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Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods

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Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods Book
Author : Mika Sillanpää,Marina Shestakova
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2017-06-19
ISBN : 0128114630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Methods for Water Treatment: Fundamentals, Methods and Full Scale Applications covers all traditional, emerging and combined methods currently available for the treatment of surface, drinkable water and industrial wastewater. Topics covered include an overview of pollutants and treatment methods, an extended introduction to electrochemical processes in water treatment, electrochemical oxidation (including electrodesinfection, electrochemical reduction, electrocoagulation, electroflotation, and electrodialysis. In addition, emerging and combined methods are presented, as is a discussion on the available equipment necessary to scale up the operation of all methods. Electrochemical technologies have many common issues in terms of design, operation and performance. This book brings together a wealth of information on all different methods in a single source to provide broad insights and enable the connection between challenges and opportunities for different methods. The combination of technical information, design and case studies offered helps researchers better understand the challenges associated with scale up and implementation. Covers all electrochemical methods for water treatment Includes methods for the treatment of surface, drinking water and industrial wastewater Presents discussions on equipment in the context of scaling up the operation

Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment

Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Carlos Alberto Martínez-Huitle,Manuel A Rodrigo,Onofrio Scialdone
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-05-29
ISBN : 0128131616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Water Treatment Methods provides the fundamentals and applications of electrochemical water treatment methods to treat industrial effluents. Sections provide an overview of the technology, its current state of development, and how it is making its way into industry applications. Other sections deal with historical developments and the fundamentals of 18 methods, including coupled methods, such as Electrocoagulation, Peroxi-Coagulation and Electro-Fenton treatments. In addition, users will find discussions that relate to industries such as Pulp and Paper, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, and Urban/Domestic wastewater, amongst others. Final sections present advantages, disadvantages and ways to combine renewable energy sources and electrochemical methods to design sustainable facilities. Environmental and Chemical Engineers will benefit from the extensive collection of methods and industry focused application cases, but researchers in environmental chemistry will also find interesting examples on how methods can be transitioned from lab environments to practical applications. Offers an excellent overview of the research advances and current applications of electrochemical technologies for water treatment Explains, in a comprehensive way, the fundamentals of different electrochemical uses and applications of different technologies Provides a large number of examples as evidence of practical applications of electrochemistry to environmental protection Explores the combination possibilities with other treatment technologies or emerging technologies for destroying water pollutants

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment Book
Author : Mika Sillanpaa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 0128192283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards

Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards Book
Author : Alexander Omelchenko,Alexander A. Pivovarov,W. Jim Swindall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402031165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing the population of the Earth with safe drinking water is one of the biggest challenges of modern society. In recognition of this problem the United Nations Organization and UNESCO declared 2003 to be the International Year of Freshwater. On November 19-22, 2003, the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on “Modern Tools and Methods of Water Treatment for Improving Living Standards” took place in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. Thirty-one participants from 15 countries including Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, UK, Ukraine, USA, and Uzbekistan attended the meeting. They discussed the scientific concepts and practical means for the solution of the complex social, economic and ecological problems associated with water purification, consumption, conservation, and protection. They also established a network of scientists and specialists to foster further collaboration and the exchange of ideas. The location of the ARW was chosen quite deliberately. The city of Dnepropetrovsk is located on the banks of the Dnieper River and it has a population of about 1. 3 million people. As it is one of the largest industrial centers, it shares all the environmental problems, which are found in the modern Ukraine. In 2001, one in seven of the water samples taken from Ukrainian industrial and drinking water supply systems did not meet sanitary-hygienic standards, and one in twelve did not meet microbiological standards.

Electrochemical and Electroflotation Processes for Milk Waste Water Treatment

Electrochemical and Electroflotation Processes for Milk Waste Water Treatment Book
Author : Mohammed Suleiman Alahmad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The dairy industry generates abundant milk waste waters characterized by high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations that can be very harmful to the environment, if left untreated. Electrocoagulation (EC) has been in use for waste water treatment. The treatment application uses aluminum electrodes and iron or the combined hybrid Al/Fe electrodes. Milk waste water contains high concentration organic pollutants and the main constituents of those organics are carbohydrates, proteins and fats, originating from the milk. The process of separating the flocculated sludge from waste water that has been treated using the electrocoagulation process can be accomplished by the flotation processes. The electroflotation technology is effective in removing colloidal particles, oil, grease, as well as organic pollutants from waste water. This study uses electrochemical and electroflotation treatment of milk waste water by means of an aluminum electrode with specific parameters including total organic carbon (TOC), pH, turbidity, transmittance, and temperature. Even though the electrochemical and electroflotation treatment processes have been around for some time, it has not been thoroughly studied. This study is going to highlight the importance of this technique as a pre-treatment method of milk waste water and its contribution to the reduction of pollutants in the milk processing industry. Furthermore, the process of electroflotation and electrochemical flotation continuously prove to be effective in remediation of varieties of pollutants of different chemical compositions and have the ability to achieve a very high treatment efficiency.

Natural Organic Matter in Water

Natural Organic Matter in Water Book
Author : Mika Sillanpää
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-07
ISBN : 0128017198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling. Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods Includes characterization methods of NOM Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128139277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Proceedings of the Symposium on Water Purification by Photocatalytic Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Processes

Proceedings of the Symposium on Water Purification by Photocatalytic  Photoelectrochemical  and Electrochemical Processes Book
Author : Timothy L. Rose
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9781566770767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Symposium on Water Purification by Photocatalytic Photoelectrochemical and Electrochemical Processes book written by Timothy L. Rose, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrochemistry for the Environment

Electrochemistry for the Environment Book
Author : Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 9780387683188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Green Methods for Wastewater Treatment

Green Methods for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Mu. Naushad,Saravanan Rajendran,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-26
ISBN : 3030164276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents comprehensive chapters on the latest research and applications in wastewater treatment using green technologies. Topics include mesoporous materials, TiO2 nanocomposites and magnetic nanoparticles, the role of catalysts, treatment methods such as photo-Fenton, photocatalysis, electrochemistry and adsorption, and anti-bacterial solutions. This book will be useful for chemical engineers, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, materials scientists and researchers.

An Investigation Into the Development of Electrophoretic and Electrochemical Water Purification Systems

An Investigation Into the Development of Electrophoretic and Electrochemical Water Purification Systems Book
Author : William Madison Lyle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1970
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download An Investigation Into the Development of Electrophoretic and Electrochemical Water Purification Systems book written by William Madison Lyle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrochemical Water Processing

Electrochemical Water Processing Book
Author : Ralph Zito
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 1118104714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Even though most of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, most of it is not directly usable for human consumption or applications. As the population increases and our general style of living standards increase, the importance useable water is becoming acute. This book addresses this issue with approaches to treating water sources that require removal of unwanted or dissolved substances. In particular, it covers various methods for removing dissolved ionic materials. There are numerous methods for accomplishing this end, and the book reviews most of them in some depth.

Proceedings of the Symposium on Energy and Electrochemical Processing for a Cleaner Environment

Proceedings of the Symposium on Energy and Electrochemical Processing for a Cleaner Environment Book
Author : Clifford W. Walton,Eric J. Rudd
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9781566771818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Symposium on Energy and Electrochemical Processing for a Cleaner Environment book written by Clifford W. Walton,Eric J. Rudd, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modelling and design of water treatment processes using adsorption and electrochemical regeneration

Modelling and design of water treatment processes using adsorption and electrochemical regeneration Book
Author : Fadhil Muhi Mohammed,University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modelling and design of water treatment processes using adsorption and electrochemical regeneration book written by Fadhil Muhi Mohammed,University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial Based Adsorbents for Water Purification Book
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-27
ISBN : 0128219602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Nitrogen Removal Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Nitrogen Removal Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Edris Hoseinzadeh
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 9811416575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nitrogen containing compounds produced by industrial processes are pollutants which pose a significant environmental and health hazard. There are a number of processes that have been devised for removing nitrogen compounds from wastewater. This reference book summarizes different denitrification methods for wastewater processing. The book introduces readers to toxic nitrogen compounds responsible for water pollution. This introduction is followed by chapters which explain different nitrogen removal methods including conventional methods, biological methods, food industry wastewater treatment and new approaches towards environmental pollution remediation: Bio Electrochemical Systems (BESs). This book is a handy reference guide for industrial and environmental engineers and students learning about wastewater management and industrial denitrification.

Process Technologies for Water Treatment

Process Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : S. Stucki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1468485563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Brown Boveri Scientific Symposia by now are part of a firmly established tradition. This is the tenth event in a series which was initiated shortly after Corporate Research was created as a separate entity in our company; the symposia are held every other year. The themes have been: 1969 Flow Research on Blading 1971 Real-Time Control of Electric Power Systems 1973 High-Temperature Materials in Gas Turbines 1975 Nonemissive Electrooptic Displays 1977 Current Interruption in High-Voltage Networks 1979 Surges in High-Voltage Networks 1981 Semiconductor Devices for Power Conditioning 1983 Corrosion in Power Generating Equipment 1985 Computer Systems for Process Control 1987 Process Technologies for Water Treatment The tenth event in an uninterrupted series that by now goes back almost 20 years is a good opportunity to make a few remarks on the guiding rules that have governed our symposia. Why have we chosen these titles? At the outset we establislwd certain selection criteria; we felt that a subject for a symposium should fulfill the following three requirements: It should characterize a part of an established discipline; in other words, it should describe an area of scholarly study and research. It should be of current interest in the sense that important results have recently been obtained and considerable research is still being undertaken in the world's scientific community. It should bear some relation to the scientific and technological activity of the company.

Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal from Drinking Water by Treatment

Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal from Drinking Water by Treatment Book
Author : Mustafa Ersoz,Lisa Barrott
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1843393840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal From Drinking Water By Treatment describes drinking water standards and regulations, and explains the impact of a range of water treatment processes on metal levels in drinking water.

Water Treatment

Water Treatment Book
Author : Walid Elshorbagy,Rezaul Chowdhury
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-01-16
ISBN : 9535109286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic development, population growth, and environmental pollution evolving in many parts of the world are placing great demands on existing resources of fresh water and reflecting a "water crisis". Resource management, efficient utilization of the water resources, and above all water purification are all alternatives to resolve the water crisis. Purification approaches include traditional approaches that have lasted for several centuries without major modifications as well as new innovative approaches. This book covers a number of water quality issues relevant to either improving the existing treatment methods or to new advanced approaches. The book has 15 chapters distributed over four sections titled: [1] Management and Modeling of Treatment Systems, [2] Advanced Treatment Processes, [3] Treatment of Organic-contaminated Water, and [4] Advanced Monitoring Techniques.