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Energy from Waste

Energy from Waste Book
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 012809513X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy from Waste is a concise, up-to-date and accessible guide on how to create power from both urban and industrial waste. The book explores the types of waste that, instead of going to landfill, can be converted to energy, also discussing the most up-to-date technologies for doing so. The book contains a strong emphasis on the related environmental impacts and economic factors involved in the various methods of generating electricity, making this a valuable and insightful read for those involved in the management and conversion of waste, including energy engineers, managers and technicians. Explores both urban and industrial waste, its composition and how it is collected, enabling readers to better understand which power generation technologies can be used to convert it into power Discusses the most up-to-date technologies, along with the impacts they have on the environment, including solid residue, chemicals and dust from the flue-gas treatment (and the flue gas itself) Evaluates the economic impact of converting energy from waste and implementing and managing waste plants

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy Book
Author : Marc J. Rogoff,Francois Screve
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2011-06-17
ISBN : 1437778720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers in detail programs and technologies for converting traditionally landfilled solid wastes into energy through waste-to-energy projects Modern Waste-to-Energy plants are being built around the world to reduce the levels of solid waste going into landfill sites and contribute to renewable energy and carbon reduction targets. The latest technologies have also reduced the pollution levels seen from early waste incineration plants by over 99% With case studies from around the world, Rogoff and Screve provide an insight into the different approaches taken to the planning and implementation of WTE The second edition includes coverage of the latest technologies and practical engineering challenges as well as an exploration of the economic and regulatory context for the development of WTE

A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste

A Thermo Economic Approach to Energy from Waste Book
Author : Anand Ramanathan,Meera Sheriffa Begum,Amaro Pereira,Claude Cohen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0323859119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Thermo-Economic Approach to Energy From Waste provides readers with the tools to analyze the effectiveness of biomass waste conversion into value-added products and how thermochemical conversion methods can be commercialized with minimum environmental impact. The book provides a comprehensive overview of biomass conversion technologies through pyrolysis, including the types of reactors available, reactor mechanisms, and the upgradation of bio-oil. Case studies are provided on waste disposal in selected favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro, including data on subnormal clusters and analyses of solid waste in the 37 slums of Catumbi. Step-by-step guidance is provided on how to use a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach to analyze the potential impact of various waste-to-energy conversion technologies, and a brief overview of the common applications of LCA in other geographical locations is presented, including United States, Europe, China, and Brazil. Finally, waste-to-value-added functional catalysts for the transesterification process in biodiesel production are discussed alongside various other novel technologies for biodiesel production, process simulation, and techno-economic analysis of biodiesel production. Bringing together research and real-world case studies from an LCA perspective, the book provides an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners interested in waste-to-energy conversion, LCA, and the sustainable production of bioenergy. Presents an overview of the technologies for the production of biofuels from waste via pyrolysis and gasification Provides a guide to the utilization of LCA to assess the economic and environmental impact of value-added products Describes real-world case studies on the implementation of LCA in waste-to-energy scenarios

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Sunpreet Singh,Lalit Goswami
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 0323853889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste provides a comprehensive overview of the key technologies and approaches to achieve zero waste from energy. The book emphasizes the importance of an integrated approach to waste-to-energy using fundamental concepts and principles, and presents key methods, their applications, and perspectives on future development. The book provides readers with the tools to make key decisions on waste-to-energy projects from zero-waste principles, while incorporating sustainability and life cycle assessments from financial and environmental perspectives. Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste offers practical guidance on achieving energy with zero waste ideal for researchers and graduate students involved in waste-to-energy and renewable energy, waste remediation, and sustainability. Provides an integrated approach for waste-to-energy using zero waste concepts Offers decision-making guidance on selecting the most appropriate approach for each project Presents the sustainability and life cycle assessment of WTE technologies on financial and environmental grounds

Advances in Waste to Energy Technologies

Advances in Waste to Energy Technologies Book
Author : Rajeev Pratap Singh,Vishal Prasad,Barkha Vaish
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 042975180X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As global populations continue to increase, the application of biotechnological processes for disposal and control of waste has gained importance in recent years. Advances in Waste-to-Energy Technologies presents the latest developments in the areas of solid waste management, Waste-to-Energy (WTE) technologies, biotechnological approaches, and their global challenges. It combines biotechnological procedures, sophisticated modeling, and techno-economic analysis of waste, and examines the current need for the maximum recovery of energy from wastes as well as the associated biotechnological and environmental impacts. Features: Presents numerous waste management practices and methods to recover resources from waste using the best biotechnological approaches available. Addresses the challenges, management, and policy issues of waste management and WTE initiatives. Includes practical case studies from around the world. Serves as a useful resource for professionals and students involved in cross-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary research programs and related courses. Discusses the economic and regulatory contexts for managing waste. This book will serve as a valuable reference for researchers, academicians, municipal authorities, government bodies, waste managers, building engineers, and environmental consultants requiring an understanding of waste management and the latest WTE technologies.

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy Book
Author : Jingzheng Ren
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0128166134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy: Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Sustainability Assessment and Ranking offers a comprehensive view of the technologies and processes for energy generation as a path for waste treatment, presenting all the necessary information and tools for selecting the most sustainable waste-to-energy solution under varying conditions. The book combines methods such as lifecycle assessment, sustainability assessment, multi-criteria decision-making, and multi-objective optimization modes. In addition, it provides an overview of waste-to-energy feedstocks, technologies and implementation, then goes on to investigate the critical factors and key enablers that influence the sustainable development of the waste-to-energy industry. The book proposes several decision-making methods for the ranking and selection of waste-to-energy scenarios under different levels of certainty and information availability, including multi-criteria, multi-actor and multi-attribute methods. Finally, the book employs lifecycle tools that allow the assessment of economic, environmental and social sustainability of waste-to-energy systems. Explores existing and state-of-the-art waste to energy technologies and systems, as well as their feedstock requirements Presents a wide perspective of sustainability issues of waste-to-energy technologies, also discussing critical influential factors or key enablers for promoting the sustainable development of waste-to-energy solutions Provides multi-dimensional decision-making techniques for choosing the most suitable and sustainable waste-to-energy technologies for different scenarios

Energy from Toxic Organic Waste for Heat and Power Generation

Energy from Toxic Organic Waste for Heat and Power Generation Book
Author : Debabrata Barik
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-07
ISBN : 0081025297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy from Toxic Organic Waste for Heat and Power Generation presents a detailed analysis on using scientific methods to recover and reuse energy from Toxic waste. Dr. Barik and his team of expert authors recognize that there has been a growing rise in the quantum and diversity of toxic waste materials produced by human activity, and as such there is an increasing need to adopt new methods for the safe regeneration and minimization of waste produce around the world. It is predominately broken down into 5 sections: The first section provides and overview on the Toxic waste generation addressing the main components for the imbalance in ecosystem derived from human activity The second section sets out ways in which toxic waste can be managed through various methods such as chemical treatment, cracking and Electro-beam treatment The final 3 sections deliver an insight in to how energy can be extracted and recycled into power from waste energy and the challenges that these may offer This book is essential reference for engineering industry workers and students seeking to adopt new techniques for reducing toxic waste and in turn extracting energy from it whilst complying with pollution control standards from across the world. Presents techniques which can be adopted to reduce toxic organic waste while complying with regulations and extract useable energy it Includes case studies of various global industries such as nuclear, medical and research laboratories to further enhance the readers understanding of efficient planning, toxic organic waste reduction methods and energy conversion techniques Analyses methods of extracting and recycling energy from toxic organic waste products

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems Book
Author : Thomas Trabold,Callie W. Babbitt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 0128111585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems assesses the utilization of food waste in sustainable energy conversion systems. It explores all sources of waste generated in the food supply chain (downstream from agriculture), with coverage of industrial, commercial, institutional and residential sources. It provides a detailed analysis of the conventional pathways for food waste disposal and utilization, including composting, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment. Next, users will find valuable sections on the chemical, biochemical and thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion processes applicable for food waste and an assessment of commercially available sustainable food waste-to-energy conversion technologies. Sustainability aspects, including consideration of environmental, economic and social impacts are also explored. The book concludes with an analysis of how deploying waste-to-energy systems is dependent on cross-cutting research methods, including geographical information systems and big data. It is a useful resource for professionals working in waste-to-energy technologies, as well as those in the food industry and food waste management sector planning and implementing these systems, but is also ideal for researchers, graduate students, energy policymakers and energy analysts interested in the most recent advances in the field. Provides guidance on how specific food waste characteristics drive possible waste-to-energy conversion processes Presents methodologies for selecting among different waste-to-energy options, based on waste volumes, distribution and properties, local energy demand (electrical/thermal/steam), opportunities for industrial symbiosis, regulations and incentives and social acceptance, etc. Contains tools to assess potential environmental and economic performance of deployed systems Links to publicly available resources on food waste data for energy conversion

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology Book
Author : Naomi B Klinghoffer,Marco J Castaldi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857096362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field. Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy Book
Author : Abd El-Fatah Abomohra,Qingyuan Wang,Jin Huang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9783030915698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the needs of students, researchers, as well as engineers and other professionals or readers interested in recent advances of biofuel and efficient waste management. In the context of energy consumption, over 85% of the total consumed energy comes from non-renewable fossil resources. Developing new renewable energy resources, especially biofuel production from wastes, has received increasing attention. The book is organized into three sections, namely Section I: Conventional waste management; Section II: From waste to green energy; and Section III: Case studies and future perspectives. Each section presents topic-specific chapters, which contain comprehensive and advanced knowledge of the subjects. Overall, the book covers the recent advances, breakthroughs, challenges, and future perspectives of waste-to-energy approach using different kinds of wastes as a feedstock for alternative biofuels and other integrated approaches such as wastewater treatment, plastic degradation, and CO2 sequestration in a cost-effective and eco-friendly way. In addition, different routes of waste recycling for enhanced biofuel production and case studies are presented with environmental and economic analysis. The presented case studies and future perspectives under Section III complement the chapters as they are authored by experts from bioenergy businesses who actually encounter real-world problems.

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes Book
Author : Gary C. Young
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 9781118029275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes. Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated. Topics include: Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes Combustion technology Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy Plasma economics Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications Book
Author : Efstratios N. Kalogirou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-15
ISBN : 1351977911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technology, plants use waste as a renewable fuel to co-produce electricity, heating, and cooling for urban utilization. This professional book presents the latest developments in WtE technologies and their global applications. The first part of the book covers thermal treatment technologies, including combustion, novel gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis. It then examines 35 real-world WtE case studies from around the world, analyzing technical information behind planning, execution, goals, and national strategies. Results through the years show the benefits of the technology through the life cycle of the products. The book also examines financial and environmental aspects.

Resource Recovery from Waste

Resource Recovery from Waste Book
Author : Miriam Otoo,Pay Drechsel
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 1317703774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans generate millions of tons of waste every day. This waste is rich in water, nutrients, energy and organic compounds. Yet waste is not being managed in a way that permits us to derive value from its reuse, whilst millions of farmers struggle with depleted soils and lack of water. This book shows how Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) could create livelihoods, enhance food security, support green economies, reduce waste and contribute to cost recovery in the sanitation chain. While many RRR projects fully depend on subsidies and hardly survive their pilot phase, hopeful signs of viable approaches to RRR are emerging around the globe including low- and middle-income countries. These enterprises or projects are tapping into entrepreneurial initiatives and public ̶ private partnerships, leveraging private capital to help realize commercial or social value, shifting the focus from treatment for waste disposal to treatment of waste as a valuable resource for safe reuse. The book provides a compendium of business options for energy, nutrients and water recovery via 24 innovative business models based on an in-depth analysis of over 60 empirical cases, of which 47 from around the world are described and evaluated in a systematic way. The focus is on organic municipal, agro-industrial and food waste, including fecal sludge, supporting a diverse range of business models with potential for large-scale out-and up-scaling.

Waste Energy for Life Cycle Assessment

Waste Energy for Life Cycle Assessment Book
Author : Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-22
ISBN : 3319405519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides technical data and information on unconventional- and inactive energy sources. After reviewing the current global energy situation, individual chapters discuss fossil fuel sources and renewable energy sources. It focuses on future energy systems and explores renewable energy scenarios including water energy and power, biofuels and algae energy. It also provides essential information on energy from inactive sources, energy from waste materials and the optimization of energy systems.

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy Book
Author : Marc J. Rogoff,Francois Screve
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-09
ISBN : 0128160802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy: Technologies and Project Implementation, Third Edition covers the programs and technologies that are available for converting traditionally landfilled solid wastes into energy through waste-to-energy projects. It includes coverage of the latest technologies and practical engineering challenges, along with an exploration of the economic and regulatory context for the development of WTE. In addition to technology itself, the book explores implementation concepts, waste feedstock characterization and flow control. It also delves into some of the key issues surrounding the implementation of waste-to-energy systems, such as site selection, regulatory aspects, and financial and economic implications. Professionals working on planning and implementing waste-to-energy systems will find the book’s practical approach and strong coverage of technical aspects a big help to their initiatives. This is a must-have reference for engineers and energy researchers developing and implementing waste-to-energy conversion systems. Explores the most currently available technology for waste-to-energy conversion from municipal solid wastes Includes recent case studies from around the world that provide insights into the different approaches to planning and implementation of WTE Completely updated with the latest technology Expanded to include information on thermochemical and biochemical conversion systems

Power Generation Technologies

Power Generation Technologies Book
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-02-04
ISBN : 9780080480107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book makes intelligible the wide range of electricity generating technologies available today, as well as some closely allied technologies such as energy storage. The book opens by setting the many power generation technologies in the context of global energy consumption, the development of the electricity generation industry and the economics involved in this sector. A series of chapters are each devoted to assessing the environmental and economic impact of a single technology, including conventional technologies, nuclear and renewable (such as solar, wind and hydropower). The technologies are presented in an easily digestible form. Different power generation technologies have different greenhouse gas emissions and the link between greenhouse gases and global warming is a highly topical environmental and political issue. With developed nations worldwide looking to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, it is becoming increasingly important to explore the effectiveness of a mix of energy generation technologies. Power Generation Technologies gives a clear, unbiased review and comparison of the different types of power generation technologies available. In the light of the Kyoto protocol and OSPAR updates, Power Generation Technologies will provide an invaluable reference text for power generation planners, facility managers, consultants, policy makers and economists, as well as students and lecturers of related Engineering courses. · Provides a unique comparison of a wide range of power generation technologies - conventional, nuclear and renewable · Describes the workings and environmental impact of each technology · Evaluates the economic viability of each different power generation system

Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste

Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste Book
Author : Arif Darmawan,Muhammad Aziz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-21
ISBN : 0323900127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste offers a new approach to optimizing energy recovery from waste using thermochemical conversion. Instead of conventional pinch technology, the book proposes integrated systems employing exergy recovery and process integration technologies to minimize exergy loss due to entropy generation. This innovative approach is demonstrated in three case studies using high-potential low-rank fuels from industrial waste products with high moisture content, high volatile matter, and high hemicellulose content. From these case studies, readers are provided with three different examples of biomass type, pre-treatment route, and conversion, from fruit bunch cofired within existing coal power plants, black liquor in a stand-alone system, and rice waste processing integrated into existing agricultural systems. Innovative Energy Conversion from Biomass Waste is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners alike, and will be of interest to environmental scientists, biotechnologists, and chemical engineers working in waste-to-energy and renewable energy. Provides a new approach to developing systems based on exergy recovery and process integration technologies Discusses the possible routes of energy recovery in different scenarios from selected low-rank fuels from industrial waste biomass Includes a replicable and applicable efficiency improvement method for different process developments

Bioenergy

Bioenergy Book
Author : Anju Dahiya
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-09
ISBN : 0128154985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition presents a complete overview of the bioenergy value chain, from feedstock to end products. It examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources. Divided into seven parts, bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life-cycle analysis, energy return on invested, integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics, business, and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition provides engineers, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and business professionals in the bioenergy field with valuable, practical information that can be applied to implementing renewable energy projects, choosing among competing feedstocks, technologies, and products. It also serves as a basic resource for civic leaders, economic development professionals, farmers, investors, fleet managers, and reporters interested in an organized introduction to the language, feedstocks, technologies, and products in the biobased renewable energy world. • Includes current and renewed subject matter, project case studies from real world, and topic-specific sections on the impacts of biomass use for energy production from all sorts of biomass feedstocks including organic waste of all kinds. • Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, waste, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol, waste to oils, etc.), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, biopower, RNG), and cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels. • Integrates current state of art coverage on feedstocks, cost-effective conversion processes, biofuels economic analysis, environmental policy, and triple bottom line. • Features quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.

Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production

Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production Book
Author : A.K. Mehrotra,R.K. Singhal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 9789058090850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of proceedings from the 6th International Symposium provide a forum for the presentation, discussion and debate of state-of-the-art and emerging technology in the field of environmental management.

Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials Book
Author : Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 0128127171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives