience of variability was made by many sciences: not only historians worked on the elaboration and interpretation of this discovery, but also physicists, geographers, biologists and economists, demographers, archaelogists, and even philosophers. The successful empirical fotmdation of evolutive processes by Darwin and his disciples suggested Herbert Spencer's vigorously pursued efforts in searching for an extensive' catalogue of prime and deduced evolutionary principles that would allow to integrate the most different disciplines of natural and social sciences as well as the efforts of philosophers of ethics and epistemologists. Soon it became evident, however, that the claim for integration anticipated by far the actual results of these different disciplines. Darwin I s theory suffered from the fact that in the beginning a hereditary factor which could have his theory could not be detected, while the gainings of grotmd supported in the social sciences got lost in consequence of the completely ahistorical or biologistic speculations of some representatives of the evolutionary research programm and common socialdarwinistic misinterpretations.

The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology

The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : Günter P. Wagner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-10-31
ISBN : 0080528902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost all evolutionary biologists, indeed all biologists, use particular features to study life. These characteristics or features used by evolutionary biologists are used in a particular way to unravel a tangled evolutionary history, document the rate of evolutionary change, or as evidence of biodiversity. "Characters" are the "data" of evolutionary biology and they can be employed differently in research providing both opportunities and limitations. The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology is about characters, their use, how different sorts of characters are limited, and what are appropriate methods for character analysis. Leading evolutionary biologists from around the world are contributors to this authoritative review of the "character concept." Because characters and the conception of characters are central to all studies of evolution, and because evolution is the central organizing principle of biology, this book will appeal to a wide cross-section of biologists. Focuses upon "characters" -- fundamental data for evolutionary biology Covers the myriad ways in which characters are defined, described, and distinguished Includes historical, morphological, molecular, behavioral, and philosophical perspectives

Theoretical Biology

Theoretical Biology Book
Author : Brian C. Goodwin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780801845192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How does complexity of development, structure, and function of organisms emerge from the relative simplicity of biochemistry and genetics? In Theoretical Biology, Brian Goodwin and Peter Saunders bring together a distinguished group of contributors to provide a broad-based yet coherent inquiry into biological processes. In the spirit of C. H. Waddington's Towards a Theoretical Biology, the authors seek to establish the generative principles that apply throughout the field of biology to give a unifying logical structure to diverse empirical phenomena. Major topics include self-organization in complex systems; order and adaptability in genetic networks; development and evolution; and the relevance of physics and mathematics to biology.