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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Steven Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 0128002247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Gerda Egger,Paola Arimondo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 0128024925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drug Discovery in Cancer Epigenetics is a practical resource for scientists involved in the discovery, testing, and development of epigenetic cancer drugs. Epigenetic modifications can have significant implications for translational science as biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis or therapy prediction. Most importantly, epigenetic modifications are reversible and epigenetic players are found mutated in different cancers; therefore, they provide attractive therapeutic targets. There has been great interest in developing and testing epigenetic drugs, which inhibit DNA methyltransferases, histone modifying enzymes or chromatin reader proteins. The first few drugs are already FDA approved and have made their way into clinical settings. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the epigenetic drugs currently available and aims to increase awareness in this area to foster more rapid translation of epigenetic drugs into the clinic. Highlights the potential of epigenetic alterations in cancer for drug development Covers the tools and methods for epigenetic drug discovery, preclinical and clinical testing, and clinical implications of epigenetic therapy Provides important information regarding putative epigenetic targets, epigenetic technologies, networks and consortia for epigenetic drug discovery and routes for translation

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer Book
Author : Sabita Saldanha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-16
ISBN : 0128134607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetic signatures that govern disease development, progression and metastasis. Epigenetic signatures dictating tumor etiologies present an opportunity for biomarker identification which has broad potential for improving diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, and risk assessment. This volumes offers a unique evaluation of signature differences in childhood, sex-specific and race-specific cancers, and in doing so broadly illuminates the scope of epigenetic biomarkers in clinical environments. Chapters detail the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the initiation, progression and metastasis of tumors. Also delineated are recent technologies such as next generation sequencing that are used to identify epigenetic profiles (primarily methylation analysis) in samples (normal, benign and cancerous) and which are highly important to the analysis of epigenetic outcomes. Offers broad coverage that is applicable to audiences in various area of cancer research - population studies, diagnostics, prognosis, prediction, therapy, risk, etc. Provides critical review analysis of the topics that will clarify and delineate the potential roles of epigenetic signatures in cancer management Covers basic, as well as, clinical areas of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis Features contributions by leading experts in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of current epigenetic signatures involved in the etiology of various cancers and miRNAs

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 9781420045802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers— DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Implications for Cancer Treatment

Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors  Implications for Cancer Treatment Book
Author : Christiane Pienna Soares,Jean Leandro Dos Santos,Ângela Sousa
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-02
ISBN : 2889668355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Epigenetic Therapy with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Implications for Cancer Treatment book written by Christiane Pienna Soares,Jean Leandro Dos Santos,Ângela Sousa, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention Book
Author : Anupam Bishayee,Deepak Bhatia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0128125667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention, Volume Ten is the first to look at epigenetics and chemoprevention together. Although there is numerous scientific data available on how epigenetics can lead to cancer and how chemoprevention can be beneficial in the treatment of, or improvement of quality of life, together they will set an advanced understanding for the reader in this upcoming field of chemoprevention influencing epigenetics. This book discusses molecular epigenetic targets of natural products, such as green tea polyphenols, curcumin and resveratrol, and organ specific epigenetic targets related to diverse types of cancer, for example prostate, colorectal, breast, lung and skin cancers. Additionally, it encompasses a discussion on research methods and limitations to study epigenetics and epigenomics of chemopreventive drugs and personalized cancer treatment with phytochemicals. The book is ideal for cancer researchers, health care professionals and all individuals who are interested in cancer prevention research and its clinical applications, especially in natural remedies. Lists natural agents, including nutraceuticals, and their effects on normal or tumor genome Addresses various epigenetic systems and mechanisms in the regulation and support of the mammalian genome Discusses how various parts of dietary phytochemicals can influence or modify epigenetic mechanisms in several types of cancer

Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance

Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance Book
Author : Aamir Ahmad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 3030203018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resistance to therapies, both targeted and systemic, and metastases to distant organs are the underlying causes of breast cancer-associated mortality. The second edition of Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance brings together some of the leading experts to comprehensively understand breast cancer: the factors that make it lethal, and current research and clinical progress. This volume covers the following core topics: basic understanding of breast cancer (statistics, epidemiology, racial disparity and heterogeneity), metastasis and drug resistance (bone metastasis, trastuzumab resistance, tamoxifen resistance and novel therapeutic targets, including non-coding RNAs, inflammatory cytokines, cancer stem cells, ubiquitin ligases, tumor microenvironment and signaling pathways such as TRAIL, JAK-STAT and mTOR) and recent developments in the field (epigenetic regulation, microRNAs-mediated regulation, novel therapies and the clinically relevant 3D models). Experts also discuss the advances in laboratory research along with their translational and clinical implications with an overarching goal to improve the diagnosis and prognosis, particularly that of breast cancer patients with advanced disease.

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book
Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Introduction to Epigenetics

Introduction to Epigenetics Book
Author : Renato Paro,Ueli Grossniklaus,Raffaella Santoro,Anton Wutz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 3030686701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access textbook leads the reader from basic concepts of chromatin structure and function and RNA mechanisms to the understanding of epigenetics, imprinting, regeneration and reprogramming. The textbook treats epigenetic phenomena in animals, as well as plants. Written by four internationally known experts and senior lecturers in this field, it provides a valuable tool for Master- and PhD- students who need to comprehend the principles of epigenetics, or wish to gain a deeper knowledge in this field. After reading this book, the student will: Have an understanding of the basic toolbox of epigenetic regulation Know how genetic and epigenetic information layers are interconnected Be able to explain complex epigenetic phenomena by understanding the structures and principles of the underlying molecular mechanisms Understand how misregulated epigenetic mechanisms can lead to disease

Biomarkers in Breast Cancer

Biomarkers in Breast Cancer Book
Author : Giampietro Gasparini,Daniel F. Hayes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-17
ISBN : 159259915X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expert laboratory and clinical researchers from around the world review how to design and evaluate studies of tumor markers and examine their use in breast cancer patients. The authors cover both the major advances in sophisticated molecular methods and the state-of-the-art in conventional prognostic and predictive indicators. Among the topics discussed are the relevance of rigorous study design and guidelines for the validation studies of new biomarkers, gene expression profiling by tissue microarrays, adjuvant systemic therapy, and the use of estrogen, progesterone, and epidermal growth factor receptors as both prognostic and predictive indicators. Highlights include the evaluation of HER2 and EGFR family members, of p53, and of UPA/PAI-1; the detection of rare cells in blood and marrow; and the detection and analysis of soluble, circulating markers.

Unravelling Cancer Signaling Pathways A Multidisciplinary Approach

Unravelling Cancer Signaling Pathways  A Multidisciplinary Approach Book
Author : Kakoli Bose,Pradip Chaudhari
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 9813298162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unravelling the intricate cell signalling networks and their significance in cancer poses major intellectual challenge. Keeping this in mind, the book aims at understanding the mechanism of action of different proteins and their complexes in the cancer signalling pathways. Hence, the proposed book that comprises 20 chapters provides a comprehensive introduction on cell signalling, its alterations in cancer, molecules that have been popular targets as well as the ones that are emerging as targets. In addition, it discusses different forms of therapy that are coming up for its treatment. Other than that, a major portion of the book is focused on studying different disciplines at the interface of biology and other areas of science that are being used to understand cancer biology in depth.

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine

Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine Book
Author : Ramona G. Dumitrescu,Mukesh Verma
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2018-10-12
ISBN : 9781493987504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses certain epigenetic changes recognized in early carcinogenic lesions and different tumors, as well as factors that alter the epigenome and epigenetic profile such as diet, alcohol, immunity, circadian rhythm, and more. The chapters in this book further delve into this field and cover topics such as epigenome-based precision medicine in lung cancer; interplay between genetic and epigenetic changes in breast cancer subtypes; genetic regulation of PDCD1 gene in cancer immunology; and pyrosequencing methylation analysis. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Cancer Epigenetics for Precision Medicine: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers and scientists identify these specific biomarkers and work towards the prevention, diagnosis, and prognosis of different cancers in the future.

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance Book
Author : Chunfu Wu,Lihui Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-26
ISBN : 012823685X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Regulation in Overcoming Chemoresistance, Volume 19, explains how epigenetic agents can enhance the chemotherapy sensitivity of diverse types of cancers. The book provides a comprehensive delineation and the recent development of the scientific studies on the epigenetic regulation in enhancing chemo-sensitivity. In addition, it discusses several topics such as DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi), Histone deacetylases inhibitors (HDACi), Histone lysine demethylases inhibitors (HDMi), Histone lysine methyltransferases inhibitors (HMTi) and drugs regulating the microRNA, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) or RNA methylation. Finally, recent and future developments of the field of epigenetic regulation are explored. This is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students and several members of biomedical field who are interested in learning about epigenetic regulation methods to reverse chemo-resistance in cancers. Presents detailed diagrams of the mechanisms of epigenetic regulation for easy consult Encompasses multiple clinical trial summary diagrams to help readers quickly and clearly get information from clinical trials Provides future perspectives in each section to inspire readers to use epigenetic regulation to overcome chemo-resistance

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation Book
Author : Suming Huang,Michael D Litt,C. Ann Blakey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-19
ISBN : 0128004711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Encyclopedia of Cancer

Encyclopedia of Cancer Book
Author : Manfred Schwab
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-23
ISBN : 3540368477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive encyclopedic reference provides rapid access to focused information on topics of cancer research for clinicians, research scientists and advanced students. Given the overwhelming success of the first edition, which appeared in 2001, and fast development in the different fields of cancer research, it has been decided to publish a second fully revised and expanded edition. With an A-Z format of over 7,000 entries, more than 1,000 contributing authors provide a complete reference to cancer. The merging of different basic and clinical scientific disciplines towards the common goal of fighting cancer makes such a comprehensive reference source all the more timely.

Human Skin Cancers

Human Skin Cancers Book
Author : Miroslav Blumenberg
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-05-02
ISBN : 1789230942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human skin cancers, the most common type of tumors, represent a significant health burden. The deadliest is unquestionably melanoma. Half of melanomas have an activating mutation in the BRAF gene, prompting development of novel drugs, vemurafenib and dabrafenib, specifically targeting mutated BRAF. Trametinib and cobimetinib, which block MEK, a BRAF effector protein, have been used in combination with BRAF inhibitors. A promising new melanoma treatment is immunotherapy, approach that boosts patient's own immune system to attack cancer. Pembrolizumab and nivolumab inhibit PD-1, whereas Ipilimumab targets CTLA-4, another immunity check point, to boost the immune response. Here we focus on pathways, mechanisms, targets and treatments of human skin cancers, with particular emphasis on the new developments in the research on melanomas.

Gynaecological Malignancies

Gynaecological Malignancies Book
Author : Gwo Yaw Ho,Sophia Frentzas
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 183880305X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Gynaecological Malignancies - Updates and Advances” aims to present a review of the significant advances in the understanding and management of gynaecological malignancies. Major areas of importance in this field will be covered, incorporating new knowledge that has arisen due to the advancements in molecular techniques and the ability to correlate these molecular changes with clinical behaviour of gynaecologic tumours. The therapeutic implications of molecular subtyping to match appropriate therapies and the appreciation of the use of up to date radiotherapy techniques will be explored.

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-27
ISBN : 0128243260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book
Author : Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 9535138677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-30
ISBN : 9780367386863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers-- DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.