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Ecosystem Engineers

Ecosystem Engineers Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-09-21
ISBN : 9780080548470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book entirely devoted to this topic, Ecosystem Engineers begins with the history of the concept, presenting opposing definitions of ecosystem engineeing. These varied definitions advance the debate and move past trivial difficulties to crystallize key issues such as the value of process-based vs. outcome-based. Authors include case studies spanning a wide spectrum of species and habitats, including above and below-ground, aquatic and terrestrial, and extant and paleontological examples. These studies enable readers to understand how the categorization of species as ecosystem engineers allows scientists to forge new explanatory generalizations. Key for all ecologists and environmentalists, this book ultimately illustrates how to inform and manage natural resources. The only consolidated treatment available Provides definitions, case studies, and examples of ecological models Discusses how ecosystem engineering can inform and improve the management of natural resources Includes contributions from Clive Jones, the leading figure in the development of the ecosystem engineer concept, and many other eminent ecologists, such as Alan Hastings

The Effects of an Ecosystem Engineer the Beaver on Patterns of Species Richness at Multiple Spatial Scales

The Effects of an Ecosystem Engineer  the Beaver  on Patterns of Species Richness at Multiple Spatial Scales Book
Author : Justin P. Wright
Publisher :
Release : 2002
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem engineering--the physical modification of habitats by organisms--can affect species richness at different spatial scales. By altering resource levels, patches created by ecosystem engineering are likely to contain different species than unmodified patches. This can affect species richness at the landscape and patch scales. Forces controlling differences in richness between engineered patches and the distribution of engineered patches throughout the landscape can affect the magnitude of the effect of engineering on species richness at multiple spatial scales.

Beavers Boreal Ecosystem Engineers

Beavers  Boreal Ecosystem Engineers Book
Author : Carol A. Johnston
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-28
ISBN : 3319615335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the fields of ecosystem science and landscape ecology, this book integrates Dr. Carol Johnston's research on beaver ecosystem alteration at Voyageurs National Park. The findings about the vegetation, soils, and chemistry of beaver impoundments synthesized in the text provide a cohesive reference useful to wetland scientists, ecosystems and landscape ecologysts, wildlife managers, and students. The beaver, Castor canadensis, is an ecosystem engineer unequaled in its capacity to alter landscapes through browsing and dam building, whose population recovery has re-established environmental conditions that probably existed for millenia prior to its near extirpation by trapping in the 1800s and 1900s. Beavers continue to regain much of their natural range throughout North America, changing stream and forest ecosystems in ways that may be lauded or vilified. Interest in beavers by ecologists remains keen as new evidence emerges about the ecological, hydrological, and biogeochemical effects of beaver browsing and construction. There is a critical need for ecologists and land managers to understand the potential magnitude, persistence, and ecosystem services of beaver landscape transformation. The 88-year record of beaver landscape occupation and alteration documented by Dr. Carol Johnston and colleagues from aerial photography and field work provides a unique resource toward understanding the ecosystem effects and sustainability of beaver activity.

Ecosystem Management

Ecosystem Management Book
Author : Fred B. Samson,Fritz L. Knopf
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-05-29
ISBN : 9780387946672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

processes; (3) ensure the integrity of ecosys­ The theory and practice of ecosystem manage­ tems; and (4) advocate the sustainable use of ment is pivotal to the debate over how to sustain the health and productivity of our envi­ natural resources. In this book, each of these ronment. In particular, the role of ecosystems four topics is addressed by a set of eight key in preserving biological diversity, their contri­ journal articles. The first article in each section bution to economic growth, and their influence provides an overview, followed by case histo­ ries and a concluding paper which is a commen­ on human well-being is highly controversial tary on the difficulty of the issue or assesses its (Lubchenco et al. 1991). Traditional resource management does not protect natural values future direction. An article by Risser provides a (Sax 1993) or provide for the sustainable pro­ closing synthesis to this collection. duction of goods and services (Barnes 1993). The authors of the articles in Part 1-Under­ Yet a number of researchers and managers stand Diversity - speak to the current problems further question the ability of science to pro­ and directions in the conservation of biological vide sufficiently powerful tools for the under­ diversity. Tilman and Downing argue that standing and implementation of ecosystem preservation of native biodiversity is essential management (Clark 1996).

Ecological Engineering

Ecological Engineering Book
Author : Patrick Kangas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-25
ISBN : 9780203486542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Less expensive and more environmentally appropriate than conventional engineering approaches, constructed ecosystems are a promising technology for environmental problem solving. Undergraduates, graduate students, and working professionals need an introductory text that details the biology and ecology of this rapidly developing discipline, known as

Linking Species Ecosystems

Linking Species   Ecosystems Book
Author : Cary Conference 1993 (Institute of Ecosystem Studies),Professor of Community Ecology Nerc Center for Population Biology John H Lawton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780412048012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first volume devoted to the integration of population and ecosystem ecology--an approach that offers vast potential for improving our understanding of the complexities of nature and the management of environmental problems. The editors, Clive Jones and John Lawton, work at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in New York and the Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology in England, respectively. They have brought together a distinguished group of experts to explore diverse aspects of linking species and ecosystem perspectives: theoretical, empirical and pragmatic including: *processes that range from a local to a planetary scale *the role of organisms as ecosystem engineers *the use of ecological flow chains to link population and ecosystem processes *numerous examples of the influence of species on ecosystem processes and vice versa *a unique blend of problems and processes drawn from marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems *problems of species redundancy in ecosystem processes *stoichiometric constraints on species interactions; *scaling and aggregation problems. The book establishes conceptual frameworks for the rigorous study of interactions between species and ecosystems, it points to still-unanswered questions, and it identifies future research directions. Integration of ecology with its implications for teaching, research and society are central to the book. This pioneering volume will be an indispensable resource for ecology researchers, students, and environmental managers and will stimulate debate on the future integration of the field.

Beavers

Beavers Book
Author : Frances Backhouse
Publisher : Orca Wild
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 9781459824690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the Orca Wild series, this nonfiction book for middle-grade readers explores the important role beavers play as a keystone species. They were nearly driven to extinction for their furs, but today beavers are valued for their role as habitat creators and water stewards.

Invasive Aquatic Species of Europe Distribution Impacts and Management

Invasive Aquatic Species of Europe  Distribution  Impacts and Management Book
Author : Erkki Leppakoski,Erkki Leppäkoski,Stephan Gollasch,Sergej Olenin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-08-31
ISBN : 9781402008375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first attempt to provide an overall picture of aquatic species invasions in Europe. Its geographical scope stretches from Irish waters in the west to the Volga River and the Caspian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the south up to the Arctic coast of Europe. Not all parts of the continent could be covered equally, as in some countries species invasions are not yet studied. The book represents the array of all major European aquatic systems in the broadest geographical and ecological scope possible, from fully saline seas, semi-enclosed brackish water bodies and coastal lagoons to freshwater lakes, major river systems and waterways. The key objectives include the present status and impacts on economy and environment caused by non-native aquatic species in European waters. Altogether more than 100 scientists from 24 countries have joined together to synthesize the available information on bio-invasions.

Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems

Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems Book
Author : Gil Rilov,Jeffrey A. Crooks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-12
ISBN : 354079235X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological invasions are considered to be one of the greatest threats to the integrity of most ecosystems on earth. This volume explores the current state of marine bioinvasions, which have been growing at an exponential rate over recent decades. Focusing on the ecological aspects of biological invasions, it elucidates the different stages of an invasion process, starting with uptake and transport, through inoculation, establishment and finally integration into new ecosystems. Basic ecological concepts - all in the context of bioinvasions - are covered, such as propagule pressure, species interactions, phenotypic plasticity, and the importance of biodiversity. The authors approach bioinvasions as hazards to the integrity of natural communities, but also as a tool for better understanding fundamental ecological processes. Important aspects of managing marine bioinvasions are also discussed, as are many informative case studies from around the world.

Soil function in a changing world

Soil function in a changing world Book
Author : P. Lavell,D. Bignell,M. Lepage,V. Wolters,P. Roger,Phil Ineson,O W (Bill) Heal,S. Dhillion
Publisher :
Release : 1997
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conservation of Tropical Birds

Conservation of Tropical Birds Book
Author : Navjot S. Sodhi,Cagan H. Sekercioglu,Jos Barlow,Scott K. Robinson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-23
ISBN : 9781444342598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conservation of Tropical Birds has been written by four conservation biologists whose expertise spans all the tropical regions of the world. It is the first book to cover all the major issues in tropical bird conservation. Current problems faced by tropical bird conservationists are summarised and potential solutions outlined based on the results of case studies. Birds are key indicators of ecosystem health, and such a well-studied group of organisms, that they provide an excellent lens through which to examine global conservation problems caused by phenomena such as climate change, declines in ecosystem services, habitat loss, fires, overexploitation, and invasive species. Therefore, the book also provides an engaging synopsis of the general issues in conservation and the problems faced by other wildlife. This book serves as an important resource and companion to all people interested in observing and conserving birds in the tropics and elsewhere.

Intestinal Microorganisms of Termites and Other Invertebrates

Intestinal Microorganisms of Termites and Other Invertebrates Book
Author : Helmut König
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9783540281801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first work to focus on microbes in gut systems of soil animals. Beginning with an overview of the biology of soil invertebrates, the text turns to the gut microbiota of termites, which are important soil processors in tropical and subtropical regions. Coverage extends to intestinal microbiota of such other litter decomposers as earthworms, springtails, millipedes, and woodlice. Thoroughly illustrated, including color photographs.

Ecological Engineering Design

Ecological Engineering Design Book
Author : Marty D. Matlock,Robert A. Morgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-16
ISBN : 9780470875766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecologically-sensitive building and landscape design is a broad, intrinsically interdisciplinary field. Existing books independently cover narrow aspects of ecological design in depth (hydrology, ecosystems, soils, flora and fauna, etc.), but none of these books can boast of the integrated approach taken by this one. Drawing on the experience of the authors, this book begins to define explicit design methods for integrating consideration of ecosystem processes and services into every facet of land use design, management, and policy. The approach is to provide a prescriptive approach to ecosystem design based upon ecological engineering principles and practices. This book will include a novel collection of design methods for the non-built and built environments, linking landscape design explicitly to ecosystem services.

Ecology of Marine Bivalves

Ecology of Marine Bivalves Book
Author : Richard F. Dame
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 9781420049787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bivalves, such as clams and oysters, are species having two-valved shells. In the marine ecosystem these species play a unique and essential role. This book examines the ecology of bivalves from an ecosystem or holistic view, taking into consideration their processes, interactions, and components. Studies of bivalves at the physical, organismic, and population levels are presented as foundations for understanding ecosystem processes. Ecology of Marine Bivalves: An Ecosystem Approach explores the potential use of bivalves as indicators and monitors of ecosystem health and describes experiments from the perspective of computer simulations, mesocosm studies, and field manipulation experiments. The theories of many areas of science support the various approaches. Concise reviews and more than 70 tables and figures give you rapid access to synthesized data about these keystone species.

Parasite Adaptation to Environmental Constraints

Parasite Adaptation to Environmental Constraints Book
Author : R. C. Tinsley,Leslie H. Chappell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2002-10-28
ISBN : 9780521005005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines parasite adaptation to both external conditions and their host environment.

Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems Book
Author : Peter Petraitis
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-04-25
ISBN : 0191668346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most interesting and vexing problems in ecology is how distinctly different communities of plants and animals can occur in the same ecosystem. The theory of these systems, known as multiple stable states, is well understood, but whether multiple stable states actually exist in nature has remained a hotly debated subject. Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems provides a broad and synthetic critique of recent advances in theory and new experimental evidence. Modern models of systems with multiple stable states are placed in historical context. Current theories are covered in a rigorous fashion with the specific goal of identifying testable predictions about multiple stable states. The book provides a more synthetic, more critical, and broader analysis of multiple stable states in natural ecosystems than any previous review. By making the theory more transparent and the analysis of the evidence more comparative, the book broadens the discussion about multiple stable states, leading to a more general consideration of the interplay between theory and experiment in community ecology and environmental management. This accessible research monograph will be suitable for graduate students taking courses in community ecology, theoretical ecology, and restoration ecology. It will also be a valuable reference for professional ecologists and environmental managers requiring a concise overview of the topic.