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Environment Induced Cracking of Materials

Environment   Induced Cracking of Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780080446356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Environment induced Cracking of Materials

Environment induced Cracking of Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780080962405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Slow Strain Rate Testing for the Evaluation of Environmentally Induced Cracking

Slow Strain Rate Testing for the Evaluation of Environmentally Induced Cracking Book
Author : R. D. Kane
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780803118706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to predict when and how a material will crack under environmental conditions, engineers used to subject it to pressure for a long time, up to a year in cases; about 20 years ago, a testing method was developed that slowly but inexorably increases the pressure, which seems to cut down the ti

Environment induced Cracking of Materials

Environment induced Cracking of Materials Book
Author : S. A. Shipilov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environment induced Cracking of Materials book written by S. A. Shipilov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmentally Induced Cracking of Metals

Environmentally Induced Cracking of Metals Book
Author : Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmentally Induced Cracking of Metals book written by Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmentally Assisted Cracking

Environmentally Assisted Cracking Book
Author : R. D. Kane
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780803128743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The November 2000 symposium addressed methodologies for evaluation of environmental assisted cracking (EAC) in equipment and structures exposed to corrosive environments, and recent developments in the generation of relevant materials properties data based on laboratory tests. Twenty-seven papers fr

Environment Induced Cracking of Metals Proceedings of the International Conference 1st Held in Kohler Wisconsin on October 2 7 1988

Environment Induced Cracking of Metals  Proceedings of the International Conference  1st   Held in Kohler  Wisconsin on October 2 7  1988 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identification of consensus issues is undoubtedly controversial. Many of the written comments from participants suggested that no true consensus was reached on any particular aspect of environmental cracking! This camp believes that while we may have progressed somewhat in our appreciation o the various environmental cracking phenomena since the Firminy meeting, we have not reached any true understanding of the phenomena as a whole. This view proposes that continued, often unsubstantiated and qualitative, debate on the details of a variety of mechanisms hinders our progress toward material and component performance predictions. This situation, more than anything else, makes for frustration within the engineering design community. A second camp of participants concludes that substantial progress has been made since Firminy. Much of the speculation of the 1970s has been replaced by quantitative experimental evidence. Quantitative and testable models are emerging, with focus on specific embrittlement mechanisms that are relevant to classes of alloys and environments. Meaningful life predictions may be developed to include environmental cracking. The critical importance of crack chemistry and crack-tip process-zone deformation and fracture has spawned new models and experimental probes. Those with this view do not believe that all problems are solved, but rather that the field is generally on the right track. Useful information is being made available for the user, but improvements and new ideas are, of course, still required.

Fundamentals of Environmentally Induced Cracking

Fundamentals of Environmentally Induced Cracking Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Microchemistry and Mechanics Issues in Stress Corrosion Cracking

Microchemistry and Mechanics Issues in Stress Corrosion Cracking Book
Author : DR. Baer,MJ. Danielson,RH. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmentally induced subcritical crack growth occurs in most metallic ma terials given the appropriate material, environment, and stress conditions. Much is known about the conditions which cause stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in metallic materials, but much less is known about the processes which control environment-induced crack initiation and propagation. There is presently no description of the flaw length, flaw shape, and local chemistry conditions that coincide with the transition from a localized corrosion phenomenon and the initiation of a crack. Although there have been considerable attempts to describe the rate-limiting steps in crack propagation, a number of issues are unresolved, including specifics about the crack-tip conditions, crack length effects, processes controlling the Stage I SCC region, and details about the crack advance processes in both transgranular stress corrosion cracking (TGSCC) and intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC). A summary of these unresolved issues and some analysis of their effect on SCC is given in this paper.

Background and Basis for a Knowledge Elicitation Shell for Lifetime Predictions from Stress Corrosion Cracking Data

Background and Basis for a Knowledge Elicitation Shell for Lifetime Predictions from Stress Corrosion Cracking Data Book
Author : PR. Roberge
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An ideal expert system should closely reproduce the functions normally performed by the original source expert(s). But the complex transformation of a lifetime of industrial expertise into conveniently accessible software requires the willing and active participation of domain experts whose knowledge is rarely organized for such a transformation. The matching of logical and meticulous knowledge elicitation with memory-based judgments and expertise has often proved to be a difficult task. This paper describes an approach to construct a knowledge elicitation shell specifically adapted to the field of corrosion-related problems and expertise. The knowledge elicitation shell was structured along the lines of what has recently become the framework for the transfer of corrosion information to management and design engineers. The recent work published by Professor R. W. Staehle on the general topic of lifetime prediction and the impact of stress corrosion cracking on materials was used for this task. One obvious advantage of using an established formalism is the availability of supporting documentation and background material. The advantage of using Professor Staehle's work in particular is the clarity of his points of view that reflect a solid career in materials science and engineering. In this paper, the environment-induced cracking of high-strength aluminum alloys is used as an example to illustrate how the elicitation shell could be activated. It is believed that, by using the elicitation shell, human experts will have to rationalize some aspects of their expertise and subsequently become able to establish new links between facts and corrosion data. The process of building tables of certainty factors during the shell operation and interaction with users is also discussed.

Stress corrosion Cracking Materials Performance and Evaluation

Stress corrosion Cracking  Materials Performance and Evaluation Book
Author : Russell H. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781627081184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition serves as a go-to reference on the complex subject of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), offering information to help metallurgists, materials scientists, and designers determine whether SCC will be an issue for their design or applications; and for the failure analyst to help determine if SCC played a role in a failure under investigation. Research conducted over the last 20 years warranted new coverage on crack tip chemistry analysis and modeling, SCC of low strength steels in alcohol, SCC in new high strength steels, new data in SCC of stainless steels and nickel-based alloys, SCC of copper alloys in potable water, and hydrogen induced cracking of aluminium alloys. Additional case studies and a section on high strength low alloy steels were added. An appendix of relevant standards pertaining to SCC is also included. The book details the many conditions under which SCC can occur, the parameters which control SCC, and methodologies for mitigating and testing for SCC, plus information on the mechanism of SCC with experimental data on a variety of materials. It contains information about the environmental, mechanical, microstructural and chemical aspects of SCC to help predict and prevent component failure. Chapters include coverage of SCC in these materials: carbon, and low-alloy steels; high-strength steels; stainless steels; nickle-base alloys; copper alloys; magnesium alloys; titanium alloys; zirconium alloys; uranium alloys; amorphous alloys; and glasses and ceramics.

Chemistry and Physics of Fracture

Chemistry and Physics of Fracture Book
Author : R M Latanision,R H Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987-09-30
ISBN : 9789400936669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemistry and Physics of Fracture book written by R M Latanision,R H Jones, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ninth International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems

Ninth International Symposium on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Book
Author : Steve Bruemmer,Peter Ford,Gary Was
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-18
ISBN : 1118787773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection presents an exchange of ideas among scientists and engineers about the economic and safety concerns surrounding environmentally induced materials problems which lead to nuclear power plant outages. Scientists and engineers concerned with the environmental degradation processes (corrosion, mechanical, and radiation effects) present their latest results on such topics as life extension/relicensing and materials problems associated with spent fuel storage and radioactive waste disposal. This collection will be of interest to utility engineers, reactor vendor engineers, plant architect engineers, researchers concerned with materials degradation, and consultants involved in design, construction, and operation of water reactors.

Environmental Effects on Engineered Materials

Environmental Effects on Engineered Materials Book
Author : Russell H. Jones
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-03-29
ISBN : 9780203908129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable reference provides a comprehensive overview of corrosion and environmental effects on metals, intermetallics, glossy metals, ceramics and composites of metals, and ceramics and polymer materials. It surveys numerous options for various applications involving environments and guidance in materials selection and substitution. Explorin

Chemistry and Physics of Fracture

Chemistry and Physics of Fracture Book
Author : R.M. Latanision,R.H. Jones
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400936656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For many years it has been recognized that engineering materials that are-tough and ductile can be rendered susceptible to premature fracture through their reaction with the environment. Over 100 years ago, Reynolds associated hydrogen with detrimental effects on the ductility of iron. The "season cracking" of brass has been a known problem for dec ades, but the mechanisms for this stress-corrosion process are only today being elucidated. In more recent times, the mechanical properties of most engineering materials have been shown to be adversely affected by hydrogen embrittlement or stress-corrosion cracking. Early studies of environmental effects on crack growth attempted to identify a unified theory to explain the crack growth behavior of groups of materials in a variety of environments. It is currently understood that there are numerous stress-corrosion processes some of which may be common to several materials, but that the crack growth behavior of a given material is dependent on microstructure, microchemistry, mechanics, surface chemistry, and solution chemistry. Although the mechanism by which various chemical species in the environment may cause cracks to propagate in some materials but not in others is very complex, the net result of all environmentally induced fracture is the reduction in the force and energy associated with the tensile or shear separation of atoms at the crack tip.

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems     Water Reactors Book
Author : John H. Jackson,Denise Paraventi,Michael Wright
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-20
ISBN : 3030046397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set represents a collection of papers presented at the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors. The purpose of this conference series is to foster an exchange of ideas about problems and their remedies in water-cooled nuclear power plants of today and the future. Contributions cover problems facing nickel-based alloys, stainless steels, pressure vessel and piping steels, zirconium alloys, and other alloys in water environments of relevance. Components covered include pressure boundary components, reactor vessels and internals, steam generators, fuel cladding, irradiated components, fuel storage containers, and balance of plant components and systems.

Corrosion Fatigue and Stress Corrosion Cracking of High Hardness Laminar Composite Steel

Corrosion Fatigue and Stress Corrosion Cracking of High Hardness Laminar Composite Steel Book
Author : MD. Campbell,R. Chait
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this study both corrosion fatigue and stress-corrosion cracking behavior of a high-hardness laminar composite steel are examined in the presence of a 3.5 percent sodium chloride (NaCl) environment and compared to the behavior in air. It is shown that the susceptibility is not limited to specimens with a crack or notch. Smooth specimens with a machine ground surface tested under static as well as cyclic loading are affected adversely by the 3.5 percent NaCl environment. Using center notched panels to study crack growth behavior, it is shown that the influence of the 3.5 percent environment becomes more apparent as the maximum cyclic stress decreases. Ballistically damaged panels were also examined in a corrosive environment under the same cyclic stress conditions. Compared to the center notched panels a longer life is observed. It is suggested that this is due to the orientation of the ballistically induced cracks with respect to the loading axis. Environmental effects are also seen in the static loading of ballistically damaged panels. KIscc estimates were obtained from these panels and compared to the results of conventional specimens. Both sets of results indicate significant susceptibility of the laminar composite steel to stress corrosion.

Environmental Deterioration of Materials

Environmental Deterioration of Materials Book
Author : A. Moncmanová
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1845640322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing level of pollution in the environment not only harms the natural world, but also accelerates the deterioration and corrosion of materials used in technical work, as well as objects with historical or artistic value. It is impossible to eliminate the numerous sources of this negative effect, so there are currently increased efforts towards improved preservation, which require a thorough knowledge of the causes of the degradation of individual materials.This book deals with the fundamental principles underlying environmental degradation of widely-used and economically important construction materials such as metals, stone, brick, concrete, timber, cast iron, steel, copper alloys and aluminium. It features information on the methods of deterioration, as well as general information on the economic impact of the damaging processes, and offers some suggested fundamental protection techniques for buildings, industrial and agricultural facilities, monuments and culturally important structures.This book will be of interest to materials and corrosion engineering experts, civil and environmental engineers, students and practicing professionals, designers, architects and restoration engineers. It will also be a useful tool for managers from various sectors of industry, for auditors of environmental management systems, and it can be used as a complementary course book for university students.