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Embedded Computing For High Performance

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Embedded Computing for High Performance

Embedded Computing for High Performance Book
Author : João Manuel Paiva Cardoso,José Gabriel de Figueiredo Coutinho,Pedro C. Diniz
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2017-06-13
ISBN : 0128041994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Embedded Computing for High Performance: Design Exploration and Customization Using High-level Compilation and Synthesis Tools provides a set of real-life example implementations that migrate traditional desktop systems to embedded systems. Working with popular hardware, including Xilinx and ARM, the book offers a comprehensive description of techniques for mapping computations expressed in programming languages such as C or MATLAB to high-performance embedded architectures consisting of multiple CPUs, GPUs, and reconfigurable hardware (FPGAs). The authors demonstrate a domain-specific language (LARA) that facilitates retargeting to multiple computing systems using the same source code. In this way, users can decouple original application code from transformed code and enhance productivity and program portability. After reading this book, engineers will understand the processes, methodologies, and best practices needed for the development of applications for high-performance embedded computing systems. Focuses on maximizing performance while managing energy consumption in embedded systems Explains how to retarget code for heterogeneous systems with GPUs and FPGAs Demonstrates a domain-specific language that facilitates migrating and retargeting existing applications to modern systems Includes downloadable slides, tools, and tutorials

High Performance Embedded Computing

High Performance Embedded Computing Book
Author : Wayne Wolf
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080475004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past several years, embedded systems have emerged as an integral though unseen part of many consumer, industrial, and military devices. The explosive growth of these systems has resulted in embedded computing becoming an increasingly important discipline. The need for designers of high-performance, application-specific computing systems has never been greater, and many universities and colleges in the US and worldwide are now developing advanced courses to help prepare their students for careers in embedded computing. High-Performance Embedded Computing: Architectures, Applications, and Methodologies is the first book designed to address the needs of advanced students and industry professionals. Focusing on the unique complexities of embedded system design, the book provides a detailed look at advanced topics in the field, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumption. Fundamental challenges in embedded computing are described, together with design methodologies and models of computation. HPEC provides an in-depth and advanced treatment of all the components of embedded systems, with discussions of the current developments in the field and numerous examples of real-world applications. Covers advanced topics in embedded computing, including multiprocessors, VLIW and superscalar architectures, and power consumption Provides in-depth coverage of networks, reconfigurable systems, hardware-software co-design, security, and program analysis Includes examples of many real-world embedded computing applications (cell phones, printers, digital video) and architectures (the Freescale Starcore, TI OMAP multiprocessor, the TI C5000 and C6000 series, and others)

High Performance Embedded Computing Handbook

High Performance Embedded Computing Handbook Book
Author : David R. Martinez,Robert A. Bond,M. Michael Vai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1351837796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past several decades, applications permeated by advances in digital signal processing have undergone unprecedented growth in capabilities. The editors and authors of High Performance Embedded Computing Handbook: A Systems Perspective have been significant contributors to this field, and the principles and techniques presented in the handbook are reinforced by examples drawn from their work. The chapters cover system components found in today’s HPEC systems by addressing design trade-offs, implementation options, and techniques of the trade, then solidifying the concepts with specific HPEC system examples. This approach provides a more valuable learning tool, Because readers learn about these subject areas through factual implementation cases drawn from the contributing authors’ own experiences. Discussions include: Key subsystems and components Computational characteristics of high performance embedded algorithms and applications Front-end real-time processor technologies such as analog-to-digital conversion, application-specific integrated circuits, field programmable gate arrays, and intellectual property–based design Programmable HPEC systems technology, including interconnection fabrics, parallel and distributed processing, performance metrics and software architecture, and automatic code parallelization and optimization Examples of complex HPEC systems representative of actual prototype developments Application examples, including radar, communications, electro-optical, and sonar applications The handbook is organized around a canonical framework that helps readers navigate through the chapters, and it concludes with a discussion of future trends in HPEC systems. The material is covered at a level suitable for practicing engineers and HPEC computational practitioners and is easily adaptable to their own implementation requirements.

Architecting High Performance Embedded Systems

Architecting High Performance Embedded Systems Book
Author : Jim Ledin
Publisher : Packt Publishing Ltd
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 178995939X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the complete process of developing systems based on field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), including the design of electronic circuits and the construction and debugging of prototype embedded devices Key FeaturesLearn the basics of embedded systems and real-time operating systemsUnderstand how FPGAs implement processing algorithms in hardwareDesign, construct, and debug custom digital systems from scratch using KiCadBook Description Modern digital devices used in homes, cars, and wearables contain highly sophisticated computing capabilities composed of embedded systems that generate, receive, and process digital data streams at rates up to multiple gigabits per second. This book will show you how to use Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) and high-speed digital circuit design to create your own cutting-edge digital systems. Architecting High-Performance Embedded Systems takes you through the fundamental concepts of embedded systems, including real-time operation and the Internet of Things (IoT), and the architecture and capabilities of the latest generation of FPGAs. Using powerful free tools for FPGA design and electronic circuit design, you'll learn how to design, build, test, and debug high-performance FPGA-based IoT devices. The book will also help you get up to speed with embedded system design, circuit design, hardware construction, firmware development, and debugging to produce a high-performance embedded device – a network-based digital oscilloscope. You'll explore techniques such as designing four-layer printed circuit boards with high-speed differential signal pairs and assembling the board using surface-mount components. By the end of the book, you'll have a solid understanding of the concepts underlying embedded systems and FPGAs and will be able to design and construct your own sophisticated digital devices. What you will learnUnderstand the fundamentals of real-time embedded systems and sensorsDiscover the capabilities of FPGAs and how to use FPGA development toolsLearn the principles of digital circuit design and PCB layout with KiCadConstruct high-speed circuit board prototypes at low costDesign and develop high-performance algorithms for FPGAsDevelop robust, reliable, and efficient firmware in CThoroughly test and debug embedded device hardware and firmwareWho this book is for This book is for software developers, IoT engineers, and anyone who wants to understand the process of developing high-performance embedded systems. You'll also find this book useful if you want to learn about the fundamentals of FPGA development and all aspects of firmware development in C and C++. Familiarity with the C language, digital circuits, and electronic soldering is necessary to get started.

Embedded Computing

Embedded Computing Book
Author : Joseph A. Fisher,Paolo Faraboschi,Clifford Young
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1558607668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fact that there are more embedded computers than general-purpose computers and that we are impacted by hundreds of them every day is no longer news. What is news is that their increasing performance requirements, complexity and capabilities demand a new approach to their design. Fisher, Faraboschi, and Young describe a new age of embedded computing design, in which the processor is central, making the approach radically distinct from contemporary practices of embedded systems design. They demonstrate why it is essential to take a computing-centric and system-design approach to the traditional elements of nonprogrammable components, peripherals, interconnects and buses. These elements must be unified in a system design with high-performance processor architectures, microarchitectures and compilers, and with the compilation tools, debuggers and simulators needed for application development. In this landmark text, the authors apply their expertise in highly interdisciplinary hardware/software development and VLIW processors to illustrate this change in embedded computing. VLIW architectures have long been a popular choice in embedded systems design, and while VLIW is a running theme throughout the book, embedded computing is the core topic. Embedded Computing examines both in a book filled with fact and opinion based on the authors many years of R&D experience. · Complemented by a unique, professional-quality embedded tool-chain on the authors' website, http://www.vliw.org/book · Combines technical depth with real-world experience · Comprehensively explains the differences between general purpose computing systems and embedded systems at the hardware, software, tools and operating system levels. · Uses concrete examples to explain and motivate the trade-offs.

High Performance Embedded Computing

High Performance Embedded Computing Book
Author : Marilyn Wolf
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-03-17
ISBN : 0124104886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-Performance Embedded Computing, Second Edition, combines leading-edge research with practical guidance in a variety of embedded computing topics, including real-time systems, computer architecture, and low-power design. Author Marilyn Wolf presents a comprehensive survey of the state of the art, and guides you to achieve high levels of performance from the embedded systems that bring these technologies together. The book covers CPU design, operating systems, multiprocessor programs and architectures, and much more. Embedded computing is a key component of cyber-physical systems, which combine physical devices with computational resources for control and communication. This revised edition adds new content and examples of cyber-physical systems throughout the book, including design methodologies, scheduling, and wide-area CPS to illustrate the possibilities of these new systems. Revised and updated with coverage of recently developed consumer electronics architectures and models of computing Includes new VLIW processors such as the TI Da Vinci, and CPU simulation Learn model-based verification and middleware for embedded systems Supplemental material includes lecture slides, labs, and additional resources

High Performance and Time Predictable Embedded Computing

High Performance and Time Predictable Embedded Computing Book
Author : Pinho, Luis Miguel,Quinones, Eduardo,Marongiu, Andrea
Publisher : River Publishers
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 8793609698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowadays, the prevalence of computing systems in our lives is so ubiquitous that we live in a cyber-physical world dominated by computer systems, from pacemakers to cars and airplanes. These systems demand for more computational performance to process large amounts of data from multiple data sources with guaranteed processing times. Actuating outside of the required timing bounds may cause the failure of the system, being vital for systems like planes, cars, business monitoring, e-trading, etc. High-Performance and Time-Predictable Embedded Computing presents recent advances in software architecture and tools to support such complex systems, enabling the design of embedded computing devices which are able to deliver high-performance whilst guaranteeing the application required timing bounds. Technical topics discussed in the book include: Parallel embedded platformsProgramming modelsMapping and scheduling of parallel computationsTiming and schedulability analysisRuntimes and operating systems The work reflected in this book was done in the scope of the European project P‑SOCRATES, funded under the FP7 framework program of the European Commission. High-performance and time-predictable embedded computing is ideal for personnel in computer/communication/embedded industries as well as academic staff and master/research students in computer science, embedded systems, cyber-physical systems and internet-of-things.

Rugged Embedded Systems

Rugged Embedded Systems Book
Author : Augusto Vega,Pradip Bose,Alper Buyuktosunoglu
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2016-12-08
ISBN : 0128026324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rugged Embedded Systems: Computing in Harsh Environments describes how to design reliable embedded systems for harsh environments, including architectural approaches, cross-stack hardware/software techniques, and emerging challenges and opportunities. A "harsh environment" presents inherent characteristics, such as extreme temperature and radiation levels, very low power and energy budgets, strict fault tolerance and security constraints, etc. that challenge the computer system in its design and operation. To guarantee proper execution (correct, safe, and low-power) in such scenarios, this contributed work discusses multiple layers that involve firmware, operating systems, and applications, as well as power management units and communication interfaces. This book also incorporates use cases in the domains of unmanned vehicles (advanced cars and micro aerial robots) and space exploration as examples of computing designs for harsh environments. Provides a deep understanding of embedded systems for harsh environments by experts involved in state-of-the-art autonomous vehicle-related projects Covers the most important challenges (fault tolerance, power efficiency, and cost effectiveness) faced when developing rugged embedded systems Includes case studies exploring embedded computing for autonomous vehicle systems (advanced cars and micro aerial robots) and space exploration

Modern Embedded Computing

Modern Embedded Computing Book
Author : Peter Barry,Patrick Crowley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123914906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern embedded systems are used for connected, media-rich, and highly integrated handheld devices such as mobile phones, digital cameras, and MP3 players. All of these embedded systems require networking, graphic user interfaces, and integration with PCs, as opposed to traditional embedded processors that can perform only limited functions for industrial applications. While most books focus on these controllers, Modern Embedded Computing provides a thorough understanding of the platform architecture of modern embedded computing systems that drive mobile devices. The book offers a comprehensive view of developing a framework for embedded systems-on-chips. Examples feature the Intel Atom processor, which is used in high-end mobile devices such as e-readers, Internet-enabled TVs, tablets, and net books. Beginning with a discussion of embedded platform architecture and Intel Atom-specific architecture, modular chapters cover system boot-up, operating systems, power optimization, graphics and multi-media, connectivity, and platform tuning. Companion lab materials compliment the chapters, offering hands-on embedded design experience. Learn embedded systems design with the Intel Atom Processor, based on the dominant PC chip architecture. Examples use Atom and offer comparisons to other platforms Design embedded processors for systems that support gaming, in-vehicle infotainment, medical records retrieval, point-of-sale purchasing, networking, digital storage, and many more retail, consumer and industrial applications Explore companion lab materials online that offer hands-on embedded design experience

Programming Embedded Systems

Programming Embedded Systems Book
Author : Michael Barr,Anthony Massa
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0596009836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Authored by two of the leading authorities in the field, this guide offers readers the knowledge and skills needed to achieve proficiency with embedded software.

Embedded Systems

Embedded Systems Book
Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-26
ISBN : 1118468643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers the significant embedded computingtechnologies—highlighting their applications in wirelesscommunication and computing power An embedded system is a computer system designed for specificcontrol functions within a larger system—often with real-timecomputing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete deviceoften including hardware and mechanical parts. Presented in threeparts, Embedded Systems: Hardware, Design, andImplementation provides readers with an immersive introductionto this rapidly growing segment of the computer industry. Acknowledging the fact that embedded systems control many oftoday's most common devices such as smart phones, PC tablets, aswell as hardware embedded in cars, TVs, and even refrigerators andheating systems, the book starts with a basic introduction toembedded computing systems. It hones in on system-on-a-chip (SoC),multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC), and network-on-chip (NoC).It then covers on-chip integration of software and custom hardwareaccelerators, as well as fabric flexibility, custom architectures,and the multiple I/O standards that facilitate PCB integration. Next, it focuses on the technologies associated with embeddedcomputing systems, going over the basics of field-programmable gatearray (FPGA), digital signal processing (DSP) andapplication-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) technology,architectural support for on-chip integration of customaccelerators with processors, and O/S support for thesesystems. Finally, it offers full details on architecture, testability,and computer-aided design (CAD) support for embedded systems, softprocessors, heterogeneous resources, and on-chip storage beforeconcluding with coverage of software support—in particular,O/S Linux. Embedded Systems: Hardware, Design, and Implementation isan ideal book for design engineers looking to optimize and reducethe size and cost of embedded system products and increase theirreliability and performance.

Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open Source Tools

Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open Source Tools Book
Author : Nilanjan Dey,Amartya Mukherjee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1498734405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open-Source Tools provides easy-to-understand and easy-to-implement guidance for rapid prototype development. Designed for readers unfamiliar with advanced computing technologies, this highly accessible book: Describes several cutting-edge open-source software and hardware technologies Examines a number of embedded computer systems and their practical applications Includes detailed projects for applying rapid prototype development skills in real time Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open-Source Tools effectively demonstrates that, with the help of high-performance microprocessors, microcontrollers, and highly optimized algorithms, one can develop smarter embedded devices.

Making Embedded Systems

Making Embedded Systems Book
Author : Elecia White
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2011-10-25
ISBN : 1449320589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interested in developing embedded systems? Since they don’t tolerate inefficiency, these systems require a disciplined approach to programming. This easy-to-read guide helps you cultivate a host of good development practices, based on classic software design patterns and new patterns unique to embedded programming. Learn how to build system architecture for processors, not operating systems, and discover specific techniques for dealing with hardware difficulties and manufacturing requirements. Written by an expert who’s created embedded systems ranging from urban surveillance and DNA scanners to children’s toys, this book is ideal for intermediate and experienced programmers, no matter what platform you use. Optimize your system to reduce cost and increase performance Develop an architecture that makes your software robust in resource-constrained environments Explore sensors, motors, and other I/O devices Do more with less: reduce RAM consumption, code space, processor cycles, and power consumption Learn how to update embedded code directly in the processor Discover how to implement complex mathematics on small processors Understand what interviewers look for when you apply for an embedded systems job "Making Embedded Systems is the book for a C programmer who wants to enter the fun (and lucrative) world of embedded systems. It’s very well written—entertaining, even—and filled with clear illustrations." —Jack Ganssle, author and embedded system expert.

Hardware Software Co Synthesis of Distributed Embedded Systems

Hardware Software Co Synthesis of Distributed Embedded Systems Book
Author : Ti-Yen Yen,Wayne Wolf
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1475753888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Embedded computer systems use both off-the-shelf microprocessors and application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs) to implement specialized system functions. Examples include the electronic systems inside laser printers, cellular phones, microwave ovens, and an automobile anti-lock brake controller. Embedded computing is unique because it is a co-design problem - the hardware engine and application software architecture must be designed simultaneously. Hardware-Software Co-Synthesis of Distributed Embedded Systems proposes new techniques such as fixed-point iterations, phase adjustment, and separation analysis to efficiently estimate tight bounds on the delay required for a set of multi-rate processes preemptively scheduled on a real-time reactive distributed system. Based on the delay bounds, a gradient-search co-synthesis algorithm with new techniques such as sensitivity analysis, priority prediction, and idle- processing elements elimination are developed to select the number and types of processing elements in a distributed engine, and determine the allocation and scheduling of processes to processing elements. New communication modeling is also presented to analyze communication delay under interaction of computation and communication, allocate interprocessor communication links, and schedule communication. Hardware-Software Co-Synthesis of Distributed Embedded Systems is the first book to describe techniques for the design of distributed embedded systems, which have arbitrary hardware and software topologies. The book will be of interest to: academic researchers for personal libraries and advanced-topics courses in co-design as well as industrial designers who are building high-performance, real-time embedded systems with multiple processors.

Embedded System Design on a Shoestring

Embedded System Design on a Shoestring Book
Author : Lewin Edwards
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-06-02
ISBN : 9780080491233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this practical guide, experienced embedded engineer Lewin Edwards demonstrates faster, lower-cost methods for developing high-end embedded systems. With today's tight schedules and lower budgets, embedded designers are under greater pressure to deliver prototypes and system designs faster and cheaper. Edwards demonstrates how the use of the right tools and operating systems can make seemingly impossible deadlines possible. Designer's Guide to Embedded Systems Development shares many advanced, in-the-trenches design secrets to help engineers achieve better performance on the job. In particular, it covers many of the newer design tools supported by the GPL (GNU Public License) system. Code examples are given to provide concrete illustrations of tasks described in the text. The general procedures are applicable to many possible projects based on any 16/32-bit microcontroller. The book covers choosing the right architecture and development hardware to fit the project; choosing an operating system and developing a toolchain; evaluating software licenses and how they affect a project; step-by-step building instructions for gcc, binutils, gdb and newlib for the ARM7 core used in the case study project; prototyping techniques using a custom printed circuit board; debugging tips; and portability considerations. A wealth of practical tips, tricks and techniques Design better, faster and more cost-effectively

Embedded Systems and Software Validation

Embedded Systems and Software Validation Book
Author : Abhik Roychoudhury
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2009-04-29
ISBN : 0080921256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern embedded systems require high performance, low cost and low power consumption. Such systems typically consist of a heterogeneous collection of processors, specialized memory subsystems, and partially programmable or fixed-function components. This heterogeneity, coupled with issues such as hardware/software partitioning, mapping, scheduling, etc., leads to a large number of design possibilities, making performance debugging and validation of such systems a difficult problem. Embedded systems are used to control safety critical applications such as flight control, automotive electronics and healthcare monitoring. Clearly, developing reliable software/systems for such applications is of utmost importance. This book describes a host of debugging and verification methods which can help to achieve this goal. Covers the major abstraction levels of embedded systems design, starting from software analysis and micro-architectural modeling, to modeling of resource sharing and communication at the system level Integrates formal techniques of validation for hardware/software with debugging and validation of embedded system design flows Includes practical case studies to answer the questions: does a design meet its requirements, if not, then which parts of the system are responsible for the violation, and once they are identified, then how should the design be suitably modified?

Embedded and Networking Systems

Embedded and Networking Systems Book
Author : Gul N. Khan,Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1351831569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Embedded and Networking Systems: Design, Software, and Implementation explores issues related to the design and synthesis of high-performance embedded computer systems and networks. The emphasis is on the fundamental concepts and analytical techniques that are applicable to a range of embedded and networking applications, rather than on specific embedded architectures, software development, or system-level integration. This system point of view guides designers in dealing with the trade-offs to optimize performance, power, cost, and other system-level non-functional requirements. The book brings together contributions by researchers and experts from around the world, offering a global view of the latest research and development in embedded and networking systems. Chapters highlight the evolution and trends in the field and supply a fundamental and analytical understanding of some underlying technologies. Topics include the co-design of embedded systems, code optimization for a variety of applications, power and performance trade-offs, benchmarks for evaluating embedded systems and their components, and mobile sensor network systems. The book also looks at novel applications such as mobile sensor systems and video networks. A comprehensive review of groundbreaking technology and applications, this book is a timely resource for system designers, researchers, and students interested in the possibilities of embedded and networking systems. It gives readers a better understanding of an emerging technology evolution that is helping drive telecommunications into the next decade.

Designing Embedded Hardware

Designing Embedded Hardware Book
Author : John Catsoulis
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780596003623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligent readers who want to build their own embedded computer systems-- installed in everything from cell phones to cars to handheld organizers to refrigerators-- will find this book to be the most in-depth, practical, and up-to-date guide on the market. Designing Embedded Hardware carefully steers between the practical and philosophical aspects, so developers can both create their own devices and gadgets and customize and extend off-the-shelf systems. There are hundreds of books to choose from if you need to learn programming, but only a few are available if you want to learn to create hardware. Designing Embedded Hardware provides software and hardware engineers with no prior experience in embedded systems with the necessary conceptual and design building blocks to understand the architectures of embedded systems. Written to provide the depth of coverage and real-world examples developers need, Designing Embedded Hardware also provides a road-map to the pitfalls and traps to avoid in designing embedded systems. Designing Embedded Hardware covers such essential topics as: The principles of developing computer hardware Core hardware designs Assembly language concepts Parallel I/O Analog-digital conversion Timers (internal and external) UART Serial Peripheral Interface Inter-Integrated Circuit Bus Controller Area Network (CAN) Data Converter Interface (DCI) Low-power operation This invaluable and eminently useful book gives you the practical tools and skills to develop, build, and program your own application-specific computers.

Hardware Software Architectures for Low Power Embedded Multimedia Systems

Hardware Software Architectures for Low Power Embedded Multimedia Systems Book
Author : Muhammad Shafique,Jörg Henkel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-25
ISBN : 9781441996923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents techniques for energy reduction in adaptive embedded multimedia systems, based on dynamically reconfigurable processors. The approach described will enable designers to meet performance/area constraints, while minimizing video quality degradation, under various, run-time scenarios. Emphasis is placed on implementing power/energy reduction at various abstraction levels. To enable this, novel techniques for adaptive energy management at both processor architecture and application architecture levels are presented, such that both hardware and software adapt together, minimizing overall energy consumption under unpredictable, design-/compile-time scenarios.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics Book
Author : Bertil Schmidt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-06-03
ISBN : 1439858365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New sequencing technologies have broken many experimental barriers to genome scale sequencing, leading to the extraction of huge quantities of sequence data. This expansion of biological databases established the need for new ways to harness and apply the astounding amount of available genomic information and convert it into substantive biological understanding. A complilation of recent approaches from prominent researchers, Bioinformatics: High Performance Parallel Computer Architectures discusses how to take advantage of bioinformatics applications and algorithms on a variety of modern parallel architectures. Two factors continue to drive the increasing use of modern parallel computer architectures to address problems in computational biology and bioinformatics: high-throughput techniques for DNA sequencing and gene expression analysis—which have led to an exponential growth in the amount of digital biological data—and the multi- and many-core revolution within computer architecture. Presenting key information about how to make optimal use of parallel architectures, this book: Describes algorithms and tools including pairwise sequence alignment, multiple sequence alignment, BLAST, motif finding, pattern matching, sequence assembly, hidden Markov models, proteomics, and evolutionary tree reconstruction Addresses GPGPU technology and the associated massively threaded CUDA programming model Reviews FPGA architecture and programming Presents several parallel algorithms for computing alignments on the Cell/BE architecture, including linear-space pairwise alignment, syntenic alignment, and spliced alignment Assesses underlying concepts and advances in orchestrating the phylogenetic likelihood function on parallel computer architectures (ranging from FPGAs upto the IBM BlueGene/L supercomputer) Covers several effective techniques to fully exploit the computing capability of many-core CUDA-enabled GPUs to accelerate protein sequence database searching, multiple sequence alignment, and motif finding Explains a parallel CUDA-based method for correcting sequencing base-pair errors in HTSR data Because the amount of publicly available sequence data is growing faster than single processor core performance speed, modern bioinformatics tools need to take advantage of parallel computer architectures. Now that the era of the many-core processor has begun, it is expected that future mainstream processors will be parallel systems. Beneficial to anyone actively involved in research and applications, this book helps you to get the most out of these tools and create optimal HPC solutions for bioinformatics.