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Effect Of Temperature And Other Factors On Plastics And Elastomers

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The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780815520061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters. Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated. . Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. . The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. .-

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-04-15
ISBN : 0323310176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference guide brings together a wide range of critical data on the effect of temperature on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The effects of humidity level and strain rate on mechanical and electrical properties are also covered. The data are supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real world engineering contexts. High (and low) temperatures can have a significant impact on plastics processing and applications, particularly in industries such as automotive, aerospace, oil and gas, packaging, and medical devices, where metals are increasingly being replaced by plastics. Additional plastics have also been included for polyesters, polyamides and others where available, including polyolefins, elastomers and fluoropolymers. Entirely new sections on biodegradable polymers and thermosets have been added to the book. The level of data included – along with the large number of graphs and tables for easy comparison – saves readers the need to contact suppliers, and the selection guide has been fully updated, giving assistance on the questions which engineers should be asking when specifying materials for any given application. Trustworthy, current thermal data and best practice guidance for engineers and materials scientists in the plastics industry More than 1,000 graphs and tables allow for easy comparison between plastics Entirely new sections added on biopolymers and thermosets.

Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2008-12-05
ISBN : 0815516940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an update to the first edition compiled and published in 1990 by William Woishnis. A lot has changed in the field since 1990 and a lot has not changed. There are new plastic materials. There has been a huge turnover in ownership of plastics producing companies. There has been a lot of consolidation, which of course means discontinued products. Thus, this update is much more extensive than the usual "next edition." It has been reorganized from a chemistry point of view. Plastics of similar polymer types are grouped into nine chapters. Each of these chapters includes an introduction with a brief explanation of the chemistry of the polymers used in the plastics. An extensive first chapter has been added as an introduction that summarizes the chemistry of making polymers, the formulation of plastics, testing and test methods, and plastic selection. Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters. Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated. • Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. • The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. • More than 1,000 graphs and tables allow for easy comparison between products. • Covers more than 70 types of plastics, and summarizes the chemistry of each type.

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-09-15
ISBN : 0323390412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics

Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality

Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality Book
Author : Vannessa Dr Goodship,Bethany Middleton,Ruth Cherrington
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-09-08
ISBN : 0323353843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing presents the latest information on how plastics manufacturers are increasingly being driven towards carbon emission reduction, lightweighting, and cost savings through process integration. These technologies have the potential to revolutionize future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages. This book introduces the three core manufacturing methods for multifunctional materials, composites, injection molding, and 3D printing, all processes facing challenges for the implementation of new technology. Users will find a book that brings together both process and material advances in this area, giving process engineers, designers, and manufacturers the information they need to choose the appropriate material and process for the product they are developing. Provides an introduction to the latest technologies in the area of multifunctionality, enabling engineers to implement new breakthroughs in their own businesses Gives an understanding of the processes that need to be considered in both design and manufacture of future devices, while using materials from a broader palette than used in existing manufacturing processes Includes best practice guidance and flow charts to aid in material and process selection Covers revolutionary future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages

The Science and Technology of Flexible Packaging

The Science and Technology of Flexible Packaging Book
Author : Barry A Morris
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 0323243258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Science and Technology of Flexible Packaging: Multilayer Films from Resin and Process to End Use provides a comprehensive guide to the use of plastic films in flexible packaging, covering scientific principles, properties, processes, and end use considerations. The book brings the science of multilayer films to the practitioner in a concise and impactful way, presenting the fundamental understanding required to improve product design, material selection, and processes, and includes information on why one material is favored over another for a particular application, or how the film or coating affects material properties. Detailed descriptions and analysis of the key properties of packaging films are provided from both an engineering and scientific perspective. End-use effects are also covered in detail, providing key insights into the way the products being packaged influence film properties and design. The book bridges the gap between key scientific literature and the practical challenges faced by the flexible packaging industry, providing essential scientific insights, best practice techniques, environmental sustainability information, and key principles of structure design to enable engineers and scientists to deliver superior products with reduced development time and cost. Provides essential information on all aspects of multilayer films in flexible packaging Aids in material selection and processing, shortening development times and delivering stronger products Bridges the gap between scientific principles and key challenges in the packaging industry, with practical explanations to assist practitioners in overcoming those challenges

Technology and Applications of Polymers Derived from Biomass

Technology and Applications of Polymers Derived from Biomass Book
Author : Syed Ali Ashter
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 0323511163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technology and Applications of Polymers Derived from Biomass explores the range of different possible routes from biomass to polymeric materials, including the value and limitations of using biomass in material applications and a comparison of petrochemical-derived polymers and bio-based polymers. The book discusses biomass sources, types, chemistry and handling concerns. It covers the manufacture of industrial chemicals from biomass and the derivation of monomers and polymers from biomass. It also details the processing and applications of biomass-derived polymers to enable materials scientists and engineers realize the potential of biomass as a sustainable source of polymers, including plastics and elastomers. The book is a one-stop-shop reference—giving students a basic understanding of the technology and how the material can be applied to industrial processes they will face in the workforce, and giving materials engineers and product designers the information they need to make more informed material selection decisions. Provides fundamental understanding of an increasingly important approach to sourcing polymeric materials Includes actionable, relevant information to enable materials engineers and product designers consider biomass-derived polymers in the products they are developing Discusses the environmental impact of biomass conversion to help readers improve the sustainability of their operations Compares petrochemical-derived polymers with bio-based polymers

Thermoplastic Material Selection

Thermoplastic Material Selection Book
Author : Eric R. Larson
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 0323312659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermoplastic Material Selection: A Practical Guide presents current information on how proper material selection is a critical component of any manufactured product. The text is a practical guide to a difficult process, giving the reader a fundamental grounding in thermoplastic materials and providing the tools they need to save time, money, and frustration. The book provides an overview of the most commonly used thermoplastic materials, including discussions of the different chemical families, plastics categories, and material grades - and the implications of these differences on the material selection process. It provides fresh insights on the traditional methods of material selection based on performance and cost, and also discusses the use of non-traditional methods based on subjective evaluation. Subsequent sections include references on tools that can be used to conduct further exploration, how to accurately select the most suitable material, writing an effective material specification, and working with material suppliers and distributors. Presents current information on how proper thermoplastics material selection is a critical component of any manufactured product A practical guide to a difficult process, giving the reader a fundamental grounding in thermoplastics material selection and providing the tools they need to save time, money, and frustration Delivers insights on the traditional methods of material selection based on performance and cost, and introduces nontraditional methods based on size, form, appearance, and feel

Biopolymers Processing and Products

Biopolymers  Processing and Products Book
Author : Michael Niaounakis
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-09-22
ISBN : 0323279384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and – ultimately – developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers Contains information not to be found in any other book Self-contained chapters

Stretch Blow Molding

Stretch Blow Molding Book
Author : Ottmar Brandau
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-08-10
ISBN : 0323462936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stretch Blow Molding, Third Edition, provides the latest on the blow molding process used to produce bottles of the strength required for carbonated drinks. In this updated handbook, Ottmar Brandau introduces the technology of stretch blow molding, explores practical aspects of designing and running a production line, and looks at practical issues for quality control and troubleshooting. As an experienced engineer, manager, and consultant, Brandau’s focus is on optimizing the production process, improving quality, and reducing cycle time. In this new edition, the author has thoroughly reviewed the content of the book, providing updates on new developments in stretch blow molding, including neck sizes, new equipment and processes, and the economics of the process. The book is a thoroughly practical handbook which provides engineers and managers with the toolkit to improve production and engineering aspects in their own businesses, allowing them to save money, increase output, and improve competitiveness by adopting new technologies. Provides knowledge and understanding of the latest technological and best practice developments in stretch blow molding Includes money saving, practical strategies to optimize the production process, improve quality, and reduce cycle times Provides a guide to the training of operators, as well as tactics on how to troubleshoot when products are faulty, productivity is low, or machinery is not operating as expected

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-10-11
ISBN : 0323374670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide, Second Edition, addresses important, frequently posed questions by end-user design engineers, coaters, and coatings suppliers on fluorinated coatings and finishes, thus enabling them to achieve superior product qualities and shorter product and process development times. The book provides broad coverage of these fluorinated polymer coatings, including the best known PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene, first trademarked as Teflon® and ePTFE (GoreTex®). Their inherent qualities of low surface tension, non-stick, low friction, high melting point, and chemical inertness make fluoropolymer coatings widely desirable across thousands of industrial and consumer applications, but these properties also make it difficult to convert fluoropolymers to coatings that have sufficient adhesion to the substrate to be protected. In this book, readers learn how fluoropolymer coatings are used and made, about their pigments and fillers, binders, dispersion processes, additives, and solvents. The book includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety. Provides a practical handbook that covers the theory and practice of fluorinated coatings, including the structure and properties of binders and how to get a non-stick coating to stick to the substrate Covers liquid and power fluorocoatings, their applications methods, curing and baking processes, and their commercial end uses Presents detailed discussions of testing methods related to fluorocoatings, common coating defects, how they form, how to eliminate them, and the health and safety aspects of using and applying fluorocoatings Includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012
ISBN : 145572551X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preface -- 1. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers -- 2. Chapter 2 - Introduction to the Mechanical, Thermal and Permeation Properties of Plastics and Elastomers -- 3. Production of films -- 4. Markets and Applications for films -- 5. Styrenic Plastics -- 6. Polyesters -- 8. Polyamides (Nylons) -- 9. Polyolefins -- 10. Polyvinyls & Acrylics -- 11. Fluoropolymers -- 12. High Temperature/High Performance Polymers -- 13. Elastomers and rubbers -- 14. Renewable Resource or biodegradable polymers -- Appendices -- Permeation Unit Conversion Factors -- Vapor Transmission rate Conversion factors.

Management of Marine Plastic Debris

Management of Marine Plastic Debris Book
Author : Michael Niaounakis
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2017-07-04
ISBN : 0323443990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management of Marine Plastic Debris gives a thorough and detailed presentation of the global problem of marine plastics debris, covering every aspect of its management from tracking, collecting, treating and commercial exploitation for handing this anthropogenic waste. The book is a unique, essential source of information on current and future technologies aimed at reducing the impact of plastics waste in the oceans. This is a practical book designed to enable engineers to tackle this problem—both in stopping plastics from getting into the ocean in the first place, as well as providing viable options for the reuse and recycling of plastics debris once it has been recovered. The book is essential reading not only for materials scientists and engineers, but also other scientists involved in this area seeking to know more about the impact of marine plastics debris on the environment, the mechanisms by which plastics degrade in water and potential solutions. While much research has been undertaken into the different approaches to the increasing problem of plastics marine debris, this is the first book to present, evaluate and compare all of the available techniques and practices, and then make suggestions for future developments. The book also includes a detailed discussion of the regulatory environment, including international conventions and standards and national policies. Reviews all available processes and techniques for recovering, cleaning and recycling marine plastic debris Presents and evaluates viable options for engineers to tackle this growing problem, including the use of alternative polymers Investigates a wide range of possible applications of marine plastics debris and opportunities for businesses to make a positive environmental impact Includes a detailed discussion of the regulatory environment, including international conventions and standards and national policies

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2005-07-15
ISBN : 081551882X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Loaded with practical knowledge, Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers comprehensively presents the state-of-art of methods and materials for the formulation of polymeric resins. It is an indispensable tool for chemists, engineers, and manufacturers who use, formulate, and cure raw materials into final products. The text focuses on the chemical modification of properties during the final stage of part fabrication from plastics. Newer applications range from the small scale, such as dental fillings, to industrial processes for batch fabrication. The book covers resin groups in major use in industry and under active research and development.

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Effect of Creep and other Time Related Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Creep and other Time Related Factors on Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-08-26
ISBN : 0323354076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference guide brings together a wide range of critical data on the effect of creep and other long term effects on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data are supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real world engineering contexts and provides the long-term properties data that designers need to create a product that will stand the test of time. This new edition represents a full update of the data, removing all obsolete data, adding new data, and updating the list of plastics manufacturers. Additional plastics have also been included for polyesters, polyamides and others where available, including polyolefins, elastomers and fluoropolymers. Entirely new sections on biodegradable polymers and thermosets have been added to the book. The level of data included – along with the large number of graphs and tables for easy comparison – saves readers the need to contact suppliers, and the selection guide has been fully updated, giving assistance on the questions which engineers should be asking when specifying materials for any given application. Trustworthy, current data on creep, stress-strain and environmental stress cracking, enabling easier and more effective material selection and product design. Includes expert guidance to help practitioners make best use of the data. Entirely new sections added on sustainable and biodegradable polymers, and thermosets.

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers Book
Author : Plastics Design Library
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is an compilation that illustrates how the elements of weathering affect the properties and characteristics of 89 plastics and elastomers. It is comprised of diverse references, including conference proceedings, test laboratories, materials suppliers, monographs, and trade and technical journals. The information provided ranges from a general overview of the resistance of various plastics and elastomers to weathering (ultraviolet light, moisture, heat) to detailed discussions and test results. At the same time, an effort is made to provide information for many weathering tests and conditions (i.e. outdoor, outdoor accelerated, artificial accelerated, indoor, microbiologic attack, etc.) and material combinations. Results of weathering exposure for more than 80 families of plastics and elastomers are presented in textual, graphical and tabular formats.