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Environmental Forensics For Persistent Organic Pollutants

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Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780444594242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues - including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment - are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Stuart Harrad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000-11-30
ISBN : 9781461515722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife. The Stockholm Convention on POPs is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from POPs which came into force in 2004. Currently, twelve substances or substance groups are included under the Stockholm Convention, but there is a case for including new and emerging POPs such as brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated substances. This book considers these two new pollutants, together with the emerging area of chirality and its applications as an environmental forensics tool, and the topic of POPs contamination of indoor environments.

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Stuart Harrad
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2010-05-10
ISBN : 9781405169301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of living organisms and are toxic to humans and wildlife. The Stockholm Convention on POPs is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from POPs which came into force in 2004. Currently, twelve substances or substance groups are included under the Stockholm Convention, but there is a case for including new and emerging POPs such as brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated substances. This book considers these two new pollutants, together with the emerging area of chirality and its applications as an environmental forensics tool, and the topic of POPs contamination of indoor environments.

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 0444594515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Stuart Harrad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-11-19
ISBN : 9780470684139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are toxic, resistant to degradation, bioaccumulative, and display wide spatial distribution. They accumulate in humans and wildlife, and have been linked to cancer, as well as reproductive and immunological disorders. In 2001 a global treaty on POPs was agreed, to minimise and ultimately eliminate the release of POPs into the environment. The Stockholm Convention lists 12 groups of chemicals, and as of late 2008, a further 12 chemicals are under consideration for inclusion. This book addresses all of these chemicals, but focuses particularly on currently listed POPs that are still of major concern (e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls - PCBs), as well as new and emerging POPs that have been the subject of an explosion of scientific interest in the last decade, i.e. brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs). Other chapters address the challenges posed by the presence of POPs in the developing world; how the properties of chiral POPs can provide unique insights into their environmental sources, fate and behaviour; and issues arising from the presence of POPs in urban and indoor environments. Persistent Organic Pollutants provides a much-anticipated reference source for a wide audience including academics, industrial scientists and regulators.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Robert D Morrison,Gwen O'Sullivan
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014
ISBN : 1849739447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of International Network of Environmental Forensics Penn State Conference 2013 held at Pennsylvania State University, USA on 10-12 June, 2013.

Development and Environment

Development and Environment Book
Author : Warren Burggren,Benjamin Dubansky
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-24
ISBN : 3319759353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rather than a loosely connected list of facts/topics, this book addresses virtually every field that involves the use of developing animals in environmental science. In doing so, it will help define the scientific collective within these fields to both those readers who are "outside" of a particular field (students and professionals alike) and those who work within said field, where multiple iterations of the same job description exist. Both the content and choice of authors fully support this goal, as the editors and contributing authors represent contemporary thought and experimentation in their respective fields – ranging from developmental physiology through environmental toxicology to medicine. As such, this work will appeal to a broad audience, including any scientist or trainee interested in the nexus of environment, development and physiology.

Introduction to Environmental Forensics

Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Brian L. Murphy,Robert D. Morrison
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-30
ISBN : 0124047076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Introduction to Environmental Forensics is a state-of-the-art reference for the practicing environmental forensics consultant, regulator, student, academic, and scientist, with topics including compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA), advanced multivariate statistical techniques, surrogate approaches for contaminant source identification and age dating, dendroecology, hydrofracking, releases from underground storage tanks and piping, and contaminant-transport modeling for forensic applications. Recognized international forensic scientists were selected to author chapters in their specific areas of expertise and case studies are included to illustrate the application of these methods in actual environmental forensic investigations. This edition provides updates on advances in various techniques and introduces several new topics. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of environmental forensics Coverage ranges from emerging statistical methods to state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and polytopic vector analysis Numerous examples and case studies are provided to illustrate the application of these forensic techniques in environmental investigations

Introduction to Forensic Chemistry

Introduction to Forensic Chemistry Book
Author : Kelly M. Elkins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 0429846002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry/Forensic Science Forensic chemistry is a subdiscipline of forensic science, its principles guide the analyses performed in modern forensic laboratories. Forensic chemistry’s roots lie in medico-legal investigation, toxicology and microscopy and have since led the development of modern forensic analytic techniques and practices for use in a variety of applications. Introduction to Forensic Chemistry is the perfect balance of testing methods and application. Unlike other competing books on the market, coverage is neither too simplistic, nor overly advanced making the book ideal for use in both undergraduate and graduate courses. The book introduces chemical tests, spectroscopy, advanced spectroscopy, and chromatography to students. The second half of the book addresses applications and methods to analyze and interpret controlled substances, trace evidence, questioned documents, firearms, explosives, environmental contaminants, toxins, and other topics. The book looks at innovations in the field over time including the latest development of new discernible chemical reactions, instrumental tools, methods, and more. Key features: Nearly 300 full-color figures illustrating key concepts and over 20 case studies Addresses all the essential topics without extraneous or overly advanced coverage Includes full pedagogy of chapter objectives, key terms, lab problems, end of chapter questions, and additional readings to emphasize key learning points Includes chemical structures and useful spectra as examples Fulfils the forensic chemistry course requirement in FEPAC-accredited programs Includes a chapter on Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) materials Comprehensive and accessible, without being overly technical, Introduction to Forensic Chemistry will be a welcome addition to the field and an ideal text designed for both the student user and professor in mind. Course ancillaries including an Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and chapter PowerPoint® lecture slides are available with qualified course adoption.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Gwen O'Sullivan,David Megson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-07-15
ISBN : 1782624449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication is based on peer-reviewed manuscripts from the 2014 International Network of Environmental Forensics (INEF) Conference held at St John's College, Cambridge. INEF is an organization founded by environmental forensic scientists for the express purpose of sharing and disseminating environmental forensic information to the international scientific community. Providing a wide range of up to date topics on the advancement and refinement of environmental forensic techniques, this book ensures the reader gets a good understanding of the scope of environmental forensics. Aimed at scientists, regulators, academics and consultants throughout the world, this professionally edited book is the fourth of a series of INEF conference publications chronicling the current state of the art in environmental forensics. Priced at £125.00 US$200.00 €156.25

Persistent Toxic Substance Monitoring

Persistent Toxic Substance Monitoring Book
Author : Xing-Jiu Huang,Xing Chen,Meng Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 3527344160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling the urgent need for a professional book that specifies the applications of nanoelectrochemistry for the monitoring of persistent toxic substances, this monograph clearly describes the design concept, construction strategies and practical applications of PTS sensing interfaces based on nanoelectrochemical methods. The comprehensive and systematic information not only provides readers with the fundamentals, but also inspires them to develop PTS monitoring sensors based on functional nanostructures and nanomaterials. Of interestto chemists, electrochemistry researchers, materials researchers, environmental scientists, and companies dealing with electrochemical treatment and environment.

Environmental Forensics

Environmental Forensics Book
Author : International Network of Environmental Forensics. Conference,Robert D. Morrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1847552587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This professionally edited and well organized book is the first in a series which will archive key presentations from the annual conferences sponsored by the Society of Environmental Forensics.

Environmental Contaminants and Neurological Disorders

Environmental Contaminants and Neurological Disorders Book
Author : Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 3030663760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Contaminants and Neurological Disorders book written by Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Metabolomics

Environmental Metabolomics Book
Author : Diana Alvarez-Munoz,Marinella Farre
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-19
ISBN : 0128181974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Metabolomics Applications in Field and Laboratory Studies: From the Exposome to the Metabolome presents an overview of the current state of aquatic environments and problems caused by human pressure and daily life. The presence of contaminants in nature and their effects are evaluated, along with recommendations for preservation. This book not only shows readers how to implement techniques, it also guides them through the process. As metabolomics becomes a more routine technique for environmental studies and future perspectives, a guide for validation and globalization of current approaches is needed. Presents relevant and reliable information on the use of different analytical techniques for establishing the environmental metabolomics of polluted systems Includes a critical review of each central topic in every chapter, together with a bibliography and future trends Provides, for the first time, a global opinion and guide for achieving standardized results

Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism

Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism Book
Author : Peter Dauvergne
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2016-09-09
ISBN : 1442269618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on important events, issues, organizations, ideas, and people shaping the direction of environmentalism worldwide.

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Henk Kars,Lida van den Eijkel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-08
ISBN : 3319331159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introductory volume to a new series on Soil Forensics gives a kaleidoscopic view of a developing forensic expertise. Forensic practitioners and academic researchers demonstrate, by their joint contributions, the extent and complexity of soil forensics. their reports exemplify the broad range of sciences and techniques applied in all stages of forensic soil examinations, from investigations at crime scenes to providing evidence that can be used in court proceedings. Moreover the necessity is depicted of co-operation as a condition for any work in soil forensics between scientists of different disciplines, but no less between scientists and law enforcers.Soils play a role in environmental crimes and liability, as trace evidence in criminal investigations and, when searching for and evaluating, buried human remains. This book shows soil forensics as practiced in this legal context, emerging and solidifying in many countries all over the world, differing in some respects because of differences in legal systems but ultimately sharing common grounds.

Methods in Environmental Forensics

Methods in Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Stephen M. Mudge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-07-14
ISBN : 9781420006056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While environmental catastrophes can be naturally occurring, often they are the result of criminal intent or malfeasance. Sorting out the details when the land itself is the only witness requires a special set of investigative skills. For accountability to be established, investigators must be able to answer these questions with a measure of scientific certainty: How and when did the contamination occur? Who caused the contamination? What are the consequences and extent of liability? Offering investigators a complete field manual, Methods in Environmental Forensics organizes the work of leading international experts who demonstrate the most effective techniques for determining the source of environmental contaminations. The book begins with the presentation of a case and follows the tasks of an active investigator from the case’s inception up through the delivery of expert court testimony. The text then reviews those scientific methods that have been used with success in environmental forensic investigations. Detailed information is provided on chemical fingerprinting techniques as they apply to ground water, soils, sediments, and air. Lastly, the scientific methods presented are examined from a legal perspective with an emphasis on the admissibility and presentation of evidence and the delivery of expert testimony. This unique and comprehensive volume gives forensic chemists, investigators and attorneys the tools needed to solve mysteries of toxic devastation and build cases that will establish the accountability of those responsible. Its editor, Stephen M. Mudge, has been conducting environmental forensic investigations for many years. He has served as an expert witness in several environmental contamination cases, and he continues to research new methods for the quantification and source apportionment of chemicals around the world.

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies Book
Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128044357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to “real-world oil spill case studies from around the globe. Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen, manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil. New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods. Presents cases in each chapter on the application of specific oil spill environmental forensic techniques Features chapters written by international experts from both academia and industry Includes relevant concepts and theories elucidated for each theme

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry Book
Author : Stanley E Manahan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-02-24
ISBN : 1498776949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With clear explanations, real-world examples and updated questions and answers, the tenth edition of Environmental Chemistry emphasizes the concepts essential to the practice of environmental science, technology and chemistry while introducing the newest innovations in the field. The author follows the general format and organization popular in preceding editions, including an approach based upon the five environmental spheres and the relationship of environmental chemistry to the key concepts of sustainability, industrial ecology and green chemistry. This readily adaptable text has been revamped to emphasize important topics such as the world water crisis. It details global climate change to a greater degree than previous editions, underlining the importance of abundant renewable energy in minimizing human influences on climate. Environmental Chemistry is designed for a wide range of graduate and undergraduate courses in environmental chemistry, environmental science and sustainability as well as serving as a general reference work for professionals in the environmental sciences and engineering.

Photocatalysis

Photocatalysis Book
Author : Gaurav Sharma,Amit Kumar
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 164490134X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalysis is important in fighting environmental pollution, such as pharmaceutical effluents, dyes, pesticides and endocrine disruptors. It is also used for the production of clean energy, e.g. by way of hydrogen production from watersplitting, or CO2 conversion into fuels. Further, photocatalytic N2 fixation is promising for achieving sustainable ammonia synthesis. The book discusses new materials and reaction engineering techniques, such as heterojunction formations, composites, ion exchangers, photocatalytic membranes, etc. Keywords: Photocatalysis, Pollutant Degradation and Mineralization, Pharmaceutical Effluents, Dyes, Pesticides, Endocrine Disruptors, Water Detoxification, Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production, CO2 Conversion into Fuels, N2 Fixation, Degradation of Organic Molecules, Heavy Metal Removal from Water, Photocatalytic Membranes, Carbon Nitride for Photocatalytic Applications, Carbon Nanotubes, Nanohybrids, Composite Ion Exchangers, Perovskites-based Nano Heterojunctions.