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Embedded Discrete Fracture Modeling And Application In Reservoir Simulation

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Embedded Discrete Fracture Modeling and Application in Reservoir Simulation

Embedded Discrete Fracture Modeling and Application in Reservoir Simulation Book
Author : Kamy Sepehrnoori,Yifei Xu,Wei Yu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-27
ISBN : 0128196882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of naturally fractured reservoirs, especially shale gas and tight oil reservoirs, exploded in recent years due to advanced drilling and fracturing techniques. However, complex fracture geometries such as irregular fracture networks and non-planar fractures are often generated, especially in the presence of natural fractures. Accurate modelling of production from reservoirs with such geometries is challenging. Therefore, Embedded Discrete Fracture Modeling and Application in Reservoir Simulation demonstrates how production from reservoirs with complex fracture geometries can be modelled efficiently and effectively. This volume presents a conventional numerical model to handle simple and complex fractures using local grid refinement (LGR) and unstructured gridding. Moreover, it introduces an Embedded Discrete Fracture Model (EDFM) to efficiently deal with complex fractures by dividing the fractures into segments using matrix cell boundaries and creating non-neighboring connections (NNCs). A basic EDFM approach using Cartesian grids and advanced EDFM approach using Corner point and unstructured grids will be covered. Embedded Discrete Fracture Modeling and Application in Reservoir Simulation is an essential reference for anyone interested in performing reservoir simulation of conventional and unconventional fractured reservoirs. Highlights the current state-of-the-art in reservoir simulation of unconventional reservoirs Offers understanding of the impacts of key reservoir properties and complex fractures on well performance Provides case studies to show how to use the EDFM method for different needs

Implementation and Application of the Embedded Discrete Fracture Model EDFM for Reservoir Simulation in Fractured Reservoirs

Implementation and Application of the Embedded Discrete Fracture Model  EDFM  for Reservoir Simulation in Fractured Reservoirs Book
Author : Yifei Xu
Publisher :
Release : 2015
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractured reservoirs have gained continuous attention from oil and gas industry. A huge amount of hydrocarbon are trapped in naturally fractured carbonate reservoirs. Besides, the advanced technology of multi-stage hydraulic fracturing have gained a great success in economic development of unconventional oil and gas reservoirs. Fractures add complexity into reservoir flow and significantly impact the ultimate recovery. Therefore, it is important yet challenging to accurately and effectively predict the recovery from fractured reservoirs. Conventional dual-continuum approaches, although effective in the simulation of naturally fractured reservoirs, may fail in some cases due to the highly idealized reservoir model. The unstructured-grid discrete fracture models, although flexible in representing complex fracture geometries, are restricted by the high complexity in gridding and high computational cost. An Embedded Discrete Fracture Model (EDFM) was recently developed to honor the accuracy of discrete fracture models while keeping the efficiency offered by structured gridding. By dividing the fractures into segments using matrix cell boundaries and creating non-neighboring connections (NNCs), the flow influence of fractures can be efficiently modeled through transport indices. In this work, the EDFM was implemented in UTCHEM, a chemical flooding in-house reservoir simulator developed at The University of Texas, to study complex recovery processes in fractured reservoirs. In addition, the model was applied in commercial simulators by making use of the non-intrusive property of the EDFM and the NNC functionality offered by the simulators. The accuracy of the EDFM in the modeling of orthogonal, non-orthogonal, and inclined fractures was verified against fine-grid explicit fracture simulations. Furthermore, case studies were performed to investigate the influence of hydraulic fracture orientations on primary depletion and the impact of large-scale natural fractures on water flooding processes. The influence of matrix grid size and fracture relative permeability was also studied. Finally, with modifications in NNC transmissibility calculation, the EDFM was applied to the modeling of a multi-lateral well stimulation technology. The accuracy of the modified formulations was verified through comparison with a multi-branch well method. The simulations carried out in this work confirmed the flexibility, applicability, and extensiveness of the EDFM.

Modeling and Simulation of Fluid Flow in Naturally and Hydraulically Fractured Reservoirs Using Embedded Discrete Fracture Model EDFM

Modeling and Simulation of Fluid Flow in Naturally and Hydraulically Fractured Reservoirs Using Embedded Discrete Fracture Model  EDFM  Book
Author : Mahmood Shakiba
Publisher :
Release : 2014
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling and simulation of fluid flow in subsurface fractured systems has been steadily a popular topic in petroleum industry. The huge potential hydrocarbon reserve in naturally and hydraulically fractured reservoirs has been a major stimulant for developments in this field. Although several models have found limited applications in studying fractured reservoirs, still more comprehensive models are required to be applied for practical purposes. A recently developed Embedded Discrete Fracture Model (EDFM) incorporates the advantages of two of the well-known approaches, the dual continuum and the discrete fracture models, to investigate more complex fracture geometries. In EDFM, each fracture is embedded inside the matrix grid and is discretized by the cell boundaries. This approach introduces a robust methodology to represent the fracture planes explicitly in the computational domain. As part of this research, the EDFM was implemented in two of The University of Texas in-house reservoir simulators, UTCOMP and UTGEL. The modified reservoir simulators are capable of modeling and simulation of a broad range of reservoir engineering applications in naturally and hydraulically fractured reservoirs. To validate this work, comparisons were made against a fine-grid simulation and a semi-analytical solution. Also, the results were compared for more complicated fracture geometries with the results obtained from EDFM implementation in the GPAS reservoir simulator. In all the examples, good agreements were observed. To further illustrate the application and capabilities of UTCOMP- and UTGEL-EDFM, a few case studies were presented. First, a synthetic reservoir model with a network of fractures was considered to study the impact of well placement. It was shown that considering the configuration of background fracture networks can significantly improve the well placement design and also maximize the oil recovery. Then, the capillary imbibition effect was investigated for the same reservoir models to display its effect on incremental oil recovery. Furthermore, UTCOMP-EDFM was applied for hydraulic fracturing design where the performances of a simple and a complex fracture networks were evaluated in reservoirs with different rock matrix permeabilities. Accordingly, it was shown that a complex network is an ideal design for a very low permeability reservoir, while a simple network results in higher recovery when the reservoir permeability is moderate. Finally, UTGEL-EDFM was employed to optimize a conformance control process. Different injection timings and different gel concentrations were selected for water-flooding processes and their impact on oil recovery was evaluated henceforth.

Shale Gas and Tight Oil Reservoir Simulation

Shale Gas and Tight Oil Reservoir Simulation Book
Author : Wei Yu,Kamy Sepehrnoori
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2018-08-10
ISBN : 0128138696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shale Gas and Tight Oil Reservoir Simulation delivers the latest research and applications used to better manage and interpret simulating production from shale gas and tight oil reservoirs. Starting with basic fundamentals, the book then includes real field data that will not only generate reliable reserve estimation, but also predict the effective range of reservoir and fracture properties through multiple history matching solutions. Also included are new insights into the numerical modelling of CO2 injection for enhanced oil recovery in tight oil reservoirs. This information is critical for a better understanding of the impacts of key reservoir properties and complex fractures. Models the well performance of shale gas and tight oil reservoirs with complex fracture geometries Teaches how to perform sensitivity studies, history matching, production forecasts, and economic optimization for shale-gas and tight-oil reservoirs Helps readers investigate data mining techniques, including the introduction of nonparametric smoothing models

Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Reservoir Simulation

Fractured Vuggy Carbonate Reservoir Simulation Book
Author : Jun Yao,Zhao-Qin Huang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-08
ISBN : 3662550326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book solves the open problems in fluid flow modeling through the fractured vuggy carbonate reservoirs. Fractured vuggy carbonate reservoirs usually have complex pore structures, which contain not only matrix and fractures but also the vugs and cavities. Since the vugs and cavities are irregular in shape and vary in diameter from millimeters to meters, modeling fluid flow through fractured vuggy porous media is still a challenge. The existing modeling theory and methods are not suitable for such reservoir. It starts from the concept of discrete fracture and fracture-vug networks model, and then develops the corresponding mathematical models and numerical methods, including discrete fracture model, discrete fracture-vug model, hybrid model and multiscale models. Based on these discrete porous media models, some equivalent medium models and methods are also discussed. All the modeling and methods shared in this book offer the key recent solutions into this area.

Transport in Shale Reservoirs

Transport in Shale Reservoirs Book
Author : Kun Sang Lee,Tae Hong Kim
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 0128178612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport in Shale Reservoirs fills the need for a necessary, integrative approach on shale reservoirs. It delivers both the fundamental theories of transport in shale reservoirs and the most recent advancements in the recovery of shale oil and gas in one convenient reference. Shale reservoirs have distinctive features dissimilar to those of conventional reservoirs, thus an accurate evaluation on the behavior of shale gas reservoirs requires an integrated understanding on their characteristics and the transport of reservoir and fluids. Updates on the various transport mechanisms in shale, such as molecular diffusion and phase behavior in nano-pores Applies theory to practice through simulation in both shale oil and gas Presents an up-to-date reference on remaining challenges, such as organic material in the shale simulation and multicomponent transport in CO2 injection processes

Improved Reservoir Models and Production Forecasting Techniques for Multi Stage Fractured Hydrocarbon Wells

Improved Reservoir Models and Production Forecasting Techniques for Multi Stage Fractured Hydrocarbon Wells Book
Author : Ruud Weijermars,Wei Yu,Aadi Khanal
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-12-12
ISBN : 3039218921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The massive increase in energy demand and the related rapid development of unconventional reservoirs has opened up exciting new energy supply opportunities along with new, seemingly intractable engineering and research challenges. The energy industry has primarily depended on a heuristic approach—rather than a systematic approach—to optimize and tackle the various challenges when developing new and improving the performance of existing unconventional reservoirs. Industry needs accurate estimations of well production performance and of the cumulative estimated ultimate reserves, accounting for uncertainty. This Special Issue presents 10 original and high-quality research articles related to the modeling of unconventional reservoirs, which showcase advanced methods for fractured reservoir simulation, and improved production forecasting techniques.

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstone and Carbonate Reservoirs

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstone and Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Emad Walid Al Shalabi,Kamy Sepehrnoori
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2017-07-02
ISBN : 9780128136041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low Salinity and Engineered Water Injection for Sandstone and Carbonate Reservoirs provides a first of its kind review of the low salinity and engineered water injection (LSWI/EWI) techniques for today's more complex enhanced oil recovery methods. Reservoir engineers today are challenged in the design and physical mechanisms behind low salinity injection projects, and to date, the research is currently only located in numerous journal locations. This reference helps readers overcome these challenging issues with explanations on models, experiments, mechanism analysis, and field applications involved in low salinity and engineered water. Covering significant laboratory, numerical, and field studies, lessons learned are also highlighted along with key areas for future research in this fast-growing area of the oil and gas industry. After an introduction to its techniques, the initial chapters review the main experimental findings and explore the mechanisms behind the impact of LSWI/EWI on oil recovery. The book then moves on to the critical area of modeling and simulation, discusses the geochemistry of LSWI/EWI processes, and applications of LSWI/EWI techniques in the field, including the authors' own recommendations based on their extensive experience. It is an essential reference for professional reservoir and field engineers, researchers and students working on LSWI/EWI and seeking to apply these methods for increased oil recovery. Teaches users how to understand the various mechanisms contributing to incremental oil recovery using low salinity and engineering water injection (LSWI/EWI) in sandstones and carbonates Balances guidance between designing laboratory experiments, to applying the LSWI/EWI techniques at both pilot-scale and full-field-scale for real-world operations Presents state-of-the-art approaches to simulation and modeling of LSWI/EWI

Multiphase Fluid Flow in Porous and Fractured Reservoirs

Multiphase Fluid Flow in Porous and Fractured Reservoirs Book
Author : Yu-Shu Wu
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2015-09-23
ISBN : 0128039116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multiphase Fluid Flow in Porous and Fractured Reservoirs discusses the process of modeling fluid flow in petroleum and natural gas reservoirs, a practice that has become increasingly complex thanks to multiple fractures in horizontal drilling and the discovery of more unconventional reservoirs and resources. The book updates the reservoir engineer of today with the latest developments in reservoir simulation by combining a powerhouse of theory, analytical, and numerical methods to create stronger verification and validation modeling methods, ultimately improving recovery in stagnant and complex reservoirs. Going beyond the standard topics in past literature, coverage includes well treatment, Non-Newtonian fluids and rheological models, multiphase fluid coupled with geomechanics in reservoirs, and modeling applications for unconventional petroleum resources. The book equips today’s reservoir engineer and modeler with the most relevant tools and knowledge to establish and solidify stronger oil and gas recovery. Delivers updates on recent developments in reservoir simulation such as modeling approaches for multiphase flow simulation of fractured media and unconventional reservoirs Explains analytical solutions and approaches as well as applications to modeling verification for today’s reservoir problems, such as evaluating saturation and pressure profiles and recovery factors or displacement efficiency Utilize practical codes and programs featured from online companion website

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2018

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2018 Book
Author : Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-02
ISBN : 981137127X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers from the 8th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2018) and addresses a broad range of topics, including: Reservoir Surveillance and Management, Reservoir Evaluation and Dynamic Description, Reservoir Production Stimulation and EOR, Ultra-Tight Reservoirs, Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Technology, Oil and Gas Well Production Testing, and Geomechanics. In brief, the papers introduce readers to upstream technologies used in oil & gas development, the main principles of the process, and various related design technologies. The conference not only provided a platform to exchange experiences, but also promoted the advancement of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The book is chiefly intended for industry experts, professors, researchers, senior engineers, and enterprise managers.

Modeling Interwell Fracture Interference and Huff n Puff Pressure Containment in Eagle Ford Using EDFM

Modeling Interwell Fracture Interference and Huff n Puff Pressure Containment in Eagle Ford Using EDFM Book
Author : Mauricio Xavier Fiallos Torres
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shale field operators have vested a tremendous interest in optimal spacing of infill wells and further fracture optimization, which ideally should have as little interference with the existing wells as possible. Although proper modeling has been employed to show the existence of well interference, few models have forecasted the impact of multiple inter-well fractures on child wells production and also implemented Huff-n-Puff and injection containment methods. These prognoses of the reservoir simulations abet to optimize further hydraulic fracture designs and improve the efficiency of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) in unconventional reservoirs. This thesis presented a rigorous workflow for estimating the impacts of spatial variations in fracture conductivity and complexity on fracture geometries of inter-well interference when modeling EOR Huff-n-Puff. Furthermore, we applied a non-intrusive embedded discrete fracture modeling (EDFM) method in conjunction with a commercial reservoir simulator to investigate the impact of well interference through connecting fractures by multi-well history matching, to propose profitable opportunities for Huff-n-Puff application. In this sense, the value of our workflow relies on a robust understanding of fracture properties, real production data validation, and the add-on feature of multi-pad wellbore image logging interpretation in the process. First, according to updated production data from Eagle Ford, the model was constructed to perform four (parent) wells history matching including five inner (child) wells. Later, fracture diagnostic results from well image logging were employed to perform sensitivity analysis on properties of long interwell connecting fractures such as number, conductivity, geometry, and explore their impacts on history matching. However, the estimation of these inter-well connecting fractures which were employed for enhanced history matching varied significantly from unmeasured fracture sensitivities. Finally, optimal cluster spacing was recommended considering interwell interference. The obtained results lead our study to the implementation of Huff-n-Puff models that capture inter-well interference seen in the field and their affordable impact sensitivities focused on variable injection rates/locations and multi-point water injection to mimic pressure barriers. The simulation results strengthen the understanding of modeling complex fracture geometries with robust history matching and support the need to incorporate containment strategies when EOR Huff-n-Puff is implemented. Moreover, the simulation outcomes show that well interference is present and reduces effectiveness of the fracture hits when connecting natural fractures. As a result of the inter-well long fractures, the bottom hole pressure behavior of the parent wells tends to equalize, and the pressure does not recover fast enough. Furthermore, the EDFM application is strongly supported by complex fracture propagation interpretation from image logs through the child wells in the reservoir. Through this study, multiple containment scenarios were proposed to contain the pressure in the area of interest, considering more than 2000 hydraulic fractures. The model became a valuable stencil to inform the impacts on well location and spacing, the completion staging, initial huff-n-puff decisions, and subsequent containment strategies (e.g. to improve cycle timing and efficiency), so that it can be expanded to other areas of the field. The simulation results and understandings afforded have been applied to the field satisfactorily to support significant reductions in offset fracture interference by up to 50% and reduce completion costs up to 23% while improving new well capital efficiency. Consequently, these outcomes support pressure containment benefits that lead to increased pressure build, reduced gas communication, reduced offset shut-in volumes, and ultimately, improvements in net utilization and capital efficiency

Research and Applications in Structural Engineering Mechanics and Computation

Research and Applications in Structural Engineering  Mechanics and Computation Book
Author : Alphose Zingoni
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-08-15
ISBN : 1315850788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation contains the Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2013, Cape Town, South Africa, 2-4 September 2013). Over 420 papers are featured. Many topics are covered, but the contributions may be seen to fall

Mechanical Components and Control Engineering III

Mechanical Components and Control Engineering III Book
Author : Wei Min Ge
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-10-08
ISBN : 3038266965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 3rd Asian Pacific Conference on Mechanical Components and Control Engineering (MCCE 2014), September 20-21, 2014, Tianjin, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 367 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science and Processing Technologies, Chapter 2: General Mechanical Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Dynamics, Chapter 3: Mechatronics and Robotics, Chapter 4: Control Technologies, Automation, Design and Simulation of Manufacturing, Chapter 5: Electrical Engineering and Electric Machines, Chapter 6: Power System and Energy Engineering, its Applications, Chapter 7: Electronics and Integrated Circuits, Embedded Technology and Applications, Chapter 8: Measurements, Testing, Monitoring, Analysis and Methodology, Chapter 9: Signal and Image Processing, Data Mining and Computational Mathematics, Chapter 10: Communication, Networks and Information Technologies, Chapter 11: Construction Technologies, Urban Planning and Urban Traffic, Chapter 12: Earth Science and Environmental Engineering, Chapter 13: Biomedical Engineering, Chapter 14: Product Design, Planning, Projects Management and Industrial Engineering

Finite Volumes for Complex Applications IX Methods Theoretical Aspects Examples

Finite Volumes for Complex Applications IX   Methods  Theoretical Aspects  Examples Book
Author : Robert Klöfkorn,Eirik Keilegavlen,Florin A. Radu,Jürgen Fuhrmann
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-09
ISBN : 3030436519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of the 9th conference on "Finite Volumes for Complex Applications" (Bergen, June 2020) are structured in two volumes. The first volume collects the focused invited papers, as well as the reviewed contributions from internationally leading researchers in the field of analysis of finite volume and related methods. Topics covered include convergence and stability analysis, as well as investigations of these methods from the point of view of compatibility with physical principles. Altogether, a rather comprehensive overview is given on the state of the art in the field. The properties of the methods considered in the conference give them distinguished advantages for a number of applications. These include fluid dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, structural analysis, nuclear physics, semiconductor theory, carbon capture utilization and storage, geothermal energy and further topics. The second volume covers reviewed contributions reporting successful applications of finite volume and related methods in these fields. The finite volume method in its various forms is a space discretization technique for partial differential equations based on the fundamental physical principle of conservation. Many finite volume methods preserve further qualitative or asymptotic properties, including maximum principles, dissipativity, monotone decay of free energy, and asymptotic stability, making the finite volume methods compatible discretization methods, which preserve qualitative properties of continuous problems at the discrete level. This structural approach to the discretization of partial differential equations becomes particularly important for multiphysics and multiscale applications. The book is a valuable resource for researchers, PhD and master’s level students in numerical analysis, scientific computing and related fields such as partial differential equations, as well as engineers working in numerical modeling and simulations.

GeoArabia

GeoArabia Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2004
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :