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Energetic Nanomaterials

Energetic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Vladimir E Zarko,Alexander A. Gromov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-21
ISBN : 0128027150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energetic Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Application provides researchers in academia and industry the most novel and meaningful knowledge on nanoenergetic materials, covering the fundamental chemical aspects from synthesis to application. This valuable resource fills the current gap in book publications on nanoenergetics, the energetic nanomaterials that are applied in explosives, gun and rocket propellants, and pyrotechnic devices, which are expected to yield improved properties, such as a lower vulnerability towards shock initiation, enhanced blast, and environmentally friendly replacements of currently used materials. The current lack of a systematic and easily available book in this field has resulted in an underestimation of the input of nanoenergetic materials to modern technologies. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers in academia, industry, and research institutes dealing with the production and characterization of energetic materials all over the world. Written by high-level experts in the field of nanoenergetics Covers the hot topic of energetic nanomaterials, including nanometals and their applications in nanoexplosives Fills a gap in energetic nanomaterials book publications

Al based Energetic Nano Materials

Al based Energetic Nano Materials Book
Author : Carole Rossi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 184821717X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades, the rapid development of nanochemistry and nanotechnology has enabled the synthesis of various materials and oxides in the form of nanopowders, making it possible to produce new energetic compositions and nanomaterials. This book has a bottom-up structure, moving from the synthesis of nanomaterials through to the fields of application. Starting from the synthesis of aluminum nanoparticles for fuel applications, the author provides a detailed state of the art of the different methods for the preparation of aluminum-based reactive nanomaterials. She then goes on to describe the techniques developed for their characterization and provides a description of the fundamental mechanisms responsible for their ignition and combustion. The possibilities and limitations of different energetic nanomaterials and related structures are also provided,along with the analysis of their chemical and thermal properties. The book proceeds by studying the performances of reactive materials in terms of the enthalpy of reaction and reactivity, mainly characterized as the self-sustained combustion rate, before concluding with a description of current reactive nanomaterial applications underlying the promising integration of aluminum-based reactive nanomaterials into MicroElectroMechanicalSystems.

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems Book
Author : Qi-Long Yan,Guo-Qiang He,Pei-Jin Liu,Michael Gozin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-16
ISBN : 0128139099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems covers the fundamentals of nanomaterials and examines a wide range of innovative applications, presenting the current state-of-the-art in the field. Opening with a chapter on nano-sized energetic materials, the book examines metal nanoparticles-based fuels, ballistic modifiers, stabilizers and catalysts as the components of rocket propellants. Hydrogen storage materials for rocket propulsion based on nanotubes are then discussed, as are nano-porous materials and metal organic frameworks, nano-gelled propellants, nano-composite ablators and ceramic nano-composites. Other applications examined include high thermal conductivity metallic nano-composite nozzle liners, nano-emitters for Coulomb propulsion of space-crafts, and highly thermostable nano-ceramics for rocket motors. The book finishes with coverage of combustion of nano-sized rocket fuels, nano-particles and their combustion in micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS), plasma propulsion and nano-scale physics. Users will find this to be a valuable resource for academic and government institutions, professionals, new researchers and graduate students working in the application of nanomaterials in the aerospace industry. Provides a detailed overview of different types of nanomaterials used in rocket propulsion, highlighting different situations in which different materials are used Demonstrates the use of new nanomaterial concepts, allowing for an increase in payload capacity or a decrease in launch mass Explores a range of applications using metal nanopowders, presenting a panorama on cutting-edge, technological developments

Synthesis Characterization and Properties of Energetic reactive Nanomaterials

Synthesis  Characterization and Properties of Energetic reactive Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ronald D. Armstrong
Publisher :
Release : 2004
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advent of nanomaterials has introduced a new dimension in applications of energetic and reactive materials. A fundamental understanding of their synthesis mechanisms, atomic- and molecular-scale structural characteristics, and an evaluation of properties combined with modeling of the limits to those properties are required to realize the full potential of energetic and reactive nanomaterials. Many techniques have been recently developed that make it possible to exploit the benefits of the "nano" structure and design materials with desired energy release rates and energy densities, while they also improve their safety, reliability and load-bearing capability. Advances in modeling and characterization have made it possible to determine mechanisms controlling the thermal, chemical and mechanical behavior of nanomaterials. This volume brings together researchers from around the world to assess fundamental studies on synthesis, characterization of structure, and evaluation of properties of energetic/reactive nanomaterials. Applications such as new propellant formulations, underwater detonation developments, biomedical research, and combustion of nanolayered metal films for cladding materials are featured. Topics include: applications and toxicology; synthesis; characterization; characterization and theory; theory and modeling; and general discussion.

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems Book
Author : Bogdan Baranowski,Svetlana Zaginaichenko,Dmitry Schur,Valeriy Skorokhod,Ayfer Veziroglu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-20
ISBN : 1402088973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Aerogels Handbook

Aerogels Handbook Book
Author : Michel Andre Aegerter,Nicholas Leventis,Matthias M. Koebel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-10
ISBN : 9781441975898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries in Guinness World Records. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systems involving polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applications for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production and storage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recovery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The Aerogels Handbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels, including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and their possible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspects, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercial products, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: •Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field •Appeals to a broad audience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academic research and industrial R&D •Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels •Describes military, aerospace, building industry, household, environmental, energy, and biomedical applications among others

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials Book
Author : T. Nejat Veziroglu,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,Dmitry V. Schur,Bogdan Baranowski,Anatoliy P. Shpak,Valeriy V. Skorokhod,Ayfer Kale
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-16
ISBN : 1402055145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers the various advanced hydrogen materials and technologies of their synthesis. It presents the consideration of the physics, chemistry, thermodynamics and kinetics of processes of energy conversion, which occur at hydrogen production, storage, transportation and with its use. It also discusses the pioneering attempts to transform motor transport, airplanes, domestic technics, illumination and industrial manufacture of hydrogen fuel.

Nano Energetic Materials

Nano Energetic Materials Book
Author : Shantanu Bhattacharya,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,T. Rajagopalan,Vinay K. Patel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 981133269X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on the area of nano-energetic materials, their synthesis, fabrication, patterning, application and integration with various MEMS systems and platforms. Keeping in mind the applications for this field in aerospace and defense sectors, the articles in this volume contain contributions by leading researchers in the field, who discuss the current challenges and future perspectives. This volume will be of use to researchers working on various applications of high-energy research.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : K.T. Ramesh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-12
ISBN : 038709783X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book grew out of my desire to understand the mechanics of nanomaterials, and to be able to rationalize in my own mind the variety of topics on which the people around me were doing research at the time. The ?eld of nanomaterials has been growing rapidly since the early 1990s. I- tially, the ?eld was populated mostly by researchers working in the ?elds of synt- sis and processing. These scientists were able to make new materials much faster than the rest of us could develop ways of looking at them (or understanding them). However, a con?uence of interests and capabilities in the 1990s led to the exp- sive growth of papers in the characterization and modeling parts of the ?eld. That con?uence came from three primary directions: the rapid growth in our ability to make nanomaterials, a relatively newfound ability to characterize the nanomate- als at the appropriate length and time scales, and the rapid growth in our ability to model nanomaterials at atomistic and molecular scales. Simultaneously, the commercial potential of nanotechnology has become app- ent to most high-technology industries, as well as to some industries that are tra- tionally not viewed as high-technology (such as textiles). Much of the rapid growth came through the inventions of physicists and chemists who were able to develop nanotechnology products (nanomaterials) through a dizzying array of routes, and who began to interface directly with biological entities at the nanometer scale. That growth continues unabated.

Nanothermites

Nanothermites Book
Author : Eric Lafontaine,Marc Comet
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-25
ISBN : 1848218370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent introduction of the “nano” dimension to pyrotechnics has made it possible to develop a new family of highly reactive substances: nanothermites. These have a chemical composition that is comparable to that of thermites at submillimeter or micrometric granulometry, but with a morphology having a much increased degree of homogeneity. This book discusses the methods of preparation of these energetic nanomaterials, their specific properties, and the different safety aspects inherent in their manipulation.

Nanomaterials and Surface Engineering

Nanomaterials and Surface Engineering Book
Author : Jamal Takadoum
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 1118618610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a wide range of topics that address the main areas of interest to scientists, engineers, and students concerned with the synthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials. Development techniques, properties, and examples of industrial applications are all widely represented as they apply to various nanostructured materials including nanocomposites and multilayered nanometric coatings. It is recommended to anyone working in the field of nanomaterials, especially in connection with the functionalization and engineering of surfaces.

Design and Applications of Nanomaterials for Sensors

Design and Applications of Nanomaterials for Sensors Book
Author : Jorge M. Seminario
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9401788480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Applications of Nano materials for Sensors begins with an introductory contribution by the editors that: gives an overview of the present state of computational and theoretical methods for nanotechnology; outlines hot topics in this field and points to expected developments in the near future. This general introduction is followed by 15-30 review chapters by invited experts who have substantially contributed to the recent developments of nano materials for sensors. Guided by molecular and quantum theories, this contributed volume gives a broad picture of the current and past advances that were necessary to develop nano sensors using nano materials. To illustrate the important and relevant applications of nano materials, Design and Applications of Nano materials for Sensors focuses on recent advances that extend the scope of possible applications of the theory, improve the accuracy with respect to experimentation and reduce the cost of these calculations. This volume also features new applications of theoretical chemistry methods to problems of recent general interest in nanotechnology whereby large computational experiments are now necessary.

Clusters and Nanomaterials

Clusters and Nanomaterials Book
Author : Y. Kawazoe,Kaoru Ohno,T. Kondow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9783540418054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesizing specific clusters as a component of useful nanostructures or controlling them as an assembly of nanocomposites is the ultimate aim. In order to understand how to synthesize individual clusters or to investigate its properties, a variety of first-principles and empirical calculations and related computer simulations have been performed alongside numerous experiments.

Metal Nanopowders

Metal Nanopowders Book
Author : Alexander A. Gromov,Ulrich Teipel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 3527333614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written with both postgraduate students and researchers in academia and industry in mind, this reference covers the chemistry behind metal nanopowders, including production, characterization, oxidation and combustion. The contributions from renowned international scientists working in the field detail applications in technologies, scale-up processes and safety aspects surrounding handling and storage, showing how versatile these materials can be. Contains a Foreword by Prof. Dr.-Ing. George Manelis, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Science, Chernogolovka, Russia and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hiltmar Schubert, Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany.

Energetic Materials

Energetic Materials Book
Author : Manoj K. Shukla,Veera M. Boddu,Jeffery A. Steevens,Reddy Damavarapu,Jerzy Leszczynski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-09
ISBN : 3319592084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive account of energetic materials, including their synthesis, computational modeling, applications, associated degradation mechanisms, environmental consequences and fate and transport. This multi-author contributed volume describes how armed forces around the world are moving their attention from legacy explosive compounds, which are heat and shock sensitive (thus posing greater challenges in terms of handling and storage), to the insensitive munitions compounds/formulations such as insensitive munitions explosive (IMX) and the Picatinny Arsenal Explosive (PAX) series of compounds. The description of energetic materials focuses on explosives, pyrotechnic compositions, and propellants. The contributors go on to explain how modern generation energetic compounds must be insensitive to shock and heat but at the same time yield more energy upon explosion. Nanoinspired and/or co-crystallized energetic materials offer another route to generate next-generation energetic materials, and this authoritative book bridges a large gap in the literature by providing a comprehensive analysis of these compounds. Additionally, it includes a valuable overview of energetic materials, a detailed discussion of recent advances on future energetic compounds, nanotechnology in energetic materials, environmental contamination and toxicity, assessment of munitions lethality, the application quantitative structure–activity relationship (QSAR) in design of energetics and the fate and transport of munition compounds in the environment.

IWNMS 2004

IWNMS 2004 Book
Author : D.R.S. Somayajulu,K.-P. Lieb
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-12
ISBN : 3540291946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the Baroda Workshop on Nanomaterials, Magnetic Ions and Magnetic Semiconductors studied mostly by Hyperfine Interactions (IWNMS 2004), held in Baroda, India, 10-14 February, 2004. Researchers and graduate students interested in the application of hyperfine interaction techniques, mostly Mössbauer Effect and Perturbed Angular Correlations, to the fast developing fields of magnetic nanomaterials, magnetic ions and magnetic semiconductors will find this volume indispensable. The volume also addresses to the application of synchrotron radiation and ion beams to these systems.