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Emerging Thermal Processes In The Food Industry

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Advances in Thermal and Non Thermal Food Preservation

Advances in Thermal and Non Thermal Food Preservation Book
Author : Gaurav Tewari,Vijay Juneja
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 0470276606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Thermal and Non-Thermal Food Preservation provides current, definitive and factual material written by experts on different thermal and non-thermal food preservation technologies. Emphasizing inactivation of microorganisms through the application of traditional as well as newer and novel techniques and their combinations, the book’s chapters cover: thermal food preservation techniques (e.g., retorting, UHT and aseptic processing), minimal thermal processing (e.g., sous-vide processing), and non-thermal food preservation techniques (e.g., high pressure processing and pulsed technologies). Editors Tewari and Juneja give special emphasis to the commercial aspects of non-conventional food preservation techniques. As the most comprehensive and contemporary resource of its kind, Advances in Thermal and Non-Thermal Food Preservation is the definitive standard in describing the inactivation of microorganisms through conventional and newer, more novel techniques.

Thermal Technologies in Food Processing

Thermal Technologies in Food Processing Book
Author : P Richardson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-04-24
ISBN : 1855736616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal technologies have long been at the heart of food processing. The application of heat is both an important method of preserving foods and a means of developing texture, flavour and colour. An essential issue for food manufacturers is the effective application of thermal technologies to achieve these objectives without damaging other desirable sensory and nutritional qualities in a food product. Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Thermal technologies in food processing addresses this major issue. Part one of the collection begins with reviews of conventional retort and continuous heat technologies. Part two then looks at the key issues of effective measurement and control in ensuring that a thermal process is effective whilst minimising any undesirable changes in a food. There are chapters on temperature and pressure measurement, validation of heat processes, modelling and simulation of thermal processes, and the measurement and control of changes in a food during thermal processing. The final part of the book looks at emerging thermal technologies which becoming more widely used in the food industry. There are chapters on radio frequency heating, microwave processing, infrared heating, instant and high-heat infusion, and ohmic heating A final chapter considers how thermal processing may be combined with high pressure processing in producing safe, minimally-processed food products. Thermal technologies in food processing provides food manufacturers and researchers with an authoritative review of thermal processing and food quality.

Food Processing Handbook

Food Processing Handbook Book
Author : James G. Brennan,Alistair S. Grandison
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-07
ISBN : 3527634371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the Food Processing Handbook presents a comprehensive review of technologies, procedures and innovations in food processing, stressing topics vital to the food industry today and pinpointing the trends in future research and development. Focusing on the technology involved, this handbook describes the principles and the equipment used as well as the changes - physical, chemical, microbiological and organoleptic - that occur during food preservation. In so doing, the text covers in detail such techniques as post-harvest handling, thermal processing, evaporation and dehydration, freezing, irradiation, high-pressure processing, emerging technologies and packaging. Separation and conversion operations widely used in the food industry are also covered as are the processes of baking, extrusion and frying. In addition, it addresses current concerns about the safety of processed foods (including HACCP systems, traceability and hygienic design of plant) and control of food processes, as well as the impact of processing on the environment, water and waste treatment, lean manufacturing and the roles of nanotechnology and fermentation in food processing. This two-volume set is a must-have for scientists and engineers involved in food manufacture, research and development in both industry and academia, as well as students of food-related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. From Reviews on the First Edition: "This work should become a standard text for students of food technology, and is worthy of a place on the bookshelf of anybody involved in the production of foods." Journal of Dairy Technology, August 2008 "This work will serve well as an excellent course resource or reference as it has well-written explanations for those new to the field and detailed equations for those needing greater depth." CHOICE, September 2006

Food Processing

Food Processing Book
Author : Kshirod Kumar Dash,Sourav Chakraborty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-06-28
ISBN : 1000377687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-thermal operations in food processing are an alternative to thermal operations and similarly aimed at retaining the quality and organoleptic properties of food products. This volume covers different non-thermal processing technologies such as high-pressure processing, ultrasound, ohmic heating, pulse electric field, pulse light, membrane processing, cryogenic freezing, nanofiltration, and cold plasma processing technologies. The book focuses both on fundamentals and on recent advances in non-thermal food processing technologies. It also provides information with the description and results of research into new emerging technologies for both the academy and industry. Key features: Presents engineering focus on non-thermal food processing technologies. Discusses sub-classification for recent trends and relevant industry information/examples. Different current research-oriented results are included as a key parameter. Covers high-pressure processing, pulse electric field, pulse light technology, irradiation, and ultrasonic techniques. Includes mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. Food Processing: Advances in Non-Thermal Technologies is aimed at graduate students, professionals in food engineering, food technology, and biological systems engineering.

Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing

Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing Book
Author : Ricardo Simpson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-06-22
ISBN : 9781420058581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Access the Latest Advances in Food Quality Optimization and Safety Assurance Thermal processing has undergone a remarkable amount of research throughout the past decade, indicating that the process not only remains viable, but that it is also expanding around the world. An organized exploration of new developments in academic and current food industry practices, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing presents groundbreaking advances in the physical and engineering aspects of thermal food processing, paying particular attention to modeling, simulation, optimization, online control, and automation. Divided into Four Cohesive Sections Under the editorial guidance of a leading thermal processing authority, the book first covers the fundamentals and new processes in the thermal processing industry, including new packaging materials like retortable pouches. The second section moves on to mathematical modeling and simulation, which also addresses emerging preservation technology such as ohmic heating. The third section of the book is devoted to optimization, recognizing that mathematical optimization is the key ingredient for computing optimal operating policies and building advanced decision support systems. This section discusses processes like thermal sterilization, microwave processing, and in-line aseptic processing as well as an analysis of plant production productivity. The final section examines online control and automation describing a practical and efficient strategy for on-line correction of thermal process deviations during retort sterilization of canned foods. Concluding with expert analysis and discussion of the manufacturers’ businesses in today’s competitive marketplace, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing explores the entire processing line from modeling through optimization. It effectively assists manufacturers in maintaining a seamless workflow while lowering their bottom lines.

Safety Protocols in the Food Industry and Emerging Concerns

Safety Protocols in the Food Industry and Emerging Concerns Book
Author : Giovanni Gurnari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-27
ISBN : 3319164929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This brief reports about safety protocols in the food producing industry. Hygiene, i.e., the prevention of contamination and microbial infections, is of greatest importance in the industry, as are disinfection techniques, to prevent or to fight microbial contaminations and infections, and practical emerging concerns are centered around these fundamental concerns. The first part focuses on the attempts and possibilities to prevent microbial spreading. Part II discusses disinfection techniques and their risks, advantages and disadvantages. Current industry trends, such as the attempts to substitute chlorine in disinfection, are critically reviewed. In all, this brief volume discusses decision procedures and strategies that are being applied to prevent, reduce and fight microbial spreading. In particular, material that comes into contact with the foods, has to fulfill strict requirements. This aspect is explained in detail, and how little details can have great effects. The brief deals with the important question: is disinfection more an ally or an enemy?

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing Book
Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0128184744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Principles of Unit Operations in Food Processing, volume 1 in the Woodhead Publishing Series, In Unit Operations and Processing Equipment in the Food Industry series, presents basic principles of food engineering with an emphasis on unit operations, such as heat transfer, mass transfer and fluid mechanics. Brings new opportunities in the optimization of food processing operations Thoroughly explores applications of food engineering to food processes Focuses on unit operations from an engineering viewpoint

Emerging Technologies for Food Processing

Emerging Technologies for Food Processing Book
Author : Da-Wen Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-07-19
ISBN : 9780080455648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies for Food Processing presents a comprehensive review of innovations in food processing, stresses topics vital to the food industry today, and pinpoints the trends in future research and development. This volume contains 27 chapters and is divided into six parts covering topics such as the latest advances in non-thermal processing, alternative technologies and strategies for thermal processing, the latest developments in food refrigeration, and current topics in minimal processing of vegetables, fruits, juices and cook-chill ready meals and modified atmosphere packaging for minimally processed foods. * Each chapter is written by international experts presenting thorough research results and critical reviews * Includes a comprehensive list of recently published literature * Covers topics such as high pressure, pulsed electric fields, recent developments in microwave heating, and vacuum cooling

Nonthermal Processing Technologies for Food

Nonthermal Processing Technologies for Food Book
Author : Howard Q. Zhang,Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas,V. M. Bala Balasubramaniam,C. Patrick Dunne,Daniel F. Farkas,James T. C. Yuan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-04
ISBN : 9780470958483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonthermal Processing Technologies for Food offers a comprehensive review of nonthermal processing technologies that are commercial, emerging or over the horizon. In addition to the broad coverage, leading experts in each technology serve as chapter authors to provide depth of coverage. Technologies covered include: physical processes, such as high pressure processing (HPP); electromagnetic processes, such as pulsed electric field (PEF), irradiation, and UV treatment; other nonthermal processes, such as ozone and chlorine dioxide gas phase treatment; and combination processes. Of special interest are chapters that focus on the "pathway to commercialization" for selected emerging technologies where a pathway exists or is clearly identified. These chapters provide examples and case studies of how new and nonthermal processing technologies may be commercialized. Overall, the book provides systematic knowledge to industrial readers, with numerous examples of process design to serve as a reference book. Researchers, professors and upper level students will also find the book a valuable text on the subject.

Emerging Thermal and Nonthermal Technologies in Food Processing

Emerging Thermal and Nonthermal Technologies in Food Processing Book
Author : Prem Prakash Srivastav,Deepak Kumar Verma,Ami R. Patel,Asaad Rehman Al-Hilphy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 100002301X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume provides a comprehensive overview of thermal and nonthermal processing of food with new and innovative technologies. Recent innovations in thermal as well as nonthermal technologies, which are specifically applied for potable water and fluid foods (milk, juice, soups, etc.), are well documented for their high bioavailability of macro- and micronutrients and are very promising. This volume brings together valuable information on fluid and microbial characteristics and quality dynamics that facilitate the adoption of new technology for food processing. Some new technologies and methods covered include the application of microwaves in heating, drying, pasteurization, sterilization, blanching, baking, cooking, and thawing; microwave-assisted extraction of compounds; using low-electric fields; alternation of temperature and pressure of supercritical carbon dioxide; ultrasound-assisted osmotic dehydration; hydrodynamic cavitation; high-pressure processing; gamma-irradiation; and more. The nonthermal technologies discussed have been developed as an alternative to thermal processing while still meeting required safety or shelf-life demands and minimizing the effects on nutritional and quality attributes.

Innovative Food Processing Technologies

Innovative Food Processing Technologies Book
Author : Kai Knoerzer, PhD,Pablo Juliano, PhD,Peter Roupas, PhD,Cornelis Versteeg, PhD
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-01-31
ISBN : 9780470959428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the IFT (Institute of Food Technologists) series, this book discusses multiphysics modeling and its application in the development, optimization, and scale-up of emerging food processing technologies. The book covers recent research outcomes to demonstrate process efficiency and the impact on scalability, safety, and quality, and technologies including High Pressure Processing, High Pressure Thermal Sterilization, Radiofrequency, Ultrasound, Ultraviolet, and Pulsed Electric Fields Processing. Ideal for food and process engineers, food technologists, equipment designers, microbiologists, and research and development personnel, this book covers the importance and the methods for applying multiphysics modeling for the design, development, and application of these technologies.

Non thermal Food Engineering Operations

Non thermal Food Engineering Operations Book
Author : Enrique Ortega-Rivas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-25
ISBN : 1461420377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the advent and adaptation of food processing operations, processes and techniques which reduce, even eliminate the thermal component, resulting in microbiologically safe foods with minimum alteration in sensory and nutritive properties.

Effect of Emerging Processing Methods on the Food Quality

Effect of Emerging Processing Methods on the Food Quality Book
Author : Shahin Roohinejad,Mohamed Koubaa,Ralf Greiner,Kumar Mallikarjunan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 303018191X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text comprehensively covers novel, innovative technologies used in the food and beverage industries in order to provide safe and healthy foods for consumers. The research provided in these chapters aims to show that the traditional pasteurization and commercial sterilization of foods result in unacceptable quality and nutrient retention, creating an important need for alternative methods used to minimize undesirable reactions such as thermal decomposition or degradation. Emerging processing methods to minimize heat induced alterations in foods and their applications are covered in-depth, demonstrating that these methods are useful not only for the inactivation of microorganisms and enzymes but also for improving the yield and development of ingredients and marketable foods with higher quality and better nutritional characteristics. Effect of Emerging Processing Methods on the Food Quality: Advantages and Challenges not only covers the advantages of using innovative processing methods, but also the disadvantages and challenges of using these techniques on food quality. Each chapter focuses on a different emerging processing technique, breaking down the sensory, textural and nutritional aspects for different food products in addition to the advantages and challenges for each method. New technologies and advanced theories are a major focus, pointing to innovative new paths for the quality and safety assurance in food products. From pulsed electric fields to ultrasounds, this work covers all aspects of emerging processing techniques for fruits and vegetables, foods and dairy products.

Ultrasound Advances in Food Processing and Preservation

Ultrasound  Advances in Food Processing and Preservation Book
Author : Daniela Bermudez-Aguirre
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-11
ISBN : 0128046147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrasound is an emerging technology that has been widely explored in food science and technology since the late 1990s. The book is divided into three main areas.Chapters 1 to 5 focus on the basic principles of ultrasound and how the technology works on microbial cells, enzymes, and the chemistry behind the process. Chapters 6 to 15 cover the application of ultrasound in specific food products and processes, discussing changes on food quality and presenting some innovations in food ingredients and enhancement of unit operations. Finally, Chapters 16 to 20 present some topics about manufacture of ultrasound equipment and simulation of the process, the use of the technology to treat food industry wastewater, and an industry perspective. The laws and regulations concerning emerging technologies, such as ultrasound, are also discussed, including the new Food Safety Modernization Act. Provides a clear and comprehensive panorama of ultrasound technology Contains updated research behind this technology Brings the current tested product and future uses Explores potential future use within the food industry

Innovative Food Processing Technologies

Innovative Food Processing Technologies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 9780128157817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food process engineering, a branch of both food science and chemical engineering, has evolved over the years since its inception and still is a rapidly changing discipline. While traditionally the main objective of food process engineering was preservation and stabilization, the focus today has shifted to enhance health aspects, flavour and taste, nutrition, sustainable production, food security and also to ensure more diversity for the increasing demand of consumers. The food industry is becoming increasingly competitive and dynamic, and strives to develop high quality, freshly prepared food products. To achieve this objective, food manufacturers are today presented with a growing array of new technologies that have the potential to improve, or replace, conventional processing technologies, to deliver higher quality and better consumer targeted food products, which meet many, if not all, of the demands of the modern consumer. These new, or innovative, technologies are in various stages of development, including some still at the R&D stage, and others that have been commercialised as alternatives to conventional processing technologies. Food process engineering comprises a series of unit operations traditionally applied in the food industry. One major component of these operations relates to the application of heat, directly or indirectly, to provide foods free from pathogenic microorganisms, but also to enhance or intensify other processes, such as extraction, separation or modification of components. The last three decades have also witnessed the advent and adaptation of several operations, processes, and techniques aimed at producing high quality foods, with minimum alteration of sensory and nutritive properties. Some of these innovative technologies have significantly reduced the thermal component in food processing, offering alternative nonthermal methods. Food Processing Technologies: A Comprehensive Review covers the latest advances in innovative and nonthermal processing, such as high pressure, pulsed electric fields, radiofrequency, high intensity pulsed light, ultrasound, irradiation and new hurdle technology. Each section will have an introductory article covering the basic principles and applications of each technology, and in-depth articles covering the currently available equipment (and/or the current state of development), food quality and safety, application to various sectors, food laws and regulations, consumer acceptance, advancements and future scope. It will also contain case studies and examples to illustrate state-of-the-art applications. Each section will serve as an excellent reference to food industry professionals involved in the processing of a wide range of food categories, e.g., meat, seafood, beverage, dairy, eggs, fruits and vegetable products, spices, herbs among others. Comprehensive: Offering readers a 'one-stop', comprehensive resource for access to a wealth of information to fully support their research and activities in this area and a critical insight into the future direction of the field Clearly structured: Meticulously organized, with case studies, examples and illustrations of state-of-the-art applications for each processing technology, it is the ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information quickly and easily and understand how new and emerging technologies may be commercialized Interdisciplinary: Chapters written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions will ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood by and applicable to a large audience Multimedia Features: Hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and widgets will allow readers to easily navigate a wealth of information, as well as the inclusion of various multimedia tools Inclusion in the Reference Module in Food Science will ensure that content remains perpetually up-to-date, allowing readers to access the latest authoritative information immediately

Comprehensive Foodomics

Comprehensive Foodomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-12
ISBN : 0128163968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Foodomics offers a definitive collection of over 150 articles that provide researchers with innovative answers to crucial questions relating to food quality, safety and its vital and complex links to our health. Topics covered include transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, green foodomics, epigenetics and noncoding RNA, food safety, food bioactivity and health, food quality and traceability, data treatment and systems biology. Logically structured into 10 focused sections, each article is authored by world leading scientists who cover the whole breadth of Omics and related technologies, including the latest advances and applications. By bringing all this information together in an easily navigable reference, food scientists and nutritionists in both academia and industry will find it the perfect, modern day compendium for frequent reference. List of sections and Section Editors: Genomics - Olivia McAuliffe, Dept of Food Biosciences, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Epigenetics & Noncoding RNA - Juan Cui, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE Transcriptomics - Robert Henry, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia Proteomics - Jens Brockmeyer, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, University Stuttgart, Germany Metabolomics - Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry, Neuherberg, Germany Omics data treatment, System Biology and Foodomics - Carlos Leon Canseco, Visiting Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Green Foodomics - Elena Ibanez, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Food safety and Foodomics - Djuro Josić, Professor Medicine (Research) Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA & Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, University of Rijeka, Department of Biotechnology, Rijeka, Croatia Food Quality, Traceability and Foodomics - Daniel Cozzolino, Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia Food Bioactivity, Health and Foodomics - Miguel Herrero, Department of Bioactivity and Food Analysis, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Brings all relevant foodomics information together in one place, offering readers a ‘one-stop,’ comprehensive resource for access to a wealth of information Includes articles written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions Provides an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals who need to find relevant information quickly and easily Includes content from high quality authors from across the globe

Fundamentals of Food Process Engineering

Fundamentals of Food Process Engineering Book
Author : Romeo T. Toledo,Rakesh K. Singh,Fanbin Kong
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-09
ISBN : 3319900986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for the upper level undergraduate, this updated book is also a solid reference for the graduate food engineering student and professional. This edition features the addition of sections on freezing, pumps, the use of chemical reaction kinetic date for thermal process optimization, and vacuum belt drying. New sections on accurate temperature measurements, microbiological inactivation curves, inactivation of microorganisms and enzymes, pasteurization, and entrainment are included, as are non-linear curve fitting and processes dependent on fluid film thickness. Other sections have been expanded.

Emerging Food Packaging Technologies

Emerging Food Packaging Technologies Book
Author : Kit L Yam,Dong Sun Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-15
ISBN : 0857095668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The successful employment of food packaging can greatly improve product safety and quality, making the area a key concern to the food processing industry. Emerging food packaging technologies reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability. Part one of Emerging food packaging technologies focuses on developments in active packaging, reviewing controlled release packaging, active antimicrobials and nanocomposites in packaging, and edible chitosan coatings. Part two goes on to consider intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality. Developments in packaging material are analysed in part three, with nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging discussed, alongside a consideration of the safety of plastics as food packaging materials. Finally, part four explores the use of eco-design, life cycle assessment, and the utilisation of bio-based polymers in the production of smarter, environmentally-compatible packaging. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Emerging food packaging technologies is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for the design, production and use of food and beverage packaging, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Reviews advances in packaging materials, the design and implementation of smart packaging techniques, and developments in response to growing concerns about packaging sustainability Considers intelligent packaging and how advances in the consumer/packaging interface can improve food safety and quality Examines developments in packaging materials, nanocomposites, emerging coating technologies, light-protective and non-thermal process packaging and the safety of plastics as food packaging materials

Food Processing Handbook 2 Volume Set

Food Processing Handbook  2 Volume Set Book
Author : James G. Brennan,Alistair S. Grandison
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-12-19
ISBN : 3527324682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the Food Processing Handbook presents a comprehensive review of technologies, procedures and innovations in food processing, stressing topics vital to the food industry today and pinpointing the trends in future research and development. Focusing on the technology involved, this handbook describes the principles and the equipment used as well as the changes - physical, chemical, microbiological and organoleptic - that occur during food preservation. In so doing, the text covers in detail such techniques as post-harvest handling, thermal processing, evaporation and dehydration, freezing, irradiation, high-pressure processing, emerging technologies and packaging. Separation and conversion operations widely used in the food industry are also covered as are the processes of baking, extrusion and frying. In addition, it addresses current concerns about the safety of processed foods (including HACCP systems, traceability and hygienic design of plant) and control of food processes, as well as the impact of processing on the environment, water and waste treatment, lean manufacturing and the roles of nanotechnology and fermentation in food processing. This two-volume set is a must-have for scientists and engineers involved in food manufacture, research and development in both industry and academia, as well as students of food-related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. From Reviews on the First Edition: "This work should become a standard text for students of food technology, and is worthy of a place on the bookshelf of anybody involved in the production of foods." Journal of Dairy Technology, August 2008 "This work will serve well as an excellent course resource or reference as it has well-written explanations for those new to the field and detailed equations for those needing greater depth." CHOICE, September 2006