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Emulsions

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Emulsions

Emulsions Book
Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-13
ISBN : 0128043776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emulsions, the third volume of the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, is an invaluable resource for anyone in the food industry who needs the most recent information about scientific advances in nanotechnology on this topic. This volume focuses on basic and advanced knowledge about nanoemulsion, and presents an overview of the production methods, materials (solvents, emulsifiers, and functional ingredients), and current analytical techniques that can be used for the identification and characterization of nanoemulsions. The book also discusses the applications of nanoemulsion with special emphasis on systems suitable for utilization within the food industry. This book is useful to a wide audience of food science research professionals and students who are doing research in this field, as well as others interested in recent nanotechnological progress worldwide. Presents fundamentals of nanoemulsions, methods of preparation (high-energy and low-energy techniques), and applications in the food industry Includes research studies of nanoemulsification technology to improve bioavailability of food ingredients and research analysis Offers benefits and methods of risk assessment to ensure food safety Presents cutting-edge encapsulating systems to improve the quality of functional compounds Provides a variety of methods, such as high-shear stirring, high-pressure homogenizers, self-emulsification, phase transitions and phase-inversion, to further research in this field

Encyclopedic Handbook of Emulsion Technology

Encyclopedic Handbook of Emulsion Technology Book
Author : Johan Sjoblom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-03-16
ISBN : 9781420029581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of fundamental characteristics, theories and applications for liquid-liquid colloidal dispersions. It profiles experimental and traditional measurement techniques in a variety of emulsified systems, including rheology, nuclear magnetic resonance, dielectric spectroscopy, microcalorimetry, video enhanced microscopy, and conductivity.

Food Emulsions

Food Emulsions Book
Author : David Julian McClements
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-21
ISBN : 1498726690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing the mission of the first two editions, Food Emulsions: Principles, Practices, and Techniques, Third Edition covers the fundamentals of emulsion science and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied to control the appearance, stability, and texture of emulsion-based foods. Initially developed to fill the need for a single resource co

Emulsions Microemulsions and Foams

Emulsions  Microemulsions and Foams Book
Author : Dominique Langevin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 3030556816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book takes an interface science approach to describe and understand the behavior of the dispersions we call emulsions, microemulsions and foams. The one thing all these dispersions have in common is the presence of surface-active species (surfactants) adsorbed at the interfaces between the two fluid phases that make up the emulsions, microemulsions or foams. The interfacial layers formed by the surfactants control most of the properties of the dispersions. The book describes the properties of interfacial layers, thin films and bulk fluids used in the elaboration of the various dispersions and it explains how such properties relate to the dispersion properties of these soft matter systems: structure, rheology and stability. These dispersion properties are far from being fully understood, in particular foam and emulsion stability. In discussing the state of the art of the current knowledge, the author draws interesting parallels between emulsions, microemulsions and foams that enlighten the interpretation of previous observations and point to a deeper understanding of the behavior of these materials in the future.

Multiple Emulsion

Multiple Emulsion Book
Author : Abraham Aserin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-01-28
ISBN : 9780470209257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Comprehensive, Single-Source Reference on Multiple Emulsions In theory, multiple emulsions have significant potential for breakthrough applications in food, agricultural, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and cosmetic industries in which they can facilitate the sustained release and transport of active material. However, in practice, multiple emulsions are thermodynamically unstable. This book presents recent findings that can help formulators understand how to enhance their stability. With chapters contributed by leading experts from around the world, it covers the definition and properties of multiple emulsions, their formation and stability, and potential applications, with an emphasis on medical and pharmaceutical applications. In one definitive resource, it presents recent findings and achievements in the field, including: New theoretical approaches and modeling to characterize the transport mechanism Droplet size reduction and increased shelf life stability through the use of polymeric amphiphiles and complex adducts The use of new emulsification techniques to enhance the monodispersibility of the droplets Potential applications in drug delivery systems where clinical studies have proven their efficacy This is a core, hands-on reference for surface and colloid scientists, physical chemists, chemical engineers, soft materials scientists, food chemists, controlled release scientists, and pharmaceutical scientists in drug delivery applications, as well as for graduate students in these disciplines. The editor and contributors hope this logical consolidation of current information will further the understanding of multiple emulsions and lead to new, practical applications.

Emulsion Formation and Stability

Emulsion Formation and Stability Book
Author : Tharwat F. Tadros
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-06-04
ISBN : 3527647961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of emulsification techniques, their use in the production of nanoparticles for biomedical applications as well as application of rheological techniques for studying the interaction between the emulsion droplets is gathered in this reference work. Written by some of the top scientists within their respective fields, this book covers such topics as emulsions, nano-emulsions, nano-dispersions and novel techniques for their investigation. It also considers the fundamental approach in areas such as controlled release, drug delivery and various applications of nanotechnology.

Treating Oilfield Emulsions

Treating Oilfield Emulsions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : University of Texas at Austin Petroleum
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers emulsion theory, treating methods, treating equipment, cost control, and conservation of fuel and light ends. Also presents sampling and testing methods for S&W content and detailed instructions for bottle testing. Incorporated into the manual is a student guide and workbook. A set of questions ensures a thorough understanding of the concepts presented.

Theory and Practice of Emulsion Technology

Theory and Practice of Emulsion Technology Book
Author : A.L. Smith
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323154379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Theory and Practice of Emulsion Technology covers the proceedings of the Theory and Practice of Emulsion Technology Symposium, held at Brunel University on September 16-18, 1974. This book is organized into four sessions encompassing 19 chapters. The opening session deals with the emulsification process and emulsion polymerization, as well as the adsorption behavior of polyelectrolyte-stabilized emulsions. The following session examines the rheological properties, stability, and fluid mechanics of emulsions. This session also looks into the role of protein conformation and crude oil-water interfacial properties in emulsion stability. The third session highlights the preparation, formation, properties, and application of bitumen emulsions. The concluding session describes the process of spontaneous emulsification; the steric emulsion stabilization; the interfacial measurements of oil-in-water emulsions; and the influence of the disperse phase on emulsion stability. This book will be of value to chemists, chemical and process engineers, and researchers.

Practical Emulsions Materials and equipment

Practical Emulsions  Materials and equipment Book
Author : Harry Bennett,Jack L. Bishop,Max Fred Wulfinghoff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Practical Emulsions Materials and equipment book written by Harry Bennett,Jack L. Bishop,Max Fred Wulfinghoff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emulsion based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds

Emulsion based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds Book
Author : Shahin Roohinejad,Ralf Greiner,Indrawati Oey,Jingyuan Wen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 1119247144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive text that offers a review of the delivery of food active compounds through emulsion-based systems Emulsion-based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds is a comprehensive recourse that reviews the principles of emulsion-based systems formation, examines their characterization and explores their effective application as carriers for delivery of food active ingredients. The text also includes information on emulsion-based systems in regards to digestibility and health and safety challenges for use in food systems. Each chapter reviews specific emulsion-based systems (Pickering, multiple, multilayered, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers and more) and explains their application for delivery of food active compounds used in food systems. In addition, the authors – noted experts in the field – review the biological fate, bioavailability and the health and safety challenges of using emulsion-based systems as carriers for delivery of food active compounds in food systems. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive text that includes detailed coverage of emulsion-based systems for the delivery of food active compounds Presents the most recent development in emulsion-based systems that are among the most widely-used delivery systems developed to control the release of food active compounds Includes a guide for industrial applications for example food and drug delivery is a key concern for the food and pharmaceutical industries Emulsion-based Systems for Delivery of Food Active Compounds is designed for food scientists as well as those working in the food, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical and beverage industries. The text offers a comprehensive review of the essential elements of emulsion-based systems for delivery of food active compounds.

Studies on the Development Preparation Properties and Applications of Wax Emulsions for Coating Nursery Stock and Other Plant Materials

Studies on the Development  Preparation  Properties and Applications of Wax Emulsions for Coating Nursery Stock and Other Plant Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1950
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies on the Development Preparation Properties and Applications of Wax Emulsions for Coating Nursery Stock and Other Plant Materials book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emulsion Science

Emulsion Science Book
Author : Jerôme Bibette,Fernando Leal-Calderon,Véronique Schmitt,Philippe Poulin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-07-01
ISBN : 3540708200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emulsions occur either as end products or during the processing of products in a huge range of areas including the food, agrochemical, pharmaceuticals, paints and oil industries. As end products, emulsions allow to avoid organic solvent in processing hydrophobic coatings. Emulsion technology is a suitable approach to vehicle viscous phases. It is also a remarkable mean of targeting actives or capturing specific species. The range of applications of emulsions progresses and their manufacturing becomes more and more sophisticated. Besides this broad domain of technological interest, emulsions are raising a variety of fundamental questions at the frontier between physic and chem istry. Indeed, as a class of soft colloidal materials, emulsions science is linked to various aspects of these disciplines: phase transitions, surface forces and wetting, metastability and hydrodynamic instabilities, mechanical properties and flow. The aim of this book is to review the main important concepts governing emulsion science. In Chapter 2, repulsive interactions between liquid films are discussed as well as adhesive interaction related to wetting. In Chap ter 3, consequences of weak and strong attractions are presented, related to the well accepted liquid solid transition analogy. In Chapter 4, the basics of both bulk compressibility and shear elasticity are presented, the role of disorder being the most important aspect of the elastic behavior of these soft systems. In Chapter 5 the central question of the emulsion lifetime related to metastability is discussed.

Concentrated Emulsion Polymerization

Concentrated Emulsion Polymerization Book
Author : Eli Ruckenstein,Hangquan Li,Chong Cheng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-03-29
ISBN : 0429649045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprising one volume of Functional and Modified Polymeric Materials, Two-Volume Set, this curated collection of papers by Professor Eli Ruckenstein and co-workers discusses the merits of concentrated emulsion polymerization systems, as well as their ability to yield a broad variety of products with high synthetic efficiency. Comprised of carefully curated chapters previously published by these pioneering scientists in the field, this volume offers a comprehensive view of the subject and presents functional and modified polymeric materials prepared by concentrated emulsion polymerization approaches. It covers conductive polymer composites, core-shell latex particles, enzyme/catalyst carriers, and plastics toughening and compatibilization polymerization. The authors have performed seminal studies on the preparation of functional and modified polymeric materials via concentrated emulsion polymerization. The corresponding research papers, after further selection and classification, are collected in the four chapters of this book.

Emulsions

Emulsions Book
Author : Tharwat F. Tadros
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2016-03-21
ISBN : 3110452243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chapter 1 General Introduction Definition of emulsions and the role of the emulsifier. Classification based on the nature of the emulsifier. Classification based on the structure of the system. General instability problems with emulsions : creaming/sedimentation, flocculation, Ostwald ripening, coalescence and phase inversion. Importance of emulsions in various industrial applications. Chapter 2 Thermodynamics of Emulsion Formation and Breakdown Application of the second law of thermodynamics for emulsion formation : Balance of energy and entropy and non-spontaneous formation of emulsions. Breakdown of the emulsion by flocculation and coalescence in the absence of an emulsifier. Role of the emulsifier in preventing flocculation and coalescence by creating an energy barrier resulting from the repulsive energies between the droplets. Chapter 3 Interaction Forces between Emulsion Droplets Van der Waals attraction and its dependence on droplet size, Hamaker constant and separation distance between the droplets. Electrostatic repulsion resulting from the presence of electrical double layers and its dependence on surface (or zeta) potential and electrolyte concentration and valency. Combination of the van der Waals attraction with double layer repulsion and the theory of colloid stability. Steric repulsion resulting from the presence of adsorbed non-ionic surfactants and polymers. Combination of van der Waals attraction with steric repulsion and the theory of steric stabilisation. Chapter 4 Adsorption of Surfactants at the Oil/Water Interface Thermodynamic analysis of surfactant adsorption and the Gibbs adsorption isotherm. Calculation of the amount of surfactant adsorption and area per surfactant molecule at the interface. Experimental techniques for measuring the interfacial tension. Chapter 5 Mechanism of Emulsification and the Role of the Emulsifier Description of the factors responsible for droplet deformation and its break-up. Role of surfactant in preventing coalescence during emulsification. Definition of the Gibbs dilational elasticity and the Marangoni effect in preventing coalescence. Chapter 6 Methods of Emulsification Pipe flow, static mixers and high speed stirrers (rotor-stator mixer). Laminar and turbulent flow. Membrane emulsification. High pressure homogenisers and ultrasonic methods. Chapter 7 Selection of Emulsifiers The hydrophilic-lipophilic-balance (HLB) and its application in surfactant selection. Calculation of HLB numbers and the effect of the nature of the oil phase. The phase inversion temperature (PIT) method for emulsifier selection. The cohesive energy ratio method for emulsifier selection. Chapter 8 Creaming/Sedimentation of Emulsions and its prevention Driving force for creaming/sedimentation: effect of gravity, droplet size and density difference between the oil and continuous phase. Calculation of the rate of creaming/sedimentation in dilute emulsions. Influence of increase of the volume fraction of the disperse phase on the rate of creaming/sedimentation. Reduction of creaming/sedimentation: Balance of the density of the two phases, reduction of droplet size and effect of addition of ''thickeners'. Chapter 9 Flocculation of Emulsions and its Prevention Factors affecting flocculation. Calculation of fast and slow flocculation rate. Definition of stability ratio and its dependence on electrolyte concentration and valency. Definition of the critical coagulation concentration and its dependence on electrolyte valency. Reduction of flocculation by enhancing the repulsive forces. Chapter 10 Ostwald Ripening and its Reduction Factors responsible for Ostwald ripening : difference in solubility between small and large droplets and the Kelvin equation. Calculation of the rate of Ostwald ripening. Reduction of Ostwald ripening by incorporation of a small amount of highly insoluble oil. Reduction of Ostwald ripening by the use of strongly adsorbed polymeric surfactant and enhancement of the Gibbs elasticity. Chapter 11 Emulsion Coalescence and its Prevention Driving force for emulsion coalescence : Thinning and disruption of the liquid film between the droplets. The concept of disjoining pressure for prevention of coalescence. Methods for reduction or elimination of coalescence : Use of mixed surfactant films, use of lamellar liquid crystalline phases and use of polymeric surfactants. Chapter 12 Phase Inversion and its Prevention Distinction between catastrophic and transient phase inversion. Influence of the disperse volume fraction and surfactant HLB number. Explanation of the factors responsible for phase inversion. Chapter 13 Characterisation of Emulsions Measurement of droplet size distribution : Optical microscopy and image analysis. Phase contrast and polarising microscopyDiffraction methods. Confocal laser microscopy. Back scattering methods Chapter 14 Industrial Application of Emulsions 14.1 Application in Pharmacy 14.2 Application in Cosmetics 14.3 Application in Agrochemicals 14.4 Application in Paints 14.5 Application in the Oil Industry

Particle Stabilized Emulsions and Colloids

Particle Stabilized Emulsions and Colloids Book
Author : To Ngai,Stefan A. F. Bon
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-11-13
ISBN : 1782620141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been much scientific interest in the behaviour of colloidal particles at liquid interfaces. From a research aspect they provide model systems for fundamental studies of condensed matter physics. From a commercial aspect they provide applications for making new materials in the cosmetics, food and paint industries. In many cases of colloidal particles at interfaces, the mechanism of particle interactions is still unknown. Particle-Stabilized Emulsions and Colloids looks at recent studies on the behaviour of particles at liquid interfaces. The book first introduces the basic concepts and principles of colloidal particles at liquid-liquid interfaces including the interactions and conformations. The book then discusses the latest advances in emulsions and bicontinuous emulsions stabilized by both solid and soft particles and finally the book covers applications in food science and oil extraction. With contributions from leading experts in these fields, this book will provide a background to academic researchers, engineers, and graduate students in chemistry, physics and materials science. The commercial aspects will also be of interest to those working in the cosmetics, food and oil industry.

Food Colloids

Food Colloids Book
Author : Eric Dickinson,Reinhard Miller,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780854048502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Food Colloids: Fundamentals of Formulation" describes the physico-chemical principles underlying the formulation of multi-component, multi-phase food systems. Emphasis is placed on the interfacial properties of proteins and the role of protein interactions in determining the properties of emulsions, dispersions, gels and foams. The coverage includes authoritative overviews of conceptual issues as well as descriptions of new experimental techniques and recent food colloids research findings. Specific topics include atomic force microscopy, aggregation phenomena, coalescence mechanisms, crystallization processes, surface rheology, protein-lipid interactions and mixed biopooymer systems. This book provides essential new material for those active in the field and is suitable for postgraduates and researchers, both in industry and academia.

Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment

Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment Book
Author : Maurice Stewart,Ken Arnold
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-12-30
ISBN : 9780080559025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problem of removing water which is emulsified with produced oil has grown more widespread and often times more difficult as producers attempt to access more difficult reserves. This practical guide is designed to help engineers and operators develop a "feel" for selection, sizing, and troubleshooting emulsion equipment. These skills are of vital importance to ensure low operating costs and to meet crude export quality specifications. The book is written for engineers and operators, who need advanced knowledge of the numerous techniques and the equipment used to destabilize and resolve petroleum emulsions problems. In Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment: Selection, Sizing and Troubleshooting the author provides engineers and operators with a guide to understanding emulsion theory, methods and equipment, and practical design of a treating system. Comprehensive in its scope, the author explains methods such as: demulsifiers, temperature, electrostatics and non-traditional methods of modulated or pulsed voltage control, as well as equipment such as: electrostatic treater (dehydrator), separator, gunbarr heater-treater and free water knockout. Written in a "how to" format, it brings together hundreds of methods, handy formulas, diagrams and tables in one convenient book. Detailed coverage emulsion equipment and removal methods Tips for selecting, sizing, and operating emulsion equipment Overview of emulsion theory and factors affecting treatment methods Packed with equipment diagrams, worked out calculations covers equipment and removal methods

Food Emulsions

Food Emulsions Book
Author : Stig Friberg,Kare Larsson,Johan Sjoblom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-11-04
ISBN : 0203913221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Upholding the standards that made previous editions so popular, this reference focuses on current strategies to analyze the functionality and performance of food emulsions and explores recent developments in emulsion science that have advanced food research and development. Written by leading specialists in the field, the Fourth Edition probes the

Emulsions Structure Stability and Interactions

Emulsions  Structure  Stability and Interactions Book
Author : Dimiter N. Petsev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-14
ISBN : 9780080472652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emulsions: Structure, Stability and Interactions is the perfect handbook for scientists looking to obtain up-to-date knowledge about the fundamentals of emulsion science, and those looking to familiarize themselves with the subject in greater detail. As a ‘stand-alone’ source of information, it is also ideal for solving the practical issues encountered daily in the field of emulsion science. While each chapter presents a concise review on a specific topic, the book offers a consistent presentation of the important physical concepts relevant to emulsions. Some of the topics covered include statistical mechanics of fluid interfaces, the structure of fluid interfaces determined by neutron scattering, hydrodynamic interactions and stability of emulsion films, theory of emulsion flocculation, coalescence kinetics of Brownian emulsions, and Brownian dynamics simulation of emulsion stability. Full and comprehensive presentations Rigorous approach to each topic, providing in-depth information Acts as a 'stand-alone' source of information

Emulsions and Emulsion Stability

Emulsions and Emulsion Stability Book
Author : Johan Sjoblom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-21
ISBN : 1420028081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emulsions and Emulsion Stability, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and practical aspects of emulsions. The book presents fundamental concepts and processes in emulsified systems, such as flocculation, coalescence, stability, precipitation, deposition, and the evolution of droplet size distribution. The bo