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Ecosystem Consequences Of Soil Warming

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Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming Book
Author : Jacqueline E. Mohan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-15
ISBN : 0128134933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry focuses on biotic and biogeochemical responses to warmer soils including plant and microbial evolution. It covers various field settings, such as arctic tundra; alpine meadows; temperate, tropical and subalpine forests; drylands; and grassland ecosystems. Information integrates multiple natural science disciplines, providing a holistic, integrative approach that will help readers understand and forecast future planetwide responses to soil warming. Students and educators will find this book informative for understanding biotic and biogeochemical responses to changing climatic conditions. Scientists from a wide range of disciplines, including soil scientists, ecologists, geneticists, as well as molecular, evolutionary and conservation biologists, will find this book a valuable resource in understanding and planning for warmer climate conditions. Emphasizes biological components of soils, plants and microbes that provide linkages to physics and chemistry Brings together chapters written by global scientific experts with interests in communication and education Includes coverage of polar, alpine, tropical, temperate and dryland ecosystems

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming Book
Author : Jacqueline E. Mohan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-12
ISBN : 0128134941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry focuses on biotic and biogeochemical responses to warmer soils including plant and microbial evolution. It covers various field settings, such as arctic tundra; alpine meadows; temperate, tropical and subalpine forests; drylands; and grassland ecosystems. Information integrates multiple natural science disciplines, providing a holistic, integrative approach that will help readers understand and forecast future planetwide responses to soil warming. Students and educators will find this book informative for understanding biotic and biogeochemical responses to changing climatic conditions. Scientists from a wide range of disciplines, including soil scientists, ecologists, geneticists, as well as molecular, evolutionary and conservation biologists, will find this book a valuable resource in understanding and planning for warmer climate conditions. Emphasizes biological components of soils, plants and microbes that provide linkages to physics and chemistry Brings together chapters written by global scientific experts with interests in communication and education Includes coverage of polar, alpine, tropical, temperate and dryland ecosystems

Climate Change and Soil Interactions

Climate Change and Soil Interactions Book
Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Marcin Pietrzykowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-06
ISBN : 0128180331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Soil Interactions examines soil system interactions and conservation strategies regarding the effects of climate change. It presents cutting-edge research in soil carbonization, soil biodiversity, and vegetation. As a resource for strategies in maintaining various interactions for eco-sustainability, topical chapters address microbial response and soil health in relation to climate change, as well as soil improvement practices. Understanding soil systems, including their various physical, chemical, and biological interactions, is imperative for regaining the vitality of soil system under changing climatic conditions. This book will address the impact of changing climatic conditions on various beneficial interactions operational in soil systems and recommend suitable strategies for maintaining such interactions. Climate Change and Soil Interactions enables agricultural, ecological, and environmental researchers to obtain up-to-date, state-of-the-art, and authoritative information regarding the impact of changing climatic conditions on various soil interactions and presents information vital to understanding the growing fields of biodiversity, sustainability, and climate change. Addresses several sustainable development goals proposed by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development Presents a wide variety of relevant information in a unique style corroborated with factual cases, colour images, and case studies from across the globe Recommends suitable strategies for maintaining soil system interactions under changing climatic conditions

Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems

Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems Book
Author : Krishna Kumar Choudhary,Ajay Kumar,Amit Kishore Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-05-04
ISBN : 0128175222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems explains the causative factors of climate change related to agriculture, soil and plants, and discusses the relevant resulting mitigation process. Agricultural ecosystems include factors from the surrounding areas where agriculture experiences direct or indirect interaction with the plants, animals, and microbes present. Changes in climatic conditions influence all the factors of agricultural ecosystems, which can potentially adversely affect their productivity. This book summarizes the different aspects of vulnerability, adaptation, and amelioration of climate change in respect to plants, crops, soil, and microbes for the sustainability of the agricultural sector and, ultimately, food security for the future. It also focuses on the utilization of information technology for the sustainability of the agricultural sector along with the capacity and adaptability of agricultural societies under climate change. Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems incorporates both theoretical and practical aspects, and serves as base line information for future research. This book is a valuable resource for those working in environmental sciences, soil sciences, agricultural microbiology, plant pathology, and agronomy. Covers the role of chemicals fertilizers, environmental deposition, and xenobiotics in climate change Discusses the impact of climate change on plants, soil, microflora, and agricultural ecosystems Explores the mitigation of climate change by sustainable methods Presents the role of computational modelling in climate change mitigation

Ecosystem Consequences of Aggregation Following Soil Disturbance

Ecosystem Consequences of Aggregation Following Soil Disturbance Book
Author : A. Stuart Grandy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecosystem Consequences of Aggregation Following Soil Disturbance book written by A. Stuart Grandy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment Book
Author : Markus Quante,Franciscus Colijn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-31
ISBN : 3319397451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an up-to-date review of our current understanding of climate change in the North Sea and adjacent areas, as well as its impact on ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. It provides a detailed assessment of climate change based on published scientific work compiled by independent international experts from climate-related disciplines such as oceanography, atmospheric sciences, marine and terrestrial ecology, using a regional evaluation and review process similar to that of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of our changing climate, discussing a wide range of topics including past, current and future climate change, and climate-related changes in marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. It also explores the impact of climate change on socio-economic sectors such as fisheries, agriculture, coastal zone management, coastal protection, urban climate, recreation/tourism, offshore activities/energy, and air pollution.

Soil Fauna Assemblages

Soil Fauna Assemblages Book
Author : Uffe N. Nielsen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-03-28
ISBN : 1107191483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A holistic overview of soil fauna, their contributions to ecosystem function, and implications of global change belowground.

Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosystems

Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosystems Book
Author : Mahdi M. Al-Kaisi,Birl Lowery
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-15
ISBN : 0128054018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Health and Intensification of Agroecosystems examines the climate, environmental, and human effects on agroecosystems and how the existing paradigms must be revised in order to establish sustainable production. The increased demand for food and fuel exerts tremendous stress on all aspects of natural resources and the environment to satisfy an ever increasing world population, which includes the use of agriculture products for energy and other uses in addition to human and animal food. The book presents options for ecological systems that mimic the natural diversity of the ecosystem and can have significant effect as the world faces a rapidly changing and volatile climate. The book explores the introduction of sustainable agroecosystems that promote biodiversity, sustain soil health, and enhance food production as ways to help mitigate some of these adverse effects. New agroecosystems will help define a resilient system that can potentially absorb some of the extreme shifts in climate. Changing the existing cropping system paradigm to utilize natural system attributes by promoting biodiversity within production agricultural systems, such as the integration of polycultures, will also enhance ecological resiliency and will likely increase carbon sequestration. Focuses on the intensification and integration of agroecosystem and soil resiliency by presenting suggested modifications of the current cropping system paradigm Examines climate, environment, and human effects on agroecosystems Explores in depth the wide range of intercalated soil and plant interactions as they influence soil sustainability and, in particular, soil quality Presents options for ecological systems that mimic the natural diversity of the ecosystem and can have significant effect as the world faces a rapidly changing and volatile climate

The Biology of Soil

The Biology of Soil Book
Author : Richard D. Bardgett,Institute of Environmental and Natural Sciences Richard D Bardgett
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005-06-02
ISBN : 9780198525028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil science has undergone a renaissance with increasing awareness of the importance of soil organisms and below-ground biotic interactions as drivers of community and ecosystem properties.

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 0444638687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties, Volume 35 presents current and emerging soil science research around the areas of soil processes and climate change, also evaluating future research needs. The book combines the five areas of soil science (microbiology, physics, fertility, pedology, and chemistry) to give a comprehensive assessment. This integration of topics is rarely done in a single publication due to the disciplinary nature of the soil science areas, so users will find it to be a comprehensive resource on the topic. Provides an analysis of all areas of soil science in the context of climate change impact on soil processes and ecosystem properties Presents information that is displayed in an accessible form for practitioners and disciplines outside of soil science Contains a concluding section in each chapter which assesses key areas Includes a discussion on future research and direction

Plants and Climate Change

Plants and Climate Change Book
Author : Jelte Rozema,Rien Aerts,Hans Cornelissen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-19
ISBN : 1402044437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on how climate affects or affected the biosphere and vice versa both in the present and in the past. The chapters describe how ecosystems from the Antarctic and Arctic, and from other latitudes, respond to global climate change. The papers highlight plant responses to atmospheric CO2 increase, to global warming and to increased ultraviolet-B radiation as a result of stratospheric ozone depletion.

Rangeland Systems

Rangeland Systems Book
Author : David D. Briske
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-12
ISBN : 3319467093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

Invasive Species in Forests and Rangelands of the United States

Invasive Species in Forests and Rangelands of the United States Book
Author : Therese M. Poland,Toral Patel-Weynand,Deborah M. Finch,Chelcy Ford Miniat,Deborah C. Hayes,Vanessa M. Lopez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-01
ISBN : 3030453677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book describes the serious threat of invasive species to native ecosystems. Invasive species have caused and will continue to cause enormous ecological and economic damage with ever increasing world trade. This multi-disciplinary book, written by over 100 national experts, presents the latest research on a wide range of natural science and social science fields that explore the ecology, impacts, and practical tools for management of invasive species. It covers species of all taxonomic groups from insects and pathogens, to plants, vertebrates, and aquatic organisms that impact a diversity of habitats in forests, rangelands and grasslands of the United States. It is well-illustrated, provides summaries of the most important invasive species and issues impacting all regions of the country, and includes a comprehensive primary reference list for each topic. This scientific synthesis provides the cultural, economic, scientific and social context for addressing environmental challenges posed by invasive species and will be a valuable resource for scholars, policy makers, natural resource managers and practitioners.

Temperature Effects on Food Web Interactions

Temperature Effects on Food Web Interactions Book
Author : Samuel Butler Fey,Dartmouth College. Department of Biological Sciences
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Temperature has powerful effects on all scales of biological organization from biochemical reactions to ecosystem processes. Despite the well-appreciated influence and thorough understanding of the physiological and population consequences of temperature, it is difficult to predict how changing temperatures might restructure biological communities. One reason for this disconnect involves a lack of understanding of how temperature can alter biological interactions between species. I add to the understanding of the effects of temperature on species interactions by exploring 1) how temperature alters the success of Daphnia lumholtzi- a non-native cladoceran zooplanker-by changing species interactions and 2) the quality of a key ecological subsidy. I first addressed how temperature and increases in cyanobacteria alter resource competition between Daphnia lumholtzi and the native Daphnia pulex. I combined a laboratory competition experiment and mesocosm experiment to show that while D. lumholtzi may benefit from increases in temperature, associated increased cyanobacterial blooms may hinder its performance. Secondly, I conducted a field mesocosm experiment and a laboratory growth experiment to suggest that organismal thermal sensitivity may predict the outcome of temperature-mediated species interactions, and that D. lumholtzi may benefit from warmer water temperatures. Subsequently, I provide support the hypothesis that variable thermal sensitivities among a sunfish predator, D. lumholtzi, and D. pulex can generate temperature-dependent enemy release using both a mathematical model and a field experiment. Lastly, I addressed the potential for climate warming to impact lakes by altering the quality of ecological subsidies. I show that experimental soil warming can alter the chemical composition of deciduous leaves, the physical and chemical environment of the aquatic ecosystems to which leaves were added, and the pelagic food web. Compared to leaves from ambient-temperate soils, leaves from warmed soils decreased water column phosphorus and dissolved organic carbon, reducing bacterial densities. However, the diminished carbon and phosphorus resulting from soil warming also increased light availability that ultimately stimulated cladoceran zooplankton relative to ambient-temperature leaves. These results highlight the importance of conducting research across ecosystem boundaries to accurately predict the ecological consequences of climate change.

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems Book
Author : Martin Kernan,Richard W. Battarbee,Brian R. Moss
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-14
ISBN : 9781444391275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text examines the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. It especially considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time-series analysis, space-for-time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal-scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery. The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. This is an ideal book for the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology Book
Author : Zubaida Yousaf
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 953513339X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.

Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change in Greenland and the Faroe Islands

Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change in Greenland and the Faroe Islands Book
Author : Henning S. Heide-Jørgensen,Ib Johnsen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecosystem Vulnerability to Climate Change in Greenland and the Faroe Islands book written by Henning S. Heide-Jørgensen,Ib Johnsen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Under the Weather

Under the Weather Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate, Ecosystems, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-06-29
ISBN : 0309072786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts

Ecological Society of America     Annual Meeting Abstracts Book
Author : Ecological Society of America. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts book written by Ecological Society of America. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.