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Epigenetic Mechanisms In Cancer

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Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer Book
Author : Sabita Saldanha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-16
ISBN : 0128134607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetic signatures that govern disease development, progression and metastasis. Epigenetic signatures dictating tumor etiologies present an opportunity for biomarker identification which has broad potential for improving diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, and risk assessment. This volumes offers a unique evaluation of signature differences in childhood, sex-specific and race-specific cancers, and in doing so broadly illuminates the scope of epigenetic biomarkers in clinical environments. Chapters detail the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the initiation, progression and metastasis of tumors. Also delineated are recent technologies such as next generation sequencing that are used to identify epigenetic profiles (primarily methylation analysis) in samples (normal, benign and cancerous) and which are highly important to the analysis of epigenetic outcomes. Offers broad coverage that is applicable to audiences in various area of cancer research - population studies, diagnostics, prognosis, prediction, therapy, risk, etc. Provides critical review analysis of the topics that will clarify and delineate the potential roles of epigenetic signatures in cancer management Covers basic, as well as, clinical areas of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis Features contributions by leading experts in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of current epigenetic signatures involved in the etiology of various cancers and miRNAs

Introduction to Epigenetics

Introduction to Epigenetics Book
Author : Renato Paro,Ueli Grossniklaus,Raffaella Santoro,Anton Wutz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 3030686701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access textbook leads the reader from basic concepts of chromatin structure and function and RNA mechanisms to the understanding of epigenetics, imprinting, regeneration and reprogramming. The textbook treats epigenetic phenomena in animals, as well as plants. Written by four internationally known experts and senior lecturers in this field, it provides a valuable tool for Master- and PhD- students who need to comprehend the principles of epigenetics, or wish to gain a deeper knowledge in this field. After reading this book, the student will: Have an understanding of the basic toolbox of epigenetic regulation Know how genetic and epigenetic information layers are interconnected Be able to explain complex epigenetic phenomena by understanding the structures and principles of the underlying molecular mechanisms Understand how misregulated epigenetic mechanisms can lead to disease

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer Book
Author : Manoj K. Mishra,Kumar S. Bishnupuri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-04
ISBN : 3319249517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the epigenetic alterations and their association with various human cancers. Considering one of human cancer as an example, individual chapters are focused on defining the role of epigenetic regulators and underlying mechanisms in cancer growth and progression. Epigenetic alteration including DNA methylation, histone modification, nucleosome positioning and non-coding RNAs expression are involved in a complex network of regulating expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and constitute an important event of the multistep process of carcinogenesis. Recent advances in the understanding of the epigenetic regulation and detailed information of these epigenetic changes in various cancers provide new avenues of advancements in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapies of this highly fatal disease.

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 9781420045802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers— DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention Book
Author : Anupam Bishayee,Deepak Bhatia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0128125667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention, Volume Ten is the first to look at epigenetics and chemoprevention together. Although there is numerous scientific data available on how epigenetics can lead to cancer and how chemoprevention can be beneficial in the treatment of, or improvement of quality of life, together they will set an advanced understanding for the reader in this upcoming field of chemoprevention influencing epigenetics. This book discusses molecular epigenetic targets of natural products, such as green tea polyphenols, curcumin and resveratrol, and organ specific epigenetic targets related to diverse types of cancer, for example prostate, colorectal, breast, lung and skin cancers. Additionally, it encompasses a discussion on research methods and limitations to study epigenetics and epigenomics of chemopreventive drugs and personalized cancer treatment with phytochemicals. The book is ideal for cancer researchers, health care professionals and all individuals who are interested in cancer prevention research and its clinical applications, especially in natural remedies. Lists natural agents, including nutraceuticals, and their effects on normal or tumor genome Addresses various epigenetic systems and mechanisms in the regulation and support of the mammalian genome Discusses how various parts of dietary phytochemicals can influence or modify epigenetic mechanisms in several types of cancer

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation Book
Author : Vincenzo E. A. Russo,Robert A. Martienssen,Arthur D. Riggs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many inheritable changes in gene function are not explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic mechanisms are known to influence gene function in most complex organisms and include effects such as transposon function, chromosome imprinting, yeast mating type switching and telomeric silencing. In recent years, epigenetic effects have become a major focus of research activity. This monograph, edited by three well-known biologists from different specialties, is the first to review and synthesize what is known about these effects across all species, particularly from a molecular perspective, and will be of interest to everyone in the fields of molecular biology and genetics.

DNA Methylation Epigenetics and Metastasis

DNA Methylation  Epigenetics and Metastasis Book
Author : Manel Esteller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402036426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a broad and rich outline of the epigenetic mechanisms involved in cancer progression and the generation of metastasis. It describes the tumor suppressor genes undergoing transcriptional silencing by CpG island promoter hypermethylation in the different tumor types of the human anatomy and their association with tumoral behaviour. It also provides a comprehensive insightful look at the molecular players involved in DNA methylation, histone modification and chromatin remodelling complexes causing epigenetic lesions linked to the metastasic phenotypes. Finally, it explains how epigenetic lesions associated with cancer spreading can be targeted using new and potent chemotherapy drugs. The book is a state-of-the-art reference to all scientific researchers and clinicians interested in the understanding of the biological processes leading to tumor dissemination and to those that are keen to translate this knowledge to a better management of cancer patients. Each contributor is a specialist in their epigenetic area and their joint effort has created a unique view of the DNA methylation, histone and chromatin changes that define cancer metastasis.

Molecular mechanisms and physiology of disease

Molecular mechanisms and physiology of disease Book
Author : Nilanjana Maulik,Tom Karagiannis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-31
ISBN : 1493907069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a simplified form, epigenetics refers to heritable changes in phenotype that are not due to changes in the underlying DNA sequence. In this book, epigenetic mechanisms of regulation and dysregulation in health and disease are explored in great depth. Detailed chapters on epigenetic processes including DNA methylation and chromatin post-translational modifications including potential interventions with DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and histone deacetylase inhibitors are explored in initial chapters. These provide a detailed overview and important background to the entire field. The book is then focussed on epigenetic mechanisms involved in various diseases including anti-inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Important accounts relating to the effects of epigenetics in metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and asthma are the focus of subsequent chapters. The role of epigenetic dysregulation in malignancy is a current topic of interest and represents an intense field of research. A large component of this book is dedicated to the analysis of aberrant epigenetic processes in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Further, chapters are focused on emerging cancer prevention using nutritional components and anti-cancer therapies particularly with histone deacetylase inhibitors, which have already been approved for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The emerging role of nanoparticle preparations, especially in the context of delivering potential epigenetic therapies to target cells in various diseases, is also explored in this book. Overall, this book encompasses a wide range of topics related to epigenetic mechanisms in health and disease and would appeal to anyone with an interest in epigenetics, chromatin biology and emerging epigenetic interventions and therapies.

Epigenetics and Cancer

Epigenetics and Cancer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-11-22
ISBN : 9780123808677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genes interact with the environment, experience, and biology of the brain to shape an animal’s behavior. This latest volume in Advances in Genetics, organized according to the most widely used model organisms, describes the latest genetic discoveries in relation to neural circuit development and activity. Explores the latest topics in neural circuits and behavior research in zebrafish, drosophila, C.elegans, and mouse models Includes methods for testing with ethical, legal, and social implications Critically analyzes future prospects

Patho Epigenetics of Disease

Patho Epigenetics of Disease Book
Author : Janos Minarovits,Hans Helmut Niller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 1461433452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In multicellular organisms the establishment, maintenance, and programmed alterations of cell-type specific gene expression patterns are regulated by epigenetic mechanisms. Thus, epigenetic alterations (DNA methylation, DNA associated Polycomb-Trithorax protein complexes, histone modifications) ensure the unique transcriptional activity and phenotypic diversity of diploid cells that carry identical or nearly identical DNA sequences. Because DNA methyltransferase I (DNMT1) associates with replication foci during S phase and prefers hemimethylated DNA as a substrate, DNMT1 ensures the clonal propagation of cytosine methylation patterns (maintenance methylation). Thus, DNA methylation may provide a memory function by helping progeny cells to “remember” their proper cellular identity. An alternative system of epigenetic memory, the Polycomb and Trithorax groups of protein complexes, that may operate both independently from and in concert with DNA methylation, ensures the heritable regulation of gene expression via modification of histone tails. The complex interplay of epigenetic regulatory mechanisms permits both the dynamic modulation of gene expression and the faithful transmission of gene expression patterns to each progeny cell upon division. These carefully orchestrated processes can go wrong, however, resulting in epigenetic reprogramming of the cells that may manifest in pathological changes, as it was first realized during the studies of epigenetic alterations in malignant tumors. By now it became a well established fact that not only genetic changes, but also the disruption of epigenetic regulation can result in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Scientists working in other fields soon followed the pioneering work of cancer researchers, and revealed that epigenetic dysregulation forms the basis of a wide spectrum of human diseases.

Discovery of Novel Epigenetic Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis by Genome wide Profiling of Non coding Regulatory Elements

Discovery of Novel Epigenetic Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis by Genome wide Profiling of Non coding Regulatory Elements Book
Author : Batool Akhtar-Zaidi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic mechanisms are of paramount importance in cancer. Historically, epigenetic studies of cancer have focused on aberrant DNA methylation events. Far less is known about the role of histone modifications in epigenetic mechanisms of human cancers, and of disease in general. There are a number of reasons why histone modifications are especially important to investigate in the context of tumor formation. While DNA methylation contributes to stable gene silencing and formation of heterochromatin, histone modifications are associated with much more dynamic gene expression patterns. Importantly, histone modifications are also informative of the activity states of distal regulatory elements. Therefore we can use these epigenetic marks to study important regions of the cancer genome that are key regulators of transcription with unprecedented resolution and accuracy. In this work, in-depth studies of epigenetic features of both promoters and distal enhancer elements are described, in each case enabled by distinct histone modifications that are chromatin "signatures" of promoter and enhancer elements, respectively. We show that in colon cancer, the presence of the H3K4me3 active mark is associated with resistance to silencing associated with DNA methylation. We further show evidence that in colon cancer, DNA hypermethylation is likely a relatively rare event at CpG-islands, and that most CpG-islands are probably silenced by alternative mechanisms, specifically the acquisition of repressive histone marks. With respect to distal regulatory elements, enhancer elements are especially attractive candidates to study in cancer, a disease of widespread and heterogeneous aberrant transcription, because they are under normal circumstances drivers of cellular identity and associated global gene expression programs. We report the discovery of thousands of Variant Enhancer Loci, or VELs, which have gained or lost H3K4me1 at enhancer elements in colon cancer samples. We show that VELs are tightly linked to the in vivo colon cancer transcriptome, and furthermore are enriched at colon cancer susceptibility SNPs. We propose that the model describing gene dysregulation in cancer be revised to now include epigenetic dysregulation at enhancer elements as an important mechanism in cancer-specific gene expression.

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book
Author : Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 9535138677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book
Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Human Papillomavirus

Human Papillomavirus Book
Author : Rajamanickam Rajkumar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 9535124390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a feast of knowledge, yet a balanced diet of healthy foods. There are high values of rich essential nutrients from top-quality medical research. But they are made easily digestible and absorbable, even by health care providers and planners, working in resource-limited settings, in all parts of the world, through social implications and community applications. All the chapters are value-added master pieces. The book would serve both as a scientific reference guide and a practical work manual. The authors, editor, and Intech publishers, together, are pleased to provide the readers a precious blend of scientific excellence and social relevance, for health empowerment, globally. We wish the readers great success, savoring science and sociology together.

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics Book
Author : José Luis García-Giménez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 0128019212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics comprises 31 chapters contributed by leading active researchers in basic and clinical epigenetics. The book begins with the basis of epigenetic mechanisms and descriptions of epigenetic biomarkers that can be used in clinical diagnostics and prognostics. It goes on to discuss classical methods and next generation sequencing-based technologies to discover and analyze epigenetic biomarkers. The book concludes with an account of DNA methylation, post-translational modifications and noncoding RNAs as the most promising biomarkers for cancer (i.e. breast, lung, colon, etc.), metabolic disorders (i.e. diabetes and obesity), autoimmune diseases, infertility, allergy, infectious diseases, and neurological disorders. The book describes the challenging aspects of research in epigenetics, and current findings regarding new epigenetic elements and modifiers, providing guidance for researchers interested in the most advanced technologies and tested biomarkers to be used in the clinical diagnosis or prognosis of disease. Focuses on recent progress in several areas of epigenetics, general concepts regarding epigenetics, and the future prospects of this discipline in clinical diagnostics and prognostics Describes the importance of the quality of samples and clinical associated data, and also the ethical issues for epigenetic diagnostics Discusses the advances in epigenomics technologies, including next-generation sequencing based tools and applications Expounds on the utility of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of several diseases, highlighting the study of these biomarkers in cancer, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, infertility, and infectious diseases Includes a special section that discusses the relevance of biobanks in the maintenance of high quality biosamples and clinical-associated data, and the relevance of the ethical aspects in epigenetic studies

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-06
ISBN : 0128145145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases, written by leading scientists in this evolving field, provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases. In particular, the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, for example, DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA, are summarized, in the context of human diseases. This book discusses bioinformatics methods for epigenetic analysis specifically applied to human conditions such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, liver and autoimmune disorders, and reproductive and respiratory diseases. Additionally, different organ cancers, such as breast, lung, and colon, are discussed. This book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers in genetics and bioinformatics, and several biomedical field members interested in applying computational epigenetics in their research. Provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases Summarizes the major computational tools, databases, and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, microRNA, noncoding RNA, and ceRNA Covers the major milestones and future directions of computational epigenetics in various kinds of human diseases such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes, heart disease, neurological disorders, cancers, blood disorders, liver diseases, reproductive diseases, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, human imprinting disorders, and infectious diseases

Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Implications for Cancer Treatment

Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors  Implications for Cancer Treatment Book
Author : Christiane Pienna Soares,Jean Leandro Dos Santos,Ângela Sousa
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-02
ISBN : 2889668355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Implications for Cancer Treatment book written by Christiane Pienna Soares,Jean Leandro Dos Santos,Ângela Sousa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Steven Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 0128002247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Human Cancer

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Human Cancer Book
Author : Luis G. Acevedo
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-03
ISBN : 9783848440320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is the field that studies the changes that regulate gene expression without affecting the coding sequence of DNA, such as changes in DNA methylation and postranslational modifications at the histone tails. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) scientists are able to study which proteins (histones or transcription factors) bind to DNA at a specific locus. ChIP becomes a powerful tool when it is coupled to sequencing or DNA microarrays, a technique known as ChIP-chip, enabling the study of all possible binding sites for any protein across the entire genome. A miniaturized micro-ChIP method was developed in order to perform these experiments in limited amount of tissue. DNA methylation analysis was included as well resulting in the liver cancer methylome. This work presents an effective combinatorial methodology for genome-scale characterization of tumors, allowing the identification of the principal mechanisms responsible for the liver cancer transcriptome. I hope this work will be useful to other scientists in their quest at other cancer types or diseases by assisting in the design of therapeutic treatments and to identify novel tumor markers.

Methylation

Methylation Book
Author : Anica Dricu
Publisher : Inst za onkologiju i radiol
Release : 2012-11-28
ISBN : 9535108816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alterations in the normal DNA methylation processes are known to have major consequences for embryonic development and are associated with congenital defects, autoimmunity, aging and malignant transformation. The main purpose of this book is to provide information about the importance of methylation mechanisms in human health and disease. The book, covers the basic mechanism of DNA and protein methylation, aiming at the advanced undergraduate and graduate biomedical students and researchers working in the epigenetic area. The textbook chapters provide background as well as advanced information in the methylation area. On the other hand, it provide readers with both classical and relevant recent discoveries that have been made in the field, pointing out pathways where questions remain.