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Ensuring National Biosecurity

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Ensuring National Biosecurity

Ensuring National Biosecurity Book
Author : Carole R Baskin,Alan Zelicoff
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128018607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ensuring National Biosecurity: Institutional Biosafety Committees reviews the various responsibilities and associated challenges Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) face and proposes changes that may help improve this system and increase national biosecurity and worker safety. In recent years IBCs in academic and other institutions have been tasked with increasing levels of responsibility, overseeing work with recombinant genetic material and hazardous agents. IBC members often lack the training to effectively ensure that the work performed is truly safe for scientists and the general community, and so increasingly rely upon the expertise of the researchers themselves. With the proposed US dual-use research policies soon to be implemented, this strain may increase. This book provides readers with the necessary information to be able to enhance national biosecurity within the US, EU, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and more. Ensuring National Biosecurity is as an invaluable reference for biosafety professionals or for researchers who need to understand the regulatory landscape that impacts their research. Examines and assesses the current state of Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) Collates contributions from world-renowned experts in fields as diverse as research compliance, law and astrobiology Reflects an international perspective on regulatory biosecurity and biosafety

Biosecurity

Biosecurity Book
Author : Shane Ardern
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biosecurity book written by Shane Ardern, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development of an Analytical Tool to Assess National Biosecurity Legislation

Development of an Analytical Tool to Assess National Biosecurity Legislation Book
Author : Daniele Manzella,Jessica Vapnek
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9789251058718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosecurity aims to facilitate the implementation of international obligations related to international trade and the protection of human, animal and plant life and health as well as the environment. It looks at the coordination of sectoral regulatory authorities in order to manage biological risks for food and agriculture in an efficient and holistic manner. Upgraded legislation is needed to align national laws to international standards and to enhance institutional coordination. Countries require comprehensive and consistent national legal frameworks for Biosecurity in order to implement effective controls, increase cost effectiveness and improve consistency across sectors. Reviewing and assessing what legislation is in place is the first step toward implementing a Biosecurity approach. It is not an easy exercise as the normative and functional components of Biosecurity are often found in a plethora of laws and regulations. Based on the six pilot country studies, this text develops an analytical methodology to review and assess national legal frameworks for Biosecurity.

National Plant Pest Reference Collections Strategy

National Plant Pest Reference Collections Strategy Book
Author : Plant Health Australia
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9780994402295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A strategy to ensure that biological collections can continue to support Australia's trade and biosecurity status

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Biosecurity Priority Area for Interdisciplinary Action
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9789251057292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This toolkit provides practical guidance and support to develop and implement national biosecurity frameworks at the country level. It presents the benefits of a harmonized and integrated approach to biosecurity and illustrates the experiences of countries, including Belize, Norway and New Zealand, which have adopted such an approach in recent times. By providing a framework to identify cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needs based on an integrated approach, this toolkit addresses the gaps inherent in a purely sectoral approach to biosecurity. The purpose is to support governments to better manage biosecurity as a means to protect public health, agricultural production and the environment. At the same time, this will enhance the ability of countries to comply with international agreements, regulations and requirements focused on sanitary and phytosanitary measures, contributing to economic development and trade.

Health Reform Policy to Practice

Health Reform Policy to Practice Book
Author : Ronald Stock,Bruce W. Goldberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-04
ISBN : 0128098287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health Reform Policy to Practice: Oregon as a Case Study for a Path to a Comprehensive and Sustainable Health Delivery Model offers a real world example of an innovative, successful and comprehensive program conducted by the U.S. State of Oregon. In 1991, Oregon embarked on a journey to improve health for all its citizens by radically re-thinking how to approach health care for long-term benefits. Over more than two decades, Oregonians have participated in a dialogue to create a new approach to solve the dilemma of providing high quality health care that is affordable and effective. Traditionally, health care reform looked at cutting people from care, cutting provider rates or cutting services. Oregon’s approach is unique in that it built a new system of delivery from the ground (community) up. The Oregon model took a “Fourth Path to health care by redesigning the clinical delivery system through reducing waste, improving individual health and prevention, and therefore reducing utilization of services, creating local accountability, aligning financial incentives and creating fiscal accountability. This is not only an Oregon story, but a national one as other states, payers and purchasers implement health care reform. Written by content experts who have been actively involved in health care reform efforts Provides clear translation of current information and experience to implementation Explores the potential impact of the Oregon experience on national and international health care reform efforts

Biosecurity

Biosecurity Book
Author : Jonathan B. Tucker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biosecurity book written by Jonathan B. Tucker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

MYCDCGP Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases MySED Workplan

MYCDCGP   Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases  MySED  Workplan Book
Author : Bahagian Kawalan Penyakit, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia
Publisher : BKPKKM
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download MYCDCGP Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases MySED Workplan book written by Bahagian Kawalan Penyakit, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Draft national strategy on aquatic animal health and biosecurity for the Federated States of Micronesia 2021 2024

Draft national strategy on aquatic animal health and biosecurity for the Federated States of Micronesia  2021    2024  Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ,Pacific Community,Federated States of Micronesia
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2020-12-28
ISBN : 9251332126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Federated States of Micronesia’s National Strategy on Aquatic Animal Health 2021–2024, a broad and comprehensive strategy to build and enhance capacity for the management of national aquaculture biosecurity and aquatic animal health, was developed under FAO’s Project TCP/MIC/3603/C2: “National Aquatic Animal Health and Biosecurity Strategy”. The FSM’s NSAAH has taken into consideration a new initiative that FAO and partners have developed – the Progressive Management Pathway for Improving Aquaculture Biosecurity (PMP/AB). The application of the NSAAH has now expanded to fit as an important element of the PMP/AB.This initial strategy document outlines 15 major Programmes that will assist in developing a national approach to overall management of national aquaculture biosecurity and aquatic animal health. To complete this draft document, the Competent Authority (the Department of Resources and Development, R&D) should review the brief summaries of key projects suggested to be of immediate high priority to be accomplished under each of the 15 Programmes, modifying or adding to these as appropriate. The R&D will also need to develop an associated Implementation Plan for the National Strategy on Aquatic Animal Health (NSAAH) that identifies the activities that must be accomplished, the responsible sector(s) (government, private sector, and/or academia), the key staff, details of each project, the time-frame and an associated budget and source of funding (government, private sector, or other source). It is expected that progress toward completion of the various Projects will be reviewed on a regular basis and, beginning in 2023, the NSAAH and its Implementation Plan will be revised and renewed on a 5-year basis. At these intervals, and as national aquaculture development and aquatic biosecurity progresses through completion of Projects, new Programmes and Projects will be added. As an evolving and living document, the NSAAH will contain the national action plans for short-, medium- and long-term phased implementation based on national priorities.The 15 Programmes included in this NSAAH for 2021–2024 are: Programme 1: Policy, Legislation and Enforcement; Programme 2: Risk Analysis; Programme 3: National Aquatic Pathogen List; Programme 4: Border Inspection and Quarantine; Programme 5: Diagnostics; Programme 6: Farm-level Biosecurity and Health Management; Programme 7: Veterinary Drugs and Avoidance of Antimicrobial Resistance; Programme 8: Surveillance, Monitoring and Reporting; Programme 9: Communication and Information System; Programme 10: Emergency Preparedness and Contingency Planning; Programme 11: Research and Development; Programme 12: Institutional Structure (including Infrastructure); Programme 13: Human Resources and Institutional Capacity Development; Programme 14: Regional and International Cooperation; and Programme 15: Ecosystem Health.

The Handbook of Plant Biosecurity

The Handbook of Plant Biosecurity Book
Author : Gordon Gordh,Simon McKirdy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 940077365X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook identifies all aspects of Regulatory Plant Biosecurity and discusses them from the standpoint of preventing the international movement of plant pests, diseases and weeds that negatively impact production agriculture, natural plant-resources and agricultural commerce.

Genes Germs And Medicine The Life Of Joshua Lederberg

Genes  Germs And Medicine  The Life Of Joshua Lederberg Book
Author : Jan Sapp
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-02-23
ISBN : 9811225494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genes, Germs and Medicine explores the development of modern biomedical science in the United States through the life of one of the Twentieth Century's most influential scientists.Joshua Lederberg was a scientific renaissance man. He and his collaborators founded the field of bacterial genetics, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize at the age of 33 (the second youngest in history). He helped to lay the foundations for genetic engineering, made fundamental revisions to immunological and evolutionary theory, and developed medical genetics. He initiated the search for extraterrestrial microbial life, developed artificial intelligence, and was a visionary of the Digital Age. Lederberg coined some of the central terms of modern biology: plasmid, transduction, exobiology, euphenics and microbiome.A complex humanist who spoke out for social justice, Lederberg confronted racism, and denied a gene-centered view of humans. Pondering our social evolution outside of nature, he forewarned of the complex ethical issues arising from bioengineering. He sounded the alarm about coming pandemics at a time when few would listen, and warned of the peril of biowarfare and strove to prevent it. Lederberg was a man with a deep sense of social and intellectual responsibility, a trusted advisor to eight presidential administrations.

Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology Book
Author : Jennifer A. Horney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 0128095075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Perspectives on Research with H5N1 Avian Influenza

Perspectives on Research with H5N1 Avian Influenza Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Board on Global Health,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0309267781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When, in late 2011, it became public knowledge that two research groups had submitted for publication manuscripts that reported on their work on mammalian transmissibility of a lethal H5N1 avian influenza strain, the information caused an international debate about the appropriateness and communication of the researchers' work, the risks associated with the work, partial or complete censorship of scientific publications, and dual-use research of concern in general. Recognizing that the H5N1 research is only the most recent scientific activity subject to widespread attention due to safety and security concerns, on May 1, 2012, the National Research Council's Committee on Science, Technology and Law, in conjunction with the Board on Life Sciences and the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats, convened a one-day public workshop for the purposes of 1) discussing the H5N1 controversy; 2) considering responses by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), which had funded this research, the World Health Organization, the U.S. National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), scientific publishers, and members of the international research community; and 3) providing a forum wherein the concerns and interests of the broader community of stakeholders, including policy makers, biosafety and biosecurity experts, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, and the general public might be articulated. Perspectives on Research with H5N1 Avian Influenza: Scientific Enquiry, Communication, Controversy summarizes the proceedings of the workshop.

An Introduction to Ethical Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology

An Introduction to Ethical  Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology Book
Author : Padma Nambisan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 0128092513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the biggest technologies that have revolutionized biology since the early 20th century, also discussing their impact on society. The book focuses on issues related to bioethics, biosafety and intellectual property rights, and is written in an easy-to-understand manner for graduate students and early career researchers interested in the opportunities and challenges associated with advances in biotechnology. Important topics covered include the Human Genome Project, human cloning, rDNA technology, the 3Rs and animal welfare, bioterrorism, human rights and genetic discrimination, good laboratory practices, good manufacturing practices, the protection of biological material and much more. Full of relevant case studies, practical examples, weblinks and resources for further reading, this book offers an essential and holistic look at the ways in which biotechnology has affected our global society. Provides a comprehensive look at the ethical, legal and social implications of biotechnology Discusses the global efforts made to resolve issues Incorporates numerous case studies to more clearly convey concepts and chart the development of guidelines and legislation regulating issues in biotechnology Takes a straightforward approach to highlight and discuss both the benefits and risks associated with the latest biotechnologies

Strengthening Agricultural Resilience in the Face of Multiple Risks

Strengthening Agricultural Resilience in the Face of Multiple Risks Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 9264680721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report explores how countries can strengthen the resilience of their agricultural sectors to multiple risks. A shifting risk landscape in agriculture – due to increasing weather variability, natural hazards, pests and diseases, and market shocks – will require public and private actors to consider the risk landscape over the long term, place a greater emphasis on what can be done ex ante to reduce risk exposure and increase preparedness, and prioritise investments that build resilience capacities both on-farm and for the sector as a whole.

Applied Biosecurity Global Health Biodefense and Developing Technologies

Applied Biosecurity  Global Health  Biodefense  and Developing Technologies Book
Author : Ryan N. Burnette
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-31
ISBN : 303069464X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes an adaptable biothreat assessment process to complement overall biorisk management programs, incorporating threat management and the unique natures of biological assets. Further, this book examines the nexus between public health, international security, and developing technologies, building a case for augmenting biosecurity to levels beyond the laboratory constraints. With the face of biological and biomedical sciences changing, this book describes how with proper biosecurity development, these can become assets, rather than liabilities, to secure our world from natural and man-made biological disasters. The world is changing rapidly with respect to developing threats, such as terrorism, and dual-use technologies, such as synthetic biology, that are challenging how we think about biosafety and biosecurity. Further, the fields of public health and international security are colliding, as both of these share the common enemy: intentional or natural biological incidents. To date, biosecurity has been limited to laboratory-level application, and complicating efforts, and lacks credentialed biosecurity professionals skilled in both the biological sciences and threat management techniques. The result is a fragmented field of practice, with tremendous need, from the lab to the outbreak. Underpinning these principles is the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic, providing a historic milestone to examine biosecurity through a global lens. This book describes biosecurity as a set of practices and principles to be augmented out of the constrained laboratory environment, and applied to larger efforts, such as international threat reduction and biological incident management.

Biosecurity

Biosecurity Book
Author : Ryan Burnette
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-22
ISBN : 047061417X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book defines the concepts of biosecurity, biosafety, and biosurety and shows how they relate to one another under the overall framework of biodefense. The book also addresses biosecurity strategies for non-laboratory settings, including private sector facilities, the transportation infrastructure, and the food and agriculture sector including insurance, healthcare, the global supply chain, and agriculture. Discussions also include bioterrorism, biosecurity operations, various existing biosecurity programs, and biosecurity ethics. Designed to reach a wide variety of professionals, this resource provides a balanced and accessible look at biodefense and its applications"--

Governance of Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences

Governance of Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-12-26
ISBN : 0309477999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing advances in science and technology offer the promise of providing tools to meet global challenges in health, agriculture, the environment, and economic development; some of the benefits are already being realized. However, such advances have the potential to challenge the oversight systems for responsible conduct of life sciences research with dual use potential â€" research that may have beneficial applications but that also could be misused to cause harm. Between June 10 and 13, 2018, more than 70 participants from 30 different countries and 5 international organizations took part in an international workshop, The Governance of Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: Advancing Global Consensus on Research Oversight, to promote global dialogue and increased common understandings of the essential elements of governance for such research. Hosted by the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb, Croatia, the workshop was a collaboration among the InterAcademy Partnership, the Croatian Academy, the Croatian Society for Biosafety and Biosecurity, and the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Estimates of Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending 30th June

Estimates of Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending 30th June      Book
Author : Canada
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Estimates of Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending 30th June book written by Canada, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Viruses

Plant Viruses Book
Author : Rajarshi Kumar Gaur,SMP Khurana,Yuri Dorokhov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-12
ISBN : 1351667750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant viruses are significant as they affect our food supply and are capable of rapidly spreading to new plant species, so a comprehensive study of plant viruses is important in understanding their pathogenesis and prevention. This book focuses on the plant virus evolution, their molecular classification, epidemics and management. The key features in the book includes genome organization, translation and replication, virus-coded proteinases, structure of virus particles, cell receptors and host range, the RNA polymerase, quasispecies dynamics and virus evolution, and its natural habitats.