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Enzymes In Human And Animal Nutrition

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Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition Book
Author : Carlos Simões Nunes,Vikas Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-15
ISBN : 0128094265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition is a detailed reference on enzymes covering detailed information on all relevant aspects fundamental for final use of enzymes in human and animal nutrition. Topics explored include selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes, effects of probiotics on enzymes in the digestive tract, potential new sources of enzymes, valorization of plant biomass by food and feed enzymes. Economics and intellectual property issues are also examined. Examines the role of enzymes in nutrition and in the production of food and animal feed so that food industry and academic researchers can understand applications of enzymes in the health of humans and animals Begins with a thorough overview of selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes Examines extremophile organisms as a potential new source of enzymes Includes discussion of analytics, economics and intellectual property to increase applicability of the rest of the book outside of the lab

Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition

Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition Book
Author : H. DeWayne Ashmead
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-02-10
ISBN : 1439897670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although introduction of amino acid chelates in mineral nutrition initially met considerable skepticism and controversy, the greater absorption and bioavailability of amino acid chelated minerals compared to nonchelated minerals have been well-documented for decades. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compiles published chemical, nutritional, and clinical studies with new unpublished research. It interprets the combined data for the first time to explain why the body responds to an amino acid chelate differently than it does to inorganic metal salts. Focusing on digestion, the book follows how chelates are absorbed from the stomach and intestines into the mucosal tissue, their movement from the mucosal tissue into the blood, and uptake into tissue and organ cells. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compares amino acid chelate absorption and metabolism and that of inorganic salts of the same minerals. This book mainly focuses on the ingestion of amino acid metal chelates as a way to optimize mineral absorption, but it also provides a fundamental discussion of chelation chemistry. The author includes his own results, as well as alternate interpretations of the results of numerous studies of animal and human amino acid mineral chelate digestion and absorption. The views published in this book are solely the author’s views and do not reflect the views of his company, Albion Laboratories.

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition Book
Author : Walter Mertz
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1986
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methods of trace element research. Quality assurance for trace element analysis. Iron. Cobalt. Copper. Molybdenum. Nickel. Manganese. Zinc. Cadmium. Chromium. Iodine. Selenium. Fluorine. Mercury. Vanadium.

Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications

Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications Book
Author : Helmut Uhlig
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1998-04-06
ISBN : 9780471196600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, accessible, up-to-date catalog of enzymes andtheir uses in modern manufacturing. Enzymes have long been used by industrial product makers as majorcatalysts to transform raw materials into end products. Nowavailable in English for the first time, Industrial Enzymes andTheir Applications is the only authoritative catalog of enzymeswith in-depth coverage of their varied uses, the classes in whichthey are grouped, and which chemical reagents they have replaced oncurrent mass production lines. The first section surveys general enzyme characteristics anddiscusses their microbiological origin, including pH andtemperature dependence of the activity and stability of eachenzyme. The next section then examines the most importantindustrial enzymes in use today--includingcarbohydrate-hydrolyz-ing enzymes, proteases, estercleavage-fat-hydrolyzing enzymes, and immobilized enzymes. The lastsection is devoted to specific applications of technical enzymes insuch areas as food processing, beverage production, animalnutrition, leather, and textiles. Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications offers instant access toa wealth of key enzyme data--an invaluable, wide-ranging resourcefor industrial chemists, biochemists, biochemical engineers, andstudents.

Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition

Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition Book
Author : Michael Richard Bedford,Gary G. Partridge
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780851993935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains 16 chapters by individual authors reviewing feed enzymes within the context of their mode of action, interaction with intestinal physiology, economic and environmental impacts, and application of the technology to the diets of various livestock species.

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080924697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the Preface The major change in the format of the fifth edition is the presentation of the book in two volumes, necessitated by the rapidly increasing knowledge of metabolism, interactions, and requirements of trace elements ... The guiding principle was to present the minimum of results that would serve as a logical foundation for the description of the present state of knowledge. Recent results of research were accommodated by devoting new chapters to the subjects "Methodology of Trace Element Research" and "Quality Assurance for Trace Element Analysis" and by expanding the discussion of lithium and aluminum in separate, new chapters. The first two subjects are of outstanding importance as determinants of future progress. The concern for the quality of analytical data motivated the authors of the individual chapters to review critically and, where necessary, revise analytical data presented in the previous editions. The rapid progress of trace analytical methodology since the mid-1970s has changed what had been accepted as normal for the concentrations of many trace elements in tissues and foods. The new data reflect the present state of the art in trace element analysis, but they may be subject to future revision.

Agro Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production

Agro Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production Book
Author : Gurpreet S. Dhillon,Surinder Kaur
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-25
ISBN : 012802612X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agro-industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production: Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomass explores the current state-of-the-art bioprocesses in enzyme production using agro-industrial wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, the problems faced in terms of waste and regulation, and potential value-added protocols for these wastes. It surveys areas ripe for further inquiry as well as future trends in the field. Under each section, the individual chapters present up-to-date and in-depth information on bioprospecting of agro-industrial wastes to obtain enzymes of economic importance. This book covers research gaps, including valorization of fruit and vegetable by-product—a key contribution toward sustainability that makes the utmost use of agricultural produce while employing low-energy and cost-efficient bioprocesses. Written by experts in the field of enzyme technology, the book provides valuable information for academic researchers, graduate students, and industry scientists working in industrial-food microbiology, biotechnology, bioprocess technology, post-harvest technology, agriculture, waste management, and the food industry. Addresses key opportunities and challenges in the emerging field of enzyme technology, with an emphasis on energy and bio-based industrial applications Explores the current state of the art bioprocesses in enzyme production using fruit and vegetable wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, and problems faced in terms of waste and regulation Presents in-depth information on bioprospecting of fruit and vegetable to obtain enzymes of economic importance Delves into environmental concerns and economic considerations related to fruit and vegetable processing by-products

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition Book
Author : E Underwood
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323162185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, Fourth Edition, explores the physiological roles of trace elements in human and animal nutrition. It looks at the needs, tolerances, and interactions of trace elements with each other and with other nutrients and compounds, and it explores how deficient, toxic, or imbalanced intakes of such elements lead to biochemical and pathological changes. It also describes ways of diagnosing and addressing such aberrant intakes of trace elements, along with their principal sources. Organized into 20 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the nature of trace elements and their mode of action, including iron, copper, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc, cadmium, chromium, iodine, selenium, fluorine, mercury, vanadium, silicon, lead, and arsenic. It then discusses the presence of these elements in animal tissues and fluids, along with their metabolism, functions, and toxicity. It also considers other elements, such as aluminum, antimony, barium, boron, bromine, germanium, lithium, rubidium, silver, strontium, tin, titanium, and zirconium. The book concludes with an analysis of the interrelationships among soil, plants, and animals. This book should be a valuable resource for students and chemists.

Leaf Protein

Leaf Protein Book
Author : N. W. Pirie
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1987-02-19
ISBN : 9780521330305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An account of recent advances in the appreciation of the value of the fiber residue from fractionating leafy plants and in attempts to use the soluble leaf components as a substrate for cultivating microorganisms.

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition Book
Author : Lee Russell McDowell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323139043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition presents concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for livestock and poultry; comparisons with vitamin use in human nutrition are also presented. This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation. A wealth of photographs illustrate the nutritional aspects of vitamin deficiencies and excesses in livestock, along with their concomitant conditions. This authoritative reference is of interest to professionals in animal nutrition and the livestock industry and is suitable as a graduate-level text on vitamin nutrition in animals. First book of its kind Offers practical and broad coverage of nutrition as it relates to farm livestock, humans, and laboratory animals Clinically identifies and outlines the effects of vitamin excesses and deficiencies in animals and humans Emphasizes vitamin supplementation, and vitamin metabolism and function Illustrated with numerous photographs

Animal Products in Human Nutrition

Animal Products in Human Nutrition Book
Author : Donald Beitz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323145922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Animal Products in Human Nutrition evaluates the contributions of food derived from animals to a balanced diet. The individual chapters in this book are organized into two major sections. The first section begins with a history of the use of animal-derived foods from the early ages of mankind, followed by a treatise of economic and resource costs of animal foods, including use of industrial and agricultural by-products and fish. Trends in the changes in the composition of American diets and the metabolism and disposition of common environmental toxins within animal tissues are also included in this section. The second section details the essential nutrients provided by animal products, as well as the possible effects of consumption of animal products on the development of hypertension, milk intolerance, infections from food-borne bacteria, cancer, and atherosclerosis. This book will be useful to agricultural scientists, journalists, professionals that deal with human nutrition, and human nutritionists and dietitians.

Microbial Enzymes and Biotransformations

Microbial Enzymes and Biotransformations Book
Author : José-Luis Barredo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1592598463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading experts in enzyme manipulation describe in detail their cutting-edge techniques for the screening, evolution, production, immobilization, and application of enzymes. These readily reproducible methods can be used to improve enzyme function by directed evolution, to covalently immobilize enzymes, to microencapsulate enzymes and cells, and to manufacture enzymes for human health, nutrition, and environmental protection. Overview chapters on microorganisms as a source of metabolic and enzymatic diversity, and on the fast-moving field of enzyme biosensors are presented. Microbial Enzymes and Biotransformations offers laboratory and industrial scientists a wealth of proven enzymatic protocols that show clearly how to go from laboratory results to successful industrial applications.

The Role of Chromium in Animal Nutrition

The Role of Chromium in Animal Nutrition Book
Author : National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Animal Nutrition
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1997-10-17
ISBN : 9780309174725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The American feed industry manufactures tons of dietary supplements and additives each year for inclusion in the diets of food-producing animals. Some scientists have suggested that chromium should be a key ingredient in nutritional supplements. Controversy exists, however, over whether chromium sources should be approved as feed additives and whether enough data exist to establish dietary requirements. Chromium use has been suggested to have positive impacts on farm profitability, and many animal health benefits have been attributed to chromium supplementation, including increased longevity; enhanced reproduction; decreased incidence of metabolic disorders, stress effects, and disease; reduced need for antibiotic usage; improved immune response; and lean carcass quality. This book addresses recent research on chromium in animal diets; metabolic interactions between chromium and other nutrients; assessments of form and species interactions; supplementation effects; bioavailability of chromium forms and sources; and effects of diet composition, stressors, and animal physiological status on chromium utilization. It also provides recommendations on the essentiality of dietary chromium in domestic animal species and guidelines for use of dietary chromium.

Animal Nutrition with Transgenic Plants

Animal Nutrition with Transgenic Plants Book
Author : Gerhard Flachowsky
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2013-12-04
ISBN : 1780641761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transgenic plants are cultivated on a large scale worldwide, and most of the harvested products are fed to domestic animals. By gathering together more than 150 feeding studies with food-producing animals, and covering both first and second generation transgenic plants, this book provides the first central resource of this information for researchers, students, policy makers and all those who are interested in future developments in the field.

Sustainable Swine Nutrition

Sustainable Swine Nutrition Book
Author : Lee I. Chiba
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-07
ISBN : 1118485858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finding sustainable means of swine nutrition is important to both pork industry personnel and the environment alike. This reference comprehensively covers the most recent advancements in sustainability that results in more efficient diets, thus reducing both production costs and waste. Chapters include information on alternative feedstuffs, feed additives, bioavailabity of nutrients, and management of wastes and odors. Written by internationally recognized experts in the field, Sustainable Swine Nutrition will be a valuable reference for those involved in all aspects of pork production. Comprehensively covers the most recent advancements in sustainability to promote reduced pork production costs and waste Covers recent topics such as alternative feedstuffs, feed additives, and bioavalability Discusses environmental topics such as waste and odor management Written by an international team of experts in the field

Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism

Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism Book
Author : Peter R. Cheeke,Ellen Sue Dierenfeld
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845936310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrition is a very broad discipline, encompassing biochemistry, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, microbiology and pathology. Presenting the major principles of nutrition of both domestic and wild animals, this book takes a comparative approach, recognising that there are considerable differences in nutrient digestion, metabolism and requirements among various mammalian and avian species. Explaining species differences in food selection, food-seeking and digestive strategies and their significance to nutritional needs, chapters cover a broad range of topics including digestive physiology, metabolic disorders and specific nutrients such as carbohydrates proteins and lipids, with particular attention being paid to nutritional and metabolic idiosyncrasies. It is an essential text for students of animal and veterinary sciences.