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Entropy Of Complex Processes And Systems

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Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems Book
Author : Eugene Barsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 0128225394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions. Provides methodologies for controlling and optimizing complex processes in branches of industry that involve transformation of materials or substances Describes entropy as the universal characteristic of a stochastic process independent of the system Introduces a new definition of entropy specifically related to dynamical phenomena

Beyond the Second Law

Beyond the Second Law Book
Author : Roderick C. Dewar,Charles H. Lineweaver,Robert K. Niven,Klaus Regenauer-Lieb
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-12-02
ISBN : 3642401546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Law, a cornerstone of thermodynamics, governs the average direction of dissipative, non-equilibrium processes. But it says nothing about their actual rates or the probability of fluctuations about the average. This interdisciplinary book, written and peer-reviewed by international experts, presents recent advances in the search for new non-equilibrium principles beyond the Second Law, and their applications to a wide range of systems across physics, chemistry and biology. Beyond The Second Law brings together traditionally isolated areas of non-equilibrium research and highlights potentially fruitful connections between them, with entropy production playing the unifying role. Key theoretical concepts include the Maximum Entropy Production principle, the Fluctuation Theorem, and the Maximum Entropy method of statistical inference. Applications of these principles are illustrated in such diverse fields as climatology, cosmology, crystal growth morphology, Earth system science, environmental physics, evolutionary biology and technology, fluid turbulence, microbial biogeochemistry, plasma physics, and radiative transport, using a wide variety of analytical and experimental techniques. Beyond The Second Law will appeal to students and researchers wishing to gain an understanding of entropy production and its central place in the science of non-equilibrium systems – both in detail and in terms of the bigger picture.

Thermodynamic Optimization of Complex Energy Systems

Thermodynamic Optimization of Complex Energy Systems Book
Author : Adrian Bejan,Eden Mamut
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401146853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive assessment of the methodologies of thermodynamic optimization, exergy analysis and thermoeconomics, and their application to the design of efficient and environmentally sound energy systems. The chapters are organized in a sequence that begins with pure thermodynamics and progresses towards the blending of thermodynamics with other disciplines, such as heat transfer and cost accounting. Three methods of analysis stand out: entropy generation minimization, exergy (or availability) analysis, and thermoeconomics. The book reviews current directions in a field that is both extremely important and intellectually alive. Additionally, new directions for research on thermodynamics and optimization are revealed.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Energy Optimization in Process Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-05-06
ISBN : 9780080914428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

Minds on Physics Complex systems

Minds on Physics  Complex systems Book
Author : William J. Leonard
Publisher : Kendall Hunt
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780787254148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Minds on Physics Complex systems book written by William J. Leonard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 0128236361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity and Complex Chemo-Electric Systems presents an analysis and synthesis of chemo-electric systems, providing insights on transports in electrolytes, electrode reactions, electrocatalysis, electrochemical membranes, and various aspects of heterogeneous systems and electrochemical engineering. The book describes the properties of complexity and complex chemo-electric systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results that are often consistent with the best performance of the system. The book handles cybernetics, systems theory and advanced contemporary techniques such as optimal control, neural networks and stochastic optimizations (adaptive random search, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing). A brief part of the book is devoted to issues such as various definitions of complexity, hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This resource complements Sieniutycz’ recently published book, Complexity and Complex Thermodynamic Systems, with its inclusion of complex chemo-electric systems in which complexities, emergent properties and self-organization play essential roles. Covers the theory and applications of complex chemo-electric systems through modeling, analysis, synthesis and optimization Provides a clear presentation of the applications of transport theory to electrolyte solutions, heterogeneous electrochemical systems, membranes, electro-kinetic phenomena and interface processes Includes numerous explanatory graphs and drawings that illustrate the properties and complexities in complex chemo-electric systems Written by an experienced expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics and related aspects of macroscopic physics

Multi Chaos Fractal and Multi Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems

Multi Chaos  Fractal and Multi Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems Book
Author : Yeliz Karaca,Dumitru Baleanu,Yu-Dong Zhang,Osvaldo Gervasi,Majaz Moonis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-01
ISBN : 0323886167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-Chaos, Fractal and Multi-Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems addresses different uncertain processes inherent in the complex systems, attempting to provide global and robust optimized solutions distinctively through multifarious methods, technical analyses, modeling, optimization processes, numerical simulations, case studies as well as applications including theoretical aspects of complexity. Foregrounding Multi-chaos, Fractal and Multi-fractional in the era of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the edited book deals with multi- chaos, fractal, multifractional, fractional calculus, fractional operators, quantum, wavelet, entropy-based applications, artificial intelligence, mathematics-informed and data driven processes aside from the means of modelling, and simulations for the solution of multifaceted problems characterized by nonlinearity, non-regularity and self-similarity, frequently encountered in different complex systems. The fundamental interacting components underlying complexity, complexity thinking, processes and theory along with computational processes and technologies, with machine learning as the core component of AI demonstrate the enabling of complex data to augment some critical human skills. Appealing to an interdisciplinary network of scientists and researchers to disseminate the theory and application in medicine, neurology, mathematics, physics, biology, chemistry, information theory, engineering, computer science, social sciences and other far-reaching domains, the overarching aim is to empower out-of-the-box thinking through multifarious methods, directed towards paradoxical situations, uncertain processes, chaotic, transient and nonlinear dynamics of complex systems. Constructs and presents a multifarious approach for critical decision-making processes embodying paradoxes and uncertainty. Includes a combination of theory and applications with regard to multi-chaos, fractal and multi-fractional as well as AI of different complex systems and many-body systems. Provides readers with a bridge between application of advanced computational mathematical methods and AI based on comprehensive analyses and broad theories.

New Trends in Statistical Physics of Complex Systems

New Trends in Statistical Physics of Complex Systems Book
Author : Antonio M. Scarfone
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-01-28
ISBN : 3038974692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "New Trends in Statistical Physics of Complex Systems" that was published in Entropy

Evolution of Complex Systems

Evolution of Complex Systems Book
Author : Rainer Feistel,Werner Ebeling
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-10-31
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of Complex Systems book written by Rainer Feistel,Werner Ebeling, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems Book
Author : Stefan Thurner,Rudolf Hanel,Peter Klimek
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 0192555073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive introduction to quantitative approaches to complex adaptive systems. Practically all areas of life on this planet are constantly confronted with complex systems, be it ecosystems, societies, traffic, financial markets, opinion formation and spreading, or the internet and social media. Complex systems are systems composed of many elements that interact strongly with each other, which makes them extremely rich dynamical systems showing a huge range of phenomena. Properties of complex systems that are of particular importance are their efficiency, robustness, resilience, and proneness to collapse. The quantitative tools and concepts needed to understand the co-evolutionary nature of networked systems and their properties are challenging. The book gives a self-contained introduction to these concepts, so that the reader will be equipped with a toolset that allows them to engage in the science of complex systems. Topics covered include random processes of path-dependent processes, co-evolutionary dynamics, dynamics of networks, the theory of scaling, and approaches from statistical mechanics and information theory. The book extends beyond the early classical literature in the field of complex systems and summarizes the methodological progress made over the past 20 years in a clear, structured, and comprehensive way.

Complex Sport Analytics

Complex Sport Analytics Book
Author : Felix Lebed
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-05-12
ISBN : 1317434765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to combine principles from analytics, complex systems theory, multi-disciplinary diagnostics and sport performance analysis. It considers athletes, teams, and sport organizations in individual and team games as complex systems, and demonstrates how complexity studies can enrich analytics and give us a more sophisticated understanding of the causalities of winning and losing in sports. Part I introduces the basic categories of analytics and their uses in elite sport. Part II presents an original conception of sport analytics both as a complex of different kinds of processes and as a complexity-adapted view of human systems acting in sport performance and management. Part III considers the main principles of complex sport analytics, expanding the prism of complexity to include all levels of a sport organization from athletes, coaches and trainers to top decision makers, and suggests practical applications and simulations for cases of both individual and team sports. This is illuminating reading for any advanced student, researcher or practitioner working in sport analytics, performance analysis, coaching science or sport management.

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems X

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems X Book
Author : Dan Braha,Marcus A. M. de Aguiar,Carlos Gershenson,Alfredo J. Morales,Les Kaufman,Elena N. Naumova,Ali A. Minai,Yaneer Bar-Yam
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 3030673189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Conference on Complex Systems (ICCS) offers a unique interdisciplinary venue for researchers from the physical and biological sciences, social sciences, psychology and cognitive science, engineering, medicine, human systems, and global systems. This proceedings volume gathers selected papers from the conference. The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI pursues research, education, knowledge dissemination, and community development efforts around the world to promote the study of complex systems and its application for the benefit of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishes the NECSI Book.

Entropy of Hidden Markov Processes and Connections to Dynamical Systems

Entropy of Hidden Markov Processes and Connections to Dynamical Systems Book
Author : Brian Marcus,Karl Endel Petersen,Tsachy Weissman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781139090063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Entropy of Hidden Markov Processes and Connections to Dynamical Systems book written by Brian Marcus,Karl Endel Petersen,Tsachy Weissman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Universal Concept of Complexity by the Dynamic Redundance Paradigm

Universal Concept of Complexity by the Dynamic Redundance Paradigm Book
Author : Andrei P. Kirilyuk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789660001169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Universal Concept of Complexity by the Dynamic Redundance Paradigm book written by Andrei P. Kirilyuk, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Foundations of Complex Systems

Foundations of Complex Systems Book
Author : G. Nicolis
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9814366617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a self-contained presentation of the physical and mathematical laws governing complex systems. Complex systems arising in natural, engineering, environmental, life and social sciences are approached from a unifying point of view using an array of methodologies such as microscopic and macroscopic level formulations, deterministic and probabilistic tools, modeling and simulation. The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of one of the most open, markedly interdisciplinary and fast-growing branches of present-day science.

Self Organization of Complex Structures

Self Organization of Complex Structures Book
Author : Frank Schweitzer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-07-16
ISBN : 9789056990275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past twenty years, a broad spectrum of theories and methods have been developed in physics, chemistry and molecular biology to explain structure formation in complex systems. These methods have been applied to many different fields such as economics, sociology and town planning, and this book reflects the interdisciplinary nature of complexity and self-organisation. The main focus is on the emergence of collective phenomena from individual or microscopic interactions. Presents a wide-ranging overview from fundamental aspects of the evolution of complexity, to applications in biology, ecology, sociology, economics, and urban structure formation.

Foundations of Complex Systems

Foundations of Complex Systems Book
Author : Gregoire Nicolis,Catherine Nicolis
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012-03-08
ISBN : 9814458163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a self-contained presentation of the physical and mathematical laws governing complex systems. Complex systems arising in natural, engineering, environmental, life and social sciences are approached from a unifying point of view using an array of methodologies such as microscopic and macroscopic level formulations, deterministic and probabilistic tools, modeling and simulation. The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of one of the most open, markedly interdisciplinary and fast-growing branches of present-day science. Contents:The Phenomenology of Complex Systems:Complexity, a New ParadigmSignatures of ComplexityOnset of ComplexityFour Case StudiesSumming UpDeterministic View:Dynamical Systems, Phase Space, StabilityLevels of DescriptionNormal FormsThe Limit of UniversalityDeterministic ChaosEmergenceCoupling-Induced ComplexityModeling Complexity Beyond Physical ScienceProbabilistic Description:Need for a Probabilistic ApproachProbability Distributions and Their Evolution LawsThe Retrieval of UniversalityComplexity in the Probabilistic DescriptionEmergence RevisitedTransitions Between StatesSimulating Complex SystemsDisorder-Generated ComplexityComplexity, Entropy and Information:Information EntropyDynamical EntropiesInformation Entropy ProductionLarge Deviations, Fluctuation Theorems and the Probabilistic Properties of Time SequencesAlgorithmic Complexity and ComputationDynamical Systems as Information Sources: Scaling Rules and SelectionFurther Information MeasuresSumming UpPrediction:Communicating with a Complex SystemClassical Approaches and Their LimitationsNonlinear Data AnalysisThe Monitoring of Complex FieldsThe Predictability HorizonRecurrenceExtreme EventsSelected Topics:The Arrow of TimeNanosystemsAtmospheric DynamicsClimate DynamicsNetworksPerspectives on Biological ComplexityEquilibrium Versus Nonequilibrium in Complexity and Self-OrganizationEpistemological Insights from Complex SystemsOutlook. The Future of Complexity Readership: Graduate students, researchers, academics and professionals interested in nonlinear science. Keywords:Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Self-Organization;Emergence;Probability and Information;Predictability;Non-Equilibrium Systems;Irreversibility;Systems BiologyKey Features:A unique vision highlighting complexity as part of fundamental science and a clear, unifying presentation of the concepts and tools needed to analyze complex systemsIllustrates the interdisciplinary dimension of complexity research through representative examples pertaining to problems of current concernNew edition, including a large collection of exercises and problems with hints for solution and an updated survey of the literatureReviews: “The book can be used as a textbook by graduate students, researchers and teachers in science, as well as non-experts who wish to have an overview of the field.” Zentralblatt MATH

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems Book
Author : Ichiro Aoki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 012394404X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

An Introduction to Transfer Entropy

An Introduction to Transfer Entropy Book
Author : Terry Bossomaier,Lionel Barnett,Michael Harré,Joseph T. Lizier
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-15
ISBN : 3319432222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers a relatively new metric in complex systems, transfer entropy, derived from a series of measurements, usually a time series. After a qualitative introduction and a chapter that explains the key ideas from statistics required to understand the text, the authors then present information theory and transfer entropy in depth. A key feature of the approach is the authors' work to show the relationship between information flow and complexity. The later chapters demonstrate information transfer in canonical systems, and applications, for example in neuroscience and in finance. The book will be of value to advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers in the areas of computer science, neuroscience, physics, and engineering.

Unsaturated Soils

Unsaturated Soils Book
Author : E. J. Murray,V. Sivakumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-06-17
ISBN : 9781444325041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An understanding of the mechanical properties of unsaturated soilsis crucial for geotechnical engineers worldwide, as well as tothose concerned with the interaction of structures with the ground.This book deals principally with fine-grained clays and silts, orsoils containing coarser sand and gravel particles but with asignificant percentage of fines. The study of unsaturated soil is a practical subject, linkingfundamental science to nature. Soils in general are inherentlyvariable and their behaviour is not easy to analyse or predict, andunsaturated soils raise the complexity to a higher level. Evenamongst practicing engineers, there is often lack of awareness ofthe intricacies of the subject. This book offers a perspective ofunsaturated soils based on recent research and demonstrates howthis dovetails with the general discipline of soil mechanics. Following an introduction to the basic soil variables, thephases, the phase interactions and the relevance of soil structure,an up-to-date review of laboratory testing techniques is presented.This includes suction measurement and control techniques intriaxial cell testing. This is followed by an introduction tostress state variables, critical state and theoretical models inunsaturated soils. A detailed description of the thermodynamic principles asapplied to multi-phase materials under equilibrium conditionsfollows. These principles are then used to explore and develop afundamental theoretical basis for analysing unsaturated soils. Soilstructure is broken down into its component parts to developequations describing the dual stress regime. The critical statestrength and compression characteristics of unsaturated soils areexamined and it is shown how the behaviour may be viewed as athree-dimensional model in dimensionless stress-volume space. Theanalysis is then extended to the work input into unsaturated soilsand the development of conjugate stress, volumetric andstrain-increment variables. These are used to examine themicromechanical behaviour of kaolin specimens subjected to triaxialshear strength tests and lead to observations not detectable byother means. Unsaturated Soils: A fundamental interpretation of soilbehaviour covers a rapidly advancing area of study, researchand engineering practice and offers a deeper appreciation of thekey characteristics of unsaturated soil. It provides students andresearchers with a framework for understanding soil behaviour anddemonstrates how to interpret experimental strength and compressiondata. provides engineers with a deeper appreciation of keycharacteristics of unsaturated soils covers a rapidly advancing area of study, research andengineering practice provides students and researchers a framework for understandingsoil behaviour shows how to interpret experimental data on strength andcompression the limited number of books on the subject are all out ofdate