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Environmental Systems Science

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Environmental Systems Science

Environmental Systems Science Book
Author : Daniel Vallero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 0128219440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Systems Science: Theory and Practical Applications looks at pollution and environmental quality from a systems perspective. Credible human and ecological risk estimation and prediction methods are described, including life cycle assessment, feasibility studies, pollution control decision tools, and approaches to determine adverse outcome pathways, fate and transport, sampling and analysis, and cost-effectiveness. The book brings translational science to environmental quality, applying groundbreaking methodologies like informatics, data mining, and applications of secondary data systems. Multiple human and ecological variables are introduced and integrated to support calculations that aid environmental and public health decision making. The book bridges the perspectives of scientists, engineers, and other professionals working in numerous environmental and public health fields addressing problems like toxic substances, deforestation, climate change, and loss of biological diversity, recommending sustainable solutions to these and other seemingly intractable environmental problems. The causal agents discussed include physical, chemical, and biological agents, such as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), SARS-CoV-2 (the COVID-19 virus), and other emerging contaminants. Provides an optimistic and interdisciplinary approach, underpinned by scientific first principles and theory to evaluate pollutant sources and sinks, applying biochemodynamic methods, measurements and models Deconstructs prior initiatives in environmental assessment and management using an interdisciplinary approach to evaluate what has worked and why Lays out a holistic understanding of the real impact of human activities on the current state of pollution, linking the physical sciences and engineering with socioeconomic, cultural perspectives, and environmental justice Takes a life cycle view of human and ecological systems, from the molecular to the planetary scale, integrating theories and tools from various disciplines to assess the current and projected states of environmental quality Explains the elements of risk, reliability and resilience of built and natural systems, including discussions of toxicology, sustainability, and human-pollutant interactions based on spatial, biological, and human activity information, i.e. the exposome

Education for Sustainable Human and Environmental Systems

Education for Sustainable Human and Environmental Systems Book
Author : Will Focht,Michael A. Reiter,Paul A. Barresi,Richard C. Smardon
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-09-19
ISBN : 1351171585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of Sustainable Human and Environmental Systems (SHES) education is to prepare students to facilitate social learning in communities that builds knowledge of, capacity for, and commitment to sustainability to facilitate the emergence of sustainable societies. The SHES approach to sustainability education relies on complexity-based systems thinking that transcends disciplinary boundaries. This book provides a comprehensive guide to the SHES approach, including its rationale and theoretical foundation, its pedagogy and practical applications in curricula, and ways to support the approach through institutional administration. This book will be of great interest to academics and students of education, environmental sciences and studies, sustainability and sustainable development, natural resource management, conservation, environmental policy, environmental planning, and related fields in higher education. Educators can use this book as a guide to SHES pedagogy, curriculum design, sustainability, environmental studies, sustainable development, and sustainable well-being. Administrators will find the book useful in establishing, evaluating, staffing, and promoting programs based on the SHES approach.

Earth Science

Earth Science Book
Author : Edgar Winston Spencer
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth Science: Understanding Environmental Systems is intended for introductory courses in Earth Science and Earth Systems Science, which place emphasis on the systems approach to earth science with special attention to the impact these systems have on the environment. It is appropriate for non-science majors with no previous college science or mathematics courses. The primary goals of this book are to provide the background the general student needs to understand the way Earth works, how knowledge of Earth relates to the environmental issues confronting our society, and how scientists go about examining these issues.

Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental and Earth System Sciences

Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental and Earth System Sciences Book
Author : Nicolas R. Dalezios
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 1351680668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental and Earth System Sciences is a contemporary, multi-disciplinary, multi-scaling, updated, and upgraded approach of applied remote sensing in the environment. The book begins with an overview of remote sensing technology, and then explains the types of data that can be used as well as the image processing and analysis methods that can be applied to each type of application through the use of case studies throughout. Includes a wide spectrum of environmental applications and issues Explains methodological image analysis and interpretation procedures for conducting a variety of environmental analyses Discusses the development of early warning systems Covers monitoring of the environment as a whole – atmosphere, land, and water Explores the latest remote sensing systems in environmental applications This book is an excellent resource for anyone who is interested in remote sensing technologies and their use in Earth systems, natural resources, and environmental science.

Time Series Modelling of Water Resources and Environmental Systems

Time Series Modelling of Water Resources and Environmental Systems Book
Author : K.W. Hipel,A.I McLeod
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1994-04-07
ISBN : 9780080870366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive presentation of the theory and practice of time series modelling of environmental systems. A variety of time series models are explained and illustrated, including ARMA (autoregressive-moving average), nonstationary, long memory, three families of seasonal, multiple input-single output, intervention and multivariate ARMA models. Other topics in environmetrics covered in this book include time series analysis in decision making, estimating missing observations, simulation, the Hurst phenomenon, forecasting experiments and causality. Professionals working in fields overlapping with environmetrics - such as water resources engineers, environmental scientists, hydrologists, geophysicists, geographers, earth scientists and planners - will find this book a valuable resource. Equally, environmetrics, systems scientists, economists, mechanical engineers, chemical engineers, and management scientists will find the time series methods presented in this book useful.

Dynamic Data Driven Environmental Systems Science

Dynamic Data Driven Environmental Systems Science Book
Author : Sai Ravela,Adrian Sandu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-26
ISBN : 3319251384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Dynamic Data-Driven Environmental Systems Science, DyDESS 2014, held in Cambridge, MA, USA, in November 2014.The 24 revised full papers and 7 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions and cover topics on sensing, imaging and retrieval for the oceans, atmosphere, space, land, earth and planets that is informed by the environmental context; algorithms for modeling and simulation, downscaling, model reduction, data assimilation, uncertainty quantification and statistical learning; methodologies for planning and control, sampling and adaptive observation, and efficient coupling of these algorithms into information-gathering and observing system designs; and applications of methodology to environmental estimation, analysis and prediction including climate, natural hazards, oceans, cryosphere, atmosphere, land, space, earth and planets.

Sustainability Science

Sustainability Science Book
Author : Michael P. Weinstein,R. Eugene Turner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-05
ISBN : 1461431883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The object of this book is to highlight how the nascent field of sustainability science is addressing a key challenges for scientists; that is, understanding the workings of complex systems especially when humans are involved. A consistent thread in the sustainability science movement is the wide acknowledgement that greater degrees of integration across what are now segmented dimensions of extant Science and Technology systems will be a key factor in matching the most appropriate science and technology solutions to specific sustainability problems in specific places.

Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics

Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics Book
Author : Alexey A. Voinov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 9780080886176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling is a key component to sciences from mathematics to life science, including environmental and ecological studies. By looking at the underlying concepts of the software, we can make sure that we build mathematically feasible models and that we get the most out of the data and information that we have. Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics shows how models can be analyzed using simple math and software to generate meaningful qualitative descriptions of system dynamics. This book shows that even without a full analytical, mathematically rigorous analysis of the equations, there may be ways to derive some qualitative understanding of the general behavior of a system. By relating some of the modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples the book illustrates how these approaches can help understand concepts such as sustainability, peak oil, adaptive management, optimal harvest and other practical applications. Relates modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples Teaches students to build mathematically feasible models and get the most out of the data and information available Wide range of applications in hydrology, population dynamics, market cycles, sustainability theory, management, and more

Environmental Systems Analysis with MATLAB

Environmental Systems Analysis with MATLAB   Book
Author : Stefano Marsili-Libelli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1315362333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the inner workings of environmental processes using a mathematical approach. Environmental Systems Analysis with MATLAB® combines environmental science concepts and system theory with numerical techniques to provide a better understanding of how our environment works. The book focuses on building mathematical models of environmental systems, and using these models to analyze their behaviors. Designed with the environmental professional in mind, it offers a practical introduction to developing the skills required for managing environmental modeling and data handling. The book follows a logical sequence from the basic steps of model building and data analysis to implementing these concepts into working computer codes, and then on to assessing their results. It describes data processing (rarely considered in environmental analysis); outlines the tools needed to successfully analyze data and develop models, and moves on to real-world problems. The author illustrates in the first four chapters the methodological aspects of environmental systems analysis, and in subsequent chapters applies them to specific environmental concerns. The accompanying software bundle is freely downloadable from the book web site. It follows the chapters sequence and provides a hands-on experience, allowing the reader to reproduce the figures in the text and experiment by varying the problem setting. A basic MATLAB literacy is required to get the most out of the software. Ideal for coursework and self-study, this offering: Deals with the basic concepts of environmental modeling and identification, both from the mechanistic and the data-driven viewpoint Provides a unifying methodological approach to deal with specific aspects of environmental modeling: population dynamics, flow systems, and environmental microbiology Assesses the similarities and the differences of microbial processes in natural and man-made environments Analyzes several aquatic ecosystems’ case studies Presents an application of an extended Streeter & Phelps (S&P) model Describes an ecological method to estimate the bioavailable nutrients in natural waters Considers a lagoon ecosystem from several viewpoints, including modeling and management, and more

Environmental Literacy in Science and Society

Environmental Literacy in Science and Society Book
Author : Roland W. Scholz,Claudia R. Binder
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-07-21
ISBN : 0521183332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive review and analysis of environmental literacy within the context of environmental science and sustainable development. Approaching the topic from multiple perspectives, the book explores the development of human understanding of the environment and human-environment interactions in the fields of biology, psychology, sociology, economics and industrial ecology.

Chemistry of Environmental Systems

Chemistry of Environmental Systems Book
Author : Jeffrey S. Gaffney,Nancy A. Marley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 1119313406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A modern guide to environmental chemistry Chemistry of Environmental Systems: Fundamental Principles and Analytical Methods offers a comprehensive and authoritative review of modern environmental chemistry, discussing the chemistry and interconnections between the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere. Written by internationally recognized experts, the textbook explores the chemistries of the natural environmental systems and demonstrates how these chemical processes change when anthropogenic emissions are introduced into the whole earth system. This important text: Combines the key areas of environmental chemistry needed to understand the sources, fates, and impacts of contaminants in the environment Describes a range of environmental analytical methodologies Explores the basic environmental effects of energy sources, including nuclear energy Encourages a proactive approach to environmental chemistry, with a focus on preventing future environmental problems Includes study questions at the end of each chapter Written for students of environmental chemistry, environmental science, environmental engineering, geoscience, earth and atmospheric sciences, Chemistry of Environmental Systems: Fundamental Principles and Analytical Methods covers the key aspects and mechanisms of currently identified environmental issues, which can be used to address both current and future environmental problems.

Sustainability Assessments of Urban Systems

Sustainability Assessments of Urban Systems Book
Author : Claudia R. Binder,Romano Wyss,Emanuele Massaro
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-03-26
ISBN : 110847179X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides guidelines for assessing the sustainability of urban systems including theory, methods and case studies.

Environmental Science

Environmental Science Book
Author : Michael L. McKinney,Robert M. Schoch
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780763709181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition provides a comprehensive overview and synthesis of current environmental issues and problems.

Dynamic Modeling of Environmental Systems

Dynamic Modeling of Environmental Systems Book
Author : Michael L. Deaton,James J. Winebrake
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461213002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A primer on modeling concepts and applications that is specifically geared toward the environmental field. Sections on modeling terminology, the uses of models, the model-building process, and the interpretation of output provide the foundation for detailed applications. After an introduction to the basics of dynamic modeling, the book leads students through an analysis of several environmental problems, including surface-water pollution, matter-cycling disruptions, and global warming. The scientific and technical context is provided for each problem, and the methods for analyzing and designing appropriate modeling approaches is provided. While the mathematical content does not exceed the level of a first-semester calculus course, the book gives students all of the background, examples, and practice exercises needed both to use and understand environmental modeling. It is suitable for upper-level undergraduate and beginning-graduate level environmental professionals seeking an introduction to modeling in their field.

Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences

Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Book
Author : National Research Council,Oversight Commission for the Committee on Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences,Committee on Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-05-24
ISBN : 0309072549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists have long sought to unravel the fundamental mysteries of the land, life, water, and air that surround us. But as the consequences of humanity's impact on the planet become increasingly evident, governments are realizing the critical importance of understanding these environmental systemsâ€"and investing billions of dollars in research to do so. To identify high-priority environmental science projects, Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences explores the most important areas of research for the next generation. The book's goal is not to list the world's biggest environmental problems. Rather it is to determine areas of opportunity thatâ€"with a concerted investmentâ€"could yield significant new findings. Nominations for environmental science's "grand" challenges were solicited from thousands of scientists worldwide. Based on their responses, eight major areas of focus were identifiedâ€"areas that offer the potential for a major scientific breakthrough of practical importance to humankind, and that are feasible if given major new funding. The book further pinpoints four areas for immediate action and investment.

Environmental Systems

Environmental Systems Book
Author : Robert John Bennett,Richard J. Chorley
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2015-03-08
ISBN : 1400867258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is an indispensable text and reference book for anyone interested in a systems approach to environmental studies. It will be useful not only to geographers but also to ecologists and other environmental scientists; planners; economists and other social scientists; philosophers; and applied mathematicians. Bennett and Chorley's book has a number of broad aims: first, to employ the systems approach to provide an interdisciplinary focus on environmental structures and techniques; second, to use this approach to aid in developing the interfacing of social and economic theory with physical and biological theory; and third, to investigate the implications of this interfacing for human response to current environmental dilemmas, and hence to expose the technological and social bases of values which underlie our use of natural resources. Interpreting the "environment" so as to embrace physical, biological, man-made, social, and economic reality, the authors show that the systems approach provides a powerful vehicle for the statement of environmental situations of ever-growing temporal and spatial magnitude, and for reducing the areas of uncertainty in our increasingly complex decision making arenas. Originally published in 1979. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Civil and Environmental Systems Engineering

Civil and Environmental Systems Engineering Book
Author : Charles S. Revelle,Earl Whitlatch,Jeff Wright
Publisher : Pearson
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 9781292027081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For junior/senior-level courses in Systems Analysis or Systems Analysis and Economics as applied to civil engineering. With a reorganization and new material, the Second Edition of this acclaimed text is designed to enhance the student's learning experience by providing exposure to modeling ideas and concepts. Network flow problems are emphasized by highlighting their study separately from the general integer programming models that are considered. With a wider range of examples and exercises that conclude many chapters, this text offers students an extremely practical, accessible study on the most modern skills available for the design, operation and evaluation of civil and environmental engineering systems.

Noise Induced Phenomena in the Environmental Sciences

Noise Induced Phenomena in the Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Luca Ridolfi,Paolo D'Odorico,Francesco Laio
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-20
ISBN : 1139498258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Randomness is ubiquitous in nature. Random drivers are generally considered a source of disorder in environmental systems. However, the interaction between noise and nonlinear dynamics may lead to the emergence of a number of ordered behaviors (in time and space) that would not exist in the absence of noise. This counterintuitive effect of randomness may play a crucial role in environmental processes. For example, seemingly 'random' background events in the atmosphere can grow into larger instabilities that have great effects on weather patterns. This book presents the basics of the theory of stochastic calculus and its application to the study of noise-induced phenomena in environmental systems. It will be an invaluable reference text for ecologists, geoscientists and environmental engineers interested in the study of stochastic environmental dynamics.

Environmental Science

Environmental Science Book
Author : Michael L. McKinney,Robert M. Schoch,Mckinney,Logan Yonavjak
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2017-12
ISBN : 1284091708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions, Sixth Edition features updated data and additional tables with statistics throughout to lay the groundwork for a fair and apolitical foundational understanding of environmental science. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.