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Enhancing Cognitive Fitness In Adults

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Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults

Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults Book
Author : PAULA HARTMAN-STEIN,Asenath LaRue
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-02
ISBN : 9781441906366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Late life is characterized by great diversity in memory and other cognitive functions. Although a substantial proportion of older adults suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia, a majority retain a high level of cognitive skills throughout the life span. Identifying factors that sustain and enhance cognitive well-being is a growing area of original and translational research. In 2009, there are as many as 5.2 million Americans living with Alzheimer’s disease, and that figure is expected to grow to as many as 16 million by 2050. One in six women and one in 10 men who live to be at least age 55 will develop Alzheimer’s disease in their remaining lifetime. Approximately 10 million of the 78 million baby boomers who were alive in 2008 can expect to develop Alzheimer’s disease. Seventy percent of people with Alzheimer’s disease live at home, cared for by family and friends. In 2008, 9.8 million family members, friends, and neighbors provided unpaid care for someone with Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia. The direct costs to Medicare and Medicaid for care of people with Alzheimer’s disease amount to more than $148 billion annually (from Alzheimer’s Association, 2008 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures). This book will highlight the research foundations behind brain fitness interventions as well as showcase innovative community-based programs to maintain and promote mental fitness and intervene with adults with cognitive impairment. The emphasis is on illustrating the nuts and bolts of setting up and utilizing cognitive health programs in the community, not just the laboratory.

Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults

Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults Book
Author : PAULA HARTMAN-STEIN,Asenath LaRue
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-05-27
ISBN : 9781441906373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Late life is characterized by great diversity in memory and other cognitive functions. Although a substantial proportion of older adults suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia, a majority retain a high level of cognitive skills throughout the life span. Identifying factors that sustain and enhance cognitive well-being is a growing area of original and translational research. In 2009, there are as many as 5.2 million Americans living with Alzheimer’s disease, and that figure is expected to grow to as many as 16 million by 2050. One in six women and one in 10 men who live to be at least age 55 will develop Alzheimer’s disease in their remaining lifetime. Approximately 10 million of the 78 million baby boomers who were alive in 2008 can expect to develop Alzheimer’s disease. Seventy percent of people with Alzheimer’s disease live at home, cared for by family and friends. In 2008, 9.8 million family members, friends, and neighbors provided unpaid care for someone with Alzheimer’s disease or another form of dementia. The direct costs to Medicare and Medicaid for care of people with Alzheimer’s disease amount to more than $148 billion annually (from Alzheimer’s Association, 2008 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures). This book will highlight the research foundations behind brain fitness interventions as well as showcase innovative community-based programs to maintain and promote mental fitness and intervene with adults with cognitive impairment. The emphasis is on illustrating the nuts and bolts of setting up and utilizing cognitive health programs in the community, not just the laboratory.

Aerobic Fitness and Healthy Brain Aging

Aerobic Fitness and Healthy Brain Aging Book
Author : Lars Jonasson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9789176017531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Background: Performing aerobic exercise and maintaining high levels of aerobic fitness may have positive effects on both brain structure and function in older adults. Despite decades of research however, there is still a rather poor understanding of the neurocognitive mechanisms explaining the positive effects of aerobic exercise on cognition. Changes in prefrontal gray matter as well as dopaminergic neurotransmission in striatum are both candidate neurocognitive mechanisms. The main aims of this thesis are: 1. To investigate the effects of aerobic exercise and fitness on cognition and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) derived gray matter volumes using data from a 6 month physical exercise intervention in older adults (Study I). 2. To simulate the effect of atrophy in longitudinal positron emission tomography (PET) which could pose a challenge to interpreting changes in longitudinal PET imaging (Study II). 3. To study the influence of aerobic exercise and fitness on the dopamine D2-receptor (D2R) system in striatum using [11C]raclopride PET as a potential mechanism for improved cognition (Study III). Results: In Study I, aerobic exercise was found to improve cognitive performance in a broad, rather than domain-specific sense. Moreover, aerobic fitness was related to prefrontal cortical thickness, and improved aerobic fitness over 6 months was related to increased hippocampal volume. In Study II, we identified areas in the striatum vulnerable to the effect of shrinkage, which should be considered in longitudinal PET imaging. Finally, in Study III, the effect of being aerobically fit, and improving fitness levels was found to impact dopaminergic neurotransmission in the striatum, which in turn mediated fitness-induced improvements in working memory updating performance. Conclusion: The findings in this thesis provide novel evidence regarding the neurocognitive mechanisms of aerobic exercise-induced improvements in cognition, and impacts the interpretation of longitudinal PET imaging. Performing aerobic exercise and staying aerobically fit at an older age have positive effects on cognition and brain systems important for memory and cognition. Specifically, fitness-induced changes to the dopaminergic system stands out as one novel neurocognitive mechanism explaining the positive effects of aerobic fitness on working-memory performance in healthy older adults.

Cognitive Impairment and Depression in Older Patients

Cognitive Impairment and Depression in Older Patients Book
Author : Martin Steinberg,Paul B. Rosenberg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0199959544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will guide clinicians through the assessment and management of depression, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and early dementia., Its focus on office-based management, emphasis on practical interventions, use of case studies to illustrate teaching points, and non-academic language are particular strengths.

Physical Activity Vascular Risk and Cognitive Performance in Young Adults

Physical Activity  Vascular Risk and Cognitive Performance in Young Adults Book
Author : Jungyun Hwang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A growing body of literature suggests that higher levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness, as well as an alternative treatment such as low level laser therapy (LLLT), have beneficial effects on cognition, while sedentary lifestyle-induced obesity and vascular risk negatively influence cognition. However, the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and vascular risk on cognitive function and the effect of an acute bout of very vigorous aerobic exercise (acute exercise) on cognitive performance has not yet been investigated. Additionally, the effects of combined acute exercise and LLLT treatments on cognitive performance have not yet been characterized. Therefore, the goal of this dissertation was to conduct a series of three research studies ranging from a cross-sectional exploratory study about the association of cardiorespiratory fitness, obesity, and vascular risk on cognitive function, to an experimentally designed study that compared the effects of acute exercise, LLLT, and the combination of these two treatments on cognitive performance in young adults. Study1 examined the relationship among cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen consumption, VO2max), obesity indices (body mass index, BMI; waist circumstance), and vascular risk (C-reactive protein; CRP). Cognitive function included crystalized intelligence (Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test; KBIT), executive functions of inhibition (Stroop test), switching (Trail making test; TMT), attention (Psychomotor Vigilance Task; PVT), and working memory (Delayed-Match-to-Sample, DMS). Study 2 determined the effect of acute exercise on cognitive performance including executive response inhibition (Stroop test) and response switching (TMT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF). Study 3 compared the effectiveness of LLLT and acute exercise on cognitive performance, which included attention (PVT) and working memory (DMS). Results demonstrated there was a beneficial effect of physical exercise-induced improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness on vascular risk and cognitive functions particularly in working memory and inhibitory control (Study1). Acute exercise improved performance in inhibitory control and increased the BNDF level compared to the control condition, suggesting the acute exercise-induced the increase in BDNF level may be at least in part of mediating the cognitive performance improvement (Study 2). All three conditions (acute exercise, LLLT, or the combination) improved performance in attention and working memory, as measured by reaction time and response accuracy, when compared to a control group. Specially, the combined group showed a trend of greater improvement in attention and worming memory performance (Study 3). Taken together, the results of this research series suggest that acute exercise and LLLT can improve cognitive performance, which is also mediated by health indices including cardiorespiratory fitness, obesity, and vascular risk. It is anticipated that these findings will make substantive contributions to the empirical literature concerning the beneficial effect of exercise and LLLT on cognitive health in young adults, given the current paucity of research.

Enhancing Cognitive Functioning and Brain Plasticity

Enhancing Cognitive Functioning and Brain Plasticity Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Human Kinetics
Release : 2022-01-18
ISBN : 1450407536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enhancing Cognitive Functioning and Brain Plasticity book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Evidence Based Prevention of Behavioral Disorders in Integrated Care

Handbook of Evidence Based Prevention of Behavioral Disorders in Integrated Care Book
Author : William O’Donohue,Martha Zimmermann
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-14
ISBN : 3030834697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date source on prevention technologies specifically for integrated care settings. It covers general issues related to prevention including the practical issues of financing, and staffing, and a general introduction to the advantages of prevention efforts. It covers a range of behavioral health disorders using an approach that is most relevant to the practitioner: it provides basic definitions, and describes the specific roles of both the primary care provider (PCP) and the behavioral care provider (BCP) as well as specific resources presented in a stepped care model. Stepped care has been used sucessfully in medical settings. Adapted to behavioral health settings, It allows the clinician and the patient to choose treatments that are tailored to specific levels of intensity. This handbook is an interdisciplinary resource useful for classes in integrated care as well as for clinicians employed in in these settings.

Adult Development and Aging

Adult Development and Aging Book
Author : John C. Cavanaugh,Fredda Blanchard-Fields
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2018-01-01
ISBN : 133767012X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written within a bio-psychosocial framework, Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields' best-selling text covers the specific ages-stages of adult development and aging. In its unparalleled coverage of current research and theory, the authors draw clear connections between research and application. The book's focus on positive aging and the gains and losses people experience across adulthood distinguish it from its competitors. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Working Memory

Working Memory Book
Author : Tracy Packiam Alloway,Ross G. Alloway
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-10-28
ISBN : 1136208178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Working memory – the conscious processing of information – is increasingly recognized as one of the most important aspects of intelligence. This fundamental cognitive skill is deeply connected to a great variety of human experience – from our childhood, to our old age, from our evolutionary past, to our digital future. In this volume, leading psychologists review the latest research on working memory and consider what role it plays in development and over the lifespan. It is revealed how a strong working memory is connected with success (academically and acquiring expertise) and a poor working memory is connected with failure (addictive behavior and poor decision-making). The contributions also show how working memory played a role in our cognitive evolution and how the everyday things we do, such as what we eat and how much we sleep, can have an impact on how well it functions. Finally, the evidence on whether or not working memory training is beneficial is explored. This volume is essential reading for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in human memory and its improvement, including those working in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, gerontology, education, health, and clinical psychology.

Transforming Gaming and Computer Simulation Technologies across Industries

Transforming Gaming and Computer Simulation Technologies across Industries Book
Author : Dubbels, Brock
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 1522518185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, digital technologies have become more ubiquitous and integrated into everyday life. While once reserved mostly for personal uses, video games and similar innovations are now implemented across a variety of fields. Transforming Gaming and Computer Simulation Technologies across Industries is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on emerging simulation technologies and gaming innovations to enhance industry performance and dependency. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as user research, player identification, and multi-user virtual environments, this book is ideally designed for engineers, professionals, practitioners, upper-level students, and academics seeking current research on gaming and computer simulation technologies across different industries.

Exercise Prescription for Medical Conditions

Exercise Prescription for Medical Conditions Book
Author : Catherine Goodman,Kevin Helgeson
Publisher : F.A. Davis
Release : 2010-10-05
ISBN : 0803627459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is the best exercise for a client with...cancer... diabetes... heart disease... or a hip replacement along with hypertension? Catherine Goodman, PT, MBA, and Kevin Helgeson, PT, DHSc, built on physical therapists’ extensive knowledge of pathology, physiology, and exercise to develop this evidence-based guide to enhancing their role in prevention and wellness, even for the medically compromised patient.

Wellbeing A Complete Reference Guide Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing

Wellbeing  A Complete Reference Guide  Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing Book
Author : Felicia A. Huppert,Cary Cooper
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-02-05
ISBN : 1118716167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using an evidence-based approach and case studies from a wide range of life domains, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing examines the most successful existing strategies to promote wellbeing and mental health. Discusses the results of the latest research in the science of wellbeing and their implications for improved learning, creativity, productivity, relationships, and health Covers interventions for individuals across the lifespan, as well as those for organizations, communities, and entire populations Looks at policy initiatives and approaches with a focus on the integration of new technology and the role of the media Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, which brings together leading research from across the social sciences

Psychiatric Consultation in Long Term Care

Psychiatric Consultation in Long Term Care Book
Author : Abhilash Desai,George Grossberg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-08-31
ISBN : 1107164222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the first edition, Psychiatric Consultation in Long-Term Care has been fully revised and updated, integrating DSM-5 classification throughout. It delivers an essential resource for psychiatrists, neurologists, geriatricians, palliative care physicians, primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, and physician assistants involved in prevention, assessment, diagnosis, and management of neuropsychiatric disorders in long-term care (LTC) populations, as well as for nurses, social workers, and other professionals involved in important day-to-day care. The book provides comprehensive descriptions of practical, strengths-based, individualized, psychosocial, spiritual, and environmental approaches, and high-quality mental healthcare utilizing pharmacological interventions when appropriate to improve the emotional and spiritual well-being of LTC residents. It details key elements in creating genuine person-centered long-term care: the reduction of inappropriate medications and counter-therapeutic staff approaches, treating serious psychiatric disorders with evidence-based interventions, and a road-map for owners and administrators of LTC facilities.

Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults

Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults Book
Author : Carol A. Miller
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780781771757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its Fifth Edition, this text provides a comprehensive and wellness-oriented approach to the theory and practice of gerontologic nursing. Organized around the author's unique "functional consequences theory" of gerontologic nursing, the book explores "normal" age-related changes and risk factors that often interfere with optimal health and functioning, to effectively identify and teach health-promotion interventions. The author provides research-based background information and a variety of practical assessment and intervention strategies for use in every clinical setting. Highlights of this edition include expanded coverage of evidence-based practice, more first-person stories, new chapters, and clinical tools such as assessment tools recommended by the Hartford Institute of Geriatric Nursing.

Current Topics in Children s Learning and Cognition

Current Topics in Children s Learning and Cognition Book
Author : Heidi Kloos,Bradley Morris,Joseph Amaral
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-11-14
ISBN : 9535108557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a whole, the essays in this book address theoretical and empirical issues related to children's learning and cognition. The first essay, titled Learning in Cognitive Niches, treats the process of sense making on a theoretical level, discussing the complexity of factors that give rise to children's learning. It is followed by an essay, titled Using the Dynamics of a Person-Context System to Describe Children's Understanding of Air Pressure, that applies ideas from complexity science and dynamics-systems theory to children's learning about science. The next four essays summarize and synthesize already published findings, in an effort to go beyond individual viewpoints and present a more nuanced picture of children's sense making. In particular, two of these summaries, Preschoolers Learning Science: Myth or Reality? and The Emergence of Scientific Reasoning, focus on children's ability to make sense of their physical environment. The essay Cognition and the Child Witness: Understanding the Impact of Cognitive Development in Forensic Contexts seeks to shed light on children's sense making relevant to forensic issues. And the essay Beyond the Black-and-White of Autism: How Cognitive Performance Varies with Context ventures in the area of autism, a disorder that demonstrates atypical processes of combining pieces of information. The final two essays provide original data to add to the discussion of what factors affect cognitive functioning. In particular, the essay Cognitive Fitness in Young Adult Video Game Players seeks to re-assess the often-assumed relation between video gaming and various aspects of thinking, memory, intelligence, and visual-spatial abilities. And the essay Impact of Moving Away from Home on Undergraduate Metacognitive Development explicitly connects life circumstances to the ability to monitor and control one's thinking. Together, the collection of essays are a further step towards understanding the process of sense making as children and young adults interact with their environment.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Aging

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Aging Book
Author : Ayanna K. Thomas,Angela Gutchess
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 1108690742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decades of research have demonstrated that normal aging is accompanied by cognitive change. Much of this change has been conceptualized as a decline in function. However, age-related changes are not universal, and decrements in older adult performance may be moderated by experience, genetics, and environmental factors. Cognitive aging research to date has also largely emphasized biological changes in the brain, with less evaluation of the range of external contributors to behavioral manifestations of age-related decrements in performance. This handbook provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge cognitive aging research through the lens of a life course perspective that takes into account both behavioral and neural changes. Focusing on the fundamental principles that characterize a life course approach - genetics, early life experiences, motivation, emotion, social contexts, and lifestyle interventions - this handbook is an essential resource for researchers in cognition, aging, and gerontology.

The Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner

The Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner Book
Author : David J. Berghuis,L. Mark Peterson,Timothy J. Bruce
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 1119629926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The revised edition of the clinicians’ time-saving Psychotherapy Treatment Planner Revised and updated, the sixth edition of The Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner offers clinicians a timesaving, evidence-based guide that helps to clarify, simplify and accelerate the treatment planning process so they can spend less time on paperwork and more time with clients. The authors provide all the elements necessary to quickly and easily develop formal, customizable treatment plans that satisfy the demands of HMOs, managed-care companies, third-party payers and state and federal agencies. This revised edition includes new client Short-Term Objectives and clinician Therapeutic Interventions that are grounded in evidence-based treatment wherever research data provides support to an intervention approach. If no research support is available a best practice standard is provided. This new edition also offers two new presenting problem chapters (Loneliness and Opioid Use Disorder) and the authors have updated the content throughout the book to improve clarity, conciseness and accuracy. This important book: Offers a completely updated resource that helps clinicians quickly develop effective, evidence-based treatment plans Includes an easy-to-use format locating treatment plan components by Presenting Problem or DSM-5 diagnosis Contains over 3,000 prewritten treatment Symptoms, Goals, Objectives and Interventions to select from Presents evidence-based treatment plan components for 45 behaviorally defined Presenting Problems Suggests homework exercises specifically created for each Presenting Problem Written for psychologists, therapists, counselors, social workers, addiction counselors, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals, The Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner, Sixth Edition has been updated to contain the most recent interventions that are evidence-based.

Active Ageing and Healthy Living

Active Ageing and Healthy Living Book
Author : G. Riva,P. Ajmone Marsan,C. Grassi
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2014-08-21
ISBN : 1614994250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increased life expectancy and the ageing of the population have been the subject of attention in Western countries, and particularly in Europe, for some years now. The challenge of 'squaring the circle' between ends and means - as well as between personal aspirations and systemic constraints - in health and social care continues to be a major concern for policymakers and all those involved in the delivery of services.This book, Active Ageing and Healthy Living: A Human Centered Approach in Research and Innovation as Source of Quality of Life, presents the results of a number of research projects from the Universit� Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - the largest private university in Italy and in Europe - with a strong commitment to the areas of medicine and health sciences, economics, business, international relations, political science, psychology and communications. Visions and research directions for the future are also presented and discussed.The introduction to the book addresses the challenges posed by an increasingly ageing population and the way in which multidisciplinary research can contribute to positive outcomes. The remainder of the book is divided into two sections. The first proposes promising research directions for future focus, and includes papers on demographic change; frailty in the elderly; the role of diet in healthy ageing; active ageing; and positive technology. The second section deals with recent developments in research into active ageing and healthy living (AA&HL). It addresses numerous topics, including: mechanisms to shift the balance from unhealthy to healthy ageing; nutrition; the role of ICTs for older people; work, retirement and health; and empowering skills for AA&HL.

Physical Activity Self Regulation and Executive Control Across the Lifespan

Physical Activity  Self Regulation  and Executive Control Across the Lifespan Book
Author : Sean P. Mullen,Peter Hall
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-02-05
ISBN : 2889197484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is overwhelming evidence linking increased physical activity with positive changes in cognitive functioning and brain health. Much of what we know about these interrelationships comes from aerobic exercise training studies with older adults and children. This literature has paved the way for the neuroscientific investigation of mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cognitive and brain health enhancement, a list that ranges from molecular changes to systemic changes in executive control and neural connectivity. A new perspective has also emerged that aims to understand executive control processes that may underlie the regulation of health behavior. In accordance with this view, physical activity falls under the umbrella of health behaviors that require a substantial amount of executive control. Executive control is a limited resource, and the aging process depletes this resource. People who regularly exercise are said to have higher “self-regulatory control”—planning, goal-shielding and impulse control—than irregular exercisers. The successful maintenance of physical activity participation in lieu of daily cognitive stressors likely reflects an adaptive resistance to control failures. Indeed, a handful of studies have shown the relationship between greater executive control and subsequently higher levels of physical activity. However, little is known about the neural correlates of physical activity adherence or sedentary behavior, with the view that neurocognitive factors have an antecedent and reciprocal influence on these behaviors. No research has focused on the brain networks responsible for the self-regulation of physical activity, which likely overlaps with structures and functions playing critical roles in the regulation of other health behaviors. Interdisciplinary investigations are needed to explain the extent to which physical activity self-regulation and self-regulatory failure is dependent upon, or under the influence of executive control processes and brain networks. Understanding the degree to which self-regulatory resources may be enhanced, restored, and trained will have enormous implications for basic science and applied fields. It is also of great import to understand whether or not physical activity self-regulation is a domain-specific behavior associated with specific brain networks, or to determine the extent to which regulatory network-sharing occurs. The aim of this Frontiers Research Topic is to curate contributions from researchers in social and cognitive neurosciences and related fields, whose work involves the study of physical activity behavior, self-regulation and executive control. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit reviews, original research articles, and opinion papers, which draw theoretical or empirical connections related to sustained physical activity behavior, self-regulatory strategies, cognitive performance, and brain structure and function. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, and methodological innovations. This Frontiers Research Topic will carve out new directions for the fields of exercise, cognitive, and social neurosciences. We hope you will consider submitting your work.