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Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems And Applications

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Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications Book
Author : Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-11
ISBN : 0128194243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications Book
Author : Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-10
ISBN : 0444643346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications Book
Author : Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-28
ISBN : 0444640088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications Book
Author : Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-25
ISBN : 0128194251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications Book
Author : Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 0444643338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications - Metal-Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications - Metal-Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Safety of Lithium Batteries

Safety of Lithium Batteries Book
Author : Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-09
ISBN : 9780444637772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources

Electrochemical Power Sources Book
Author : Vladimir S. Bagotsky,Alexander M. Skundin,Yurij M. Volfkovich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-07
ISBN : 1118460235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Power Sources (EPS) provides in a concise way the operational features, major types, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Details the design, operational features, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Covers improvements of existing EPSs and the development of new kinds of EPS as the results of intense R&D work • Provides outlook for future trends in fuel cells and batteries • Covers the most typical battery types, fuel cells and supercapacitors; such as zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium storage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and modern lithium batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications  Book
Author : Julia Kowal,Dirk Uwe Sauer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 9780128199879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowing the behaviour of batteries is very important for different reasons. In applications such as a vehicle energy management, it is important to know the state of the battery, e.g. what is the remaining driving range or when should the battery be replaced. Also, for the system design, simulation models are important, e.g. to design a suitable cooling system that prevents the battery from dangerous states. Simulation models of secondary batteries: From quantum physics to techno-economic scale gives an overview over the different modelling approaches for battery simulation models used for different purposes, such as battery pack design or state of charge estimation. Solutions for different applications are presented. A classification into electrical, thermal, ageing models is given as well as according to the degree of precision ranging from physico-chemical, over impedance based to energy flow or empirical models with their specific advantages and disadvantages. Overviews many different battery modelling approaches Outlines how to choose the best model for a given purpose Offers a complete range from particle to system model Includes electrical, thermal and ageing models Discusses limitations of the modelling approaches

Metal Air Batteries

Metal Air Batteries Book
Author : Xin-bo Zhang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-11
ISBN : 3527342796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of the research developments in the burgeoning field of metal-air batteries An innovation in battery science and technology is necessary to build better power sources for our modern lifestyle needs. One of the main fields being explored for the possible breakthrough is the development of metal-air batteries. Metal-Air Batteries: Fundamentals and Applications offers a systematic summary of the fundamentals of the technology and explores the most recent advances in the applications of metal-air batteries. Comprehensive in scope, the text explains the basics in electrochemical batteries and introduces various species of metal-air batteries. The author-a noted expert in the field-explores the development of metal-air batteries in the order of Li-air battery, sodium-air battery, zinc-air battery and Mg-O2 battery, with the focus on the Li-air battery. The text also addresses topics such as metallic anode, discharge products, parasitic reactions, electrocatalysts, mediator, and X-ray diffraction study in Li-air battery. Metal-Air Batteries provides a summary of future perspectives in the field of the metal-air batteries. This important resource: -Covers various species of metal-air batteries and their components as well as system designation -Contains groundbreaking content that reviews recent advances in the field of metal-air batteries -Focuses on the battery systems which have the greatest potential for renewable energy storage Written for electrochemists, physical chemists, materials scientists, professionals in the electrotechnical industry, engineers in power technology, Metal-Air Batteries offers a review of the fundamentals and the most recent developments in the area of metal-air batteries.

PEM Water Electrolysis

PEM Water Electrolysis Book
Author : Dmitri Bessarabov,Pierre Millet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-04
ISBN : 0081028318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEM Water Electrolysis, a volume in the Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell Primers series presents the most recent advances in the field. It brings together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students. Volumes One and Two allow readers to identify technology gaps for commercially viable PEM electrolysis systems for energy applications and examine the fundamentals of PEM electrolysis and selected research topics that are top of mind for the academic and industry community, such as gas cross-over and AST protocols. The book lays the foundation for the exploration of the current industrial trends for PEM electrolysis, such as power to gas application and a strong focus on the current trends in the application of PEM electrolysis associated with energy storage. Presents the fundamentals and most current knowledge in proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers Explores the technology gaps and challenges for commercial deployment of PEM water electrolysis technologies Includes unconventional systems, such as ozone generators Brings together information from many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students alike

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries Book
Author : Eduardo Cattaneo,Bernhard Riegel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-04-01
ISBN : 9780444632524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book gives a bright overview of the storage of electrical renewable energy. It focuses on technical, economic and ecological aspects of the electrical power storage and complete energy systems. In the focus are electrochemical power sources as accumulators (lead-acid, li-ion, redox-flow, Na+-high temperature batteries), hydrogen systems (electrolyser- fuel cell combinations) and supercapacitors. Description and field deployment of the different types of industrial batteries The information provided by brochures is usually restrained to a mere description of the product and basic performance figures Battery components for industrial batteries (separators, alloys, accessories) The choice of some cell components and accessories is usually optimised for the user´s climate region An account of the most common service-life limiting factors for industrial batteries Provides a general knowledge about sulfation, grid corrosion and health diagnosis of the cell thru visual inspection An overview on battery testing methods: capacity, self discharge tests. Nomenclature (rated capacity, internal resistance, energy and power density etc) Comparative test results are a useful tool for battery benchmarking. Reliable field performance predictions , however, require a critical evaluation of partial test results Usual parameters in battery management systems, float- voltage, temperature, State of Charge (SOC)/ Health (SOH) Standby applications in critical fields may demand reliable values for SOC and SOH in order to guarantee the correct functioning of the system (emergency power, flash back-ups of sensitive data) Manufacturing techniques Supplementary general knowledge on batteries

Electrochemical Water Electrolysis

Electrochemical Water Electrolysis Book
Author : Lei Zhang,Hongbin Zhao,David P. Wilkinson,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0429826044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively describes the fundamentals of electrochemical water electrolysis as well as the latest materials and technological developments. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms, as well as challenges and strategies. It also includes an understanding of how materials and technologies for electrochemical water electrolysis have developed in recent years, and it describes the progress in improving performance and providing benefits to energy systems and applications. Features the most recent advances in electrochemical water electrolysis to produce hydrogen Discusses cutting-edge materials and technologies for electrochemical water electrolysis Includes both experimental and theoretical approaches that can be used to guide and promote materials as well as technological development for electrochemical water electrolysis Comprises work from international leading scientists active in electrochemical energy and environmental research and development Provides invaluable information that will benefit readers from both academia and industry With contributions from researchers at the top of their fields, the book includes in-depth discussions covering the engineering of components and applied devices, making this an essential read for scientists and engineers working in the development of electrochemical energy devices and related disciplines.

Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production

Electrochemical Methods for Hydrogen Production Book
Author : Keith Scott
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 1788013786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive picture of the various routes to use electricity to produce hydrogen using electrochemical science and technology.

Modern Batteries

Modern Batteries Book
Author : C. Vincent,Bruno Scrosati
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997-09-26
ISBN : 0080536697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the successful first edition, this book gives a general theoretical introduction to electrochemical power cells (excluding fuel cells) followed by a comprehensive treatment of the principle battery types - covering chemistry, fabrication characteristics and applications. There have been many changes in the field over the last decade and many new systems have been commercialised. Since the recent advent of battery powered consumer products (mobile phones, camcorders, lap-tops etc.) advanced power sources have become far more important. This text provides an up-to-date account of batteries which is accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of chemistry and physics.

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing Book
Author : Patrick T. Moseley,Jürgen Garche
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0444626107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electricity from renewable sources of energy is plagued by fluctuations (due to variations in wind strength or the intensity of insolation) resulting in a lack of stability if the energy supplied from such sources is used in ‘real time’. An important solution to this problem is to store the energy electrochemically (in a secondary battery or in hydrogen and its derivatives) and to make use of it in a controlled fashion at some time after it has been initially gathered and stored. Electrochemical battery storage systems are the major technologies for decentralized storage systems and hydrogen is the only solution for long-term storage systems to provide energy during extended periods of low wind speeds or solar insolation. Future electricity grid design has to include storage systems as a major component for grid stability and for security of supply. The technology of systems designed to achieve this regulation of the supply of renewable energy, and a survey of the markets that they will serve, is the subject of this book. It includes economic aspects to guide the development of technology in the right direction. Provides state-of-the-art information on all of the storage systems together with an assessment of competing technologies Features detailed technical, economic and environmental impact information of different storage systems Contains information about the challenges that must be faced for batteries and hydrogen-storage to be used in conjunction with a fluctuating (renewable energy) power supply

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-05
ISBN : 0387251162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Energy Storage

Energy Storage Book
Author : Robert Huggins
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-13
ISBN : 3319212397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Storage explains the underlying scientific and engineering fundamentals of all major energy storage methods. These include the storage of energy as heat, in phase transitions and reversible chemical reactions, and in organic fuels and hydrogen, as well as in mechanical, electrostatic and magnetic systems. Updated coverage of electrochemical storage systems considers exciting developments in materials and methods for applications such as rapid short-term storage in hybrid and intermittent energy generation systems, and battery optimization for increasingly prevalent EV and stop-start automotive technologies. This nuanced coverage of cutting-edge advances is unique in that it does not require prior knowledge of electrochemistry. Traditional and emerging battery systems are explained, including lithium, flow and liquid batteries. Energy Storage provides a comprehensive overview of the concepts, principles and practice of energy storage that is useful to both students and professionals.

Hydrogen Batteries and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen  Batteries and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bengt Sundén
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-02
ISBN : 0128169516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogen, Batteries and Fuel Cells provides the science necessary to understand these important areas, considering theory and practice, practical problem-solving, descriptions of bottlenecks, and future energy system applications. The title covers hydrogen as an energy carrier, including its production and storage; the application and analysis of electrochemical devices, such as batteries, fuel cells and electrolyzers; and the modeling and thermal management of momentum, heat, mass and charge transport phenomena. This book offers fundamental and integrated coverage on these topics that is critical to the development of future energy systems. Combines coverage of hydrogen, batteries and fuel cells in the context of future energy systems Provides the fundamental science needed to understand future energy systems in theory and practice Gives examples of problems and solutions in the use of hydrogen, batteries and fuel cells Considers basic issues in understanding hydrogen and electrochemical devices Describes methods for modeling and thermal management in future energy systems

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Keith Scott
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 9781782423751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications contains the most updated information on bio-electrical systems and their ability to drive an electrical current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature to produce a small amount of power. One of the most promising features of the microbial fuel cell is its application to generate power from wastewater, and its use in the treatment of water to remove contaminants, making it a very sustainable source of power generation that can feasibly find application in rural areas where providing more conventional sources of power is often difficult. The book explores, in detail, both the technical aspects and applications of this technology, and was written by an international team of experts in the field who provide an introduction to microbial fuel cells that looks at their electrochemical principles and mechanisms, explains the materials that can be used for the various sections of the fuel cells, including cathode and anode materials, and provides key analysis of microbial fuel cell performance looking at their usage in hydrogen production, waste treatment, and sensors, amongst other applications. Includes coverage of the types and principles of electrochemical cells“/li> Provides information on the construction of fuel cells and appropriate materials Presents the latest on this renewable source of energy and the process for the treatment of waste water

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Zhigang Qi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 1466513705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clean energy technologies are poised to play an important role in overcoming fossil fuel exhaustion and global pollution. Among these technologies, electrochemical energy storage and conversion are considered to be the most feasible, sustainable, and environmentally friendly. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are prime examples of electrochemical energy conversion technologies in action. Believed to be ideal sources of clean power, PEM fuel cells are replacing internal combustion and diesel engines in vehicles, as well as Pb-acid batteries and diesel generators in the emergency backup of telecommunications base stations and computer centers. Written by an industry-leading scientist, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells explains the theoretical foundations of PEM fuel cells in relation to practical design and operation to not only help beginners grasp the essentials, but also guide industry professionals in tackling technical challenges. Useful to scientists, researchers, students, academics, and practicing engineers, the book covers the fundamentals, materials, components, modules, system architecture, applications, and current developmental status; offers real-world examples; and provides insight into advancing this sustainable clean technology.