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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Steven Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 0128002247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

Exam Prep for Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Exam Prep for  Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exam Prep for Epigenetic Cancer Therapy book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer

Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer Book
Author : Michael Lübbert,Peter A. Jones
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-12
ISBN : 3642384048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing knowledge about disturbances of epigenetic gene regulation in hematopoietic stem cell disorders is now being translated into treatment approaches that target the epigenetic defects pharmacologically. This book first presents the latest evidence regarding the epigenetic regulation of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation and hemoglobin production. The significance of DNA methylation abnormalities in hematopoietic disorders and of epigenetic disturbances in lung cancer and other solid tumors is then discussed. A major part of the book, however, relates specifically to the translation of basic research and drug development to clinical applications, and in this context both present and future clinical strategies are considered. Individual chapters are devoted to the use of DNA hypomethylating agents and chromatin-modifying agents, and the treatment of hematologic malignancies and solid tumors by means of epigenetic agents is discussed in detail.

DNA Methylation and Cancer Therapy

DNA Methylation and Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Moshe Szyf
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-04-03
ISBN : 038727443X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NA methylation has bewildered molecular biologists since Hotchkiss discovered it almost six decades ago (Hotchkiss RDJ. Biol Cem 1948; 175:315-332). The fact that the chemical structure of our D genome consists of two components that are covalently bound, the genetic information that is replicated by the DNA replication machinery ana DNA methylation that is maintainea by independent enzymatic machinery, has redictably stimulated the imagination and curiosity of generations of mo Edular biologists. An obvious question was whether DNA methylation was a bearer of additional information to the genetic information and what was the nature of this information? It was tempting to speculate that DNA me thylation applied some form of control over programming of the genome s expression profile. Once techniques to probe the methylation profile of whole genomes as well as specific genes became available, it became clear that DNA methylation patterns are gene and tissue specific and that patterns of gene expression correlate with patterns of methylation. DNA methylation pat terns emerged as the only component of the chemical structure of DNA that exhibited tissue and cell specificity. This data seemingly provided an attrac tively simple explanation for the longstanding dilemma of how could one identical genome manifest itself in so many different forms in multicellular organisms? The DNA methylation pattern has thus become the only known factor to confer upon DNA a unique cellular identity.

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 9781420045802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers— DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Epigenetics and Cancer

Epigenetics and Cancer Book
Author : Fazlul H. Sarkar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-29
ISBN : 9400766122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overall, this book illustrates the complexities of the regulation and deregulation of genes mediated through epigenetics in the development and progression of human malignancies. All the articles have been carefully chosen to represent several cancer systems with state of our knowledge on the role of epigenetic deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target mRNAs along with epigenetic deregulation of mRNAs. This book also illustrates the role of several dietary agents, collectively called nutraceuticals or natural agents in modulating the epigenetic reprogramming of miRNAs and mRNAs for the prevention and/or treatment of human malignancies. It is well known that genetic aberrations, especially inherited through parents (somatic genetic alterations) contribute to the development of less than 10% of all cancer yet epigenetic alterations in genes especially through selective methylation and acetylation appears to be responsible for the development and progression of the vast majority of all cancers. Therefore, understanding the role of epigenetics in the regulation of genes especially through deregulated expression of miRNAs as presented in this book will allow scientists to devise targeted therapeutic strategies for re-expression of the lost genes or down-regulate the genes that are over-expressed in order to eradicate cancer. It is hoped that targeting epigenetics will not only target cancer cells but it will also target the tumor microenvironment (more like the entire tumor environment such as the entire host) for achieving better treatment outcomes for patients diagnosed with cancer which will lead to achieve the long-term objective for complete eradication of cancer. This book contains fifteen chapters which begins with the concept of systems and network biology for investigating the epigenetics of cancer followed by a series of articles on the role of miRNAs and their target genes in the biology of pancreatic cancer and other cancers such as breast, kidney, prostate and and colon. Since it is becoming increasingly clear that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are important in the development and progression of cancer, and CSCs are important in therapeutic resistance, treatment failure and tumor recurrence, thus the importance of CSCs and epigenetics has been highlighted by a very timely article on epigenetic variations of stem cell markers in cancer including miRNAs. Moreover, just targeting heterogeneous cancer cell populations may not be optimal to eradicate tumors and for which one must take a holistic approach for developing drugs that could also target the tumor microenvironment and tumor dormancy that are regulated through epigenetics. Keeping abreast with this thought process the concluding chapter provides a concept towards curative cancer therapy with maspin, which could be a unique window of opportunity to target tumor dormancy. Therefore, it suggest that targeting the tumor dormancy and the tumor microenvironment using novel therapeutics specifically by targeting epigenetics would become the future of medicine.

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention Book
Author : Anupam Bishayee,Deepak Bhatia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-27
ISBN : 0128125667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention, Volume Ten is the first to look at epigenetics and chemoprevention together. Although there is numerous scientific data available on how epigenetics can lead to cancer and how chemoprevention can be beneficial in the treatment of, or improvement of quality of life, together they will set an advanced understanding for the reader in this upcoming field of chemoprevention influencing epigenetics. This book discusses molecular epigenetic targets of natural products, such as green tea polyphenols, curcumin and resveratrol, and organ specific epigenetic targets related to diverse types of cancer, for example prostate, colorectal, breast, lung and skin cancers. Additionally, it encompasses a discussion on research methods and limitations to study epigenetics and epigenomics of chemopreventive drugs and personalized cancer treatment with phytochemicals. The book is ideal for cancer researchers, health care professionals and all individuals who are interested in cancer prevention research and its clinical applications, especially in natural remedies. Lists natural agents, including nutraceuticals, and their effects on normal or tumor genome Addresses various epigenetic systems and mechanisms in the regulation and support of the mammalian genome Discusses how various parts of dietary phytochemicals can influence or modify epigenetic mechanisms in several types of cancer

Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Journal of the National Cancer Institute Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the National Cancer Institute book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Animal Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology Book
Author : Ashish S. Verma,Anchal Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 0128117109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, Second Edition, provides a helpful guide to anyone seeking a thorough review of animal biotechnology and its application to human disease and welfare. This updated edition covers vital fundamentals, including animal cell cultures, genome sequencing analysis, epigenetics and animal models, gene expression, and ethics and safety concerns, along with in-depth examples of implications for human health and prospects for the future. New chapters cover animal biotechnology as applied to various disease types and research areas, including in vitro fertilization, human embryonic stem cell research, biosensors, enteric diseases, biopharming, organ transplantation, tuberculosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and more. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals, with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Offers first-hand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, animal cultures, tissue engineering, ADME and CAM Assay Includes case studies that illustrate safety assessment issues, ethical considerations, and intellectual property rights associated with the translation of animal biotechnology studies

Outside the Box Cancer Therapies

Outside the Box Cancer Therapies Book
Author : Mark Stengler,Paul Anderson
Publisher : Hay House
Release : 2018
ISBN : 1401954588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Naturopathic medical doctors Mark Stengler and Paul Anderson focus on the most critical components of Integrative Oncology Care. Using an accessible, case-history approach, they explore the different types of cancer, the causes of cancer, how proper nutrition can help prevent and treat cancer, the most well-studied supplement to use with cancer treatment, cutting-edge therapies (such as intravenous high dose vitamin C and other studied therapies), and natural solutions to common problems (such as the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation).

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

Advances in Clinical Chemistry Book
Author : Gregory S. Makowski
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-10
ISBN : 0128208015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 94, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest technologies relating to the field of clinical chemistry, with specific chapters in this new release covering Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: Strategy to develop clinical peptide biomarkers for more accurate evaluation of the pathophysiological status of this syndrome, Clotting factors - Clinical biochemistry and their roles as plasma enzymes, Myokines: The endocrine coupling of skeletal muscle and bone, Epigenetic reprogramming and potential application of epigenetic-modifying drugs in acquired chemotherapeutic resistance, and more. Provides the most up-to-date technologies in clinical chemistry and clinical laboratory science Authored by world renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists Presents the international benchmark for novel analytical approaches in the clinical laboratory

Cancer Epigenetics

Cancer Epigenetics Book
Author : Antonio Giordano,Marcella Macaluso
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-07
ISBN : 9781118005736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer Epigenetics: Biomolecular Therapeutics in Human Cancer is the only resource to focus on biomolecular approaches to cancer therapy. Its presentation of the latest research in cancer biology reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the field and aims to facilitate collaboration between the basic, translational, and clinical sciences.

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer Book
Author : Manoj K. Mishra,Kumar S. Bishnupuri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-04
ISBN : 3319249517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores the epigenetic alterations and their association with various human cancers. Considering one of human cancer as an example, individual chapters are focused on defining the role of epigenetic regulators and underlying mechanisms in cancer growth and progression. Epigenetic alteration including DNA methylation, histone modification, nucleosome positioning and non-coding RNAs expression are involved in a complex network of regulating expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and constitute an important event of the multistep process of carcinogenesis. Recent advances in the understanding of the epigenetic regulation and detailed information of these epigenetic changes in various cancers provide new avenues of advancements in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapies of this highly fatal disease.

The Histone Code and Beyond

The Histone Code and Beyond Book
Author : Shelley L. Berger,O. Nakanishi,Bernhard Haendler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-19
ISBN : 354037633X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methylation of DNA at cytosine residues as well as post-translational modifications of histones, including phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation and ubiquitylation, contribute to the epigenetic information carried by chromatin. These changes play an important role in the regulation of gene expression by modulating the access of regulatory factors to the DNA. The use of a combination of biochemical, genetic and structural approaches has allowed demonstration of the role of chromatin structure in transcriptional control. The structure of nucleosomes has been elucidated and enzymes involved in DNA or histone modifications have been extensively characterized. Since deregulation of epigenetic marks has been reported in many cancers, a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms bears the promise that new drug targets may soon be found. The newest developments in this quickly developing field are presented in this book.

Alterations of Epigenetics and MicroRNAs in Cancer and Cancer Stem Cell

Alterations of Epigenetics and MicroRNAs in Cancer and Cancer Stem Cell Book
Author : Yoshimasa Saito
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-11-10
ISBN : 2889193454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studies have shown that alterations of epigenetics and microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in the initiation and progression of human cancer. Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes in cancer cells is generally mediated by DNA hypermethylation of CpG island promoter and histone modification such as methylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) and tri-methylation of H3K27. MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate expression of various target genes. Specific miRNAs are aberrantly expressed and play roles as tumor suppressors or oncogenes during carcinogenesis. Important tumor suppressor miRNAs are silenced by epigenetic alterations, resulting in activation of target oncogenes in human malignancies. Stem cells have the ability to perpetuate themselves through self-renewal and to generate mature cells of various tissues through differentiation. Accumulating evidence suggests that a subpopulation of cancer cells with distinct stem-like properties is responsible for tumor initiation, invasive growth, and metastasis formation, which is defined as cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells are considered to be resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiation therapy, suggesting that these cells are important targets of cancer therapy. DNA methylation, histone modification and miRNAs may be deeply involved in stem-like properties in cancer cells. Restoring the expression of tumor suppressor genes and miRNAs by chromatin modifying drugs may be a promising therapeutic approach for cancer stem cells. In this Research Topic, we discuss about alterations of epigenetics and miRNAs in cancer and cancer stem cell and understand the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of cancer stem cell, which may provide a novel insight for treatment of refractory cancer.

Epigenetics in Cancer

Epigenetics in Cancer Book
Author : Junjiang Fu,Saber Imani
Publisher : Alpha Science International, Limited
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 9781783323593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the second leading cause of death, cancer has cast an overwhelming shadow on millions of lives worldwide. Everyone is affected in some way, if not by having the disease themselves, then by witnessing it in friends or loved ones. Epigenetics is a rapidly-growing field and a fascinating area of cancer research. The book addresses the importance of fighting cancers with an epigenetics approach. Specifically, the following topics are reviewed: - (1) DNA methylation and cancer. - (2) Non-coding RNAs in cancer. - (3) Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer. - (4) Epigenetic effects of environmental and dietary factors in cancer. The book also includes a chapter that provides short but practical protocols widely used in epigenetics research. Finally, it provides insight into future directions in cancer epigenetics research. Thus, this book covers a wide range of topics, from general mechanisms of cancer epigenetics to cancer therapy. This book will be helpful to improve the understanding of epigenetics and cancer who are interested in cancer epigenetics and the development of anticancer drugs at various levels, including students in medical and biological fields, postdoctoral fellows, university researchers, and/or educators.

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Manel Esteller
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-17
ISBN : 9781420007077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book
Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123884152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs