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Energy And Information In Nature

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The Energy of Nature

The Energy of Nature Book
Author : E. C. Pielou
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2007-02-15
ISBN : 0226668088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filled with fascinating information and illustrations hand-drawn by the author, this volume opens readers' eyes to the myriad ways in which energy and its transfer affect the Earth and its inhabitants. 76 line drawings.

Energy Entropy and the Flow of Nature

Energy  Entropy  and the Flow of Nature Book
Author : Thomas Fairchild Sherman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0190695358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy, Entropy, and the Flow of Nature presents the essential principles of energetics (thermodynamics) in a straight-forward, easy to understand, and logically-consistent manner. As a student of physical chemistry and as a professor and researcher in biochemistry, physiology, and general biology, the author has seen the problems that arise for students, teachers, and researchers in mastering the laws of thermodynamics. These difficulties can be alleviated by a careful consideration of the historical roots of the ideas involved, and by recognizing that all natural change can be understood as a flow across a gradient of some kind. Part of the effect of every flow is to diminish its own gradient, but the decrease of one gradient can drive an increase in another. The book's mission is to build a solid understanding of the fundamental concepts of energetics and a confidence in going forth into the many areas that the study of energy opens up. In their applications, the laws of energy and entropy can often involve highly challenging problems and calculations, but the fundamental concepts addressed in this book are easy to understand and require relatively little mathematics.

Energy in Nature and Society

Energy in Nature and Society Book
Author : Vaclav Smil
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2007-12-21
ISBN : 0262693569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, systematic, analytically unified, and interdisciplinary treatment of energy in nature and society, from solar radiation and photosynthesis to our fossil fuelled civilization and its environmental consequences. Energy in Nature and Society is a systematic and exhaustive analysis of all the major energy sources, storages, flows, and conversions that have shaped the evolution of the biosphere and civilization. Vaclav Smil uses fundamental unifying metrics (most notably for power density and energy intensity) to provide an integrated framework for analyzing all segments of energetics (the study of energy flows and their transformations). The book explores not only planetary energetics (such as solar radiation and geomorphic processes) and bioenergetics (photosynthesis, for example) but also human energetics (such as metabolism and thermoregulation), tracing them from hunter-gatherer and agricultural societies through modern-day industrial civilization. Included are chapters on heterotrophic conversions, traditional agriculture, preindustrial complexification, fossil fuels, fossil-fueled civilization, the energetics of food, and the implications of energetics for the environment. The book concludes with an examination of general patterns, trends, and socioeconomic considerations of energy use today, looking at correlations between energy and value, energy and the economy, energy and quality of life, and energy futures. Throughout the book, Smil chooses to emphasize the complexities and peculiarities of the real world, and the counterintuitive outcomes of many of its processes, over abstract models. Energy in Nature and Society provides a unique, comprehensive, single-volume analysis and reference source on all important energy matters, from natural to industrial energy flows, from fuels to food, from the Earth's formation to possible energy futures, and can serve as a text for courses in energy studies, global ecology, earth systems science, biology, and chemistry.

Civilization Critical

Civilization Critical Book
Author : Darrin Qualman
Publisher : Fernwood Publishing
Release : 2019-05-14T00:00:00Z
ISBN : 1773630873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The modern world is wondrous. Its factories produce ten thousand cars every hour and ten trillion transistors every second. We carry supercomputers in our pockets, and nearly a million people are in the air at any time. In Civilization Critical, Darrin Qualman takes readers on a tour of the wonders of the 21st century. But the great strength of our modern word is also its great weakness. Our immense powers to turn resources and nature into products and waste imperil our future. And plans to double and redouble the size of the global economy veto sustainability. So, is our civilization doomed? No. Doom is a choice. We can make different choices. Qualman demonstrates that a 19th- and 20th-century transition to linear systems and away from the circular patterns of nature (and of all previous civilizations) is the foundational error—the underlying problem, the root cause of climate change, resource depletion, ocean’s full of plastics, and a host of mega-problems now intensifying and merging, with potentially civilization-cracking results. In this sweeping work, Qualman reinterprets and re-explains the problems we face today, and charts a clear, hopeful path into the future.

Frontiers in Water Energy Nexus Nature Based Solutions Advanced Technologies and Best Practices for Environmental Sustainability

Frontiers in Water Energy Nexus   Nature Based Solutions  Advanced Technologies and Best Practices for Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Vincenzo Naddeo,Malini Balakrishnan,Kwang-Ho Choo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 3030130681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes selected contributions presented during the 2nd edition of the international conference on WaterEnergyNEXUS which was held in Salerno, Italy in November 2018. This conference was organized by the Sanitary Environmental Engineering Division (SEED) of the University of Salerno (Italy) in cooperation with Advanced Institute of Water Industry at Kyungpook National University (Korea) and with The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI (India). The initiative received the patronage of UNESCO – World Water Association Programme (WWAP) and of the International Water Association (IWA) and was organized with the support of Springer (MENA Publishing Program), Arab Water Council (AWC), Korean Society of Environmental Engineering (KSEE) and Italian Society of Sanitary Environmental Engineering Professors (GITISA). With the support of international experts invited as plenary and keynote speakers, the conference aimed to give a platform for Euro-Mediterranean countries to share and discuss key topics on such water-energy issues through the presentation of nature-based solutions, advanced technologies and best practices for a more sustainable environment. This volume gives a general and brief overview on current research focusing on emerging Water-Energy-Nexus issues and challenges and its potential applications to a variety of environmental problems that are impacting the Euro-Mediterranean zone and surrounding regions. A selection of novel and alternative solutions applied worldwide are included. The volume contains over about one hundred carefully refereed contributions from 44 countries worldwide selected for the conference. Topics covered include (1) Nexus framework and governance, (2) Environmental solutions for the sustainable development of the water sector, (3) future clean energy technologies and systems under water constraints, (4) environmental engineering and management, (5) Implementation and best practices Intended for researchers in environmental engineering, environmental science, chemistry, and civil engineering. This volume is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in both water and energy sectors.

Power Density

Power Density Book
Author : Vaclav Smil
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-06-05
ISBN : 0262326930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first systematic, quantitative appraisal of power density, offering detailed reviews of power densities of renewable energy flows, fossil fuels, and all common energy uses. “There's no author whose books I look forward to more than Vaclav Smil.” —Bill Gates In this book, Vaclav Smil argues that power density is a key determinant of the nature and dynamics of energy systems. Any understanding of complex energy systems must rely on quantitative measures of many fundamental variables. Power density—the rate of energy flux per unit of area—is an important but largely overlooked measure. Smil provides the first systematic, quantitative appraisal of power density, offering detailed reviews of the power densities of renewable energy flows, fossil fuels, thermal electricity generation, and all common energy uses. Smil shows that careful quantification, critical appraisals, and revealing comparisons of power densities make possible a deeper understanding of the ways we harness, convert, and use energies. Conscientious assessment of power densities, he argues, proves particularly revealing when contrasting the fossil fuel–based energy system with renewable energy conversions. Smil explains that modern civilization has evolved as a direct expression of the high power densities of fossil fuel extraction. He argues that our inevitable (and desirable) move to new energy arrangements involving conversions of lower-density renewable energy sources will require our society—currently dominated by megacities and concentrated industrial production—to undergo a profound spatial restructuring of its energy system.

Applications of Nature Inspired Computing in Renewable Energy Systems

Applications of Nature Inspired Computing in Renewable Energy Systems Book
Author : Mohamed Arezki Mellal
Publisher : Engineering Science Reference
Release : 2021-12-17
ISBN : 9781799885610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Renewable energy is crucial to preserve the environment. This energy involves various systems that must be optimized and assessed to provide better performance; however, the design and development of renewable energy systems remains a challenge. It is crucial to implement the latest innovative research in the field in order to develop and improve renewable energy systems. Applications of Nature-Inspired Computing in Renewable Energy Systems discusses the latest research on nature-inspired computing approaches applied to the design and development of renewable energy systems and provides new solutions to the renewable energy domain. Covering topics such as microgrids, wind power, and artificial neural networks, it is ideal for engineers, industry professionals, researchers, academicians, practitioners, teachers, and students.

Possible Minds

Possible Minds Book
Author : John Brockman
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2019-02-19
ISBN : 0525558004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science world luminary John Brockman assembles twenty-five of the most important scientific minds, people who have been thinking about the field artificial intelligence for most of their careers, for an unparalleled round-table examination about mind, thinking, intelligence and what it means to be human. "Artificial intelligence is today's story--the story behind all other stories. It is the Second Coming and the Apocalypse at the same time: Good AI versus evil AI." --John Brockman More than sixty years ago, mathematician-philosopher Norbert Wiener published a book on the place of machines in society that ended with a warning: "we shall never receive the right answers to our questions unless we ask the right questions.... The hour is very late, and the choice of good and evil knocks at our door." In the wake of advances in unsupervised, self-improving machine learning, a small but influential community of thinkers is considering Wiener's words again. In Possible Minds, John Brockman gathers their disparate visions of where AI might be taking us. The fruit of the long history of Brockman's profound engagement with the most important scientific minds who have been thinking about AI--from Alison Gopnik and David Deutsch to Frank Wilczek and Stephen Wolfram--Possible Minds is an ideal introduction to the landscape of crucial issues AI presents. The collision between opposing perspectives is salutary and exhilarating; some of these figures, such as computer scientist Stuart Russell, Skype co-founder Jaan Tallinn, and physicist Max Tegmark, are deeply concerned with the threat of AI, including the existential one, while others, notably robotics entrepreneur Rodney Brooks, philosopher Daniel Dennett, and bestselling author Steven Pinker, have a very different view. Serious, searching and authoritative, Possible Minds lays out the intellectual landscape of one of the most important topics of our time.

The Nature of Information

The Nature of Information Book
Author : Paul Young
Publisher : Praeger Pub Text
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Young traces the evolution of the term information from its general linguistic use into the mainstream of modern science, proposing an entirely new definition of information as a mass-energy phenomenon. He demonstrates that: information is in all cases a form phenomenon; both form and information are mass-energy rather than abstract phenomena; mind can be viewed as a mass-energy rather form-manipulating process; form constitutes a mechanism immanent in the physical universe via which mass-energy systems can communicate informationally and control their own energetic activities.

Directing Mental Energy

Directing Mental Energy Book
Author : Francis M. Aveling
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-08
ISBN : 9781258799830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Directing Mental Energy book written by Francis M. Aveling, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cosmology 2020

Cosmology 2020 Book
Author : Michael L. Smith
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 1839682671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cosmology 2020 – The Current State offers the reader several fresh ideas on this topic. The first chapter presents an argument that, both in theory and in reality, one cannot ignore the microscopic world to concentrate on the Universe at only the galactic level. Then we have several chapters presenting new explanations for dark energy and dark matter based on reasonable physics at the atomic level. We cover the beginnings of artificial intelligence to model a cosmological phenomenon and a chapter pointing out that better results can be culled from SNe Ia and HII data when appropriate computerised analyses are applied. We think this book will add some new ideas to the libraries of many cosmologists and astrophysicists.

Maxwell s Demon 2 Entropy Classical and Quantum Information Computing

Maxwell s Demon 2 Entropy  Classical and Quantum Information  Computing Book
Author : Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-12-13
ISBN : 1420033999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over 130 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell introduced his hypothetical "demon" as a challenge to the scope of the second law of thermodynamics. Fascination with the demon persisted throughout the development of statistical and quantum physics, information theory, and computer science, and links have been established between Maxwell's demon and each of

The Economic Superorganism

The Economic Superorganism Book
Author : Carey W. King
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-07
ISBN : 3030502953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy drives the economy, economics informs policy, and policy affects social outcomes. Since the oil crises of the 1970s, pundits have debated the validity of this sequence, but most economists and politicians still ignore it. Thus, they delude the public about the underlying influence of energy costs and constraints on economic policies that address such pressing contemporary issues as income inequality, growth, debt, and climate change. To understand why, Carey King explores the scientific and rhetorical basis of the competing narratives both within and between energy technology and economics. Energy and economic discourse seems to mirror Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion: For every narrative there is an equal and opposite counter-narrative. The competing energy narratives pit "drill, baby, drill!" against renewable technologies such as wind and solar. Both claim to provide secure, reliable, clean, and affordable energy to support economic growth with the most benefit to society, but how? To answer this question, we need to understand the competing economic narratives, techno-optimism and techno-realism. Techno-optimism claims that innovation overcomes any physical resource constraints and enables the social outcomes and economic growth we desire. Techno-realism, in contrast, states that no matter what energy technologies we use, feedbacks from physical growth on a finite planet constrain economic growth and create an uneven distribution of social impacts. In The Economic Superorganism, you will discover stories, data, science, and philosophy to guide you through the arguments from competing narratives on energy, growth, and policy. You will be able to distinguish the technically possible from the socially viable, and understand how our future depends on this distinction.

The Physiological Effects of Radiant Energy

The Physiological Effects of Radiant Energy Book
Author : Henry Laurens
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1933
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Physiological Effects of Radiant Energy book written by Henry Laurens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Quest

The Quest Book
Author : Daniel Yergin
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1101563702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“A sprawling story richly textured with original material, quirky details and amusing anecdotes . . .” —Wall Street Journal “It is a cause for celebration that Yergin has returned with his perspective on a very different landscape . . . [I]t is impossible to think of a better introduction to the essentials of energy in the 21st century. The Quest is . . . the definitive guide to how we got here.” —The Financial Times This long-awaited successor to Daniel Yergin’s Pulitzer Prize-winning The Prize provides an essential, overarching narrative of global energy, the principal engine of geopolitical and economic change A master storyteller as well as a leading energy expert, Daniel Yergin continues the riveting story begun in his Pulitzer Prize–winning book, The Prize. In The Quest, Yergin shows us how energy is an engine of global political and economic change and conflict, in a story that spans the energies on which our civilization has been built and the new energies that are competing to replace them. The Quest tells the inside stories, tackles the tough questions, and reveals surprising insights about coal, electricity, and natural gas. He explains how climate change became a great issue and leads readers through the rebirth of renewable energies, energy independence, and the return of the electric car. Epic in scope and never more timely, The Quest vividly reveals the decisions, technologies, and individuals that are shaping our future.

Cradle to Cradle

Cradle to Cradle Book
Author : William McDonough,Michael Braungart
Publisher : North Point Press
Release : 2010-03-01
ISBN : 1429973846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A manifesto for a radically different philosophy and practice of manufacture and environmentalism "Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth. Products might be designed so that, after their useful life, they provide nourishment for something new-either as "biological nutrients" that safely re-enter the environment or as "technical nutrients" that circulate within closed-loop industrial cycles, without being "downcycled" into low-grade uses (as most "recyclables" now are). Elaborating their principles from experience (re)designing everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, William McDonough and Michael Braungart make an exciting and viable case for change.

The True Nature of Energy Transforming Anxiety into Tranquility

The True Nature of Energy  Transforming Anxiety into Tranquility Book
Author : Diane Wing
Publisher : Loving Healing Press
Release : 2014-05-14
ISBN : 1615991980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gain a fresh perspective using the energies around you Have you ever walked into a room and felt like you wanted to leave right away? Ever met a person for whom you had an instant dislike for no apparent reason? Been around certain people and suddenly feel exhausted? People, animals, situations, objects, and environments contain and give off energy. The energies within and around you can be a major source of anxiety. To discover how to observe, interpret, and direct this abundant energy is to harness the power at your fingertips and create tranquility in your life. This book can guide you in that discovery. In "The True Nature of Energy," you will: Improve your relationship with yourself and others Remove unnecessary emotions and see more objectively Attract the right people and circumstances Clear old, outmoded energies from your life Increase self-trust, self-esteem, and self-confidence Learn to sense and direct the energies around you Enhance your natural intuitive ability Find out your vibrational level by taking the Wing Vibrational Scale Quiz Learn simple techniques to fully take charge of your life and your destiny. Acclaim for "The True Nature of Energy" "Clearly written and easy to understand. A tall order for a complex topic like this. Diane Wing's skills as a writer and energy worker are phenomenal. Highly recommended." --Lana McAra, best-selling, award-winning author writing as Rosey Dow. "I can thoroughly recommend this book as a guide to living. If Diane's way of seeing the world resonates with you, she will be able to help you to transform your life. In fact, reading the book in the process of editing it has changed me in positive ways. Her writing will do the same for you." --Bob Rich, PhD, author of "Ascending Spiral" Learn more at www.DianeWing.com From Marvelous Spirit Press www.MarvelousSpirit.com

Harnessing the Wheelwork of Nature

Harnessing the Wheelwork of Nature Book
Author : Thomas Valone
Publisher : Adventures Unlimited Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781931882040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents the compelling argument for Tesla's most ambitious project, the wireless transmission of power. A possible solution to the world power crisis.

The Nature of Information

The Nature of Information Book
Author : Paul Young
Publisher : Praeger Pub Text
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Young traces the evolution of the term information from its general linguistic use into the mainstream of modern science, proposing an entirely new definition of information as a mass-energy phenomenon. He demonstrates that: information is in all cases a form phenomenon; both form and information are mass-energy rather than abstract phenomena; mind can be viewed as a mass-energy rather form-manipulating process; form constitutes a mechanism immanent in the physical universe via which mass-energy systems can communicate informationally and control their own energetic activities.

Mother Nature s Two Laws Ringmasters for Circus Earth

Mother Nature s Two Laws  Ringmasters for Circus Earth Book
Author : A D Kirwan Jr.
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2000-09-04
ISBN : 9814493015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every day brings a fresh barrage of bewildering claims about science and technology. How non-scientists tell the difference between the hyperbole and those developments that are important? With a modest amount of critical thinking, an understanding of how science is practiced, and a qualitative understanding of the two most sacred principles in science — the first and second laws of thermodynamics — anyone can make the distinction. Critical thinking and the practice of science are not emphasized in undergraduate science courses for non-scientists, while exposure to the first and second laws is usually reserved for physical science and engineering majors. This book introduces non-scientists to these topics and provides detailed applications to a variety of topics. Contents:Mother Nature's Two Laws: What Are They and Why Must We Heed Them?The Faces of EnergyThe Faces of EntropyThe Scientific Protocol and Critical ThinkingE4: Energy, Entropy, Economics, EnvironmentGlobal Warming?Circus Earth Follies, Critical Thinking, and the Scientific Protocol Readership: General. Keywords:Entropy;Energy;First and Second Laws;Thermodynamics;Laws of Thermodynamics;Distinguishability;Critical Thinking;Scientific Method;Scientific Protocol;Negentropy;Global Change;Ben & Jerry's Ice CreamReviews:“This book provides excellent examples of scientific critical thinking and a significant bibliography as a starting point for further study. Highly recommended for general reading, and required reading for undergraduate science majors.”Choice