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Emerging Voices In Natural Hazards Research

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Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research Book
Author : Fernando I. Rivera
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 0128162651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research provides a synthesis of the most pressing issues in natural hazards research by new professionals. The book begins with an overview of emerging research on natural hazards, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, sea-level rise, global warming, climate change, and tornadoes, among others. Remaining sections include topics such as socially vulnerable populations and the cycles of emergency management. Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research is intended to serve as a consolidated resource for academics, students, and researchers to learn about the most pressing issues in natural hazard research today. Provides a platform for readers to keep up-to-date with the interdisciplinary research that new professionals are producing Covers the multidisciplinary perspectives of the hazards and disasters field Includes international perspectives from new professionals around the world, including developing countries

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-05-28
ISBN : 1107380103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

The Environment as Hazard

The Environment as Hazard Book
Author : Ian Burton
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 1993-04-09
ISBN : 9780898621594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Environment as Hazard offers an understanding of how people around the world deal with dramatic fluctuations in the local natural systems of air, water, and terrain. Reviewing recent theoretical and methodological changes in the investigation of natural hazards, the authors describe how research findings are being incorporated into public policy, particularly research on slow cumulative events, technological hazards, the role played by social systems, and the relation of hazards theory to risk analysis. Through vivid examples from a broad sample of countries, this volume illuminates the range of experiences associated with natural hazards. The authors show how modes of coping change with levels of economic development by contrasting hazards in developing countries with those in high income countries - comparing the results of hurricanes in Bangladesh and the United States, and earthquakes in Nicaragua and California. In new introductory and concluding chapters that supplement the original text, the authors present new global data sets, as well as a trenchant discussion of implications of hazards research for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and for attempts by the world community to come to grips with the threats of climate change.

Disaster Prevention

Disaster Prevention Book
Author : Kelman Ilan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 1317423070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading editors have curated collections of important Routledge research in ebook form to share recommended paths to understanding cutting-edge topics. In this book Ilan Kelman presents his guide to the must-read research on the subject of Disaster Prevention.

A Decade of Disaster Experiences in tautahi Christchurch

A Decade of Disaster Experiences in   tautahi Christchurch Book
Author : Shinya Uekusa,Steve Matthewman,Bruce C. Glavovic
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release : 2022-03-16
ISBN : 9789811668623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book critically surveys a decade of disasters in Ōtautahi Christchurch. It brings together a diverse range of authors, disciplinary approaches and topics, to reckon with the events that commenced with the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Each contribution tackles its subject matter through the frame of Critical Disaster Studies (CDS). The events and the subsequent recovery provide a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to learn from a series of concatenating urban disasters in order to prepare us for our future on an urban planet facing unprecedented environmental pressures. The book focuses on the production of vulnerability, the human dimensions of disaster, the Indigenous response to disasters and the practical lessons that can be drawn from them.

A Safer Future

A Safer Future Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1991-02-01
ISBN : 0309045460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Acts of God

Acts of God Book
Author : Ted Steinberg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-07-20
ISBN : 9780199838912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the waters of the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain began to pour into New Orleans, people began asking the big question--could any of this have been avoided? How much of the damage from Hurricane Katrina was bad luck, and how much was poor city planning? Steinberg's Acts of God is a provocative history of natural disasters in the United States. This revised edition features a new chapter analyzing the failed response to Hurricane Katrina, a disaster Steinberg warned could happen when the book first was published. Focusing on America's worst natural disasters, Steinberg argues that it is wrong to see these tragedies as random outbursts of nature's violence or expressions of divine judgment. He reveals how the decisions of business leaders and government officials have paved the way for the greater losses of life and property, especially among those least able to withstand such blows--America's poor, elderly, and minorities. Seeing nature or God as the primary culprit, Steinberg explains, has helped to hide the fact that some Americans are simply better able to protect themselves from the violence of nature than others. In the face of revelations about how the federal government mishandled the Katrina calamity, this book is a must-read before further wind and water sweep away more lives. Acts of God is a call to action that needs desperately to be heard.

Natural Hazards and Disaster Justice

Natural Hazards and Disaster Justice Book
Author : Anna Lukasiewicz,Claudia Baldwin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-24
ISBN : 9811504660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores policy, legal, and practice implications regarding the emerging field of disaster justice, using case studies of floods, bushfires, heatwaves, and earthquakes in Australia and Southern and South-east Asia. It reveals geographic locational and social disadvantage and structural inequities that lead to increased risk and vulnerability to disaster, and which impact ability to recover post-disaster. Written by multidisciplinary disaster researchers, the book addresses all stages of the disaster management cycle, demonstrating or recommending just approaches to preparation, response and recovery. It notably reveals how procedural, distributional and interactional aspects of justice enhance resilience, and offers a cutting edge analysis of disaster justice for managers, policy makers, researchers in justice, climate change or emergency management.

Voices and Books in the English Renaissance

Voices and Books in the English Renaissance Book
Author : Jennifer Richards
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-10-24
ISBN : 0192536702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Voices and Books in the English Renaissance offers a new history of reading that focuses on the oral reader and the voice- or performance-aware silent reader, rather than the historical reader, who is invariably male, silent, and alone. It recovers the vocality of education for boys and girls in Renaissance England, and the importance of training in pronuntiatio (delivery) for oral-aural literary culture. It offers the first attempt to recover the voice—and tones of voice especially—from textual sources. It explores what happens when we bring voice to text, how vocal tone realizes or changes textual meaning, and how the literary writers of the past tried to represent their own and others' voices, as well as manage and exploit their readers' voices. The volume offers fresh readings of key Tudor authors who anticipated oral readers including Anne Askew, William Baldwin, and Thomas Nashe. It rethinks what a printed book can be by searching the printed page for vocal cues and exploring the neglected role of the voice in the printing process. Renaissance printed books have often been misheard and a preoccupation with their materiality has led to a focus on them as objects. However, Renaissance printed books are alive with possible voices, but we will not understand this while we focus on the silent reader.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards Book
Author : David Chapman
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the twentieth century, the disastrous effects of natural hazards have increased, reflecting the substantial growth in world population, the vulnerability of marginal groups, and the mismanagement of the environment. This book provides potential answers to the questions concerning natural disaster preparedness and management. It develops a conceptual model for understanding hazards and describes specific dangers within the framework of the model. A chapter is devoted to each of the hazards, and decisions and management strategies are outlined, emphasizing risk analysis and decision theory. Students and teachers of geography, agriculture, and environmental studies will find important information in this relevant book.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards Book
Author : Graham A. Tobin,Burrell E. Montz
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 1997-03-28
ISBN : 9781572300613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking stock of what is known about the geophysical and human aspects of natural hazards, this volume provides a cross-disciplinary framework for managing these often cataclysmic events. Unlike traditional texts that utilize a hazard-by-hazard approach, the book integrates perspectives from the physical and social sciences to identify and describe general principles that can enhance our understanding of the physical, social, technical, and economic forces inherent in extreme geophysical events. Focusing on the physical characteristics hazards share, such as magnitude, duration, and frequency, the authors consider individual and community perceptions of these events and explore the effects of different attitudes on behavior and response. In its pragmatic rethinking of hazards policy, the book brings to the fore political and economic factors and provides richly detailed examples of planning-based approaches to hazards management.

Inner Speech

Inner Speech Book
Author : Peter Langland-Hassan,Agustin Vicente
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2018-10-18
ISBN : 0198796641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inner speech lies at the chaotic intersection of several difficult questions in contemporary philosophy and psychology. On the one hand, these episodes are private mental events. On the other, they resemble speech acts of the sort used in interpersonal communication. Inner speech episodes seem to constitute or express sophisticated trains of conceptual thought but, at the same time, they are motoric in nature and draw on sensorimotor mechanisms for speech production and perception more generally. By using inner speech, we seem to both regulate our bodily actions and gain a unique kind of access to our own beliefs and desires. Inner Speech: New Voices explores this familiar and yet mysterious element of our daily lives, bringing together contributions from leading philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists. In response to renewed interest in the general connections between thought, language, and consciousness, these leading thinkers develop a number of important new theories, raise questions about the nature of inner speech and its cognitive functions, and debate the current controversies surrounding the 'little voice in the head.'

Hazards in a Fickle Environment Bangladesh

Hazards in a Fickle Environment  Bangladesh Book
Author : C.E. Haque
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-12-31
ISBN : 9780792348696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A holistic approach to the nature-society relationship and its connection to disasters in Bangladesh. Though rooted in the hard science of the Riverbank Erosion Impact Study carried out between 1984 and 1989, Haque (geography, Brandon U.) is also very concerned with other aspects of the problem such as the displacement, relocation and resettlement of disaster refugees, human coping responses to natural hazards, social class formation and vulnerability of the population, and public policy issues. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Taha Chaiechi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-16
ISBN : 0128174668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters explores how natural disasters affect sources of economic growth and development. Using theoretical econometrics and real-world data, and drawing on advances in climate change economics, the book shows scholars and researchers how to use various research methods and techniques to investigate and respond to natural disasters. No other book presents empirical frameworks for the evaluation of the quality of macroeconomic research practice with a focus on climate change and natural disasters. Because many of these subjects are so large, different regions of the world use different approaches, hence this resource presents tailored economic applications and evidence. Connects economic theories and empirical work in climate change to natural disaster research Shows how advances in climate change and natural disaster research can be implemented in micro- and macroeconomic simulation models Addresses structural changes in countries afflicted by climate change and natural disasters

Disaster Management

Disaster Management Book
Author : Alejandro López-Carresi,Maureen Fordham,Ben Wisner,Ilan Kelman,Jc Gaillard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 1136179771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a perennial gap between theory and practice, between academia and active professionals in the field of disaster management. This gap means that valuable lessons are not learned and people die or suffer as a result. This book opens a dialogue between theory and practice. It offers vital lessons to practitioners from scholarship on natural hazards, disaster risk management and reduction and developments studies, opening up new insights in accessible language with practical applications. It also offers to academics the insights of the enormous experience practitioners have accumulated, highlighting gaps in research and challenging assumptions and theories against the reality of experience. Disaster Management covers issues in all phases of the disaster cycle: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery. It also addresses cross-cutting issues including political, economic and social factors that influence differential vulnerability, and key areas of practice such as vulnerability mapping, early warning, infrastructure protection, emergency management, reconstruction, health care and education, and gender issues. The team of international authors combine their years of experience in research and the field to offer vital lessons for practitioners, academics and students alike.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Natural Hazards Unnatural Disasters

Natural Hazards  Unnatural Disasters Book
Author : United Nations
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0821380508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A combination of case studies, data on many scales, and application of economic principles...[this report] provides an understanding of the relative roles of the market, government intervention, and social institutions in determining and improving both the prevention and the response to hazardous occurrences."-Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobel Prize in Economics, 1972

The Vulnerability of Cities

The Vulnerability of Cities Book
Author : Mark Pelling
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 1136551468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.

Unbreakable

Unbreakable Book
Author : Stephane Hallegatte,Adrien Vogt-Schilb,Mook Bangalore,Julie Rozenberg
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2016-11-24
ISBN : 1464810044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Economic losses from natural disasters totaled $92 billion in 2015.' Such statements, all too commonplace, assess the severity of disasters by no other measure than the damage inflicted on buildings, infrastructure, and agricultural production. But $1 in losses does not mean the same thing to a rich person that it does to a poor person; the gravity of a $92 billion loss depends on who experiences it. By focusing on aggregate losses—the traditional approach to disaster risk—we restrict our consideration to how disasters affect those wealthy enough to have assets to lose in the first place, and largely ignore the plight of poor people. This report moves beyond asset and production losses and shifts its attention to how natural disasters affect people’s well-being. Disasters are far greater threats to well-being than traditional estimates suggest. This approach provides a more nuanced view of natural disasters than usual reporting, and a perspective that takes fuller account of poor people’s vulnerabilities. Poor people suffer only a fraction of economic losses caused by disasters, but they bear the brunt of their consequences. Understanding the disproportionate vulnerability of poor people also makes the case for setting new intervention priorities to lessen the impact of natural disasters on the world’s poor, such as expanding financial inclusion, disaster risk and health insurance, social protection and adaptive safety nets, contingent finance and reserve funds, and universal access to early warning systems. Efforts to reduce disaster risk and poverty go hand in hand. Because disasters impoverish so many, disaster risk management is inseparable from poverty reduction policy, and vice versa. As climate change magnifies natural hazards, and because protection infrastructure alone cannot eliminate risk, a more resilient population has never been more critical to breaking the cycle of disaster-induced poverty.

Environmental Hazards

Environmental Hazards Book
Author : Keith Smith
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780415122030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2nd edition of this acclaimed introductory text is extensively revised and updated to include important new global case studies and research. It examines all major rapid-onset events from both social and natural scientific viewpoints.