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Environmental Fluid Dynamics

Environmental Fluid Dynamics Book
Author : Jorg Imberger
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 0120885719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A broad cross-section of scientists working in aquatic environments will enjoy this treatment of environmental fluid dynamics, a foundation for elucidating the importance of hydrodynamics and hydrology in the regulation of energy.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume One

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics  Volume One Book
Author : Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-12
ISBN : 1439816697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering. The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology. Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles. It starts with general topics that emphasize the relevance of environmental fluid dynamics research in society, public policy, infrastructure, quality of life, security, and the law. It then discusses established and emerging focus areas. The volume also examines the sub-mesoscale flow processes and phenomena that form the building blocks of environmental motions, with emphasis on turbulent motions and their role in heat, momentum, and species transport. As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand the fundamentals of environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities. See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Two Volume Set

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-11
ISBN : 1466591145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, this two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fund

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume One

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume One Book
Author : Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 9780367445874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the field, along with critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering aspects. This first volume emphasizes the close relevance of environmental fluid dy

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics Book
Author : Paul D. Bates,Stuart N. Lane,Robert I. Ferguson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-08-05
ISBN : 0470015187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Uniquely outlines CFD theory in a manner relevant to environmental applications. This book addresses the basic topics in CFD modelling in a thematic manner to provided the necessary theoretical background, as well as providing global cases studies showing how CFD models can be used in practice demonstrating how good practice can be achieved , with reference to both established and new applications. First book to apply CFD to the environmental sciences Written at a level suitable for non-mathematicians

Fluid Mechanics for Civil and Environmental Engineers

Fluid Mechanics for Civil and Environmental Engineers Book
Author : Ahlam I. Shalaby
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 1351653172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An ideal textbook for civil and environmental, mechanical, and chemical engineers taking the required Introduction to Fluid Mechanics course, Fluid Mechanics for Civil and Environmental Engineers offers clear guidance and builds a firm real-world foundation using practical examples and problem sets. Each chapter begins with a statement of objectives, and includes practical examples to relate the theory to real-world engineering design challenges. The author places special emphasis on topics that are included in the Fundamentals of Engineering exam, and make the book more accessible by highlighting keywords and important concepts, including Mathcad algorithms, and providing chapter summaries of important concepts and equations.

Free Surface Flow

Free Surface Flow Book
Author : Nikolaos D. Katopodes
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 0128162511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Free Surface Flow: Environmental Fluid Mechanics introduces a wide range of environmental fluid flows, such as water waves, land runoff, channel flow, and effluent discharge. The book provides systematic analysis tools and basic skills for study fluid mechanics in natural and constructed environmental flows. As the prediction of changes in free surfaces in rivers, lakes, estuaries and in the ocean directly affects the design of structures that control surface waters, and because planning for the allocation of fresh-water resources in a sustainable manner is an essential goal, this book provides the necessary background and research. Helps users determine the transfer of solute mass through the air-water interface Presents tactics on the impact of free shear flow in the environment and how to quantify mixing mechanisms in turbulent jets and wakes Gives users tactics to predict the fate and transport of contaminants in stratified lakes and estuaries

Environmental Stratified Flows

Environmental Stratified Flows Book
Author : Roger Grimshaw
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306480247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The dynamics of flows in density-stratified fluids has been and remains now an important topic for scientific enquiry. Such flows arise in many contexts, ranging from industrial settings to the oceanic and atmospheric environments. It is the latter topic which is the focus of this book. Both the ocean and atmosphere are characterised by the basic vertical density stratification, and this feature can affect the dynamics on all scales ranging from the micro-scale to the planetary scale. The aim of this book is to provide a “state-of-the-art” account of stratified flows as they are relevant to the ocean and atmosphere with a primary focus on meso-scale phenomena; that is, on phenomena whose time and space scales are such that the density stratification is a dominant effect, so that frictional and diffusive effects on the one hand and the effects of the earth’s rotation on the other hand can be regarded as of less importance. This in turn leads to an emphasis on internal waves.

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Environmental Fluid Mechanics Book
Author : Wolfgang Rodi,Markus Uhlmann
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-28
ISBN : 0203803965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the written versions of invited lectures presented at the Gerhard H. Jirka Memorial Colloquium on Environmental Fluid Mechanics, held June 3-4, 2011, in Karlsruhe, Germany. Professor Jirka was widely known for his outstanding work in Environmental Fluid Mechanics, and 23 eminent world-leading experts in this field contributed to

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces Second Edition

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces  Second Edition Book
Author : Carlo Gualtieri,Dragutin T. Mihailovic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-11-21
ISBN : 0415621569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) studies the motion of air and water at several different scales, the fate and transport of species carried along by these fluids, and the interactions among those flows and geological, biological, and engineered systems. EFM emerged some decades ago as a response to the need for tools to study problems of flow and transport in rivers, estuaries, lakes, groundwater and the atmosphere; it is a topic of increasing importance for decision makers, engineers, and researchers alike. The second edition of the successful textbook "Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces" is still aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of fluid mechanical processes occurring at the different interfaces existing in the realm of EFM, such as the air-water interface, the air-land interface, the water-sediment interface, the surface water-groundwater interface, the water-vegetation interface, and the water-biological systems interface. Across any of these interfaces mass, momentum, and heat are exchanged through different fluid mechanical processes over various spatial and temporal scales. In this second edition, the unique feature of this book, considering all the topics from the point of view of the concept of environmental interface, was maintained while the chapters were updated and five new chapters have been added to significantly enlarge the coverage of the subject area. The book starts with a chapter introducing the concept of EFM and its scope, scales, processes and systems. Then, the book is structured in three parts with fifteen chapters. Part one, which is composed of four chapters, covers the processes occurring at the interfaces between the atmosphere and the surface of the land and the seas, including the transport of dust and the dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Part two deals in five chapters with the fluid mechanics at the air-water interface at small scales and sediment-water interface, including the advective diffusion of air bubbles, the hyporheic exchange and the tidal bores. Finally, part three discusses in six chapters the processes at the interfaces between fluids and biotic systems, such as transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system, turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy, flow and mass transport in vegetated open channels, transport processes to and from benthic plants and animals and coupling between interacting environmental interfaces. Each chapter has an educational part, which is structured in four sections: a synopsis of the chapter, a list of keywords that the reader should have encountered in the chapter, a list of questions and a list of unsolved problems related to the topics covered by the chapter. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, oceanography, and applied mathematics.

Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Our Environment

Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Our Environment Book
Author : S Eskinazi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323150241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Our Environment provides an introduction to the mechanical and thermodynamic properties of the environment. The book begins with a discussion of the nature of the physical environment, namely the earth, the atmosphere, and the oceans. It then reviews the origin, definitions, and physical characteristics and relations of concepts affecting the state of the geofluid system. Separate chapters cover the principles of heat transfer; factors affecting the mechanical and thermal equilibrium of the environment; the phenomenon of surface tension; kinematics and dynamics of the environment; inviscid motion of the atmospheric and oceanic free layers; and the physical and mathematical behavior of the planetary boundary layer. The final chapter discusses some applied problems pertaining to the environment. These include problems involving the thermal plume, hurricanes, and the dynamic response of a balloon in a vortical atmospheric column. This book was developed for engineering classes interested in the motion of the environment which is a main carrier of pollutants. The selection of topics and the emphasis make the material primarily suited for engineering work.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume Two

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics  Volume Two Book
Author : Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-12-12
ISBN : 1466556013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering. The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology. Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements explores the interactions between engineered structures and anthropogenic activities that affect natural flows, with particular emphasis on environmental pollution. The book covers the numerical methodologies that underpin research, predictive modeling, and cyber-infrastructure developments. It also addresses practical aspects of laboratory experiments and field observations that validate quantitative predictions and help identify new phenomena and processes. As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities. See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals.

Fluid Mechanics for Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection

Fluid Mechanics for Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection Book
Author : T.K. Fannelöp
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-05-20
ISBN : 0444597840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of the science of fluid mechanics to the new and expanding fields of industrial safety and environmental protection are discussed in this volume. The material is organized in accordance with the chain-of-events in real accidents, starting with the loss of containment of hazardous fluids, going on to the spreading and mixing processes in water or air, and ending with the damage loads caused by explosions, fires or toxic content. To develop solutions relevant to the wide range of problems considered, it is necessary to draw on material from various branches of fluid mechanics, i.e. from the engineering fields (aero- and gas- and hydrodynamics, hydraulics, heat transfer and two-phase flows) as well as from geophysics (environmental flows, boundary-layer meteorology). The relevant solutions are developed from the fundamental equations, but are kept simple for transparency and understanding. To achieve this, the simplifications offered by scaling, similarity and entrainment concepts are used extensively. Many of the solutions are novel but have been confirmed by laboratory experiments. The material in the book has been used as a teaching text on Master's level, but the content will be useful also for practising engineers and scientists engaged in safety and environmental impact. The problems considered have been encountered in consultancy work for industry and government agencies. The coherent presentation and the fundamental basis for analytical developments, makes the material accessible also to readers not acquainted with the field.

Computational Methods in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Computational Methods in Environmental Fluid Mechanics Book
Author : Olaf Kolditz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662047616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluids play an important role in environmental systems appearing as surface water in rivers, lakes, and coastal regions or in the subsurface as well as in the atmosphere. Mechanics of environmental fluids is concerned with fluid motion, associated mass and heat transport as well as deformation processes in subsurface systems. In this reference work the fundamental modelling approaches based on continuum mechanics for fluids in the environment are described, including porous media and turbulence. Numerical methods for solving the process governing equations as well as its object-oriented computer implementation are discussed and illustrated with examples. Finally, the application of computer models in civil and environmental engineering is demonstrated.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-16
ISBN : 1118712943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide for both fundamentals and real-world applications of environmental engineering Written by noted experts, Handbook of Environmental Engineering offers a comprehensive guide to environmental engineers who desire to contribute to mitigating problems, such as flooding, caused by extreme weather events, protecting populations in coastal areas threatened by rising sea levels, reducing illnesses caused by polluted air, soil, and water from improperly regulated industrial and transportation activities, promoting the safety of the food supply. Contributors not only cover such timely environmental topics related to soils, water, and air, minimizing pollution created by industrial plants and processes, and managing wastewater, hazardous, solid, and other industrial wastes, but also treat such vital topics as porous pavement design, aerosol measurements, noise pollution control, and industrial waste auditing. This important handbook: Enables environmental engineers to treat problems in systematic ways Discusses climate issues in ways useful for environmental engineers Covers up-to-date measurement techniques important in environmental engineering Reviews current developments in environmental law for environmental engineers Includes information on water quality and wastewater engineering Informs environmental engineers about methods of dealing with industrial and municipal waste, including hazardous waste Designed for use by practitioners, students, and researchers, Handbook of Environmental Engineering contains the most recent information to enable a clear understanding of major environmental issues.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics I

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics I Book
Author : Emin Özsoy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-16
ISBN : 3030169731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook develops a fundamental understanding of geophysical fluid dynamics by providing a mathematical description of fluid properties, kinematics and dynamics as influenced by earth’s rotation. Its didactic value is based on elaborate treatment of basic principles, derived equations, exemplary solutions and their interpretation. Both starting graduate students and experienced scientists can closely follow the mathematical development of the basic theory applied to the flow of uniform density fluids on a rotating earth, with (1) basic physics introducing the "novel" effects of rotation for flows on planetary scales, (2) simplified dynamics of shallow water and quasi-geostrophic theories applied to a variety of steady, unsteady flows and geophysical wave motions, demonstrating the restoring effects of Coriolis acceleration, earth’s curvature (beta) and topographic steering, (3) conservation of vorticity and energy at geophysical scales, and (4) specific applications to help demonstrate the ability to create and solve new problems in this very rich field. A comprehensive review of the complex geophysical flows of the ocean and the atmosphere is closely knitted with this basic description, intended to be developed further in the second volume that addresses density stratified geophysical fluid dynamics.

Evaporation into the Atmosphere

Evaporation into the Atmosphere Book
Author : W. Brutsaert
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401714975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The phenomenon of evaporation in the natural environment is of interest in various diverse disciplines. This book is an attempt to present a coherent and organized introduction to theoretical concepts and relationships useful in analyzing this phe nomenon, and to give an outline of their history and their application. The main objective is to provide a better understanding of evaporation, and to connect some of the approaches and paradigms, that have been developed in different disciplines concerned with this phenomenon. The book is intended for professional scientists and engineers, who are active in hydrology, meteorology, agronomy, oceanography, climatology and related environ mental fields, and who wish to study prevailing concepts on evaporation. At the same time, I hope that the book will be useful to workers in fluid dynamics, who want to become acquainted with applications to an important and interesting natural phenomenon. As suggested in its subtitle, the book consists of three major parts. The first, consisting of Chapters I and 2, gives a general ouline of the problem and a history of the theories of evaporation from ancient times through the end of the nineteenth century. This history is far from exhaustive, but it sket~hes the background and the ideas that led directly to the scientific revolution in Europe and, ultimately, to our present-day knowledge.

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Built and Natural Environments

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Built and Natural Environments Book
Author : Zhiqiang (John) Zhai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-24
ISBN : 9813298200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces readers to the fundamentals of simulating and analyzing built and natural environments using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method. CFD offers a powerful tool for dealing with various scientific and engineering problems and is widely used in diverse industries. This book focuses on the most important aspects of applying CFD to the study of urban, buildings, and indoor and outdoor environments. Following the logical procedure used to prepare a CFD simulation, the book covers e.g. the governing equations, boundary conditions, numerical methods, modeling of different fluid flows, and various turbulence models. Furthermore, it demonstrates how CFD can be applied to solve a range of engineering problems, providing detailed hands-on exercises on air and water flow, heat transfer, and pollution dispersion problems that typically arise in the study of buildings and environments. The book also includes practical guidance on analyzing and reporting CFD results, as well as writing CFD reports/papers.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics Book
Author : Xiaofeng Liu,Jie Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-05-16
ISBN : 9780784415313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction, overview, and specific examples of computational fluid dynamics and their applications in the water, wastewater, and stormwater industry.

Geological Fluid Dynamics

Geological Fluid Dynamics Book
Author : Owen M. Phillips
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-02-19
ISBN : 0521865557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes fluid flow, transport and contamination in rocks and sediments, for graduate students and professionals in hydrology, water resources, geochemistry.