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Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods

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Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods Book
Author : Mika Sillanpää,Marina Shestakova
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-06-19
ISBN : 0128114630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Methods for Water Treatment: Fundamentals, Methods and Full Scale Applications covers all traditional, emerging and combined methods currently available for the treatment of surface, drinkable water and industrial wastewater. Topics covered include an overview of pollutants and treatment methods, an extended introduction to electrochemical processes in water treatment, electrochemical oxidation (including electrodesinfection, electrochemical reduction, electrocoagulation, electroflotation, and electrodialysis. In addition, emerging and combined methods are presented, as is a discussion on the available equipment necessary to scale up the operation of all methods. Electrochemical technologies have many common issues in terms of design, operation and performance. This book brings together a wealth of information on all different methods in a single source to provide broad insights and enable the connection between challenges and opportunities for different methods. The combination of technical information, design and case studies offered helps researchers better understand the challenges associated with scale up and implementation. Covers all electrochemical methods for water treatment Includes methods for the treatment of surface, drinking water and industrial wastewater Presents discussions on equipment in the context of scaling up the operation

Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Carlos Alberto Martínez-Huitle,Manuel A Rodrigo,Onofrio Scialdone
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-05-29
ISBN : 0128131616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods provides the fundamentals and applications of electrochemical water treatment methods to treat industrial effluents. Sections provide an overview of the technology, its current state of development, and how it is making its way into industry applications. Other sections deal with historical developments and the fundamentals of 18 methods, including coupled methods, such as Electrocoagulation, Peroxi-Coagulation and Electro-Fenton treatments. In addition, users will find discussions that relate to industries such as Pulp and Paper, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, and Urban/Domestic wastewater, amongst others. Final sections present advantages, disadvantages and ways to combine renewable energy sources and electrochemical methods to design sustainable facilities. Environmental and Chemical Engineers will benefit from the extensive collection of methods and industry focused application cases, but researchers in environmental chemistry will also find interesting examples on how methods can be transitioned from lab environments to practical applications. Offers an excellent overview of the research advances and current applications of electrochemical technologies for water treatment Explains, in a comprehensive way, the fundamentals of different electrochemical uses and applications of different technologies Provides a large number of examples as evidence of practical applications of electrochemistry to environmental protection Explores the combination possibilities with other treatment technologies or emerging technologies for destroying water pollutants

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment Book
Author : Mika Sillanpaa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128192283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Electro Fenton Process

Electro Fenton Process Book
Author : Minghua Zhou,Mehmet A. Oturan,Ignasi Sirés
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-25
ISBN : 9811064067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses the theoretical fundamentals and potential applications of the original electro-Fenton (EF) process and its most innovative and promising versions, all of which are classified as electrochemical advanced oxidation processes. It consists of 15 chapters that review the latest advances and trends, material selection, reaction and reactor modeling and EF scale-up. It particularly focuses on the applications of EF process in the treatment of toxic and persistent organic pollutants in water and soil, showing highly efficient removal for both lab-scale and pre-pilot setups. Indeed, the EF technology is now mature enough to be brought to market, and this collection of contributions from leading experts in the field constitutes a timely milestone for scientists and engineers.

Electrochemical Water Processing

Electrochemical Water Processing Book
Author : Ralph Zito
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 1118104714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even though most of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, most of it is not directly usable for human consumption or applications. As the population increases and our general style of living standards increase, the importance useable water is becoming acute. This book addresses this issue with approaches to treating water sources that require removal of unwanted or dissolved substances. In particular, it covers various methods for removing dissolved ionic materials. There are numerous methods for accomplishing this end, and the book reviews most of them in some depth.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation Book
Author : Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1315351129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Natural Organic Matter in Water

Natural Organic Matter in Water Book
Author : Mika Sillanpää
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-07
ISBN : 0128017198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling. Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods Includes characterization methods of NOM Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods

Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse

Enhanced Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Sludge Stabilization and Reuse Book
Author : Gagik Badalians Gholikandi
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781634820905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing quantities of waste sludge generated in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants containing various organics and other contaminants require novel treatment technologies that are capable of achieving significant removal efficiencies and producing reusable sludge products. As a response, a large variety of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been investigated to remove the present contaminants from wastewaters and limited cases of waste sludge. Multidisciplinary researches have been carried out accordingly. In this regard, electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) have emerged as novel environmental-friendly and effective treatment technologies for the elimination of several organic contaminants. Considerable validation of these methods has been performed at both the bench-scale and pilot-scale. Although a promising new technology, the mechanisms involved in the oxidation of organic compounds during electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and the corresponding environmental impacts have not been completely addressed until now. This book aims at the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes occurrence from different points of view, describing its related technologies, providing an assessment of the development and efficiency, and highlighting various aspects of waste activated sludge stabilization and reuse accordingly in five chapters. In the first chapter a brief review to waste sludge stabilization and reuse has been presented. The second chapter provides an overview to advanced oxidation processes. The third chapter describes the various electrochemical advanced oxidation methods. Chapter four presents and discusses the own experimental investigations results employing the Fered-Fenton EAOP. The modeling of the results of the own experimental studies results by means of Taguchi method and artificial neural networks has been performed in the fifth chapter. The main goal of this book is to gather different updated viewpoints according to the electrochemical advanced oxidation processes and to provide the own experimental studies results accordingly in order to present students, researchers, engineers and managers with useful knowledge in this regard.

Electrochemical Technology Applied in Treatment of Wastewater and Ground Water

Electrochemical Technology Applied in Treatment of Wastewater and Ground Water Book
Author : Chuanping Feng
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781612097725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With a rapidly growing economy and burgeoning populations, the world's scarce water resources, such as rivers and lakes, are seriously affected by pollution from the vast discharges of industrial and domestic wastewater, indiscriminate solid waste disposal and runoff from an agricultural sector characterized by excessive use of fertilizer and pesticides and large-scale livestock breeding. Therefore, these wastewaters must be treated before being discharged. The electrochemical method is an attractive alternative to other methods of wastewater treatment because of its environmental respectability and ease of operation. This new book introduces the application of the electrochemical method for treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater.

Electrochemistry for the Environment

Electrochemistry for the Environment Book
Author : Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 9780387683188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Electrochemical Methods in Soil and Water Research

Electrochemical Methods in Soil and Water Research Book
Author : T.R. Yu,G. L. Ji
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-02-09
ISBN : 1483287696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the principles and practices of electrochemical methods as applied to soil and water research, particularly those that can be carried out in the field. Beginning with the basis of potentiometric methods, including electrode potential, principles of potentiometric methods, reference electrodes, liquid-junction potential and characteristics of ion-selective electrodes, the author then proceeds to describe the properties and applications of various types of potentiometric electrodes, including glass, solid-state membrane, liquid-state membrane, oxidation-reduction and gas sensors. A special chapter devoted to commonly encountered problems will aid readers not familiar with potentiometric methods. Voltammetric methods, conductometric methods and electrochemical instruments are also discussed.

Physico Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery

Physico Chemical Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery Book
Author : Robina Farooq,Zaki Ahmad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 953513129X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book on Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and Resource Recovery provides an efficient and low-cost solution for remediation of wastewater. This book focuses on physico-chemical treatment via advanced oxidation process, adsorption, its management and recovery of valuable chemicals. It discusses treatment and recovery process for the range of pollutants including BTX, PCB, PCDDs, proteins, phenols, antibiotics, complex organic compounds and metals. The occurrence of persistent pollutants poses deleterious effects on human and environmental health. Simple solutions for recovery of valuable chemicals and water during physico-chemical treatment of wastewater are discussed extensively. This book provides necessary knowledge and experimental studies on emerging physico-chemical processes for reducing water pollution and resource recovery.

Green Methods for Wastewater Treatment

Green Methods for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Mu. Naushad,Saravanan Rajendran,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 3030164276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents comprehensive chapters on the latest research and applications in wastewater treatment using green technologies. Topics include mesoporous materials, TiO2 nanocomposites and magnetic nanoparticles, the role of catalysts, treatment methods such as photo-Fenton, photocatalysis, electrochemistry and adsorption, and anti-bacterial solutions. This book will be useful for chemical engineers, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, materials scientists and researchers.

Environmental Electrochemistry

Environmental Electrochemistry Book
Author : Krishnan Rajeshwar,Jorge G. Ibanez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-11-07
ISBN : 9780080531090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book of its kind, Environmental Electrochemistry considers the role that electrochemical science and engineering can play in environmental remediation, pollution targeting, and pollutant recycling. Electrochemical-based sensors and abatement technologies for the detection, quantification, and treatment of environmental pollutants are described. Each chapter includes an extensive listing of supplemental readings, with illustrations throughout the bookto clarify principles and approaches detailed in the text. The first book to review electro- and photoelectrochemical technologies for environmental remediation, pollution sensors and pollutant recycling Applicable to a broad audience of environmental scientists and practicing electrochemists Includes both laboratory concepts and practical applications

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes

Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes Book
Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-10
ISBN : 1597450294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past thirty years have witnessed a growing worldwide desire that po- tive actions be taken to restore and protect the environment from the degr- ing effects of all forms of pollution—air, water, soil, and noise. Because pollution is a direct or indirect consequence of waste, the seemingly idealistic demand for “zero discharge” can be construed as an unrealistic demand for zero waste. However, as long as waste continues to exist, we can only attempt to abate the subsequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. Three major questions usually arise when a particular type of pollution has been id- tified: (1) How serious is the pollution? (2) Is the technology to abate it ava- able? and (3) Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? This book is one of the volumes of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series. The principal intention of this series is to help readers f- mulate answers to the last two questions above. The traditional approach of applying tried-and-true solutions to specific pollution problems has been a major contributing factor to the success of en- ronmental engineering, and has accounted in large measure for the establi- ment of a “methodology of pollution control. ” However, the realization of the ever-increasing complexity and interrelated nature of current environmental problems renders it imperative that intelligent planning of pollution abatement systems be undertaken.

Environmental Electrochemistry

Environmental Electrochemistry Book
Author : D. Russell
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2009-03
ISBN : 1566777011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Environmental Electrochemistry¿, held during the PRiME 2008 joint international meeting of The Electrochemical Society and The Electrochemical Society of Japan, with the technical cosponsorship of the Japan Society of Applied Physics, the Korean Electrochemical Society, the Electrochemistry Division of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, and the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry. This meeting was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 12 to 17, 2008.

Modern Electrochemical Methods in Nano Surface and Corrosion Science

Modern Electrochemical Methods in Nano  Surface and Corrosion Science Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 9535115863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The basics and principles of new electrochemical methods and also their usage for fabrication and analysis of different nanostructures were discussed in this book. These methods consist of electrochemical methods in nanoscale (e.g. electrochemical atomic force microscopy and electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy) and also electrochemical methods for fabrication of nanomaterials.

Petroleum Industry Wastewater

Petroleum Industry Wastewater Book
Author : Muftah H. El-Naas,Aditi Banerjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 0323858856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petroleum Industry Wastewater: Advanced and Sustainable Treatment Methods discusses the status of different approaches and advanced processes involved in the treatment of petrochemical and petroleum industry wastewater. The book focuses on advanced, sustainable, and environmentally friendly technologies for removing toxic pollutants from contaminated waters. The book also explores the environmental aspects and impacts of the petroleum industry discharge wastewater, their effect on aquatic life, and possible ways to deal with these effects. Keeping the global water crisis and fast depletion of natural fresh water in mind, more immediate knowledge, information, implication, and effective utilization of available resources are required than we anticipated. The book brings a wide range of methodologies and perspectives under one roof in a comprehensive manner. Describes advanced strategies and methods involved in petroleum industry water treatment Deals with ways to treat discharged water through cutting-edge technologies Presents an overview of pollutant degradation in industrial wastewater Highlights advanced and technological know-how for a variety of applications

Advances in Water Resources Engineering and Management

Advances in Water Resources Engineering and Management Book
Author : Rafid AlKhaddar,Ram Karan Singh,Subashisa Dutta,Madhuri Kumari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 981138181X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises select papers presented at the International Conference on Trends and Recent Advances in Civil Engineering (TRACE 2018). The book covers inter-disciplinary research and applications in integrated water resource management, river ecology, irrigation system, water pollution and treatment, hydraulic structure and hydro-informatics. The topics on water resource management include technological intervention and solution for climate change impacts on water resources, water security, clean water to all, sustainable water reuse, flood risk assessment, interlinking of rivers and hydro policy. The contents of this book will be useful to researchers and professionals working in the field of water resource management and related policy making.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Suresh C Ameta,Rakshit Ameta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128105259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment: Emerging Green Chemical Technology is a complete resource covering the fundamentals and applications of all Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). This book presents the most up-to-date research on AOPs and makes the argument that AOPs offer an eco-friendly method of wastewater treatment. In addition to an overview of the fundamentals and applications, it details the reactive species involved, along with sections on reactor designs, thus helping readers understand and implement these methods. Presents in-depth coverage of all types of Advanced Oxidation Processes, including Super Critical Water Oxidation, Photo-Fenton and Like Processes Includes a fundamental review, applications, reactive species and reactor designs Reviews applications across waste types, including industrial waste, domestic and municipal sewage, and hospital wastes