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Electromigration In Thin Films And Electronic Devices

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Electromigration in Thin Films and Electronic Devices

Electromigration in Thin Films and Electronic Devices Book
Author : Choong-Un Kim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-28
ISBN : 0857093754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding and limiting electromigration in thin films is essential to the continued development of advanced copper interconnects for integrated circuits. Electromigration in thin films and electronic devices provides an up-to-date review of key topics in this commercially important area. Part one consists of three introductory chapters, covering modelling of electromigration phenomena, modelling electromigration using the peridynamics approach and simulation and x-ray microbeam studies of electromigration. Part two deals with electromigration issues in copper interconnects, including x-ray microbeam analysis, voiding, microstructural evolution and electromigration failure. Finally, part three covers electromigration in solder, with chapters discussing topics such as electromigration-induced microstructural evolution and electromigration in flip-chip solder joints. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Electromigration in thin films and electronic devices is an essential reference for materials scientists and engineers in the microelectronics, packaging and interconnects industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the field. Provides up-to-date coverage of the continued development of advanced copper interconnects for integrated circuits Comprehensively reviews modelling of electromigration phenomena, modelling electromigration using the peridynamics approach and simulation, and x-ray microbeam studies of electromigration Deals with electromigration issues in copper interconnects, including x-ray microbeam analysis, voiding, microstructural evolution and electromigration failure

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook Book
Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-30
ISBN : 0857096338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrical and electronic waste is a growing problem as volumes are increasing fast. Rapid product innovation and replacement, especially in information and communication technologies (ICT), combined with the migration from analog to digital technologies and to flat-screen televisions and monitors has resulted in some electronic products quickly reaching the end of their life. The EU directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) aims to minimise WEEE by putting organizational and financial responsibility on producers and distributors for collection, treatment, recycling and recovery of WEEE. Therefore all stakeholders need to be well-informed about their WEEE responsibilities and options. While focussing on the EU, this book draws lessons for policy and practice from all over the world. Part one introduces the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE. Part two discusses technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Part three focuses on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers. Part four explores sustainable design of electronics and supply chains. Part five discusses national and regional WEEE management schemes and part six looks at corporate WEEE management strategies. With an authoritative collection of chapters from an international team of authors, Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) handbook is designed to be used as a reference by policy-makers, producers and treatment operators in both the developed and developing world. Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems Sections cover technologies for refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste, sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, national and regional waste management schemes, and corporate WEEE management strategies

Physics of Thin Films

Physics of Thin Films Book
Author : Georg Hass,Maurich H. Francombe,Richard W. Hoffman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483103315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physics of Thin Films: Advances in Research and Development, Volume 7 is a collection of papers about film growth and structure, optical properties, and semiconducting films. The book covers topics such as diffraction theory; film support and filter fabrication; aging, usage, and cleaning of filters; and properties and applications of III-V compound films. It also discusses topics such as the preparation of use and unbacked metal filters; electromigration in thin films; and the built-up molecular films and their applications. The text is recommended for physicists and engineers involved in thin film physics, especially those who would like to know more about the progresses in the field.

Metal Based Thin Films for Electronics

Metal Based Thin Films for Electronics Book
Author : Klaus Wetzig,Claus M. Schneider
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527606475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This up-to-date handbook covers the main topics of preparation, characterization and properties of complex metal-based layer systems. The authors -- an outstanding group of researchers -- discuss advanced methods for structure, chemical and electronic state characterization with reference to the properties of thin functional layers, such as metallization and barrier layers for microelectronics, magnetoresistive layers for GMR and TMR, sensor and resistance layers. As such, the book addresses materials specialists in industry, especially in microelectronics, as well as scientists, and can also be recommended for advanced studies in materials science, analytics, surface and solid state science.

Thin Film Growth

Thin Film Growth Book
Author : Zexian Cao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 0857093290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin film technology is used in many applications such as microelectronics, optics, hard and corrosion resistant coatings and micromechanics, and thin films form a uniquely versatile material base for the development of novel technologies within these industries. Thin film growth provides an important and up-to-date review of the theory and deposition techniques used in the formation of thin films. Part one focuses on the theory of thin film growth, with chapters covering nucleation and growth processes in thin films, phase-field modelling of thin film growth and surface roughness evolution. Part two covers some of the techniques used for thin film growth, including oblique angle deposition, reactive magnetron sputtering and epitaxial growth of graphene films on single crystal metal surfaces. This section also includes chapters on the properties of thin films, covering topics such as substrate plasticity and buckling of thin films, polarity control, nanostructure growth dynamics and network behaviour in thin films. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Thin film growth is an essential reference for engineers in electronics, energy materials and mechanical engineering, as well as those with an academic research interest in the topic. Provides an important and up-to-date review of the theory and deposition techniques used in the formation of thin films Focusses on the theory and modelling of thin film growth, techniques and mechanisms used for thin film growth and properties of thin films An essential reference for engineers in electronics, energy materials and mechanical engineering

In Situ Characterization of Thin Film Growth

In Situ Characterization of Thin Film Growth Book
Author : Gertjan Koster,Guus Rijnders
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-05
ISBN : 0857094955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced techniques for characterizing thin film growth in situ help to develop improved understanding and faster diagnosis of issues with the process. In situ characterization of thin film growth reviews current and developing techniques for characterizing the growth of thin films, covering an important gap in research. Part one covers electron diffraction techniques for in situ study of thin film growth, including chapters on topics such as reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and inelastic scattering techniques. Part two focuses on photoemission techniques, with chapters covering ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry for characterization of thin film growth. Finally, part three discusses alternative in situ characterization techniques. Chapters focus on topics such as ion beam surface characterization, real time in situ surface monitoring of thin film growth, deposition vapour monitoring and the use of surface x-ray diffraction for studying epitaxial film growth. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, In situ characterization of thin film growth is a standard reference for materials scientists and engineers in the electronics and photonics industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in this area. Chapters review electron diffraction techniques, including the methodology for observations and measurements Discusses the principles and applications of photoemission techniques Examines alternative in situ characterisation techniques

Printed Films

Printed Films Book
Author : Maria Prudenziati,Jacob Hormadaly
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-30
ISBN : 0857096214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whilst printed films are currently used in varied devices across a wide range of fields, research into their development and properties is increasingly uncovering even greater potential. Printed films provides comprehensive coverage of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications. Materials and properties of printed films are the focus of part one, beginning with a review of the concepts, technologies and materials involved in their production and use. Printed films as electrical components and silicon metallization for solar cells are discussed, as are conduction mechanisms in printed film resistors, and thick films in packaging and microelectronics. Part two goes on to review the varied applications of printed films in devices. Printed resistive sensors are considered, as is the role of printed films in capacitive, piezoelectric and pyroelectric sensors, mechanical micro-systems and gas sensors. The applications of printed films in biosensors, actuators, heater elements, varistors and polymer solar cells are then explored, followed by a review of screen printing for the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells and laser printed micro- and meso-scale power generating devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Printed films is a key text for anyone working in such fields as microelectronics, fuel cell and sensor technology in both industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive analysis of the most significant recent developments in printed films and their applications Reviews the concepts, properties, technologies and materials involved in the production and use of printed films Analyses the varied applications of printed films in devices, including printed restrictive sensors for physical quantities and printed thick film mechanical micro-systems (MEMS), among others

Optical Thin Films and Coatings

Optical Thin Films and Coatings Book
Author : Angela Piegari,François Flory
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0857097318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical coatings, including mirrors, anti-reflection coatings, beam splitters, and filters, are an integral part of most modern optical systems. Optical thin films and coatings provides an overview of thin film materials, the properties, design and manufacture of optical coatings and their use across a variety of application areas. Part one explores the design and manufacture of optical coatings. Part two highlights unconventional features of optical thin films including scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties of thin film materials at short wavelengths, thermal properties and colour effects. Part three focusses on novel materials for optical thin films and coatings and includes chapters on organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics and optical thin films containing quantum dots. Finally, applications of optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass, are reviewed in part four. Optical thin films and coatings is a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings, professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries requiring an understanding of these topics, and academics interested in the field. An overview of the materials, properties, design and manufacture of thin films Special attention is given to the unconventional features and novel materials of optical thin films Reviews applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glasing, displays and lighting

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics Book
Author : Stergios Logothetidis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 1782420436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials. Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods. Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and Opto Electronic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and  Opto Electronic Devices Book
Author : Oksana Ostroverkhova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0857098764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices Book
Author : Serge Zhuiykov
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 1782422242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors Reviews fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications A vital resource for applied researchers and production engineers working with new semiconductor materials

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Seng Ghee Tan,Mansoor B. A Jalil
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 0857095889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices. Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored. Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices Book
Author : Michael C. Petty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-01-24
ISBN : 1119631343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices A one-stop examination of fundamental electrical behaviour in organic electronic device architectures In Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices: From Bulk Materials to Nanoscale Architectures, distinguished researcher Michael C. Petty delivers an in-depth treatment of the electrical behaviour of organic electronic devices focused on first principles. The author describes the fundamental electrical behaviour of various device architectures and offers an introduction to the physical processes that play a role in the electrical conductivity of organic materials. Beginning with band theory, the text moves on to address the effects of thin film device architectures and nanostructures. The book discusses the applications to devices currently in the marketplace, like displays, as well as those under development (transistors, solar cells, and memories). Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices also describes emerging organic thin film architectures and explores the potential for single molecule electronics and biologically inspired devices. Finally, the book also includes: A detailed introduction to electronic and vibrational states in organic solids, including classical band theory, disordered semiconductors, and lattice vibrations Comprehensive explorations of electrical conductivity, including electronic and ionic processes, carrier drift, diffusion, the Boltzmann Transport Equation, excess carriers, recombination, doping, and superconductivity An overview of important electro-active organic materials, like molecular crystals, charge-transfer complexes, conductive polymers, carbon nanotubes, and graphene Practical considerations of defects and nanoscale phenomena, including transport processes in low-dimensional systems, surfaces and interface states In-depth examinations of metal contacts, including ohmic contacts, the Schottky Barrier, and metal/molecule contacts A systematic guide to the operating principles of metal/insulator/semiconductor structures and the field effect A set of problems (with solutions on-line) for each chapter of the book Perfect for electronics developers and researchers in both industry and academia who study and work with molecular and nanoscale electronics, Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices also deserves a place in the libraries of undergraduate and postgraduate students in courses on molecular electronics, organic electronics, and plastic electronics.

Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling  Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials Book
Author : V Tewary,Y Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-17
ISBN : 1782422358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Machine to machine M2M Communications

Machine to machine  M2M  Communications Book
Author : Carles Anton-Haro,Mischa Dohler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-23
ISBN : 1782421106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part one of Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications covers machine-to-machine systems, architecture and components. Part two assesses performance management techniques for M2M communications. Part three looks at M2M applications, services, and standardization. Machine-to-machine communications refers to autonomous communication between devices or machines. This book serves as a key resource in M2M, which is set to grow significantly and is expected to generate a huge amount of additional data traffic and new revenue streams, underpinning key areas of the economy such as the smart grid, networked homes, healthcare and transportation. Examines the opportunities in M2M for businesses Analyses the optimisation and development of M2M communications Chapters cover aspects of access, scheduling, mobility and security protocols within M2M communications

Laser Surface Engineering

Laser Surface Engineering Book
Author : Jonathan R. Lawrence,D Waugh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-02
ISBN : 1782420797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Ecological Design of Smart Home Networks

Ecological Design of Smart Home Networks Book
Author : N. Saito,D Menga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-31
ISBN : 1782421246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an authoritative guide for postgraduate students and academic researchers in electronics, computer and network engineering, telecommunications, energy technology and home automation, as well as R&D managers in industrial sectors such as wireless technology, consumer electronics, telecommunications and networking, information technology, energy technology and home automation. Part One outlines the key principles and technologies needed for ecological smart home networks. Beginning with a thorough overview of the concept behind ecological smart home network design, the book reviews such important areas as power line communications, hybrid systems and middleware platforms. Part Two then goes on to discuss some important applications of this technology, with wireless smart sensor networks for home and telecare, and smart home networking for content and energy management (including the intelligent Zero Emission Urban System), all explored in detail. More systematic and comprehensive coverage: the book covers ecological design and technology requirements, performance and applications for smart home networks Better focus on industry needs: the book covers current and emerging smart home networking technologies. It explains how the technologies work, how they have developed, their capabilities and the markets that they target Better coverage of the best international research: the book is multi-contributor and brings together the leading researchers from around the world

Magnetic Nano and Microwires

Magnetic Nano  and Microwires Book
Author : Manuel Vázquez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-05-27
ISBN : 0081001819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic nanowires and microwires are key tools in the development of enhanced devices for information technology (memory and data processing) and sensing. Offering the combined characteristics of high density, high speed, and non-volatility, they facilitate reliable control of the motion of magnetic domain walls; a key requirement for the development of novel classes of logic and storage devices. Part One introduces the design and synthesis of magnetic nanowires and microwires, reviewing the growth and processing of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures using such methods as sol-gel and electrodeposition combinations, focused-electron/ion-beam-induced deposition, chemical vapour transport, quenching and drawing and magnetic interactions. Magnetic and transport properties, alongside domain walls, in nano- and microwires are then explored in Part Two, before Part Three goes on to explore a wide range of applications for magnetic nano- and microwire devices, including memory, microwave and electrochemical applications, in addition to thermal spin polarization and configuration, magnetocalorific effects and Bloch point dynamics. Detailed coverage of multiple key techniques for the growth and processing of nanowires and microwires Reviews the principles and difficulties involved in applying magnetic nano- and microwires to a wide range of applications Combines the expertise of specialists from around the globe to give a broad overview of current and future trends

Power Ultrasonics

Power Ultrasonics Book
Author : Juan A Gallego-Juárez,Karl F Graff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-14
ISBN : 1782420363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The industrial interest in ultrasonic processing has revived during recent years because ultrasonic technology may represent a flexible “green alternative for more energy efficient processes. A challenge in the application of high-intensity ultrasound to industrial processing is the design and development of specific power ultrasonic systems for large scale operation. In the area of ultrasonic processing in fluid and multiphase media the development of a new family of power generators with extensive radiating surfaces has significantly contributed to the implementation at industrial scale of several applications in sectors such as the food industry, environment, and manufacturing. Part one covers fundamentals of nonlinear propagation of ultrasonic waves in fluids and solids. It also discusses the materials and designs of power ultrasonic transducers and devices. Part two looks at applications of high power ultrasound in materials engineering and mechanical engineering, food processing technology, environmental monitoring and remediation and industrial and chemical processing (including pharmaceuticals), medicine and biotechnology. Covers the fundamentals of nonlinear propagation of ultrasonic waves in fluids and solids. Discusses the materials and designs of power ultrasonic transducers and devices. Considers state-of-the-art power sonic applications across a wide range of industries.

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing Book
Author : Roel Gronheid,Paul Nealey
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-07-17
ISBN : 0081002610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The directed self-assembly (DSA) method of patterning for microelectronics uses polymer phase-separation to generate features of less than 20nm, with the positions of self-assembling materials externally guided into the desired pattern. Directed self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing reviews the design, production, applications and future developments needed to facilitate the widescale adoption of this promising technology. Beginning with a solid overview of the physics and chemistry of block copolymer (BCP) materials, Part 1 covers the synthesis of new materials and new processing methods for DSA. Part 2 then goes on to outline the key modelling and characterization principles of DSA, reviewing templates and patterning using topographical and chemically modified surfaces, line edge roughness and dimensional control, x-ray scattering for characterization, and nanoscale driven assembly. Finally, Part 3 discusses application areas and related issues for DSA in nano-manufacturing, including for basic logic circuit design, the inverse DSA problem, design decomposition and the modelling and analysis of large scale, template self-assembly manufacturing techniques. Authoritative outlining of theoretical principles and modeling techniques to give a thorough introdution to the topic Discusses a broad range of practical applications for directed self-assembly in nano-manufacturing Highlights the importance of this technology to both the present and future of nano-manufacturing by exploring its potential use in a range of fields