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Energy Optimization In Process Systems And Fuel Cells

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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-02-14
ISBN : 0080982271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Revised

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells  Revised  Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-26
ISBN : 9780080975542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition" covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the bookDiscusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systemsContains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-16
ISBN : 0081025580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Third Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and the increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This third edition contains substantial revisions and modifications, with new material on catalytic reactors, sorption systems, sorbent or catalyst regenerators, dryers, and more. Presents a unified approach to the optimization and integration of energy systems Includes a large number of examples treating dynamical systems Provides exposition showing the power of thermodynamics Contains a large number of maximum power analyses and their extensions

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Energy Optimization in Process Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-05-06
ISBN : 9780080914428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

Modeling Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems

Modeling  Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems Book
Author : F. Carl Knopf
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-12-14
ISBN : 1118121147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy costs impact the profitability of virtually all industrial processes. Stressing how plants use power, and how that power is actually generated, this book provides a clear and simple way to understand the energy usage in various processes, as well as methods for optimizing these processes using practical hands-on simulations and a unique approach that details solved problems utilizing actual plant data. Invaluable information offers a complete energy-saving approach essential for both the chemical and mechanical engineering curricula, as well as for practicing engineers.

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems

Complexity and Complex Thermo Economic Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-24
ISBN : 0128185953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies and Systems

Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies and Systems Book
Author : Atul Sharma,Amritanshu Shukla,Renu Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 100006588X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Future energy technologies must embrace and achieve sustainability by displacing fossil carbon-intensive energy consumption or capture/reuse/sequester fossil carbon. This book provides a deeper knowledge on individual low (and zero) carbon technologies in a comprehensive way, covering details of recent developments on these technologies in different countries. It also covers materials and processes involved in energy generation, transmission, distribution, storage, policies, and so forth, including solar electrical; thermal systems; energy from biomass and biofuels; energy transmission, distribution, and storage; and buildings using energy-efficient lighting.

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells Book
Author : Kai Sundmacher,Achim Kienle,Hans Josef Pesch,Joachim F. Berndt,Gerhard Huppmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-09-24
ISBN : 3527611339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adopting a unique, integrated engineering approach, this text simultaneously covers all aspects of design and operation, process analysis, optimization, monitoring and control. It clearly presents the multiple advantages of molten carbonate fuel cells for the efficient conversion of energy, and also includes recent developments in this innovative technology. The whole is rounded off by an appendix featuring benchmark problems with equations and parameters. Vital reading for process, chemical and power engineers, as well as those working in power technology, chemists and electrochemists, materials scientists, and energy-supplying companies.

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Biao Huang,Yutong Qi,A. K. M. Monjur Murshed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-18
ISBN : 0470973919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A timely treatment of the modeling and advanced control of the most promising fuel cell technology - SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells) - from cell to system levelDynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Delivers comprehensive coverage of SOFC dynamic models and modeling approach from first principles, bringing together many aspects of SOFC technology in one book for the first time Provides parameters for all models developed for easy reference and reproducing of the results Discusses lumped model and distributed model from cell level to system level Applications to the state-of-the-art unscented Kalman filter, model predictive control, and monitoring techniques to SOFC systems Uses NMPC, which is well understood by both industry and academia Essential reading for Graduate students and researchers in the area of fuel cells, process systems engineering, control systems engineering, process control and electrochemical engineering"--

Multi Objective Optimization in Chemical Engineering

Multi Objective Optimization in Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Gade Pandu Rangaiah,Adri¿n Bonilla-Petriciolet
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-20
ISBN : 1118341686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For reasons both financial and environmental, there is a perpetual need to optimize the design and operating conditions of industrial process systems in order to improve their performance, energy efficiency, profitability, safety and reliability. However, with most chemical engineering application problems having many variables with complex inter-relationships, meeting these optimization objectives can be challenging. This is where Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) is useful to find the optimal trade-offs among two or more conflicting objectives. This book provides an overview of the recent developments and applications of MOO for modeling, design and operation of chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, energy and related processes. It then covers important theoretical and computational developments as well as specific applications such as metabolic reaction networks, chromatographic systems, CO2 emissions targeting for petroleum refining units, ecodesign of chemical processes, ethanol purification and cumene process design. Multi-Objective Optimization in Chemical Engineering: Developments and Applications is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering as well as industrial practitioners and engineers involved in process design, modeling and optimization.

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-20
ISBN : 0128093390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems responds to the need for a synthesizing volume that throws light upon the extensive field of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering perspective that applies basic ideas and key results from the field to chemical engineering problems. This book outlines and interprets the most valuable achievements in applied non-equilibrium thermodynamics obtained within the recent fifty years. It synthesizes nontrivial achievements of thermodynamics in important branches of chemical and biochemical engineering. Readers will gain an update on what has been achieved, what new research problems could be stated, and what kind of further studies should be developed within specialized research. Presents clearly structured chapters beginning with an introduction, elaboration of the process, and results summarized in a conclusion Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics Provides a synthesis of recent thermodynamic developments in practical systems Presents very elaborate literature discussions from the past fifty years

Hydrogen Supply Chain

Hydrogen Supply Chain Book
Author : Catherine Azzaro-Pantel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-18
ISBN : 0128111984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design, Deployment and Operation of a Hydrogen Supply Chain introduces current energy system and the challenges that may hinder the large-scale adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier. It covers the different aspects of a methodological framework for designing a HSC, including production, storage, transportation and infrastructure. Each technology’s advantages and drawbacks are evaluated, including their technology readiness level (TRL). The multiple applications of hydrogen for energy are presented, including use in fuel cells, combustion engines, as an alternative to natural gas and power to gas. Through analysis and forecasting, the authors explore deployment scenarios, considering the dynamic aspect of HSCs. In addition, the book proposes methods and tools that can be selected for a multi-criteria optimal design, including performance drivers and economic, environmental and societal metrics. Due to its systems-based approach, this book is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers and graduate students in the field of energy systems, energy supply and management, process systems and even policymakers. Explores the key drivers of hydrogen supply chain design and performance evaluation, including production and storage facilities, transportation, information, sourcing, pricing and sustainability Presents multi-criteria tools for the optimization of hydrogen supply chains and their integration in the overall energy system Examines the available technology, their strengths and weaknesses, and their technology readiness levels (TRL), to draw future perspectives of hydrogen markets and propose deployment scenarios Includes international case studies of hydrogen supply chains at various scales

Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems

Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems Book
Author : Nicu Bizon
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-11
ISBN : 303040241X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive review of renewable energy sources and optimization strategies in hybrid power systems (HPSs). It analyses the main issues and challenges in the renewable (REW) HPS field, particularly those using fuel cell (FC) systems as their main source of energy. It then offers innovative solutions to these issues, comparing them to solutions currently found in the literature. The book discusses optimization algorithms and energy management strategies. The focus is chiefly on FC net power maximization and fuel economy strategies based on global optimization. The last two chapters discuss energy harvesting from photovoltaic systems and how to mitigate energy variability in REW FC HPS. The main content is supplemented by numerous examples and simulations. Academics, students and practitioners in relevant industrial branches interested in REW HPS finds it of considerable interest, as a reference book or for building their own HPSs based on the examples provided.

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling Book
Author : Jarosław Milewski,Konrad Świrski,Massimo Santarelli,Pierluigi Leone
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-04
ISBN : 9780857292629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells are widely regarded as the future of the power and transportation industries. Intensive research in this area now requires new methods of fuel cell operation modeling and cell design. Typical mathematical models are based on the physical process description of fuel cells and require a detailed knowledge of the microscopic properties that govern both chemical and electrochemical reactions. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling proposes the alternative methodology of generalized artificial neural networks (ANN) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) modeling. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling provides a comprehensive description of modern fuel cell theory and a guide to the mathematical modeling of SOFCs, with particular emphasis on the use of ANNs. Up to now, most of the equations involved in SOFC models have required the addition of numerous factors that are difficult to determine. The artificial neural network (ANN) can be applied to simulate an object’s behavior without an algorithmic solution, merely by utilizing available experimental data. The ANN methodology discussed in Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling can be used by both researchers and professionals to optimize SOFC design. Readers will have access to detailed material on universal fuel cell modeling and design process optimization, and will also be able to discover comprehensive information on fuel cells and artificial intelligence theory.

Optimizing Thermal Chemical and Environmental Systems

Optimizing Thermal  Chemical  and Environmental Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Zbigniew Szwast
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 0128135832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optimizing Thermal, Chemical and Environmental Systems treats the evaluation of power or energy limits for processes that arise in various thermal, chemical and environmental engineering systems (heat and mass exchangers, power converters, recovery units, solar collectors, mixture separators, chemical reactors, catalyst regenerators, etc.). The book is an indispensable source for researchers and students, providing the necessary information on what has been achieved to date in the field of process optimization, new research problems, and what kind of further studies should be developed within quite specialized optimizations. Summarizes recent achievements of advanced optimization techniques Links exergy definitions in reversible systems with classical problems of extremum work Includes practical problems and illustrative examples to clarify applications Provides a unified description of classical and work-assisted heat and mass exchangers Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Mahdi Sharifzadeh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-31
ISBN : 0128154292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: The Systems Engineering Vision for Industrial Application presents a comprehensive, critical and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications, such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management—all with a focus on modeling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs and their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modeling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modeling examples and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book
Author : Tekena Fubara,Franjo Cecelja,Aidong Yang
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-06-10
ISBN : 0128085568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical modelling and optimization of the natural gas based Distributed Energy Supply System (DESS), both at the building level and the overall energy supply network level was carried out for three types of micro-CHP – solid oxide fuel cells, Stirling engines, internal combustion engines – and for two operating strategies – cost-driven and primary energy-driven. The modelling framework has particularly allowed the quantification of the impact of micro-CHP on the total primary energy consumption at the whole network level. The result of a case study based on the UK reveals the range of the overall reduction in primary energy usage and central power plant capacity requirement and the range of the increase in natural gas supply to homes. The economic analysis shows that the coupling of different technologies, sizes of the CHP engine, and the operating strategies gives rise to a wide range of payback time.

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2012

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering   PSE2012 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0444595082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World. Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

Modelling Optimization and Control of Energy Systems

Modelling  Optimization and Control of Energy Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modelling Optimization and Control of Energy Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hybrid Systems and Multi energy Networks for the Future Energy Internet

Hybrid Systems and Multi energy Networks for the Future Energy Internet Book
Author : Yu Luo,Yixiang Shi,Ningsheng Cai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-28
ISBN : 0128191856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hybrid Systems and Multi-energy Networks for the Future Energy Internet provides the general concepts of hybrid systems and multi-energy networks, focusing on the integration of energy systems and the application of information technology for energy internet. The book gives a comprehensive presentation on the optimization of hybrid multi-energy systems, integrating renewable energy and fossil fuels. It presents case studies to support theoretical background, giving interdisciplinary prospects for the energy internet concept in power and energy. Covered topics make this book relevant to researchers and engineers in the energy field, engineers and researchers of renewable hybrid energy solutions, and upper level students. Focuses on the emerging technologies and current challenges of integrating multiple technologies for distributed energy internet Addresses current challenges of multi-energy networks and case studies supporting theoretical background Includes a transformative understanding of future concepts and R&D directions on the concept of the energy internet