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Entropy Principle For The Development Of Complex Biotic Systems

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Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems Book
Author : Ichiro Aoki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 0123914930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems Book
Author : Ichiro Aoki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 012394404X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

The Sustainable City IX

The Sustainable City IX Book
Author : N. Marchettini,C.A. Brebbia,R. Pulselli,S. Bastianoni
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2014-09-23
ISBN : 184564820X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing the proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability this book addresses the multi-disciplinary aspects of urban planning; a result of the increasing size of cities; the amount of resources and services required and the complexity of modern society. Most of earth’s population now lives in cities and the process of urbanisation still continues generating many problems deriving from the drift of the population towards them. These problems can be resolved by cities becoming efficient habitats, saving resources in a way that improves the quality and standard of living. The process however, faces a number of major challenges, related to reducing pollution, improving main transportation and infrastructure systems. New urban solutions are required to optimise the use of space and energy resources leading to improvements in the environment, i.e. reduction in air, water and soil pollution as well as efficient ways to deal with waste generation. These challenges contribute to the development of social and economic imbalances and require the development of new solutions. Large cities are probably the most complex mechanisms to manage. However, despite such complexity they represent a fertile ground for architects, engineers, city planners, social and political scientists, and other professionals able to conceive new ideas and time them according to technological advances and human requirements. The challenge of planning sustainable cities lies in considering their dynamics, the exchange of energy and matter, and the function and maintenance of ordered structures directly or indirectly, supplied and maintained by natural systems. Topics covered include: Urban strategies; Planning, development and management; Urban conservation and regeneration; The community and the city; Eco-town planning; Landscape planning and design; Environmental management; Sustainable energy and the city; Transportation; Quality of life; Waterfront development; Case studies; Architectural issues; Cultural heritage issues; Intelligent environment and emerging technologies; Planning for risk; Disaster and emergency response; Safety and security; Waste management; Infrastructure and society; Urban metabolism.

Ecological Modeling

Ecological Modeling Book
Author : Hsiao-Hsuan Wang,William E. Grant
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-14
ISBN : 0444641645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological Modeling: An Introduction to the Art and Science of Modeling Ecological Systems, Volume 31, presents the skills needed to appropriately evaluate and use ecological models. Illustrated throughout with practical examples, the book discusses ecological modeling as both an art and a science, balancing the qualitative (artistic) side, with its foundations in common sense and modeling practice, against the quantitative (scientific) aspects of the modeling process. This book draws on the authors’ extensive experience in both teaching and using these techniques to provide readers with a practical, user-friendly guide that supports and encourages the appropriate, effective use of these tools. Provides readers with a commonsense understanding of the systems perspective and its foundations in general system theory Highlights the importance of a solid understanding of the qualitative aspects of the modeling process Facilitates the ability to appropriately evaluate and use ecological models Supports learning with a variety of simple examples to instill the desire and confidence to embark upon the modeling experience

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy Book
Author : Ferenc Jordan
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-11-29
ISBN : 0444593969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Based on selected papers covering the presentations at the 7th European Conference on Ecological Modelling, organized by ISEM and hosted by The Microsoft Research--University of Trento Center for Computational and Systems Biology from 30 May to 2 June, 2011 in Riva del Garde, Italy"--P. xi.

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling Book
Author : Dragutin T Mihailovic,Igor Balaž,Darko Kapor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 0444639233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling: Personal Insights considers the use of time in environmental interfaces modeling and introduce new methods, from the global scale (e.g. climate modeling) to the micro scale (e.g. cell and nanotubes modeling), which primarily arise from the personal research insights of the authors. As the field of environmental science requires the application of new fundamental approaches that can lead to a better understanding of environmental phenomena, this book helps necessitate new approaches in modeling, including category theory, that follow new achievements in physics, mathematics, biology, and chemistry. Includes the use of new mathematical tools, such as category theory, mathematical theory of general systems and formal concept analysis, matrix theory tools, stability analysis, and pseudospectra Presents new content related to time in relation to physics and biology Combines the word of an experienced author team with over 35 papers of collective experience

Participatory Modelling for Resilient Futures

Participatory Modelling for Resilient Futures Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 0444639837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Participatory Modelling for Resilient Futures: Action for Managing Our Environment from the Bottom-Up, Volume One provides an important contribution to environmental management by introducing an integrative framework for participatory research for better land use and natural resource planning, organized around compelling recent case studies. It is a valuable guide for the increasing number of students looking for solutions in sustainability science and also practitioners who are on the ground working with local communities to improve specific places. The book was developed in response to the need to provide a clear and synthetic account, in accessible and non-technical language, of the way in which innovative integrative research can help solve real world human-environment interaction problems at a range of levels and scales, e.g., participatory modelling to secure a sustainable future for a natural protected area, working with stakeholders to break the deadlock on renewable energy implementation in Europe or tackling social exclusion and reducing food carbon footprint through local agroecology schemes. Makes modeling approaches accessible so environmental and natural resource managers can make more precise decisions, accounting for a positive and negative impacts of ecosystem changes Provides recent real cases to demonstrate implementation of the concepts, allowing the reader to see how to bridge scientific research and societal needs in order to effectively translate knowledge into action Provides an integrated perspective incorporating science, politics and society, as well as a toolbox of methodologies to enhance participation and engagement of key stakeholders

Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences

Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-08
ISBN : 0444635432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences discusses the need for immediate and effective action, guided by a scientific understanding of ecosystem function, to alleviate current pressures on the environment. Research, especially in Ecological Modeling, is crucial to support the sustainable development paradigm, in which the economy, society, and the environment are integrated and positively reinforce each other. Content from this book is drawn from the 2013 conference of the International Society for Ecological Modeling (ISEM), an important and active research community contributing to this arena. Some progress towards gaining a better understanding of the processes of global change has been achieved, but much more is needed. This conference provides a forum to present current research using models to investigate actions towards mitigating and adapting to change. Presents state-of-the-art modeling techniques Drawn from the 2013 conference of the International Society for Ecological Modeling (ISEM), an important and active research community contributing to this arena Integrates knowledge of advanced modeling techniques in ecological and environmental sciences Describes new applications for sustainability

Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands

Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 0444632557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological modelling has developed rapidly in recent decades, with the focus primarily on the restoration of lakes and wetlands. Ecological Modelling and Engineering in Lakes and Wetlands presents the progress being made in modelling for a wealth of applications. It covers the older biogeochemical models still in use today, structurally dynamic models, 3D models, biophysical models, entire watershed models, and ecotoxicological models, as well as the expansion of modeling to the Arctic and Antarctic climate-zones. The book also addresses modelling the effect of climate change, including the development of ecological models for addressing storm water pond issues, which are increasingly important in urban regions where more concentrated rainfalls are a consequence of climate change. The ecological engineering topics covered in the book also emphasize the advancements being made in applying ecological engineering regimes for better environmental management of lakes and wetlands. Examines recent progress towards a better understanding of these two important ecosystems Presents new results and approaches that can be used to develop better models Discusses how to increase the synergistic effect between ecosystems engineering and modelling

Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology Book
Author : P. Legendre,Loic F J Legendre
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-21
ISBN : 0444538690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. An updated, 3rd English edition of the most widely cited book on quantitative analysis of multivariate ecological data Relates ecological questions to methods of statistical analysis, with a clear description of complex numerical methods All methods are illustrated by examples from the ecological literature so that ecologists clearly see how to use the methods and approaches in their own research All calculations are available in R language functions

Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioscience Equatorial Atmospheric Science and Environment and Humanosphere Science 2021

Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioscience  Equatorial Atmospheric Science and Environment and Humanosphere Science  2021 Book
Author : Erma Yulihastin,Prayitno Abadi,Peberlin Sitompul,Wendi Harjupa
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-09-29
ISBN : 9811903085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents recent advances in the area of Radioscience, Equatorial Atmospheric Science and Environment from the international symposium for equatorial atmosphere of the celebration of the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) 20th Anniversary, conducted by Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) and Kyoto University, in 2021. It provides a scientific platform for all participants to discuss ideas and current issues as well as to design solutions in the areas of atmospheric science, environmental science, space science, and related fields.

The Oxford Handbook of Cyber Security

The Oxford Handbook of Cyber Security Book
Author : Paul Cornish
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-11-04
ISBN : 0192521012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cyber security is concerned with the identification, avoidance, management and mitigation of risk in, or from, cyber space. The risk concerns harm and damage that might occur as the result of everything from individual carelessness, to organised criminality, to industrial and national security espionage and, at the extreme end of the scale, to disabling attacks against a country's critical national infrastructure. However, there is much more to cyber space than vulnerability, risk, and threat. Cyber space security is an issue of strategy, both commercial and technological, and whose breadth spans the international, regional, national, and personal. It is a matter of hazard and vulnerability, as much as an opportunity for social, economic and cultural growth. Consistent with this outlook, The Oxford Handbook of Cyber Security takes a comprehensive and rounded approach to the still evolving topic of cyber security. The structure of the Handbook is intended to demonstrate how the scope of cyber security is beyond threat, vulnerability, and conflict and how it manifests on many levels of human interaction. An understanding of cyber security requires us to think not just in terms of policy and strategy, but also in terms of technology, economy, sociology, criminology, trade, and morality. Accordingly, contributors to the Handbook include experts in cyber security from around the world, offering a wide range of perspectives: former government officials, private sector executives, technologists, political scientists, strategists, lawyers, criminologists, ethicists, security consultants, and policy analysts.

Complex Ecology

Complex Ecology Book
Author : Bernard C. Patten,Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For systems ecologists, modelers, environmental engineers, and theoretical ecologists who are interested in mathematics applied to ecology. An advanced and up-to-date treatment of ecological complexity, emphasizing the need for holistic systems approaches. The book provides a compendium of technically oriented systems approaches to complexity at all levels of ecological organization, presenting microscopic and macroscopic views, descriptions of modeling approaches, feedback and stability, and network approaches to trophic dynamics and optimality issues.

The Environment and Science and Technology Education

The Environment and Science and Technology Education Book
Author : A. V. Baez,G. W. Knamiller,J. C. Smyth
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483161609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Environment and Science and Technology Education covers topics on key issues in environmental education; school-based primary and secondary education; and community-based environmental education. The book also discusses topics on tertiary, professional and vocational environmental education and non-formal public environmental education. The text will give practical help to teachers in all countries in order to raise standards of education in those topics essential for development.

Evolution Development and Complexity

Evolution  Development and Complexity Book
Author : Georgi Yordanov Georgiev,John M. Smart,Claudio L. Flores Martinez,Michael E. Price
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 3030000753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the universe and its subsystems from the three lenses of evolutionary (contingent), developmental (predictable), and complex (adaptive) processes at all scales. It draws from prolific experts within the academic disciplines of complexity science, physical science, information and computer science, theoretical and evo-devo biology, cosmology, astrobiology, evolutionary theory, developmental theory, and philosophy. The chapters come from a Satellite Meeting, "Evolution, Development and Complexity" (EDC) hosted at the Conference on Complex Systems, in Cancun, 2017. The contributions have been peer-reviewed and contributors from outside the conference were invited to submit chapters to ensure full coverage of the topics. This book explores many issues within the field of EDC such as the interaction of evolutionary stochasticity and developmental determinism in biological systems and what they might teach us about these twin processes in other complex systems. This text will appeal to students and researchers within the complex systems and EDC fields.

System of Systems Engineering

System of Systems Engineering Book
Author : Mohammad Jamshidi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1118210735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the emerging science and engineering of System ofSystems Many challenges of the twenty-first century, such as fossil fuelenergy resources, require a new approach. The emergence of Systemof Systems (SoS) and System of Systems Engineering (SoSE) presentsengineers and professionals with the potential for solving many ofthe challenges facing our world today. This groundbreaking bookbrings together the viewpoints of key global players in the fieldto not only define these challenges, but to provide possiblesolutions. Each chapter has been contributed by an international expert,and topics covered include modeling, simulation, architecture, theemergence of SoS and SoSE, net-centricity, standards, management,and optimization, with various applications to defense,transportation, energy, the environment, healthcare, serviceindustry, aerospace, robotics, infrastructure, and informationtechnology. The book has been complemented with several casestudies—Space Exploration, Future Energy Resources,Commercial Airlines Maintenance, Manufacturing Sector, ServiceSector, Intelligent Transportation, Future Combat Missions, GlobalEarth Observation System of Systems project, and many more—togive readers an understanding of the real-world applications ofthis relatively new technology. System of SystemsEngineering is an indispensable resource for aerospace anddefense engineers and professionals in related fields.

Chemica Scripta

Chemica Scripta Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemica Scripta book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plastid Development in Leaves during Growth and Senescence

Plastid Development in Leaves during Growth and Senescence Book
Author : Basanti Biswal,Karin Krupinska,Udaya C. Biswal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-08
ISBN : 9400757247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chloroplast development is a key feature of leaf developmental program. Recent advances in plant biology reveal that chloroplasts also determine the development, the structure and the physiology of the entire plant. The books, published thus far, have emphasized the biogenesis of the organelle, but not the events associated with the transformation of the mature chloroplast to the gerontoplast during senescence. This book, with 28 chapters, is unique because it describes how the chloroplast matures and how it is subsequently transformed to become the gerontoplast during senescence, a process required for nutrient recycling in plants. This book includes a state-of-the-art survey of the current knowledge on the regulation and the mechanisms of chloroplast development. Some of the chapters critically discuss the signaling process, the expression potential of plastid DNA, the interaction of cellular organelles, and the molecular mechanisms associated with the assembly and the disassembly of organellar complexes and finally the modulation of chloroplast development by environmental signals.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the Physical Society of Japan book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Systems Research for Behavioral Science

Systems Research for Behavioral Science Book
Author : Walter Buckley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1351487213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Systems Research for Behavioral Science will be of interest to those in any discipline concerned with developments in science. It is addressed principally to the student of human behavior as that study is approached from the social side.Previously, the study of human behavior was the general area of science that had been slowest to respond to the exciting challenge of the modern systems outlook. Yet it is behavioral science that stands to gain the most from insights into the workings of more complex systems. The editor presents not only a fair selection of systems research in behavioral science, but also provides an extensive selection of important statements of general principles, including several already considered classics. Hence, this sourcebook may function in part as a principles text, exposing the initiate to original pioneering statements as well as later work inspired by them, and alerting the sizeable number of underexposed scholars who are over-familiar with the few terms such as feedback, boundary, input, and output, that there are much greater depths to plumb than meet the eye in semi-popular accounts of cybernetics. This volume is an overview of thinking that reflects a trend toward the system point of view. Some of the chapters are philosophical: they discuss the significance of the trend as a development in the contemporary philosophy of science. Some are inevitably detailed and technical. Still other chapters discuss the relevance of concepts that are central in the system approach, to particular fields of research. The picture that emerges is far from that of a unified theory. It is an open question whether much progress can be made by attempts to construct a "unified theory of systems" on some rigorous axiomatic base.