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Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Jetske A. Bouma,Pieter J. H. van Beukering
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-01-29
ISBN : 1107062888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Draws on a range of interdisciplinary perspectives to provide a framework for translating concepts into ecosystem-related decision-making and practice.

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1849730180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As human populations grow, so do the resource demands imposed on ecosystems, and the impacts of anthropogenic use and abuse are becoming ever more apparent. This has led to the development of the concept of ecosystem services, which describes the beneficial functions provided by ecosystems for human society. Ecosystem services are limited and hence threatened by over-exploitation, and there is an urgent imperative to evaluate trade-offs between immediate and long-term human needs and to take action to protect biodiversity, which is a key factor in delivering ecosystem services. To help inform decision-makers, economic value is increasingly being associated with many ecosystem services and is often based on the replacement with anthropogenic alternatives. The on-going challenges of maintaining sustainable ecosystems and prescribing economic value to nature is prompting multi-disciplinary shifts in how we recognise and manage the environment. This volume brings together emerging topics in environmental science, making an excellent source for policy makers and environmental consultants working in the field or related areas. Ecosystem Services also serves as a concise and referenced primer for advanced students and researchers in environmental science and management.

Ecosystem Services Concept Methods and Case Studies

Ecosystem Services     Concept  Methods and Case Studies Book
Author : Karsten Grunewald,Olaf Bastian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 3662441438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nature provides us with many services seemingly for free: recharged groundwater, fertile soil and plant biomass created by photosynthesis. We human beings draw extensive benefits from these “ecosystem services,” or ES – food, water supply, recreation and protection from natural hazards. Major international studies, such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, have addressed the enormous role of biodiversity and ecosystems to human well-being, and they draw particular attention to the consequences resulting from the reduction or loss of these services. These very topical issues are being addressed by authors/scientists in a wide variety of disciplines – and their approaches, terminologies and methodological specifics are just as diverse. What, for example, does the efficacy of nature or natural capital mean? Which values of nature are particularly important, how are they distributed in space and time and how can they be assessed and the relevant knowledge promoted? Can all ecosystem services be quantified and even monetarised? What should be done to ensure that the multiple services of nature will be available also in future? This book explains the multifaceted concept of ecosystem services, provides a methodological framework for its analysis and assessment, and discusses case examples, particularly from Germany. It is addressed to scientists and practitioners in the administrative, volunteer and professional spheres, especially those who deal with environment, landscape management and nature conservation and regional and land-use planning. The target group includes experts from the business community, politicians and decision makers, students and all those interested in fundamental ecological, economic, ethical and environmental issues.

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Inge Liekens,Leo De Nocker,Steven Broekx,Joris Aertsens,Anil Markandya
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-10-11
ISBN : 0128074175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter introduces the concept of monetary valuation of ecosystem services (ES) and lists the available methods. It discusses what exactly can be valued and the possible use of economic valuation in valuing ecosystem services. Examples of valuation exercises in Belgium are given. We conclude that monetary valuation is promising to value the impact of small changes in ecosystem services on human welfare. The different methods used to value these changes all have advantages and disadvantages. Although some relevant issues concerning the methods themselves remain, the most important issue is to determine how to make practical use of the available data in policy decisions. Guidance is needed on how the data should be used for value transfer.

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Valuing Ecosystem Services Book
Author : K N Ninan
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2014-08-29
ISBN : 1781955166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thought provoking book draws together prominent international authorities to discuss the key methodological issues and challenges in valuing ecosystem services. Covering a cross-section of ecosystems and services in different sites, countries and

Ecosystem Services in Urban Developing Areas

Ecosystem Services in Urban   Developing Areas Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecosystem Services in Urban Developing Areas book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Defining an Economics Research Program to Describe and Evaluate Ecosystem Services

Defining an Economics Research Program to Describe and Evaluate Ecosystem Services Book
Author : J. D. Kline
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Balancing society's multiple and sometimes competing objectives regarding forests calls for information describing the direct and indirect benefits resulting from forest policy and management, whether to address wildfire, loss of open space, unmanaged recreation, ecosystem restoration, or other objectives. The USDA Forest Service recently has proposed the concept of ecosystem services as a framework for (1) describing the many benefits provided by public and private forests, (2), evaluating the effects of policy and management decisions involving public and private forest lands, and (3) advocating the use of economic and market-based incentives to protect private forest lands from development. The concept extends traditional economic theory regarding multiple forest benefits and the use of economic incentives to enhance their provision, by emphasizing ecosystems as an organizing structure for benefits. Although the emphasis on ecosystems is new, challenges in evaluating ecosystem services are similar to those long faced by economists tasked with evaluating forest benefits: (1) defining a typology of ecosystem services, (2) describing and measuring ecosystem services units or outputs, and (3) describing and measuring ecosystem services per unit of values or social weights. Progress within the Forest Service in applying the ecosystem services concept to forest policy and management will depend on knowing what information will suffice, working across disciplines, deciding on appropriate analytical frameworks, defining the appropriate role of economic and market-based incentives, and adequately funding economics research.

Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services

Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Marion Potschin,Roy Haines-Young,Robert Fish,R. Kerry Turner
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1317687035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea that nature provides services to people is one of the most powerful concepts to have emerged over the last two decades. It is shaping our understanding of the role that biodiverse ecosystems play in the environment and their benefits for humankind. As a result, there is a growing interest in operational and methodological issues surrounding ecosystem services amongst environmental managers, and many institutions are now developing teaching programmes to equip the next generation with the skills needed to apply the concepts more effectively. This handbook provides a comprehensive reference text on ecosystem services, integrating natural and social science (including economics). Collectively the chapters, written by the world's leading authorities, demonstrate the importance of biodiversity for people, policy and practice. They also show how the value of ecosystems to society can be expressed in monetary and non-monetary terms, so that the environment can be better taken into account in decision making. The significance of the ecosystem service paradigm is that it helps us redefine and better communicate the relationships between people and nature. It is shown how these are essential to resolving challenges such as sustainable development and poverty reduction, and the creation of a green economy in developing and developed world contexts.

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Valuing Ecosystem Services Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Assessing and Valuing the Services of Aquatic and Related Terrestrial Ecosystems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-05-14
ISBN : 030909318X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrient recycling, habitat for plants and animals, flood control, and water supply are among the many beneficial services provided by aquatic ecosystems. In making decisions about human activities, such as draining a wetland for a housing development, it is essential to consider both the value of the development and the value of the ecosystem services that could be lost. Despite a growing recognition of the importance of ecosystem services, their value is often overlooked in environmental decision-making. This report identifies methods for assigning economic value to ecosystem servicesâ€"even intangible onesâ€"and calls for greater collaboration between ecologists and economists in such efforts.

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 0191632562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.

Atlas of Ecosystem Services

Atlas of Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Matthias Schröter,Aletta Bonn,Stefan Klotz,Ralf Seppelt,Cornelia Baessler
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-31
ISBN : 3319962299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to identify, present and discuss key driving forces and pressures on ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the contributions that ecosystems provide to human well-being. The scope of this atlas is on identifying solutions and lessons to be applied across science, policy and practice. The atlas will address different components of ecosystem services, assess risks and vulnerabilities, and outline governance and management opportunities. The atlas will therefore attract a wide audience, both from policy and practice and from different scientific disciplines. The emphasis will be on ecosystems in Europe, as the available data on service provision is best developed for this region and recognizes the strengths of the contributing authors. Ecosystems of regions outside Europe will be covered where possible.

Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity to Society

Ecosystem Services  From Biodiversity to Society Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 0128039337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. Each volume publishes topical and important reviews, interpreting ecology as widely as in the past, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of the field. Topics in this invaluable series include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology. Presents the most updated information on the field of ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals New ideas on ES Integrative approach working across a variety of levels of biological organization and spatial and temporal scales Diversity of relevant subjects covered

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Mark Everard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1315531798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of ecosystem services has emerged in recent years as one of the most powerful guiding principles for ecology, biodiversity conservation and the management of natural resources. It provides the basis of assessing the multiple values and services that ecosystems can provide to humankind, including such diverse issues as carbon sequestration, flood control, crop pollination and aesthetic and cultural services. This introductory textbook sets out the key aspects of ecosystem services. The book details the historical roots of ecosystem services in the second half of the twentieth century and through initiatives such as the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. It shows how ecosystem goods and services can be categorised and valued in economic as well as non-monetary terms, while also highlighting some of the difficulties and limitations of valuation techniques. The author describes how themes such as systems thinking, social-ecological resilience and natural capital relate to ecosystem services, and how these can contribute to more sustainable and equitable development. The book assumes limited prior knowledge and is aimed at a wide interdisciplinary audience of students across the social, environmental and life sciences. It is illustrated by a wide range of international case studies and includes learning objectives and guidance for further reading.

Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity Book
Author : K. N. Ninan
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849770859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Should be essential reading for all those who wish to realize truly sustainable development in this new millennium.' From the foreword by Achim Steiner UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director United Nations Environment Programme 'Fills a much needed gap in the literature ... The chapters include contributions by leading academics and policy experts which make for one of the most authoritative books in this field.' Andreas Kontoleon University Lecturer and Director of MPhil in Environmental Policy University of Cambridge This is the most comprehensive book to address the economic soci.

The Law and Policy of Ecosystem Services

The Law and Policy of Ecosystem Services Book
Author : J. B. Ruhl,Steven E. Kraft,Christopher L. Lant
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 9781597267694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Law and Policy of Ecosystem Services is the first comprehensive exploration of the status and future of natural capital and ecosystem services in American law and policy. The book develops a framework for thinking about ecosystem services across their ecologic, geographic, economic, social, and legal dimensions and evaluates the prospects of crafting a legal infrastructure that can help build an ecosystem service economy that is as robust as existing economies for manufactured goods, natural resource commodities, and human-provided services. The book examines the geographic, ecological, and economic context of ecosystem services and provides a baseline of the current status of ecosystem services in law and society. It identifies shortcomings of current law and policy and the critical areas for improvement and forges an approach for the design of new law and policy for ecosystem services. Included are a series of nine empirical case studies that explore the problems caused by society’s failure to properly value natural capital. Among the case study topics considered are water issues, The Conservation Reserve Program, the National Conservation Buffer Initiative, the agricultural policy of the European Union, wetland mitigation, and pollution trading. The Law and Policy of Ecosystem Services is a groundbreaking look at the question of whether and how law and policy can shape a sustainable system of ecosystem service management. It is an accessible and informative work for faculty, students, and policy makers concerned with ecology, economics, geography, political science, environmental studies, law, and related fields.

Nature and the Marketplace

Nature and the Marketplace Book
Author : Geoffrey Heal
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2000-10-01
ISBN : 1597262013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, scientists have begun to focus on the idea that healthy, functioning ecosystems provide essential services to human populations, ranging from water purification to food and medicine to climate regulation. Lacking a healthy environment, these services would have to be provided through mechanical means, at a tremendous economic and social cost.Nature and the Marketplace examines the controversial proposition that markets should be designed to capture the value of those services. Written by an economist with a background in business, it evaluates the real prospects for various of nature's marketable services to "turn profits" at levels that exceed the profits expected from alternative, ecologically destructive, business activities. The author: describes the infrastructure that natural systems provide, how we depend on it, and how we are affecting it explains the market mechanism and how it can lead to more efficient resource use looks at key economic activities -- such as ecotourism, bioprospecting, and carbon sequestration -- where market forces can provide incentives for conservation examines policy options other than the market, such as pollution credits and mitigation banking considers the issue of sustainability and equity between generations .Nature and the Marketplace presents an accessible introduction to the concept of ecosystem services and the economics of the environment. It offers a clear assessment of how market approaches can be used to protect the environment, and illustrates that with a number of cases in which the value of ecosystems has actually been captured by markets.The book offers a straightforward business economic analysis of conservation issues, eschewing romantic notions about ecosystem preservation in favor of real-world economic solutions. It will be an eye-opening work for professionals, students, and scholars in conservation biology, ecology, environmental economics, environmental policy, and related fields.

Earth Observation of Ecosystem Services

Earth Observation of Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Domingo Alcaraz-Segura,Carlos Marcelo Di Bella,Julieta Veronica Straschnoy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 1466505885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A balanced review of differing approaches based on remote sensing tools and methods to assess and monitor biodiversity, carbon and water cycles, and the energy balance of terrestrial ecosystem. Earth Observation of Ecosystem Services highlights the advantages Earth observation technologies offer for quantifying and monitoring multiple ecosystem functions and services. It provides a multidisciplinary reference that expressly covers the use of remote sensing for quantifying and monitoring multiple ecosystem services. Rather than exhaustively cover all possible ecosystem services, this book takes a global look at the most relevant remote sensing approaches to estimate key ecosystem services from satellite data. Structured in four main sections, it covers carbon cycle, biodiversity, water cycle, and energy balance. Each section contains a review of conceptual and empirical methods, techniques, and case studies linking remotely sensed data to the biophysical variables and ecosystem functions associated with key ecosystem services. The book identifies relevant issues and challenges of assessment, presents cutting-edge sensing techniques, uses globally implemented tools to quantify ecosystem functions, and presents examples of successful monitoring programs. Covering recent developments undertaken on the global and national stage from Earth observation satellite data, it includes valuable lessons and recommendations and novel ways to improve current global monitoring systems. The book delineates the use of Earth observation data so that it can be used to quantify, map, value, and manage the valuable goods and services that ecosystems provide to societies around the world.

Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity to Society

Ecosystem Services  From Biodiversity to Society Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-01-30
ISBN : 0128093048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. Each volume publishes topical and important reviews, interpreting ecology as widely as in the past, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of the field. Topics in this invaluable series include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology. Presents the most updated information on the field of ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals New ideas on ES Integrative approach working across a variety of levels of biological organization and spatial and temporal scales Diversity of relevant subjects covered

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Sander Jacobs,Nicolas Dendoncker,Hans Keune
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-11
ISBN : 0124199801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem Services: Global Issues, Local Practices covers scientific input, socioeconomic considerations, and governance issues on ecosystem services. This book provides hands-on transdisciplinary reflections by administrators and sector representatives involved in the ecosystem service community. Ecosystem Services develops shared approaches and scientific methods to achieve knowledge-based sustainable planning and management of ecosystem services. Professionals engaged in ecosystem service implementation have two options: de-emphasize the ecological and socioeconomic complexity and advance in the theoretical, abstract field, or try to develop research that is policy relevant and inclusive in an uncertain environment. This book provides a wide overview of issues at stake, of interest for any professional wishing to develop a broader view on ecosystem service science and practice. Examines a broad scope of relevant issues to create common understanding in the ecosystem services community Includes contributions from several backgrounds, providing a broad, multidisciplinary view Offers recommendations to develop a thorough understanding and management of ecosystem services based on tools and research in larger territories as well as on local scales

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity Book
Author : Paulo A L D Nunes,Pushpam Kumar,Tom Dedeurwaerdere
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2014-06-27
ISBN : 1781951519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, there has been a marked proliferation in the literature on economic approaches to ecosystem management, which has created a subsequent need for real understanding of the scope and the limits of the economic approaches to ecosystems and