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Emerging Carbon Materials For Catalysis

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Emerging Carbon Materials for Catalysis

Emerging Carbon Materials for Catalysis Book
Author : Samahe Sadjadi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-24
ISBN : 0128176040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Carbon Materials for Catalysis covers various carbon-based materials with a focus on their utility for catalysis. Each chapter examines the photo and electrocatalytic applications of a material, including hybrid systems composed of carbon materials. The range of chemical reactions that can be catalyzed with each material—as well as the potential drawbacks of each—are discussed. Covering nanostructured systems, as well as other microstructured materials, the book reviews emerging carbon-based structures, including carbon organic frameworks. Written by a global team of experts, this volume is ideal for graduate students and researchers working in organic chemistry, catalysis, nanochemistry, and nanomaterials. Introduces novel and emerging carbon materials with utility for photocatalysis and electrocatalysis Covers a wide range of photochemical and electrochemical processes that can be catalyzed by carbon-based catalysts Addresses the hybrid systems composed of carbon materials for catalysis Serves as an ideal reference for graduate students and researchers working in organic chemistry, catalysis, nanochemistry, and nanomaterials.

Carbon Materials for Catalysis

Carbon Materials for Catalysis Book
Author : Philippe Serp,José Luis Figueiredo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-04
ISBN : 9780470403693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first comprehensive book covering all aspects of the use of carbonaceous materials in heterogeneous catalysis. It covers the preparation and characterization of carbon supports and carbon-supported catalysts; carbon surface chemistry in catalysis; the description of catalytic, photo-catalytic, or electro-catalytic reactions, including the development of new carbon materials such as carbon xerogels, aerogels, or carbon nanotubes; and new carbon-based materials in catalytic or adsorption processes. This is a premier reference for carbon, inorganic, and physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers, chemical engineers, and others.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : M.C. Román-Martínez,C. Salinas-Martínez de Lecea
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 0128081724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New and Future Developments in Catalysis book written by M.C. Román-Martínez,C. Salinas-Martínez de Lecea, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanostructured Carbon Materials for Catalysis

Nanostructured Carbon Materials for Catalysis Book
Author : Philippe Serp,Bruno Machado
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-03-02
ISBN : 1782624570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"We heartily recommend this book to all readers who wish to gain a better understanding of nanostructured carbon materials surface properties and used in catalysis." An-Hui Lu, ChemCatChem There is great interest in using nanostructured carbon materials in catalysis, either as supports for immobilizing active species or as metal-free catalysts due to their unique structural, thermal, chemical, electronic and mechanical properties, and tailorable surface chemistry. This book looks at the structure and properties of different doped and undoped nanocarbons including graphene; fullerenes; nanodiamonds; carbon nanotubes and nanofibers; their synthesis and modification to produce catalysts. Special attention is paid to adsorption, as it impacts the application of these materials in various industrially relevant catalytic reactions discussed herein, in addition to photocatalysis and electrocatalysis. Written by leading experts in the area, this is the first book to provide a comprehensive view of the subject for the catalysis community.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : Steven L Suib
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-11
ISBN : 0444538836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Emerging Carbon Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications

Emerging Carbon Based Nanocomposites for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Shivani Bhardwaj Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 1119554853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 12 chapters comprehensively cover the development and advances on emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for wastewater applications and discuss the following topics: The emerging carbon-based nanocomposites for remediation of heavy metals and organic pollutants from wastewater; Functional green carbon nanocomposites for heavy-metal treatment in water; Green nanocomposites and their applications in environmentally-friendly carbon nanomaterials; Carbon-based nanocomposites as heterogeneous catalysts for organic reactions in environment-friendly solvents; Carbonaceous nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from waste water; Biochar-based adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants from aqueous systems; Describes carbon nanomaterials based green nanocomposites; The removal of trihalomethanes from water using nanofiltration membranes and The transformation of wide bandgap semiconductors for visible-light photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes; Nanocomposite materials as electrode materials in microbial fuel cells for the removal of water pollutants; Plasmonic smart nanosensors for the determination of environmental pollutants.

Heterogeneous Catalysts

Heterogeneous Catalysts Book
Author : Wey Yang Teoh,Atsushi Urakawa,Yun Hau Ng,Patrick Sit
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-23
ISBN : 352781356X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents state-of-the-art knowledge of heterogeneous catalysts including new applications in energy and environmental fields This book focuses on emerging techniques in heterogeneous catalysis, from new methodology for catalysts design and synthesis, surface studies and operando spectroscopies, ab initio techniques, to critical catalytic systems as relevant to energy and the environment. It provides the vision of addressing the foreseeable knowledge gap unfilled by classical knowledge in the field. Heterogeneous Catalysts: Advanced Design, Characterization and Applications begins with an overview on the evolution in catalysts synthesis and introduces readers to facets engineering on catalysts; electrochemical synthesis of nanostructured catalytic thin films; and bandgap engineering of semiconductor photocatalysts. Next, it examines how we are gaining a more precise understanding of catalytic events and materials under working conditions. It covers bridging pressure gap in surface catalytic studies; tomography in catalysts design; and resolving catalyst performance at nanoscale via fluorescence microscopy. Quantum approaches to predicting molecular reactions on catalytic surfaces follows that, along with chapters on Density Functional Theory in heterogeneous catalysis; first principles simulation of electrified interfaces in electrochemistry; and high-throughput computational design of novel catalytic materials. The book also discusses embracing the energy and environmental challenges of the 21st century through heterogeneous catalysis and much more. Presents recent developments in heterogeneous catalysis with emphasis on new fundamentals and emerging techniques Offers a comprehensive look at the important aspects of heterogeneous catalysis Provides an applications-oriented, bottoms-up approach to a high-interest subject that plays a vital role in industry and is widely applied in areas related to energy and environment Heterogeneous Catalysts: Advanced Design, Characterization and Applications is an important book for catalytic chemists, materials scientists, surface chemists, physical chemists, inorganic chemists, chemical engineers, and other professionals working in the chemical industry.

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis Book
Author : Michael Bron,Christina Roth
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-11
ISBN : 0128082119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New and Future Developments in Catalysis book written by Michael Bron,Christina Roth, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Frontiers in Catalysis Parts A C

New Frontiers in Catalysis  Parts A C Book
Author : L. Guczi,F. Solymosi,P. Tétényi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1993-04-20
ISBN : 9780080887142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These volumes comprise the proceedings of the major international meeting on catalysis which is held at 4 year intervals. The programme focussed on New Frontiers in Catalysis including nontraditional catalytic materials and environmental catalysis. The contributions cover a wide range of fundamental, applied, industrial and engineering aspects of catalysis. The extensive range of highly efficient industrial techniques for observing and characterizing catalytically important surfaces is evident. The programme covered the following sessions: Mechanism, theory, in situ methods; Catalytic reaction on atomically clean surfaces; Catalytic reaction on zeolites and related substances; New methods and principles for catalyst preparation; Hydrotreatment reactions (HDS, HDN); Characterization of catalysts, application of novel techniques; Selective oxidation; New catalytic aspects of heteropoly acids and related compounds; Reaction of hydrocarbons; Nontraditional catalytic materials; Fuel upgrading; Alkane activation; Acid-base catalysis; New selective catalytic reactons, fine chemicals; Environmental catalysis; Industrial catalysis, deactivation, reactivation; Synthesis from syngas; Electrocatalysis; Photocatalysis. The invited lectures and 433 papers included in these volumes present an update on all areas of catalysis and applications.

Nanocarbon Electrochemistry

Nanocarbon Electrochemistry Book
Author : Nianjun Yang,Guohua Zhao,John S. Foord
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-12-11
ISBN : 1119468299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of nanocarbon electrochemistry The discoveries of new carbon materials such as fullerene, graphene, carbon nanotubes, graphene nanoribbon, carbon dots, and graphdiyne have triggered numerous research advances in the field of electrochemistry. This book brings together up-to-date accounts of the recent progress, developments, and achievements in the electrochemistry of different carbon materials, focusing on their unique properties and various applications. Nanocarbon Electrochemistry begins by looking at the studies of heterogeneous electron transfer at various carbon electrodes when redox-active molecules are reversibly and specifically adsorbed on the carbon electrode surface. It then covers electrochemical energy storage applications of various carbon materials, particularly the construction and performance of supercapacitors and batteries by use of graphene and related materials. Next, it concentrates on electrochemical energy conversion applications where electrocatalysis at 0D, 1D, 2D, and 3D carbon materials nanocarbon materials is highlighted. The book finishes with an examination of the contents of electrogenerated chemiluminescence and photoelectrochemical pollutant degradation by use of diamond and related carbon materials. Covers the fundamental properties of different carbon materials and their applications across a wide range of areas Provides sufficient background regarding different applications, which contributes to the understanding of specialists and non-specialists Examines nanoelectrochemistry of adsorption-coupled electron transfer at carbon electrodes; graphene and graphene related materials; diamond electrodes for the electrogenerated chemiluminescence; and more Features contributions from an international team of distinguished researchers Nanocarbon Electrochemistry is an ideal book for students, researchers, and industrial partners working on many diverse fields of electrochemistry, whether they already make frequent use of carbon electrodes in one form of another or are looking at electrodes for new applications.

Morphological Compositional and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis

Morphological  Compositional  and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis Book
Author : Paolo Fornasiero,Matteo Cargnello
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 0323446655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Morphological, Compositional, and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis, Volume 177, the latest in the Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis series, documents the fast-growing developments in the synthesis, characterization, and utilization of nanostructures for catalysis. The book provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis and presents exciting new paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials, with an emphasis on how structure determines catalytic properties. In addition, the book uniquely features discussions on the future of the field, with ample space for future directions detailed in each chapter. Presents the latest paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials Provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis Features discussion of future directions at the end of each chapter

Porous Carbon Materials from Sustainable Precursors

Porous Carbon Materials from Sustainable Precursors Book
Author : Robin J White
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1782624430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Porous carbon materials are at the heart of many applications, including renewable energy storage and generation, due to their superior physical properties and availability. The environmentally-friendly production of these materials is crucial for a sustainable future. This book focuses on the transformation of sustainable precursors into functional, porous carbonaceous materials via the two most significant approaches: Starbon® and Hydrothermal Carbonisation. Covering cutting-edge research and emerging areas, chapters cover applications of porous carbon materials in catalysis and separation science as well as in energy science. Moreover, the challenges of characterization of these materials and their commercialization are explained by worldwide experts. The content will be accessible and valuable to post-graduate students and senior researchers alike and it will serve as a significant reference for academics and industrialists working in the areas of materials science, catalysis and separation science.

Nitrogen doped Carbon Materials as Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts for Metal air Fuel Cells and Batteries

Nitrogen doped Carbon Materials as Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts for Metal air Fuel Cells and Batteries Book
Author : Zhu Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal air battery has captured the spotlight recently as a promising class of sustainable energy storage for the future energy systems. Metal air batteries offer many attractive features such as high energy density, environmental benignity, as well as ease of fuel storage and handling. In addition, wide range of selection towards different metals exists where different energy capacity can be achieved via careful selection of different metals. The most energy dense systems of metal-air battery include lithium-air, aluminum-air and zinc-air. Despite the choice of metal electrode, oxygen reduction (ORR) occurs on the air electrode and oxidation occurs on the metal electrode. The oxidation of metal electrode is a relatively facile reaction compared to the ORR on the air electrode, making latter the limiting factor of the battery system. The sluggish ORR kinetics greatly affects the power output, efficiency, and lifetime of the metal air battery. One solution to this problem is the use of active, affordable and stable catalyst to promote the rate of ORR. Currently, platinum nanoparticles supported on conductive carbon (Pt/C) are the best catalyst for ORR. However, the prohibitively high cost and scarcity of platinum raise critical issues regarding the economic feasibility and sustainability of platinum-based catalysts. Cost reduction via the use of novel technologies can be achieved by two approaches. The first approach is to reduce platinum loading in the catalyst formulation. Alternatively platinum can be completely eliminated from the catalyst composition. The aim of this work is to identify and synthesize alternative catalysts for ORR toward metal air battery applications without the use of platinum or other precious metals (i.e., palladium, silver and gold). Non-precious metal catalysts (NPMC) have received immense international attentions owing to the enormous efforts in pursuit of novel battery and fuel cell technologies. Different types of NPMC such as transition metal alloys, transition metal or mixed metal oxides, chalcogenides have been investigated as potential contenders to precious metal catalysts. However, the performance and stability of these catalysts are still inferior in comparison. Nitrogen-doped carbon materials (NCM) are an emerging class of catalyst exhibiting great potential towards ORR catalysis. In comparison to the metal oxides, MCM show improved electrical conductivity. Furthermore, NCM exhibit higher activity compared to chalcogenides and transition metal alloys. Additional benefits of NCM include the abundance of carbon source and environmental benignity. Typical NCM catalyst is composed of pyrolyzed transition metal macrocycles supported by high surface area carbon. These materials have demonstrated excellent activity and stability. However, the degradation of these catalysts often involves the destruction of active sites containing the transition metal centre. To further improve the durability and mass transport of NCM catalyst, a novel class of ORR catalyst based on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (NCNT) is investigated in a series of studies. The initial investigation focuses on the synthesis of highly active NCNT using different carbon-nitrogen precursors. This study investigated the effect of using cyclic hydrocarbon (pyridine) and aliphatic hydrocarbon (ethylenediamine) towards the formation and activity of NCNT. The innate structure of the cyclic hydrocarbon promotes the formation of NCNT to provide higher product yield; however, the aliphatic hydrocarbon promotes the formation of surface defects where the nitrogen atoms can be incorporated to form active sites for ORR. As a result, a significant increase in the ORR activity of 180 mV in half-wave potential is achieved when EDA was used as carbon-nitrogen precursor. In addition, three times higher limiting current density was observed for the NCNT synthesized from ethylenediamine. Based on the conclusion where highly active NCNT was produced from aliphatic hydrocarbon, similar carbon-nitrogen precursors with varying carbon to nitrogen ratio in the molecular structure (ethylenediamine, 1, 3-diaminopropane, 1, 4-diaminobutane) were adapted for the synthesis of NCNT. The investigation led to the conclusion that higher nitrogen to carbon ratio in the molecular structure of the precursors benefits the formation of active NCNT for ORR catalysis. The origin of such phenomena can be correlated with the higher relative nitrogen content of the resultant NCNT synthesized from aliphatic carbon precursor that provided greater nitrogen to carbon ratio. As the final nitrogen content increased in the molecular structure, the half-wave potential of the resultant NCNT towards ORR catalysis was increased by 120 mV. The significant improvement hints the critical role of nitrogen content towards ORR catalysis.

Catalysis

Catalysis Book
Author : James Spivey,K M Dooley,Yi-Fan Han
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-02-24
ISBN : 1782620036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over 7000 papers are published in the field of catalysis each year. While the majority appear within a handful publications, keeping up with the literature can be difficult. Now in its 26th volume, the Specialist Periodical Report on Catalysis presents critical and comprehensive reviews of the hottest literature published over the last twelve months. Industrial and academic scientists face increasing challenges to find cost-effective and environmentally sound methods for converting natural resources into fuels, chemicals and energy. This series is edited by two leading researchers in the field and provides a balanced and in-depth review of the modern approaches to these challenges, covering major areas of heterogeneous and homogenous catalysis, as well as specific applications of catalysis, such as NOx control, kinetics and experimental techniques, such as microcalorimetry. With chapters detailing specific areas within the field, this series is a comprehensive reference for anyone working in Catalysis and an essential resource for any Library.

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles Book
Author : Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-26
ISBN : 0323851339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles, Second Edition, Volume Two: Green Catalytic Systems and Solvents reviews this significant group of organic compounds within the context of sustainable methods and processes, expanding on the first edition with fully updated coverage and a whole range of new chapters. Volume Two explores green catalytic systems and solvents and the techniques surrounding this approach, including metal and magnetic catalysis to organocatalysis and solid acid catalysis, cycloaddition reactions, and varied approaches using ionic liquids. This updated edition is an essential resource on sustainable approaches for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working across medicinal, organic, natural product and green chemistry. Provides fully updated coverage of the field with an emphasis on sustainability Highlights a range of different eco-friendly solvents and environmentally-friendly catalysts Collates the experience of a global team of expert contributors

New Materials for Catalytic Applications

New Materials for Catalytic Applications Book
Author : Vasile I. Parvulescu,Erhard Kemnitz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 0444635882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Materials for Catalytic Applications proposes the use of both new and existing materials for catalytic applications, such as zeolites, metal oxides, microporous and mesoporous materials, and monocrystals. In addition, metal-oxides are discussed from a new perspective, i.e. nano- and photocatalytic applications. The material presents these concepts with a new focus on strategies in synthesis, synthesis based on a rational design, the correlation between basic properties/potential applications, and new catalytic solutions for acid-base, redox, hydrogenation, photocatalytic reactions, etc. Presents organometallic concepts for the synthesis of nanocatalysts Provides a synthesis of new materials following the fluorolytic sol-gel concept Covers electronic and photocatalytic properties via synthesis of nano-oxide materials Details the nature of sites in MOFs generating catalytic properties immobilization of triflates in solid matrices for organic reactions

Nanotechnology in Catalysis

Nanotechnology in Catalysis Book
Author : Bert Sels,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 3527699813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reflecting the R&D efforts in the field that have resulted in a plethora of novel applications over the past decade, this handbook gives a comprehensive overview of the tangible benefits of nanotechnology in catalysis. By bridging fundamental research and industrial development, it provides a unique perspective on this scientifically and economically important field. While the first three parts are devoted to preparation and characterization of nanocatalysts, the final three provide in-depth insights into their applications in the fine chemicals industry, the energy industry, and for environmental protection, with expert authors reporting on real-life applications that are on the brink of commercialization. Timely reading for catalytic chemists, materials scientists, chemists in industry, and process engineers.

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials Book
Author : Guido Busca
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 044459521X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials discusses experimental methods and the latest developments in three areas of research: heterogeneous catalysis; surface chemistry; and the chemistry of catalysts. Catalytic materials are those solids that allow the chemical reaction to occur efficiently and cost-effectively. This book provides you with all necessary information to synthesize, characterize, and relate the properties of a catalyst to its behavior, enabling you to select the appropriate catalyst for the process and reactor system. Oxides (used both as catalysts and as supports for catalysts), mixed and complex oxides and salts, halides, sulfides, carbides, and unsupported and supported metals are all considered. The book encompasses applications in industrial chemistry, refinery, petrochemistry, biomass conversion, energy production, and environmental protection technologies. Provides a systematic and clear approach of the synthesis, solid state chemistry and surface chemistry of all solid state catalysts Covers widely used instrumental techniques for catalyst characterization, such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and more Includes characterization methods and lists all catalytic behavior of the solid state catalysts Discusses new developments in nanocatalysts and their advantages over conventional catalysts

Nano Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-12-02
ISBN : 0128185996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem