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Environmental Modelling Software And Decision Support

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Environmental Modelling Software and Decision Support

Environmental Modelling  Software and Decision Support Book
Author : Anthony J. Jakeman,Alexey A. Voinov,Andrea E. Rizzoli,Serena H. Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-11
ISBN : 9780080915302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complex and multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems requires that they are dealt with in an integrated manner. Modeling and software have become key instruments used to promote sustainability and improve environmental decision processes, especially through systematic integration of various knowledge and data and their ability to foster learning and help make predictions. This book presents the current state-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software and identifies the future challenges in the field. State-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software theory and practice for integrated assessment and management serves as a starting point for researchers Identifies the areas of research and practice required for advancing the requisite knowledge base and tools, and their wider usage Best practices of environmental modeling enables the reader to select appropriate software and gives the reader tools to integrate natural system dynamics with human dimensions

Decision Support Systems in Agriculture Food and the Environment Trends Applications and Advances

Decision Support Systems in Agriculture  Food and the Environment  Trends  Applications and Advances Book
Author : Manos, Basil,Matsatsinis, Nikolaos,Paparrizos, Konstantinos,Papathanasiou, Jason
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2010-06-30
ISBN : 1615208828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As national and international concern over sustainable resources becomes more prevalent, the need for decision support systems (DSS) increases. The applicable uses of a successful system can assist in the sustainability of resources, as well as the efficiency and management of the agri-environment industry. Decision Support Systems in Agriculture, Food and the Environment: Trends, Applications and Advances presents the development of DSS for managing agricultural and environmental systems, focusing on the exposition of innovative methodologies, from web-mobile systems to artificial intelligence and knowledge-based DSS, as well as their applications in every aspect from harvest planning to international food production and land management. This book provides an in depth look into the growing importance of DSS in agriculture.

Environmental Modelling Software and Decision Support

Environmental Modelling  Software and Decision Support Book
Author : Anthony J. Jakeman,Alexey A. Voinov,Andrea E. Rizzoli,Serena H. Chen
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2008-11-25
ISBN : 9780080568867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complex and multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems requires that they are dealt with in an integrated manner. Modeling and software have become key instruments used to promote sustainability and improve environmental decision processes, especially through systematic integration of various knowledge and data and their ability to foster learning and help make predictions. This book presents the current state-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software and identifies the future challenges in the field. State-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software theory and practice for integrated assessment and management serves as a starting point for researchers Identifies the areas of research and practice required for advancing the requisite knowledge base and tools, and their wider usage Best practices of environmental modeling enables the reader to select appropriate software and gives the reader tools to integrate natural system dynamics with human dimensions

Landscape Modelling and Decision Support

Landscape Modelling and Decision Support Book
Author : Wilfried Mirschel,Vitaly V. Terleev,Karl-Otto Wenkel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 3030374211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contributes to a deeper understanding of landscape and regional modelling in general, and its broad range of facets with respect to various landscape parameters. It presents model approaches for a number of ecological and socio-economic landscape indicators, and also describes spatial decision support systems (DSS), frameworks, and model-based tools, which are prerequisites for deriving sustainable decision and solution strategies for the protection of comprehensively functioning landscapes. While it mainly focuses on the latest research findings in regional modelling and DSS in Europe, it also highlights the work of scientists from Russia. The book is intended for landscape modellers, scientists from various fields of landscape research, university teaching staff, and experts in landscape planning and management, landscape conservation and landscape policy.

Knowledge Based Software Engineering

Knowledge Based Software Engineering Book
Author : Alla Kravets,Maxim Shcherbakov,Marina Kultsova,Tadashi Iijima
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-26
ISBN : 3319118544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Joint Conference on Knowledge-Based Software-Engineering, JCKBSE 2014, held in Volgograd, Russia, in September 2014. The 59 full and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 197 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on methodology and tools for knowledge discovery and data mining; methods and tools for software engineering education; knowledge technologies for semantic web and ontology engineering; knowledge-based methods and tools for testing, verification and validation, maintenance and evolution; natural language processing, image analysis and recognition; knowledge-based methods and applications in information security, robotics and navigation; decision support methods for software engineering; architecture of knowledge-based systems, including intelligent agents and softbots; automating software design and synthesis; knowledge management for business processes, workflows and enterprise modeling; knowledge-based methods and applications in bioscience, medicine and justice; knowledge-based requirements engineering, domain analysis and modeling; intelligent user interfaces and human-machine interaction; lean software engineering; program understanding, programming knowledge, modeling programs and programmers.

GIS for Environmental Decision Making

GIS for Environmental Decision Making Book
Author : Andrew A. Lovett,Katy Appleton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-11-19
ISBN : 1420007467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental applications have long been a core use of GIS. However, the effectiveness of GIS-based methods depends on the decision-making frameworks and contexts within which they are employed. GIS for Environmental Decision-Making takes an interdisciplinary look at the capacities of GIS to integrate, analyze, and display data on which decisions must be based. It provides a broad prospective on the current state of GIS for environmental decision-making and emphasizes the importance of matters related to data, analysis, and modeling tools, as well as stakeholder participation. The book is divided into three sections, which effectively relate to three key aspects of the decision-making process as supported by GIS: data required, tools being developed, and aspects of participation. The first section stresses the ability to integrate data from different sources as a defining characteristic of GIS and illustrates the benefits that this can bring in the context of deriving land-use and other information. The second section discusses a range of issues concerning the use of GIS for suitability mapping and strategic planning exercises, through illustrative examples. The last section of the book focuses on the use of GIS-based techniques to facilitate public participation in decision-making processes. In particular, it provides an overview of developments in this area, concentrating on how GIS, modeling, and 3D landscape visualization techniques are gradually achieving closer integration. Given the complex challenges presented by global environmental change, GIS for Environmental Decision-Making provides a clear illustration of how the use of GIS can make significant contributions to trans-disciplinary initiatives to address environmental problems.

Water Resources Planning

Water Resources Planning Book
Author : Andrew A. Dzurik,Tara Shenoy Kulkarni,Bonnie Kranzer Boland
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 1442254009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This definitive text offers a comprehensive survey of the fundamental components of water resources planning and management. Utilizing an integrated water resources management (IWRM) framework, the authors demonstrate how this approach resolves resource management problems to address interconnected social, economic, and environmental needs.

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Spatial Decision Support Systems Book
Author : Ramanathan Sugumaran,John Degroote
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-15
ISBN : 9781420062120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although interest in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) continues to grow rapidly in a wide range of disciplines, students, planners, managers, and the research community have lacked a book that covers the fundamentals of SDSS along with the advanced design concepts required for building SDSS. Filling this need, Spatial Decision Support Systems: Principles and Practices provides a comprehensive examination of the various aspects of SDSS evolution, components, architecture, and implementation. It integrates research from a variety of disciplines, including the geosciences, to supply a complete overview of SDSS technologies and their application from an interdisciplinary perspective. This groundbreaking reference provides thorough coverage of the roots of SDSS. It explains the core principles of SDSS, how to use them in various decision making contexts, and how to design and develop them using readily available enabling technologies and commercial tools. The book consists of four major parts, each addressing different topic areas in SDSS: Presents an introduction to SDSS and the evolution of SDSS Covers the essential and optional components of SDSS Focuses on the design and implementation of SDSS Reviews SDSS applications from various domains and disciplines—investigating current challenges and future directions The text includes numerous detailed case studies, example applications, and methods for tailoring SDSS to your work environment. It also integrates sample code segments throughout. Addressing the technical and organizational challenges that affect the success or failure of SDSS, the book concludes by considering future directions of this rapidly emerging field of study.

Intelligent Decision Support Systems

Intelligent Decision Support Systems Book
Author : Miquel Sànchez-Marrè
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-03-28
ISBN : 3030877906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the potential use and implementation of intelligent techniques in decision making processes involved in organizations and companies. It provides a thorough analysis of decisions, reviewing the classical decision theory, and describing usual methods for modeling the decision process. It describes the chronological evolution of Decision Support Systems (DSS) from early Management Information Systems until the appearance of Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSS). It explains the most commonly used intelligent techniques, both data-driven and model-driven, and illustrates the use of knowledge models in Decision Support through case studies. The author pays special attention to the whole Data Science process, which provides intelligent data-driven models in IDSS. The book describes main uncertainty models used in Artificial Intelligence to model inexactness; covers recommender systems; and reviews available development tools for inducing data-driven models, for using model-driven methods and for aiding the development of Intelligent Decision Support Systems

Modelling of Pollutants in Complex Environmental Systems

Modelling of Pollutants in Complex Environmental Systems Book
Author : Grady Hanrahan
Publisher : ILM Publications
Release : 2010-01
ISBN : 1906799016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental modelling has enjoyed a long tradition, but there is a defined need to continually address both the power and the limitations of such models, as well as their quantitative assessment. This book showcases modern environmental modelling methods, the basic theory behind them and their incorporation into complex environmental investigations. It highlights advanced computing technologies and how they have led to unprecedented and adaptive modelling, simulation and decision-support tools to study complex environmental systems, and how they can be applied to current environmental concerns. This volume is essential reading for researchers in academia, industry and government-related bodies who have a vested interest in all aspects of environmental modelling. Features include: A range of modern environmental modelling techniques are described by experts from around the world, including the USA, Canada, Australia, Europe and Thailand; many examples from air, water, soil/sediment and biological matrices are covered in detail throughout the book; key chapters are included on modelling uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; and, a selection of figures are provided in full colour to enable greater comprehension of the topics discussed

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Impact assessment and decision making

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change  Impact assessment and decision making Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781901502084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Decision Support for Water Framework Directive Implementation

Decision Support for Water Framework Directive Implementation Book
Author : Peter A. Vanrolleghem
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2011
ISBN : 1843393271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision Support for Water Framework Directive Implementation: Volume 3 is a concrete outcome from the Harmoni-CA concerted action as part of a 4-volume series of Guidance Reports that guide water professionals through the implementation process of the Water Framework Directive, with a focus on the use of ICT-tools (and in particular modelling). They are complementary to the Guidance Documents produced by the EU Directorate General for Environment. Water resources planning and management and the development of appropriate policies require methodologies and tools that are able to support systematic, integrative and multidisciplinary assessments at various scales. It also requires the quantification of various uncertainties in both data and models, and the incorporation of stakeholders participation and institutional mechanisms into the various tools and risk assessment methodologies, to help decision makers understand and evaluate alternative measures and decisions. The other three volumes in the Water Framework Directive Series are: Water Framework Directive: Model supported Implementation - A Water Manager's Guide edited by Fred Hattermann and Zbigniew W Kundzewicz Modelling Aspects of Water Framework Directive Implementation - Volume 1 edited by Prof. Peter A. Vanrolleghem Integrated Assessment for WFD implementation: Data, economic and human dimension - Volume 2 edited by Peter A. Vanrolleghem

Geographical Information Systems

Geographical Information Systems Book
Author : Elaheh Pourabbas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-16
ISBN : 1466596953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Web services, cloud computing, location based services, NoSQLdatabases, and Semantic Web offer new ways of accessing, analyzing, and elaborating geo-spatial information in both real-world and virtual spaces. This book explores the how-to of the most promising recurrent technologies and trends in GIS, such as Semantic GIS, Web GIS, Mobile GIS, NoSQL Geographic Databases, Cloud GIS, Spatial Data Warehousing-OLAP, and Open GIS. The text discusses and emphasizes the methodological aspects of such technologies and their applications in GIS.

Information Technologies in Environmental Engineering

Information Technologies in Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Ioannis N. Athanasiadis,Pericles A. Mitkas,Andrea E. Rizzoli,Jorge Marx Gómez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-05-28
ISBN : 3540883517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information technologies have evolved to an enabling science for natural resource management and conservation, environmental engineering, scientific simulation and integrated assessment studies. Computing plays a significant role in every day practices of environmental engineers, natural scientists, economists, and social scientists. The complexity of natural phenomena requires interdisciplinary approaches, where computing science offers the infrastructure for environmental data collection and management, scientific simulations, decision support documentation and reporting. Ecology, environmental engineering and natural resource management comprise an excellent real-world testbed for IT system demonstration, while raising new challenges for computer science. Complexity, uncertainty and scaling issues of natural systems form a demanding application domain for sensor networks and earth observation systems; modelling, simulation and scientific workflows, data management and reporting, decision support and intelligent systems, distributed computing environments, geographical information systems, heterogeneous systems integration, software engineering, accounting systems and control systems. This books offers a collection of papers presented at the 4th International Symposium on Environmental Engineering, held in May 2009, in Thessaloniki, Greece. Recent success stories in ecoinformatics, promising ideas and new challenges are discussed among computer scientists, environmental engineers, economists and social scientists, demonstrating new paradigms for problem solving and decision making.

Decision Making under Deep Uncertainty

Decision Making under Deep Uncertainty Book
Author : Vincent A. W. J. Marchau,Warren E. Walker,Pieter J. T. M. Bloemen,Steven W. Popper
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-04
ISBN : 3030052524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book focuses on both the theory and practice associated with the tools and approaches for decisionmaking in the face of deep uncertainty. It explores approaches and tools supporting the design of strategic plans under deep uncertainty, and their testing in the real world, including barriers and enablers for their use in practice. The book broadens traditional approaches and tools to include the analysis of actors and networks related to the problem at hand. It also shows how lessons learned in the application process can be used to improve the approaches and tools used in the design process. The book offers guidance in identifying and applying appropriate approaches and tools to design plans, as well as advice on implementing these plans in the real world. For decisionmakers and practitioners, the book includes realistic examples and practical guidelines that should help them understand what decisionmaking under deep uncertainty is and how it may be of assistance to them. Decision Making under Deep Uncertainty: From Theory to Practice is divided into four parts. Part I presents five approaches for designing strategic plans under deep uncertainty: Robust Decision Making, Dynamic Adaptive Planning, Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways, Info-Gap Decision Theory, and Engineering Options Analysis. Each approach is worked out in terms of its theoretical foundations, methodological steps to follow when using the approach, latest methodological insights, and challenges for improvement. In Part II, applications of each of these approaches are presented. Based on recent case studies, the practical implications of applying each approach are discussed in depth. Part III focuses on using the approaches and tools in real-world contexts, based on insights from real-world cases. Part IV contains conclusions and a synthesis of the lessons that can be drawn for designing, applying, and implementing strategic plans under deep uncertainty, as well as recommendations for future work. The publication of this book has been funded by the Radboud University, the RAND Corporation, Delft University of Technology, and Deltares.

Decision Making in Water Resources Policy and Management

Decision Making in Water Resources Policy and Management Book
Author : Barry Hart,Jane Doolan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-19
ISBN : 0128105240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision-Making in Water Resource Policy and Management: An Australian Perspective presents the latest information in developing new decision-making processes. Topics covered include key aspects of water resources planning, recent water resource policy changes in irrigation, urban, and environmental considerations, the evolution of a water market, a number of case studies that provide real examples of improved decision-making, transfer of the Australian experience overseas, and challenges for the future. Many countries are experiencing major water scarcity problems which will likely intensify with the continued impacts of climate change. In response to this challenge, there is increased worldwide focus on the development of more sustainable and integrated water resource policies. The Australian experience over the past three decades has led to major improvements in the decision-making processes in water resources policy and management, particularly in response to drought and climate change, providing a great model on which other nations can use and adapt. This information is essential to early to mid-career practitioners engaged in policy, planning and operational roles in all fields of water resource policy and management, and catchment management. Summarizes key results from three decades of changes in Australian water resource policy Illustrates how Australian knowledge is being used in other countries and how this might be expanded Provides international practitioners with real examples of where and how the Australian knowledge is assisting in other situations

Environmental Modeling for Sustainable Regional Development System Approaches and Advanced Methods

Environmental Modeling for Sustainable Regional Development  System Approaches and Advanced Methods Book
Author : Olej, Vladim¡r,Obr? lov , Ilona,Krupka, Jir¡
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2010-11-30
ISBN : 1609601580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the advancement of sustainable development is critical to managing human activities to avoid the overexploitation of resources and pollution of the environment beyond tolerable levels. Sustainable development involves not only preservation and care of the environment, but also recognition of the complex relations between economic, social and living systems. Environmental Modeling for Sustainable Regional Development: System Approaches and Advanced Methods presents processing methods and their applications, which are practical for decision making and task management at the regional level as well as for scientific studies in sustainable development assessment. This book serves as a reference guide for post-graduate students in the field of management as well as a critical guide for managers, government officials, and information professionals.

Floodplain Wetland Biota in the Murray Darling Basin

Floodplain Wetland Biota in the Murray Darling Basin Book
Author : Kerrylee Rogers,Timothy J. Ralph
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0643096280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin provide critical habitat for numerous species of flora and fauna; unfortunately, the ecology of these wetlands is threatened by a range of environmental issues. This book addresses the urgent need for an improved ecohydrological understanding of the biota of Australian freshwater wetlands. It synthesizes key water and habitat requirements for 35 species of plants, 48 species of waterbirds, 17 native and four introduced species of fish, 15 species of frogs, and 16 species of crustaceans and mollusks found in floodplain wetlands of the Murray-Darling Basin. Each species profile includes: the influence of water regimes on the survival, health and condition of the species; key stimuli for reproduction and germination; habitat and dietary preferences; as well as major knowledge gaps for the species. Floodplain Wetland Biota in the Murray-Darling Basin also provides an overview of the likely impacts of hydrological change on wetland ecosystems and biota, in the context of climate change and variability, with implications for environmental management. This important book provides an essential baseline for further education, scientific research and management of floodplain wetland biota in the Murray-Darling Basin. KEY FEATURES * Provides an overview of floodplain wetlands in the Murray-Darling Basin and their key freshwater biota (flora and fauna) * Includes information on water and habitat requirements in the form of succinct species profiles * Focuses on the influence of water regimes on the survival, health and condition of species

Advanced Agent Based Environmental Management Systems

Advanced Agent Based Environmental Management Systems Book
Author : Ulises Cortes Garcia,Manel Poch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-08
ISBN : 3764389001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-agent Systems (MAS) are one of the most exciting research areas in Artificial Intelligence meanwhile Environmental Studies is a research area of strategic interest. Both areas can provide society with solutions for many real applications, in order to use and protect the environment. Human activities imply intervention into nature, but properly managed, these interventions can not be only ecologically sound but also favourable to the sustainable development of civilisation. The encounter between these fields is a new challenge for many researchers of both communities. This book presents a comprehensive reference of state-of-the-art efforts. Specifically, it presents current and future ways in which adaptive information technologies, techniques, protocols and architectures, such as software agent technologies and multi-agent systems, can be used to support the development of real-world agent-based systems in the area of e-Environment.

Water Resources and Decision Making Systems

Water Resources and Decision Making Systems Book
Author : Cecilia Tortajada,Kevin Parris
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 1134931794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water data and information are essential to support efforts to understand, manage, allocate, utilize and protect water resources. The linkages between Water Information Systems and needs of decision makers are complex, but can be encapsulated in a Driving Force (Policy Needs) – Monitoring – Data Management – Reporting framework. The rapid development in water policy reforms in many sectors and growing emphasis on demand-side policy solutions to water resources management has created an information imbalance. This imbalance can be characterised in terms of an inverted pyramid with implementation of many water policy initiatives supported by little data and information, especially related to economic and financial elements, to help guide decision makers toward more effective and efficient water resources management strategies. Additionally, as stress and demands on water systems increase and water becomes a more valued resource, this tends to increase the value of water information both for water providers and users. Nevertheless, many countries are reporting that the capacity to collect water information is being undermined by a lack of resources, while expertise to collect, analyse and interpret water data for decision makers is being lost. Finally, the impact of climate change on hydrological regimes represents a key potential stress on water systems. This issue could be the catalyst for adapting policies to provide more efficient and effective use and management of water resources and advance institutional and governance reforms in the water sector. This book is based on a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Development.