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Electrochemical Micromachining For Nanofabrication Mems And Nanotechnology

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Electrochemical Micromachining for Nanofabrication MEMS and Nanotechnology

Electrochemical Micromachining for Nanofabrication  MEMS and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Bijoy Bhattacharyya
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-04-10
ISBN : 032335288X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical Micromachining for Nanofabrication, MEMS and Nanotechnology is the first book solely dedicated to electrochemical micromachining (EMM). It begins with fundamentals, techniques, processes, and conditions, continuing with in-depth discussions of mechanisms of material removal, including an empirical model on the material removal rate for EMM (supported by experimental validation). The book moves next to construction-related features of EMM setup suitable for industrial micromachining applications, varying types of EMM, and the latest developments in the improvement of EMM setup. Further, it covers power supply, roll of electrolyte, and other major factors influencing EMM processes, and reports research findings concerning the improvement of machining accuracy and efficiency. Finally, the book devotes a chapter to the design and development of micro-tools, one of the most vital components in EMM. Covers the generation of micro features used for advanced engineering of materials for fabrication of MEMS, microsystems and other micro-engineering applications Explores the trend of decreasing size of fabricated devices, reflected in coverage of generation of high-precision nano-features on metal and semiconductors utilizing SPM, STM, and AFM, and nanotechnology aspects of EMM Describes nanofabrication utilizing anodic dissolutions for mass manufacturing by overcoming obstacles utilizing electrochemical microsystem technology (EMST) and electrochemical nanotechnology (ENT)

Non traditional Micromachining Processes

Non traditional Micromachining Processes Book
Author : Golam Kibria,B. Bhattacharyya,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 3319520091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a complete coverage of micromachining processes from their basic material removal phenomena to past and recent research carried by a number of researchers worldwide. Chapters on effective utilization of material resources, improved efficiency, reliability, durability, and cost effectiveness of the products are presented. This book provides the reader with new and recent developments in the field of micromachining and microfabrication of engineering materials.

Accuracy Enhancement Technologies for Micromachining Processes

Accuracy Enhancement Technologies for Micromachining Processes Book
Author : Golam Kibria,B. Bhattacharyya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 9811521174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book bridges the gap between the demand for micro-featured components on the one hand, and successful micromachining of miniature products on the other. In addition to covering micromachining in the broader sense, it specifically addresses novel machining strategies implemented in various advanced micromachining processes to improve machining accuracy, energy consumption, component durability, and miniature-scale applicability. The book’s main goal is to present the capabilities of advanced micromachining processes in terms of miniature product manufacturing by highlighting various innovative machining strategies that can be used to augment the production scale and precision alike.

Futuristic Trends in Intelligent Manufacturing

Futuristic Trends in Intelligent Manufacturing Book
Author : K. Palanikumar,Elango Natarajan,Ramesh Sengottuvelu,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-31
ISBN : 3030700097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows how Industry 4.0 is a strategic approach for integrating advanced control systems with Internet technology enabling communication between people, products and complex systems. It includes processes such as machining features, machining knowledge, execution control, operation planning, machine tool selection and cutting tool. This book focuses on different articles related to advanced technologies, and their integration to foster Industry 4.0, being useful for researchers as well as industrialists to refer and utilize the information in production control.

Micro Electro fabrication

Micro Electro fabrication Book
Author : Tanveer Saleh,Mohamed Sultan Mohamed Ali,Kenichi Takahata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-14
ISBN : 0128231807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro Electro-fabrication outlines three major nanoscale electro-fabrication techniques, including electro-discharge machining, electrochemical machining and electrochemical deposition. Applications covered include the fabrication of nozzles for automobiles, miniature hole machining for aerospace turbine blade cooling, biomedical device fabrication, such as stents, the fabrication of microchannels for microfluidic application, the production of various MEMS devices, rapid prototyping of micro components, and nanoelectrode fabrication for scanning electron microscopy. This comprehensive book discusses the fundamental nature of the various electro-fabrication processes as well as mathematical modelling and applications. It is an important reference for materials scientists and engineers working at the nanoscale. Provides state-of-the-art research investigations on various topics of micro/nano EDM, micro LECD, micro/nano ECM and ECDM techniques Compares a variety of electro-fabrication techniques, outlining which is best in different situations Outlines a variety of modeling and optimization techniques relating to micro/nano EDM, micro LECD, micro/nano ECM and ECDM

Micro and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems

Micro  and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Mazaher Ahmadi,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Abbas Afkhami,Tayyebeh Madrakian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-12
ISBN : 0128237287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micro- and Nanotechnology Enabled Applications for Portable Miniaturized Analytical Systems outlines the basic principles of miniaturized analytical devices, such as spectrometric, separation, imaging and electrochemical miniaturized instruments. Concepts such as smartphone-enabled miniaturized detection systems and micro/nanomachines are also reviewed. Subsequent chapters explore the emerging application of these mobile devices for miniaturized analysis in various fields, including medicine and biomedicine, environmental chemistry, food chemistry, and forensic chemistry. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers wanting to understand how miniaturization techniques are being used to create a range of efficient, sustainable electronic and optical devices. Miniaturization describes the concept of manufacturing increasingly smaller mechanical, optical, and electronic products and devices. These smaller instruments can be used to produce micro- and nanoscale components required for analytical procedures. A variety of micro/nanoscale materials have been synthesized and used in analytical procedures, such as sensing materials, sorbents, adsorbents, catalysts, and reactors. The miniaturization of analytical instruments can be applied to the different steps of analytical procedures, such as sample preparation, analytical separation, and detection, reducing the total cost of manufacturing the instruments and the needed reagents and organic solvents. Outlines how miniaturization techniques can be used to create new optical and electronic micro- and nanodevices Explores major application areas, including biomedicine, environmental science and security Assesses the major challenges of using miniaturization techniques

Advances in Unconventional Machining and Composites

Advances in Unconventional Machining and Composites Book
Author : M. S. Shunmugam,M. Kanthababu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 981329471X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents research papers on unconventional machining (also known as non-traditional machining and advanced manufacturing) and composites which were presented during the 7th International and 28th All India Manufacturing Technology, Design and Research conference 2018 (AIMTDR 2018). The volume discusses improvements on well-established unconventional machining processes and novel or hybrid machining processes as well as properties, fabrication techniques and machining of composite materials. This volume will be of interest to academicians, researchers, and practicing engineers alike.

21st Century Nanoscience

21st Century Nanoscience Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-05
ISBN : 1351260553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 21st Century Nanoscience Handbook will be the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field of nanoscience. Handbook of Nanophysics, by the same editor, published in the fall of 2010, was embraced as the first comprehensive reference to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of nanophysics. This follow-up project has been conceived as a necessary expansion and full update that considers the significant advances made in the field since 2010. It goes well beyond the physics as warranted by recent developments in the field. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field. Chapters written by international experts in the field. Emphasises presentation and real results and applications. This handbook distinguishes itself from other works by its breadth of coverage, readability and timely topics. The intended readership is very broad, from students and instructors to engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical researchers, industry professionals, governmental scientists, and others whose work is impacted by nanotechnology. It will be an indispensable resource in academic, government, and industry libraries worldwide. The fields impacted by nanoscience extend from materials science and engineering to biotechnology, biomedical engineering, medicine, electrical engineering, pharmaceutical science, computer technology, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, food science, and beyond.

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies Book
Author : Markku Tilli,Mervi Paulasto-Kröckel,Matthias Petzold,Horst Theuss,Teruaki Motooka,Veikko Lindroos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-17
ISBN : 012817787X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Third Edition is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, modeling, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques of MEMS structures. The third edition of this book provides an important up-to-date overview of the current and emerging technologies in MEMS making it a key reference for MEMS professionals, engineers, and researchers alike, and at the same time an essential education material for undergraduate and graduate students. Provides comprehensive overview of leading-edge MEMS manufacturing technologies through the supply chain from silicon ingot growth to device fabrication and integration with sensor/actuator controlling circuits Explains the properties, manufacturing, processing, measuring and modeling methods of MEMS structures Reviews the current and future options for hermetic encapsulation and introduces how to utilize wafer level packaging and 3D integration technologies for package cost reduction and performance improvements Geared towards practical applications presenting several modern MEMS devices including inertial sensors, microphones, pressure sensors and micromirrors

Nanomaterials in Biofuels Research

Nanomaterials in Biofuels Research Book
Author : Manish Srivastava,Neha Srivastava,P. K. Mishra,Vijai Kumar Gupta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-09
ISBN : 9811393338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As renewable energy sources, biofuels have tremendous potential to replace fossil fuels in future energy scenarios, offering green alternative energy sources. However, though such fuels could mean a significant reduction in environmental pollution, they are still far from practical implementation due to their high production costs and technical issues. Consequently, efforts are being made around the globe to achieve the cost-effective production of biofuels. In this context, the use of nanomaterials to improve biofuels production efficiency is a vital, emerging area. Nanomaterials are attracting attention due to their versatile physicochemical properties and may improve the production process for various biofuels by acting as catalysts. However, this area is still in its infancy. To improve the practical viability of the biofuels production process, it is essential to focus on the specific type of nanomaterial used, its synthesis, and its specific effects on the process parameters. This book explores the potential advantages and feasibility of various aspects of nanomaterials with regard to improving the current biofuels production process, making it a valuable resource for a broad readership.

Electrochemical Methods of Nanostructure Preparation

Electrochemical Methods of Nanostructure Preparation Book
Author : László Péter
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-24
ISBN : 3030691179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the electrochemical routes of nanostructure preparation in a systematic and didactic manner. It provides a comprehensive overview of electrodeposition, anodization, carbon nanotube preparation and other methods of nanostructure fabrication, combining essential information on the physical background of electrochemistry with materials science aspects of the field. The book includes a brief introduction to general electrochemistry with an emphasis on physico-chemical aspects, followed by a description of the sample preparation methods. In each chapter, an overview of the particular method is accompanied by a discussion of the relevant physical or chemical properties of the materials, including magnetic, mechanical, optical, catalytic, sensoric and other features. While some preparation methods are discussed in connection with the theories of physical electrochemistry (e.g. electrodeposition), the book also covers methods that are more heuristic but nonetheless utilize electric current (e.g. anodization of porous alumina or synthesis of carbon nanotubes by means of electric arc discharge).

Advanced Manufacturing Techniques for Engineering and Engineered Materials

Advanced Manufacturing Techniques for Engineering and Engineered Materials Book
Author : Thanigaivelan, R.,Rajan, N.,Argul, T.G.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2022-03-11
ISBN : 1799895769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As technology advances, it is imperative to stay current in the newest developments made within the engineering industry and within material sciences. Trends in manufacturing such as 3D printing, casting, welding, surface modification, computer numerical control (CNC), non-traditional, Industry 4.0 ergonomics, and hybrid machining methods must be closely examined to utilize these important resources for the betterment of society. Advanced Manufacturing Techniques for Engineering and Engineered Materials provides a unified and complete overview about the recent and emerging trends, developments, and associated technology with scope for the commercialization of techniques specific to manufacturing materials. This book also reviews the various machining methods for difficult-to-cut materials and novel materials including matrix composites. Covering topics such as agro-waste, conventional machining, and material performance, this book is an essential resource for researchers, engineers, technologists, students and professors of higher education, industry workers, entrepreneurs, researchers, and academicians.

Modern Machining Technology

Modern Machining Technology Book
Author : Bijoy Bhattacharyya,Biswanath Doloi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 012812895X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Machining Technology: Advanced, Hybrid, Micro Machining and Super Finishing Technology explores complex and precise components with challenging shapes that are increasing in demand in industry. As the first book to cover all major technologies in this field, readers will find the latest technical developments and research in one place, allowing for easy comparison of specifications. Technologies covered include mechanical, thermal, chemical, micro and hybrid machining processes, as well as the latest advanced finishing technologies. Each topic is accompanied by a basic overview, examples of typical applications and studies of performance criteria. In addition, readers will find comparative advantages, model questions and solutions. Addresses a broad range of modern machining techniques, providing specifications for easy comparison Includes descriptions of the main applications for each method, along with the materials or products needed Provides the very latest research in processes, including hybrid machining

Electronic Enclosures Housings and Packages

Electronic Enclosures  Housings and Packages Book
Author : Frank Suli
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-15
ISBN : 008102391X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electronic Enclosures, Housings and Packages considers the problem of heat management for electronics from an encasement perspective. It addresses enclosures and their applications for industrial electronics, as well as LED lighting solutions for stationary and mobile markets. The book introduces fundamental concepts and defines dimensions of success in electrical enclosures. Other chapters discuss environmental considerations, shielding, standardization, materials selection, thermal management, product design principles, manufacturing techniques and sustainability. Final chapters focus on business fundamentals by outlining successful technical propositions and potential future directions. Introduces the concepts of materials recycling and sustainability to electronic enclosures Provides thorough coverage of all technical aspects relating to the design and manufacturing of electronic packaging Includes practical information on environmental considerations, shielding, standardization, materials selection, and more

Advances in Abrasive Based Machining and Finishing Processes

Advances in Abrasive Based Machining and Finishing Processes Book
Author : S. Das,G. Kibria,B. Doloi,B. Bhattacharyya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-10
ISBN : 3030433129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the advances in abrasive based machining and finishing in broad sense. Specifically, the book covers the novel machining and finishing strategies implemented in various advanced machining processes for improving machining accuracy and overall quality of the product. This book presents the capability of advanced machining processes using abrasive grain. It also covers ways for enhancing the production rate as well as quality. It fulfills the gap between the production of any complicated components and successful machining with abrasive particles.

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells Book
Author : Fatih Sen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-25
ISBN : 0128217146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells explains nanomaterials and nanocomposites as well as the characterization, manufacturing, and design of alcohol fuel cell applications. The advantages of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are significant for reliable and long-lasting portable power sources used in devices such as mobile phones and computers. Even though substantial improvements have been made in DAFC systems over the last decade, more effort is needed to commercialize DAFCs by producing durable, low-cost, and smaller-sized devices. Nanomaterials have an important role to play in achieving this aim. The use of nanotechnology in DAFCs is vital due to their role in the synthesis of nanocatalysts within the manufacturing process. Lately, nanocatalysts containing carbon such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanocoils have also attracted much attention. When compared to traditional materials, carbon-based materials have unique advantages, such as high corrosion resistance, better electrical conductivity, and less catalyst poisoning. This book also covers different aspects of nanocomposites fabrication, including their preparation, design, and characterization techniques for their fuel cell applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers, energy scientists, and electrochemists who are seeking to improve their understanding of how nanomaterials are being used to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of DAFCs. Shows how nanomaterials are being used for the design and manufacture of DAFCs Explores how nanotechnology is being used to enhance the synthesis and catalysis processes to create the next generation of fuel cells Assesses the major challenges of producing nanomaterial-based DAFCs on an industrial scale

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells Book
Author : Ramiz Gültekin Akay,Ayşe Bayrakçeken Yurtcan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-10
ISBN : 0128187360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Direct Liquid Fuel Cells is a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals and specificities of the use of methanol, ethanol, glycerol, formic acid and formate, dimethyl ether, borohydride, hydrazine and other promising liquid fuels in fuel cells. Each chapter covers a different liquid fuel-based fuel cell such as: Anode catalysts of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), future system designs and future trends for direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs), development of catalysts for direct glycerol fuel cells (DGFCs), the mechanisms of the reactions taking place at the anode and cathode electrodes, and the reported anode catalysts for direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) and direct formate fuel cell (DFFC), characteristics of direct dimethyl ether fuel cell (DDMEFC), including its electrochemical and operating systems and design, the developments in direct borohydride fuel cells, the development of catalysts for direct hydrazine fuel cells (DHFCs), and also the uncommonly used liquids that have a potential for fuel cell applications including 2-propanol, ethylene glycol, ascorbic acid and ascorbate studied in the literature as well as utilization of some blended fuels. In each part, the most recent literature is reviewed and the state of the art is presented. It also includes examples of practical problems with solutions and a summarized comparison of performance, advantages, and limitations of each type of fuel cell discussed. Direct Liquid Fuel Cells is not a typical textbook but rather designed as a reference book of which any level of students (undergraduate or graduate), instructors, field specialists, industry and general audience, who benefit from current and complete understanding of the many aspects involved in the development and operation of these types of fuel cells, could make use of any chapter when necessary. Presents information on different types of direct liquid fuel cells. Explores information under each section, for specific fuel-based fuel cells in more detail in terms of the materials used. Covers three main sections: direct alcohol, organic fuel-based and inorganic fuel-based fuel cells

Remanufacturing and Advanced Machining Processes for New Materials and Components

Remanufacturing and Advanced Machining Processes for New Materials and Components Book
Author : Е.S. Gevorkyan,M. Rucki,V.P. Nerubatskyi,W. Żurowski,Z. Siemiątkowski,D. Morozow,A.G. Kharatyan
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-03-22
ISBN : 1000528669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Remanufacturing and Advanced Machining Processes for Materials and Components presents current and emerging techniques for machining of new materials and restoration of components, as well as surface engineering methods aimed at prolonging the life of industrial systems. It examines contemporary machining processes for new materials, methods of protection and restoration of components, and smart machining processes. • Details a variety of advanced machining processes, new materials joining techniques, and methods to increase machining accuracy • Presents innovative methods for protection and restoration of components primarily from the perspective of remanufacturing and protective surface engineering • Discusses smart machining processes, including computer-integrated manufacturing and rapid prototyping, and smart materials • Provides a comprehensive summary of state-of-the-art in every section and a description of manufacturing methods • Describes the applications in recovery and enhancing purposes and identifies contemporary trends in industrial practice, emphasizing resource savings and performance prolongation for components and engineering systems The book is aimed at a range of readers, including graduate-level students, researchers, and engineers in mechanical, materials, and manufacturing engineering, especially those focused on resource savings, renovation, and failure prevention of components in engineering systems.

Micro electrical Discharge Machining Processes

Micro electrical Discharge Machining Processes Book
Author : Golam Kibria,Muhammad P. Jahan,B. Bhattacharyya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-15
ISBN : 9811330743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive collection of micro electrical discharge machining (EDM) processes, including hybrid processes. It discusses the theory behind each process and their applications in various technological as well as biomedical domains, and also presents a brief background to various micro EDM processes, current research challenges, and detailed case studies of micro-manufacturing miniaturized parts. The book serves as a valuable guide for students and researchers interested in micro EDM and other related processes.

Electrochemical Processes for Metallization of Novel Silicon Solar Cells

Electrochemical Processes for Metallization of Novel Silicon Solar Cells  Book
Author : Mathias Kamp
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-05
ISBN : 3839610559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within this work electrochemical processes for manufacturing of novel silicon solar cells are investigated. Direct plating of Ni and Al on n- and p- silicon is demonstrated by making use of solar cell characteristics. Homogenous Ni/Cu stacks are realized for bifacial and back contact solar cells, forming an excellent mechanical and electrical contact to silicon. For metallization of HIT solar cells, the plating behavior on ITO layers is studied. Additionally, plating processes on evaporated Al layers are developed and applied to back contact solar cells. By means of process optimization the plated metal stack on Al features sufficient adhesion and increases the lateral conductivity of the metal grid resulting in increased solar cell efficiency. An advanced metallization route for back contact solar cells which purposefully utilizes the different characteristics of the deposited metals (Al, Ni, Cu) is developed. The resulting metal stacks are characterized in detail using SEM, EDX and AES methods. Besides plating processes, local oxidizing processes for Al are established and combined with printing technologies to realize the metal contact separation for back contact solar cells.