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Emerging Technologies For Sustainable Desalination Handbook

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Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-05-01
ISBN : 0128167122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology Book
Author : Joseph Cotruvo,Nikolay Voutchkov,John Fawell,Pierre Payment,David Cunliffe,Sabine Lattemann
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-06-23
ISBN : 1439828938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook Book
Author : Gnaneswar Gude
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-03-07
ISBN : 0128094966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering Book
Author : Adolfo Iulianelli
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-14
ISBN : 303921022X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue is aimed at highlighting the potentialities of membrane and membrane reactor operations in various sectors of chemical engineering, based on application of the process intensification strategy. In all of the contributions, the principles of process intensification were pursued during the adoption of membrane technology, demonstrating how it may lead to the development of redesigned processes that are more compact and efficient while also being more environmental friendly, energy saving, and amenable to integration with other green processes. This Special Issue comprises a number of experimental and theoretical studies dealing with the application of membrane and membrane reactor technology in various scientific fields of chemical engineering, such as membrane distillation for wastewater treatment, hydrogen production from reforming reactions via inorganic membrane and membrane photoassisted reactors, membrane desalination, gas/liquid phase membrane separation of CO2, and membrane filtration for the recovery of antioxidants from agricultural byproducts, contributing to valorization of the potentialities of membrane operations.

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Noel Jacob Kaleekkal,Prasanna Kumar S Mural,Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran,Upal Ghosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-06
ISBN : 1000395006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses relevant sustainable technologies for water and wastewater treatment pertaining to a nanoscale approach to water treatment and desalination, membrane-based technologies for water recovery and reuse, the energy and water nexus, degradation of organic pollutants, nascent technologies, bio and bio-inspired materials for water reclamation and integrated systems, and an overview of wastewater treatment plants. The book focuses on advanced topics including in situ generation of hydroxyl radicals, which can aid in the indiscriminate oxidation of any contaminant present in wastewater, making advanced oxidation processes commercially viable. Features: A comprehensive review of current and novel water and wastewater treatment technologies from a sustainability perspective All the sustainable technologies, such as desalination, wastewater treatment, advanced oxidation processes, hydrodynamic cavitation, membrane-based technologies, sonosorption, and electrospun fibers Discussion on reference materials for important research accomplishments in the area of water and environmental engineering Theoretical aspects covering principles and instrumentation A summary on sustainability, including life cycle assessment (LCA), energy balance and large-scale implementation of advanced techniques This book is aimed at professionals, graduate students, and researchers in civil, chemical, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water Book
Author : Shaik Feroz,Detlef W. Bahnemann
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-23
ISBN : 1000520625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Removal of Pollutants from Saline Water: Treatment Technologies provides a comprehensive understanding of technologies that are currently adopted in the treatment of pollutants present in saline water systems. It provides information on the treatment technologies for saline water systems, including seawater, brackish water, oil-produced water, and other industrial saline wastewaters. FEATURES Presents information exclusively for saline water pollutant removal Introduces current treatment technologies and addresses why and how the techniques differ between fresh and salt water Offers an inclusive overview of physicochemical, biological, membrane, and advanced oxidation treatment technologies Features various perspectives and case studies from relevant global experts Provides a comprehensive one-stop source for the treatment of pollutants in all saline water systems Aimed at students, academicians, researchers, and practicing engineers in the fields of chemical, civil, marine, and environmental engineering who wish to be acquainted with the most recent developments in the treatment of pollutants present in saline water systems. Prof. Dr. Shaik Feroz works at Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He has 30 years of experience in teaching, research, and industry. He has more than 190 publications to his credit in journals and conferences of international repute. He was awarded "Best Researcher" by Caledonian College of Engineering for the year 2014. Prof. Dr. Detlef W. Bahnemann is Head of the Research Unit, Photocatalysis and Nanotechnology at Leibniz University Hannover (Germany), Director of the Research Institute "Nanocomposite Materials for Photonic Applications" at Saint Petersburg State University (Russian Federation), and Distinguished Professor at Shaanxi University of Science and Technology in Xi’an (People's Republic of China). His research topics include photocatalysis, photoelectrochemistry, solar chemistry, and photochemistry focused on synthesis and physical-chemical properties of semiconductor and metal nanoparticles. His 500-plus publications have been cited more than 65,000 times (h-index: 100).

Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments

Energy Sustainability in Built and Urban Environments Book
Author : Emilia Motoasca,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Hilde Breesch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 9811332843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers different aspects of energy sustainability in residential buildings and neighborhoods, starting from the construction and design aspects, and moving on to HVAC systems and lighting, and the applications, harvesting, use and storage of renewable energy. The volume focuses on smart and sustainable use of energy, discussing both the technological advancements and the economic, social and environmental impacts. Novel approaches to recycling of waste and materials in the context of residential buildings are also presented. This volume will be of interest to researchers and policy makers working in the fields of renewable energy, sustainable design and city planning.

Contaminants and Clean Technologies

Contaminants and Clean Technologies Book
Author : Pankaj Chowdhary,Abhay Raj
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-27
ISBN : 100003061X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contaminants and Clean Technologies provides valuable information on environmental contaminants such as industrial pollutants, micropollutants, pesticides, endocrine disruptors, pharmaceuticals, toxins, and hormones. It focuses on the various types of environmental contaminants discharged from various sources; their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals, and plants; and their removal methods. It also covers, comprehensively, information on the contaminants released by various industries and agricultural practices, which cause severe threats to the environment. Features of the book: Elucidates systematic information on various types of environmental contaminants, and their fate and consequences Discusses contaminants such as endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical waste, and personal care products Provides an overview of physicochemical and biological treatment technologies for sustainable development Details recent research finding in the area of environmental contaminants and their future challenges

ICCOEE2020

ICCOEE2020 Book
Author : Bashar S. Mohammed,Nasir Shafiq,Shamsul Rahman M. Kutty,Hisham Mohamad,Abdul-Lateef Balogun
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-31
ISBN : 9813363118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains papers presented in the 6th International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2020) under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2020) will be held from 13th to 15th July 2021 at Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in civil engineering areas with an emphasis on sustainability and the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: 1. Resilient Structures and Smart Materials 2. Advanced Construction and Building Information Modelling 3. Smart and Sustainable Infrastructure 4. Advanced Coastal and Offshore Engineering 5. Green Environment and Smart Water Resource Management Systems

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Kamran Ghasemzadeh,Adolfo Iulianelli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 0128232730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Phenomena in Membranes illustrates many aspects of mass transport in different membranes used in separation processes, along with their advantages when compared with other types of separation methods. This book focuses on introducing and analyzing transport phenomena in membranes and overviewing achievements in the development of mass transport mechanisms of various membranes. Hence, this book is a key reference text for R&D managers in industry interested in the development of membrane technologies as well as academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider area of the strategic treatment, separation and purification processes. This book is intended to act as a resource for a wide range of people in various separation fields, including students and researchers, consultants and engineers, operators and managers, who have an interest in membrane technology. Describes developments in transport phenomena in different membrane processes Provides a comprehensive reference book in the membrane field for students and engineers Describes membrane separation fundamentals and relates them to various potential applications

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluids Technology Book
Author : Johannes Fink
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 0128220740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum engineers continue to need cost saving and environmentally sustainable products and methods for today’s hydraulic fracturing operations. Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, continues to deliver an easy-to-use manual of fluid formulations to meet specific job needs. Enhanced with more environmental aspects, this reference helps engineers and fluid specialists select and use the appropriate chemicals for any hydraulic fracturing job. New information concerning nanotechnology applications such as wellbore sealant and proppants are added to enhance operations in a sustainable manner while saving on production costs. Other updates include low recovery of fracturing water in shale, surfactants for waterless hydraulic fracturing, and expanded produced water treatment. Rounding out with updated references and patents for easy reference, Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals and Fluid Technology, Second Edition, gives engineers a critical guide on selecting better products to boost productions while strengthening environmental enhancement and consideration. Gain insight with new information surrounding environmental contamination and produced water treatment methods Save on production costs with new nanoparticle-enhanced fluids and applications Eliminate guesswork with systematic approach to fluid technology organized by project need

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation Book
Author : Mohtada Sadrzadeh,Toraj Mohammadi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 0128168811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation presents an introduction to the application of nanocomposite membranes in both water and gas separation processes. This in-depth literature review and discussion focuses on state-of-the-art nanocomposite membranes, current challenges and future progress, including helpful guidelines for the further improvement of these materials for water and gas separation processes. Chapters address material development, synthesis protocols, and the numerical simulation of nanocomposite membranes, along with current challenges and future trends in the areas of water and gas separation. Explains the development of nanocomposite membranes through bio-mimicking nanomaterials Discusses the surface modification of nanomaterials to fabricate robust nanocomposite membranes Outlines the environmental and operational challenges for the application of nanocomposite membranes

FERTILIZER DRAWN FORWARD OSMOSIS PROCESS FOR BRACKISH WATER DESALINATION

 FERTILIZER DRAWN FORWARD OSMOSIS PROCESS FOR BRACKISH WATER DESALINATION  Book
Author : Dr. Wafa Ali Saleh Suwaileh
Publisher : Ashok Yakkaldevi
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 1716374774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1.1 Background Water–stress is becoming one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The fast growth of population, tourism, and agriculture development in the world has resulted in a great demand for access to clean water [3]. Most of the developing regions of the world are still suffering from water scarcity. The problem of water shortage is being extended to other nations of the world. The lack of access to safe drinking water poses significant problems globally. Fresh water is not available for around 1.2 billion people worldwide while around 2.6 billion may obtain limited or unsafe water. This may be the result of climate change with extreme industrial and agriculture activities. It was assumed that by 2025, two thirds of people around the world will be living in water-stressed countries [4]. Thus, the requirement of potable water to sustain human life in the world will rise from 4500 billion m3 to 6900 billion m3 by 2030 which goes beyond the accessible water resources [5]. Therefore, we need to meet and sustain these growing demands as soon as possible. A promising technology to meet the demand of fresh water is water desalination using membrane technology. A recent study reported that the daily production of desalinated water was up to 25 million m3 globally [6, 7]. Water desalination was developed to remove salts and other contaminants from seawater, brackish water and produced water to acquire drinking water [8]. Singh et al. [9] stated that since 1995 membrane filtration has been effective in removing microbiological species such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium. It has also been reported that membrane-based desalination provides 63.7% drinking water while thermal desalination method provides almost half of it, about 34.2% globally [10]. For instance, micro-filtration and ultrafiltration membranes can reject particles much smaller than 1 micron such as proteins, oil droplets, bacteria, etc. In contrast, Nano filtration and reverse osmosis can separate particles in the range of 1/100th to 1/1000th of a micrometre, such as aqueous salts, sugars, and amino acids [11]. Among the membrane desalination technologies, reverse osmosis (RO) is being actively used in most countries due to their significant properties and ease of obtaining drinking water.

Solar Driven Water Treatment

Solar Driven Water Treatment Book
Author : Omid Mahian,Jinjia Wei,Robert A. Taylor,Somchai Wongwises
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0323900038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle looks at the use of solar energy and in particular photovoltaic technologies, as a viable, accessible and sustainable option in the treatment of water. Solar-Driven Water Treatment: Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle provides insight into the different solar powered technologies, in-depth information about the viability of sunlight in the water treatment process, the potential environmental implications as well as the performance, economics, operation and maintenance of the discussed technologies. Elaborating on the potential issues and health risks associated with the water purification systems this reference also covers the need for appropriate technologies in the present scenario to improve worldwide access to clean drinking water. Readers will learn the most appropriate technology for their specific need making this book useful for renewable energy and environmental engineers in investigating energy efficiency, water treatment technologies, and the economics of technological change in the treatment of water by solar technologies. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve the issue of drinking water scarcity by solar energy Describes various solar water treatment techniques with their environmental impacts Cover issues associated with solar water purification and the need for technology assessment

Acid Mine Drainage

Acid Mine Drainage Book
Author : Geoffrey S. Simate,Sehliselo Ndlovu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-02-24
ISBN : 0429687575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Acid mine drainage (AMD) is essentially the flow of water polluted with metals and other substances from existing/old mining areas and is considered to be one of the sources of pollution. A wide range of technologies are available for preventing AMD generation and/or treating AMD before discharge, but there is a shift towards recovery of industrially useful materials and products from AMD. Acid Mine Drainage: From Waste to Resources explores novel methods developed for the reuse and/or recovery of industrially useful materials from AMD including discussing generation, prediction, prevention, and remediation processes. It includes legislation and policy frameworks governing AMD and its environmental/health impacts. Provides a detailed overview of the mining operations and discusses the geochemical and hydrogeological context of acid mine drainage AMD formation, prediction and impact Presents a holistic approach to AMD generation, prediction, prevention, and remediation processes Presents exclusive material on reuse, recycling, and recovery of industrially useful materials from AMD Gives a detailed overview of the legislation and policy regulatory framework governing the management of AMD Analyses the effects of AMD on the environment and health This volume is aimed at researchers and professionals in metallurgical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and mining engineering, including policy makers.

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes Book
Author : Anirban Roy,Siddhartha Moulik,Reddi Kamesh,Aditi Mullick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 1119536065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling. This book explores almost every major aspect of modeling and the techniques applied in membrane separation studies and applications. This includes first principle-based models, thermodynamics models, computational fluid dynamics simulations, molecular dynamics simulations, and artificial intelligence-based modeling for membrane separation processes. These models have been discussed in light of various applications ranging from desalination to gas separation. In addition, this breakthrough new volume covers the fundamentals of polymer membrane pore formation mechanisms, covering not only a wide range of modeling techniques, but also has various facets of membrane-based applications. Thus, this book can be an excellent source for a holistic perspective on membranes in general, as well as a comprehensive and valuable reference work. Whether a veteran engineer in the field or lab or a student in chemical or process engineering, this latest volume in the “Advances in Membrane Processes” is a must-have, along with the first book in the series, Membrane Processes, also available from Wiley-Scrivener.

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Swatantra P. Singh,Karthik Rathinam,Tarun Gupta,Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811632561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph focuses on recent development of nanomaterials and nanocomposites for pollution measurement and their control in water, air, and soil. The contents incorporate carbon-based, metal-based, and metal-organic framework based nanomaterials and nanocomposites for emerging contaminants (pharmaceuticals and personal care products) degradation, disinfection, and other traditional pollutants degradation and removal. The book also offers updated literature for researchers and academicians working in the field of environmental remediation by nanomaterials. Readers will learn about different metal and non-metal based nanoparticles for environmental remediation. It will be a useful guide for professionals, and post-graduate students involved in material science & engineering, chemical engineering and environmental nanotechnology research.

Membrane based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Membrane based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 0128241888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment analyzes and discusses the potential of membrane-based hybrid processes for the treatment of complex industrial wastewater, the recovery of valuable compounds, and water reutilization. In addition, recent and future trends in membrane technology are highlighted. Industrial wastewater contains a large variety of compounds, such as heavy metals, salts and nutrients, which makes its treatment challenging. Thus, the use of conventional water treatment methods is not always effective. Membrane-based hybrid processes have emerged as a promising technology to treat complex industrial wastewater. Discusses the properties, mechanisms, advantages, limitations and promising solutions of different types of membrane technologies Addresses the optimization of process parameters Describes the performance of different membranes Presents the potential of Nanotechnology to improve the treatment efficiency of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Covers the application of membrane and membrane-based hybrid treatment technologies for wastewater treatment Includes forward osmosis, electrodialysis, and diffusion dialysis Considers hybrid membrane systems expanded to cover zero liquid discharge, salt recovery, and removal of trace contaminants

Biodegradation Pollutants and Bioremediation Principles

Biodegradation  Pollutants and Bioremediation Principles Book
Author : Ederio Dino Bidoia,Renato Nallin Montagnolli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 1000264513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a broad compendium of biodegradation research and discussions on the most up-to-date bioremediation strategies. The most relevant microbiological, biochemical and genetic concepts are presented alongside the fundamentals of bioremediation. The topics include: a wide variety of contaminant impacts evaluation, key methodologies required to measure biodegradation and propose new bioremediation protocols, as well as the handling of microbial communities related to such processes. The selected collaborating authors are renowned for their microbiology expertise and will provide an in-depth reference for students and specialists. The contents provide a valuable source of information for researchers, professionals, and policy makers alike.

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation

Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation Book
Author : Rasel Das
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2021-11-25
ISBN : 1644901633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Various organic and synthetic polymers are important materials for the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater and the separation of gases. The book discusses various types of membranes for microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, forward osmosis etc. A number of nanomaterials are available for the modification of polymeric membranes. Keywords: Polymeric Membrane, Water Purification, Water Softening, Water Desalination, Gas Separation, Osmosis Membranes, Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration, Carbon Nanotube, Nanosheets, MOFs, Porous Organic Cages, Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide, Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, O2/N2 Separation, CO2/CH4 Separation, H2/N2 Separation.