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Ecotoxicology Essentials

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Ecotoxicology Essentials

Ecotoxicology Essentials Book
Author : Donald W. Sparling
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-18
ISBN : 0128019611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecotoxicology Essentials: Environmental Contaminants and Their Biological Effects on Animals and Plants provides a fundamental understanding of this area for students and professionals in ecotoxicology, ecology, conservation, chemistry, public health, wildlife management, fisheries, and many other disciplines. Although new chemicals and potential problems are developed every year, a basic education is essential to address these new challenges, and this work gives such training. Written with the regulatory framework in mind, the material guides readers on modelling, how to conduct assessments, and human and wildlife risk, focusing on effects on animals rather than transport of chemicals. Simple discussions of chemistry are complemented by coverage on the behavior of the animal, dynamics of the ecosystem, real-life situations like drought, and predators in the system – i.e., the natural system versus the lab setting. The book’s first section contains chapters on the principles of contaminant toxicology including a brief history of the science of ecotoxicology, basic principles of the science, testing methods, and ways of determining if animals have been exposed to either acute or chronic concentrations of contaminants. The second section deals with the primary classes of contaminants including their chemical characteristics, sources, uses, and effects on organisms. The third section focuses on more complex issues such as the regulation of pollution, population and community effects, risk assessment and modelling. Uses examples from both aquatic and terrestrial environments and species Includes a Terms to Know section and a list of study questions in each chapter, fostering a greater understanding of the issues Focuses on the effects of contaminants on wildlife while providing enough chemistry to allow a detailed understanding of the various contaminant groups Emphasizes natural examples and 'real' species, rather than laboratory studies on only a handful of organisms Features case histories, detailing actual events that include aspects of how the contamination occurred and its effects on wildlife Provides material from a wide variety of international sources

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 1351133985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition is revised throughout and includes new and expanded information on natural resource damage assessment, the latest emerging contaminants and issues, and adds new international coverage, including case studies and rules and regulations. The text details key environmental contaminants, explores their fates in the biosphere, and discusses bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. Vignettes written by experts illustrate key themes or highlight especially pertinent examples. This edition offers an instructors' solution manual, PowerPoint slides, and supplemental images. Features: Adds all new discussions of natural resource damage assessment concepts and approaches Includes new vignettes written by leading guest authors Draws on materials from 2,500 cited sources, including 400+ new to this edition Adds numerous new entries to a useful glossary of 800+ terms Includes a new appendix discussing Brazilian environmental laws and regulations added to existing appendices outlining U.S., E.U., Chinese, Australian, and Indian environmental laws Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fifth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Basics of Ecotoxicology

Basics of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Donald W. Sparling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1351655469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The material presented in this textbook will not require the need for prior knowledge of chemistry, biology, or statistics to be understood, rather, it will provide sufficient related background information leading to a competency to clearly understand ecotoxicology concepts and topics.

Basics of Ecotoxicology

Basics of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Donald W. Sparling
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1351655477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook presents a comprehensive examination of environmental science and ecotoxicology for undergraduate students. The material provides sufficient related background information leading to a competency to clearly understand ecotoxicology concepts and topics.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 1466582294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated analysis exploring current and relevant concepts, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition extends the dialogue further from the previous editions and beyond conventional ecosystems. It explores landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, communicating core concepts with subjects ranging from molecular to global issues. It addresses the increasing growth and complexity of ecotoxicological problems, contains additional vignettes, and employs input from a variety of experts in the field. Divided into 14 chapters, the book begins with an overall history of the field. It details the essential features of the key contaminants of concern today, including their sources. It examines bioaccumulation, the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization, and the regulatory aspects of the field addressing the technical issues of risk assessment. The author includes appendices illustrating important environmental laws and regulations, and compiles key terms not already identified by section headings in the glossary. He also provides suggested readings at the end of each chapter and presents study questions at the end of the book. Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology, and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 1466582324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated analysis exploring current and relevant concepts, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition extends the dialogue further from the previous editions and beyond conventional ecosystems. It explores landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, communicating core concepts with subjects ranging from molecular t

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis,Thiago Estevam Parente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 1315296357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an integrated discussion on ecotoxicology, containing both general concepts and specific ecotoxicological issues of major biological groups, extending beyond conventional systems. It explores worldwide, regional, and biocompartmentalized topics, bringing forth new points of view on global issues and addressing the increasing diversity and complexity of the ecotoxicological field. It also contains novel information on emerging contaminants, presents bioaccumulation effects on different levels of ecological organization and risk analyses, and discusses novel fields of methodological applications, including key aspects in ecotoxicological and environmental monitoring studies.

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Aquatic Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet,Jean-Claude Amiard,Catherine Mouneyrac
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-06-11
ISBN : 0128011769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks presents a thorough look at recent advances in aquatic ecotoxicology and their application in assessing the risk of well-known and emerging environmental contaminants. This essential reference, brought together by leading experts in the field, guides users through existing and novel approaches to environmental risk assessment, then presenting recent advances in the field of ecotoxicology, including omics-based technologies, biomarkers, and reference species. The book then demonstrates how these advances can be used to design and perform assays to discover the toxicological endpoints of emerging risks within the aquatic environment, such as nanomaterials, personal care products, PFOS and chemical mixtures. The text is an invaluable reference for any scientist who studies the effects of contaminants on organisms that live within aquatic environments. Provides the latest perspectives on emerging toxic risks to aquatic environments, such as nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, chemical mixtures, and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) Offers practical guidance on recent advances to help in choosing the most appropriate toxicological assay Presents case studies and information on a variety of reference species to help put the ecotoxicological theory into practical risk assess

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 1439883122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each year ecotoxicological problems become increasingly complex and encompass broader spatial and temporal scales. Our practical understanding must evolve accordingly to maintain an acceptable quality of life. Fully revised and expanded to reflect new developments, the third edition of Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology provides a broad overview of the

Essentials Of Environmental Toxicology

Essentials Of Environmental Toxicology Book
Author : William Hughes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-02
ISBN : 0203362799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introductory text addresses the principles and mechanisms of toxicology as applied to environmentally-encountered toxic agents. Each chapter concludes with review questions that may be used for student self-testing and topics covered include dose response, hazards and risk assessment, determination of toxicity, pesticides, metals, plastics, organic solvents, environmental carcinogens, teratogens and mutagens.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition Book
Author : Michael C. Newman,Michael A. Unger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-12-26
ISBN : 9781566705981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised and updated, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition presents a treatment of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global perspectives. The authors focus first on lower levels of organization and then extend their discussion to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, imparting a perspective as broad as the the problems facing practicing professionals. See what's new in this edition: A comprehensive chapter on the nature, transport, and fate of major classes of contaminants in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems Side bars containing vignettes by leaders in the field let you benefit from the experience of diverse practitioners in the field An appendix covering European environmental regulations The authors detail key contaminants of concern, explore their fate and cycling in the biosphere, and discuss bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. They cover regulatory aspects of the field in separate chapters that address the technical issues of risk assessment and discuss key U.S. and European legislation in the appendices. Complete with study questions, a detailed glossary, and vignettes by various experts exploring special topics in ecotoxicology, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition is an ideal introductory textbook for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a valuable reference for professionals.

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Biochemical Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Francois Gagne
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-07
ISBN : 012411623X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biochemical Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods presents practical approaches to biochemical ecotoxicology experiments for environmental protection and conservation. With its methodical, stepped approach this essential reference introduces readers to current techniques for toxicity endpoint testing, suitable for laboratories of any size and budget. Each chapter presents a state-of-the-art principle, a quick and inexpensive procedure (including appropriate reagents), case studies, and demonstrations on how to analyze your results. Generic techniques are covered, suitable for a variety of organisms, as well as high-throughput techniques like quantitative polymerase chain reactions and enzyme-linked immunoassays. Cutting-edge approaches, including gPCR arrays and lipidomic techniques, are also included, making this is an essential reference for anyone who needs to assess environmental toxicity. Practical, cost-effective approaches to assess environmental toxicity endpoints for all types of organism Presents theory, methods, case studies and information on how to analyze results State-of-the-art techniques, such as ‘omics’ approaches to toxicology

Handbook of Ecotoxicology

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Peter P. Calow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-06-05
ISBN : 1444313509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Ecotoxicology provides a readily accessible, yet critical collection of information on ecotoxicological testing. Now available in a single paperback volume, this handbook represents excellent value. Part A concentrates on techniques, especially those tests used for prediction. Thorough descriptions of the main tests are provided, followed by critical analyses in terms of ease of handling, repeatability and ecological relevance, and finally, an extensive bibliography citing key documents describing test methods and key papers evaluating them. Part B focuses on the toxicants themselves: summarising their ecological effects, describing ways of predicting effects from physico-chemical properties alone, and describing and discussing fate models. Now available as a single volume in paperback An invaluable reference resource

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry Book
Author : Stanley E Manahan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-02-24
ISBN : 1498776949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With clear explanations, real-world examples and updated questions and answers, the tenth edition of Environmental Chemistry emphasizes the concepts essential to the practice of environmental science, technology and chemistry while introducing the newest innovations in the field. The author follows the general format and organization popular in preceding editions, including an approach based upon the five environmental spheres and the relationship of environmental chemistry to the key concepts of sustainability, industrial ecology and green chemistry. This readily adaptable text has been revamped to emphasize important topics such as the world water crisis. It details global climate change to a greater degree than previous editions, underlining the importance of abundant renewable energy in minimizing human influences on climate. Environmental Chemistry is designed for a wide range of graduate and undergraduate courses in environmental chemistry, environmental science and sustainability as well as serving as a general reference work for professionals in the environmental sciences and engineering.

Mixture Toxicity

Mixture Toxicity Book
Author : Cornelis A. M. van Gestel,Martijs Jonker,Jan E. Kammenga,Ryszard Laskowski,Claus Svendsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781439830093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last decade and a half, great progress has been made in the development of concepts and models for mixture toxicity, both in human and environmental toxicology. However, due to their different protection goals, developments have often progressed in parallel but with little integration. Arguably the first book to clearly link ecotoxicology and classic human toxicology, Mixture Toxicity: Linking Approaches from Ecological and Human Toxicology incorporates extensive reviews of exposure to toxicants, toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics, toxicity of mixtures, and risk assessment. The book examines developments in both fields, compares and contrasts their current state of the art, and identifies where one field can learn from the other. Each chapter provides an essential overview of the state of the art in both human and ecotoxicological mixture risk assessment, focusing on the work published in the last fifteen years. The coverage progresses from exposure to risk assessment, at each step identifying the special complications typically raised by mixtures. Based on in-depth discussions among specialists representing different disciplines and approaches, the chapters each address: Exposure — how to quantify the amounts of chemicals that may enter the living organism Kinetics, dynamics, and metabolism — how the chemicals enter an organism, travel within the organism, how they are metabolized and reach the target site, and explain development of toxicity with time Toxicity — what are the chemicals’ detrimental effects on the organism Test design and complex mixture characterization — how chemicals interact, how to measure effects of mixtures, and how to identify responsible chemicals Risk assessment — how to assess for risks in humans and the environment An unusual combination of different points of view on exposure to and risk assessment of chemical mixtures, this book summarizes current knowledge on combined effects of toxicant mixtures, information that is generally only available in a very fragmented form as individual journal papers. It identifies possible crosslinks and includes recommendations for mutual developments that can improve the state of knowledge on mixture toxicity and ultimately lead to better and more integrated risk assessment.

Introduction to Ecotoxicology

Introduction to Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Des W. Connell,Paul Lam,Bruce Richardson,Rudolf Wu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-17
ISBN : 1444313266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental pollution is one of the most serious threats to the future health of our planet. A wide and ever increasing range of chemicals from industry, agriculture, medicine and a host of other sources continue to contribute to the earth's chemical load. Governments have encountered great difficulties responding to the crucial and immediate need for effective management. As a result, the new science of ecotoxicology has developed, which provides a broad conceptual framework for evaluating the effects of chemicals in natural ecosystems. This book is aimed principally at undergraduate students who have completed basic courses in both chemistry and biology. It takes a broad view of ecotoxicology starting with the nature, properties and behaviour of environmental toxicants, and extends to dose/response relationships and effects on organisms, populations, communities and ecosystems. Importantly, it also addresses environmental management areas such as biomarkers, biomonitoring, ecological risk assessment and the ecotoxicology and management of chemicals. The book provides an invaluable overview of the subject for students taking courses in ecotoxicology and environmental pollution, as well as wider degree programmes in biology, ecology, wildlife management, environmental science, environmental impact assessment, toxicology, pollution, chemical engineering, civil engineering, sanitation engineering and related subjects.

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology Book
Author : J.P.F. D'Mello
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1786394677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international team of authors from a range of educational, medical and research establishments, this book is an essential reference for advanced students and researchers in the areas of environmental sciences, ecology, agriculture, environmental health and medicine, in addition to industry and government personnel responsible for environmental regulations and directives. A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology focuses on two key aspects: human disorders and ecotoxicology as affected by major toxins originating from biological sources and pollutants, as well as radiation generated spontaneously or as a result of anthropogenic activity. A diverse array of these potentially harmful agents regularly appear in the atmosphere, soil, water and food, compromising both human health and biodiversity in natural and managed ecosystems.

Statistical Analysis of Ecotoxicity Studies

Statistical Analysis of Ecotoxicity Studies Book
Author : John W. Green,Timothy A. Springer,Henrik Holbech
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-14
ISBN : 1119088348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the issues relevant to the design, analysis, and interpretation of toxicity studies that examine chemicals for use in the environment Statistical Analysis of Ecotoxicity Studies offers a guide to the design, analysis, and interpretation of a range of experiments that are used to assess the toxicity of chemicals. While the book highlights ecotoxicity studies, the methods presented are applicable to the broad range of toxicity studies. The text contains myriad datasets (from laboratory and field research) that clearly illustrate the book's topics. The datasets reveal the techniques, pitfalls, and precautions derived from these studies. The text includes information on recently developed methods for the analysis of severity scores and other ordered responses, as well as extensive power studies of competing tests and computer simulation studies of regression models that offer an understanding of the sensitivity (or lack thereof) of various methods and the quality of parameter estimates from regression models. The authors also discuss the regulatory process indicating how test guidelines are developed and review the statistical methodology in current or pending OECD and USEPA ecotoxicity guidelines. This important guide: Offers the information needed for the design and analysis to a wide array of ecotoxicity experiments and to the development of international test guidelines used to assess the toxicity of chemicals Contains a thorough examination of the statistical issues that arise in toxicity studies, especially ecotoxicity Includes an introduction to toxicity experiments and statistical analysis basics Includes programs in R and excel Covers the analysis of continuous and Quantal data, analysis of data as well as Regulatory Issues Presents additional topics (Mesocosm and Microplate experiments, mixtures of chemicals, benchmark dose models, and limit tests) as well as software Written for directors, scientists, regulators, and technicians, Statistical Analysis of Ecotoxicity Studies provides a sound understanding of the technical and practical issues in designing, analyzing, and interpreting toxicity studies to support or challenge chemicals for use in the environment.

Statistics in Ecotoxicology

Statistics in Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Simon Sparks,Tim Sparks
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Statistics in Ecotoxicology Edited by Tim Sparks Institute ofTerrestrial Ecology, Cambridgeshire, UK A basic understanding ofstatistical concepts and methodology is essential for everyresearch scientist. Statistics in Ecotoxicology is a comprehensive,well-illustrated text, tailored to meet the needs of allecotoxicologists from undergraduates to professionals. Avoidingmathematical jargon, the book uses worked examples to enable thereader to understand the potential of, and limitations of,statistical analysis in both the planning and operation oflaboratory and field ecotoxicological experiments. This informativeand highly practical guide: * provides an invaluable introduction to the quantitative methodsfor the analysis of ecotoxicological data; * covers field experimentation, laboratory experimentation,regression methodology, multivariate methods and monitoring: * incorporates essential tips to prevent many of the common designand analytical failings in ecotoxicology; and, * includes case studies comprising of terrestrial, freshwater andmarine examples. Written by an international team of scientists, Statistics inEcotoxicology will be essential reading for all ecotoxicologists.

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology Book
Author : P.J. Bert Hakkinen,Gerald Kennedy,Frederick W. Stoss
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-01-10
ISBN : 008053466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information Resources in Toxicology, Third Edition is a sourcebook for anyone who needs to know where to find toxicology information. It provides an up-to-date selective guide to a large variety of sources--books, journals, organizations, audiovisuals, internet and electronic sources, and more. For the Third Edition, the editors have selected, organized, and updated the most relevant information available. New information on grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports have also been added. This comprehensive, time-saving tool is ideal for toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, testing labs, libraries, poison control centers, physicians, legal and regulatory professionals, and chemists. Serves as an all-in-one resource for toxicology information New edition includes information on publishers, grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports Updated to include the latest internet and electronic sources, e-mail addresses, etc. Provides valuable data about the new fields that have emerged within toxicological research; namely, the biochemical, cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects