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Economic Evaluation In Genomic And Precision Medicine

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Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine Book
Author : Vasilios Fragoulakis,Christina Mitropoulou,Marc Williams,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-20
ISBN : 0128016116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine introduces health economics and economic evaluation to genomic clinicians and researchers, while also introducing the topic to health economists. Each chapter includes an executive summary, questions, and case studies, along with supplementary online materials, including process guides, maps, flow charts, diagrams, and economic evaluation spreadsheets to enhance the learning process. The text can easily be used as course material for related graduate and undergraduate courses, providing a succinct overview of the existing, state-of-the-art application of economic evaluation to genomic healthcare and precision medicine. Interrelates economic evaluation and genomic medicine Instructs healthcare professionals and bioscientists about economic evaluation in genomic medicine Teaches health economists about application of economic evaluation in genomic medicine Introduces health economics and economic evaluation to clinicians and researchers involved in genomics Includes process guides, maps, flow charts and diagrams

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Christina Mitropoulou,Sarah Wordsworth,George P. Patrinos,James Buchanan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09
ISBN : 9780128133828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine provides an in-depth examination of essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine. Contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists compile new ways to effectively assess the costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways, implement cost-effective medical interventions, and enhance the value of genomic and precision healthcare. Foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies cover topics ranging from the economic analysis of genomic trial design, to health technology assessment of next-generation sequencing, ethical aspects, economic policy in genomic medicine, and pricing and reimbursement in clinical genomics. Introduces clinicians, researchers and students to essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine Demonstrates, through foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies, how to assess the relative costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways and implement cost-effective budgets Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be leveraged to simultaneously reduce costs and enhance the value of healthcare Features contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists that are actively evolved in economic assessments of genomic and precision medicine

Applied Genomics and Public Health

Applied Genomics and Public Health Book
Author : George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 0128136960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Genomics and Public Health examines the interdisciplinary and growing area of how evidence-based genomic knowledge can be applied to public health, population health, healthcare and health policies. The book gathers experts from a variety of disciplines, including life sciences, social sciences, and health care to develop a comprehensive overview of the field. In addition, the book delves into subjects such as pharmacogenomics, genethics, big data, data translation and analysis, economic evaluation, genomic awareness and education, sociology, pricing and reimbursement, policy measures and economic evaluation in genomic medicine. This book is essential reading for researchers and students exploring applications of genomics to population and public health. In addition, it is ideal for those in the biomedical sciences, medical sociologists, healthcare professionals, nurses, regulatory bodies and health economists interested in learning more about this growing field. Explores the growing application of genomics to population and public health Features internationally renowned contributors from a variety of related fields Contains chapters on important topics such as genomic data sharing, genethics and public health genomics, genomics and sociology, and regulatory aspects of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics

Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine

Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Ernst R. Berndt,Dana P. Goldman,John Rowe
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2019-04-22
ISBN : 022661123X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized and precision medicine (PPM)—the targeting of therapies according to an individual’s genetic, environmental, or lifestyle characteristics—is becoming an increasingly important approach in health care treatment and prevention. The advancement of PPM is a challenge in traditional clinical, reimbursement, and regulatory landscapes because it is costly to develop and introduces a wide range of scientific, clinical, ethical, and socioeconomic issues. PPM raises a multitude of economic issues, including how information on accurate diagnosis and treatment success will be disseminated and who will bear the cost; changes to physician training to incorporate genetics, probability and statistics, and economic considerations; questions about whether the benefits of PPM will be confined to developed countries or will diffuse to emerging economies with less developed health care systems; the effects of patient heterogeneity on cost-effectiveness analysis; and opportunities for PPM’s growth beyond treatment of acute illness, such as prevention and reversal of chronic conditions. This volume explores the intersection of the scientific, clinical, and economic factors affecting the development of PPM, including its effects on the drug pipeline, on reimbursement of PPM diagnostics and treatments, and on funding of the requisite underlying research; and it examines recent empirical applications of PPM.

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-10-02
ISBN : 9780080958118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Derived from the comprehensive two-volume set, Genomic and Personalized Medicine also edited by Drs. Willard and Ginsburg, this work serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners and students that are embracing one of the most promising avenues for advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. From principles, methodology and translational approaches to genome discoveries and clinical applications, Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine will be a valuable resource for various professionals and students across medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, gene therapy, molecular medicine, pharmacology, and biomedical sciences. Updates with regard to diagnostic testing, pharmacogenetics, predicting disease susceptibility, and other important research components as well as chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, present this book as an essential tool for a variety of professionals and students who are endeavouring into the developing the diverse and practical field of genomic and personalized medicine. * Full color throughout * Includes contributions on genetic counselling, ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine from leaders in the field * Introductory chapter highlights differences between personalized and traditional medicine, promising areas of current research, and challenges to incorporate the latest research discoveries and practice * Ancillary material includes case studies and lab questions which highlight the collaborative approach to the science

Personalised Health Care

Personalised Health Care Book
Author : Stefania Boccia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-13
ISBN : 3030523993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Personalised Health Care book written by Stefania Boccia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies Book
Author : George Patrinos,Catalina Lopez-Correa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 0128115513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomic Medicine in Resource-limited Countries: Genomics for Every Nation provides in-depth analysis and key examples of the implementation of medical genomics in low-income nations across the globe, demonstrating how this advancing medical science has not only transformed health systems, but also led to improved patient care in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, among others. In addition to defining tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways at the population-wide level for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers, this book offers a case-study based approach that helps users understand how genomic medicine is used in disease-management. Examines essential concepts and protocols, and economic, social and legal considerations related to the implementation of genomic medicine in resource-limited nations Features concrete success stories of the implementation of medical genomics in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, amongst others Provides tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers to apply in their own work Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be accessed by nations with limited means and financial support for healthcare

Law and Economics of Personalized Medicine

Law and Economics of Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Karin Bosshard
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-14
ISBN : 3658220740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book adds to the discussion about strategic approaches towards the translation of personalized medicine into clinical practice. It stresses the importance of non-science related, institutional barriers. A Law and Economics perspective is applied in order to examine the incentives induced by the barriers. An applied part identifies and evaluates policy levers to foster the translation of personalized medicine into Swiss clinical practice.

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-11-11
ISBN : 9780080919034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — provides an in-depth look at one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more presents this book as an essential tool for both students and specialists across many biological and medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, cardiology, infectious disease, molecular medicine, and biomedical science, as well as health policy disciplines focusing on ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics and medicine. Volume One Includes: Principles, Methodology and Translational Approaches, takes readers on the journey from principles of human genomics to technology, informatic and computational platforms for genomic medicine, as well as strategies for translating genomic discoveries into advances in personalized clinical care. Volume Two Includes: Genome Discoveries and Clinical Applications presents the latest developments in disease-based genomic and personalized medicine. With chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, this work provides the most comprehensive guide to the principles and practice of genomic and personalized medicine. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine Contributions from leaders in the field provide unparalleled insight into current technologies and applications in clinical medicine. Full colour throughout enhances the utility of this work as the only available comprehensive reference for genomic and personalized medicine. Discusses scientific foundations and practical applications of new discoveries, as well as ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine.

Personalized Medicine and Health Care Policy

Personalized Medicine and Health Care Policy Book
Author : Christopher McCabe,Don Husereau,Genome Canada
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This policy brief explores needed steps in research, development and regulation to facilitate the translation and adoption of high value personalized medicine in the Canadian health care system. It examines the basis of effective development and commercialization including coordination across science, industry and payer communities. All stakeholders will need to fully understand and identify the societal value associated with research and commercialization to make the most of investment in research and to realize the full potential of these interventions for patients, while ensuring they do not drive out existing high value health care activities. As researchers may not have clearly specified value targets from payers or have the capacity to link to those who understand payer need, there may be inherent inefficiencies in approaches to the financing of and conduct of translational research. Our specific recommendations offered with implications to both science policy and universities include 1) insisting that health system payers clearly define what constitutes value; 2) exploring options to more clearly align evidentiary requirements and processes between regulators and health technology assessment bodies that support payers; and 3) increasing strategic focus in applied and technology-oriented basic research that includes emphasizing the need and alignment of experts in HTA, decision-making and economic evaluation in all applied health research activities."--Executive summary.

Personalized Medicine

Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Nada Bodiroga-Vukobrat,Daniel Rukavina,Krešimir Pavelić,Gerald G. Sander
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 3319393499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers comprehensive coverage of the various aspects of personalized medicine as an original approach to classifying, understanding, treating and preventing disease based on individual biological differences. In the introductory section, it defines personalized medicine as a way toward new medical practices and addresses the question: What can personalized medicine offer citizens, medical professionals, reimbursement bodies and stakeholders? Subsequent chapters discuss the technological aspects of personalized medicine: data collection, comprehensive integration and handling of data, together with key enabling factors in developing the requisite technological support for personalized medicine. Lastly, the book explores the main issues shaping the implementation and development of personalized medicine – education, stakeholder participation, infrastructure, a new approach to the classification of disease and medical tests, regulatory frameworks, and new reimbursement models – together with ethical, legal and social issues. Ultimately, the book calls for interdisciplinarity and a radical change in the way we approach the health and wellbeing of individuals. Target groups are medical doctors and researchers in the field of biomedicine, as well as experts from the social sciences dealing with legal, economic and social aspects of health system issues in general. Though the book will primarily benefit these groups of professional experts, its content will also appeal to a far wider readership, as it deals with a paradigm shift in one of society’s main pillars – the health system.

Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research Book
Author : Demissie Alemayehu, PhD,Joseph C. Cappelleri, PhD,Birol Emir, PhD,Kelly H. Zou, PhD, Pstat
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351252674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With ever-rising healthcare costs, evidence generation through Health Economics and Outcomes Research (HEOR) plays an increasingly important role in decision-making about the allocation of resources. Accordingly, it is now customary for health technology assessment and reimbursement agencies to request for HEOR evidence, in addition to data from clinical trials, to inform decisions about patient access to new treatment options. While there is a great deal of literature on HEOR, there is a need for a volume that presents a coherent and unified review of the major issues that arise in application, especially from a statistical perspective. Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research fulfils that need by presenting an overview of the key analytical issues and best practice. Special attention is paid to key assumptions and other salient features of statistical methods customarily used in the area, and appropriate and relatively comprehensive references are made to emerging trends. The content of the book is purposefully designed to be accessible to readers with basic quantitative backgrounds, while providing an in-depth coverage of relatively complex statistical issues. The book will make a very useful reference for researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and research institutions involved with HEOR studies. The targeted readers may include statisticians, data scientists, epidemiologists, outcomes researchers, health economists, and healthcare policy and decision-makers.

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation Book
Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 0128205199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a very exciting time in the field of human genetics; NGS technology is generating enormous amounts of data for classifying genetic variants. However, defining the role of these variants in human health and disease can be difficult, especially when a variant's mechanism of action or the phenotype associated with a genetic mutation are not well defined. Work in multidisciplinary teams and development of multifactorial algorithms, including artificial intelligence and machine learning approaches, are integral to streamlining variant classification. Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, brings more than thirty international experts together to compile variant interpretation best practices and approaches in a single volume, covering foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians, and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature; international consensus guidelines; population allele frequency; functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes; somatic mutations and somatic profiling; CNV interpretation; quantitative modeling; machine learning approaches; genomic data sharing; genetic testing in clinical practice; and holistic case-level interpretation. Biomedical specialties of relevance include internal medicine, medical genetics, oncology, psychiatry, neurology, and immunology, and those driving implementation of precision medicine and personalized treatments.

Psychiatric Genomics

Psychiatric Genomics Book
Author : Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini,Martin Alda,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 0128214007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although psychiatric disorders affect a large percentage of the world population, current treatment approaches and drugs administered often come with unwelcome side effects that may decrease patients’ quality of life. Psychiatric genomics is a rapidly growing field that adopts computational approaches to identify genetic factors underlying psychiatric disorders, as well as the appropriate drug and dosage plans, to enhance personalized treatment and avoid adverse reactions. Psychiatric Genomics presents and synthesizes available knowledge in the field of psychiatric genomics, and offers methodologies to advance new research and aid clinical translation. After providing an introduction to genomics and psychiatry, across 23 chapters, international experts discuss the genomic basis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, addictions, eating disorders, and sleep disorders, among other disorders. In addition, recommendations for next steps in clinical implementation and drug discovery are discussed in-depth, with chapters dedicated to pharmacogenomics and antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood stabilizers, adverse drug reactions, implementation of pharmacogenomics in psychiatric clinics, and ethical issues. Methods sections provide a solid grounding in research approaches and computational analytics, from using animal models in psychiatric genomics and accessing biobanks to employing computational analysis, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), brain pathophysiology, and endophenotypes in psychiatric research. Thoroughly examines genetic mechanisms underlying a broad range of psychiatric disorders Offers genomic methodologies and analytical approaches supporting new research and clinical translation, as well as personalized diagnosis and treatment models Features chapters contributions from international leaders in the field

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics Book
Author : Jan Trøst Jørgensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-08
ISBN : 0128135409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Companion and Complementary Diagnostics: From Biomarker Discovery to Clinical Implementation provides readers with in-depth insights into the individual steps in the development of companion diagnostic assays, from the early biomarker discovery phase straight through to final regulatory approval. Further, the clinical implementation of companion diagnostic testing in the clinic is also discussed. As the development of predictive or selective biomarker assays linked to specific drugs is substantially increasing, this book offers comprehensive information on this quickly-evolving area of biomedicine. It is an essential resource for those in academic institutions, hospitals and pharma, and biotech and diagnostic commercial companies. Covers all aspects, from biomarker discovery, to development and regulatory approval Explains the "how to" aspects of companion diagnostics Incorporates information on the entire process, allowing for easier and deeper understanding of the topic

Advancing Healthcare Through Personalized Medicine

Advancing Healthcare Through Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Priya Hays
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-02-24
ISBN : 1498767095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This innovative book provides a unique perspective on the biomedical and societal implications of personalized medicine and how it will help mitigate the healthcare crisis and rein in ever-growing expenditure. It introduces the reader to underlying concepts at the heart of personalized medicine - pharmacogenomics, targeted therapies and individualized diagnosis and treatment - and shows how, with the advent of genomic technologies, clinicians will have the capability to predict and diagnose disease more efficiently. Advocating a patient-centred approach at the heart of care, this introduction to personalized medicine, the science behind it, its economic effects, its effects upon patients and its overall implications for society will be invaluable to clinicians, to healthcare providers and to patients.

Genomics and Society

Genomics and Society Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Ruth Chadwick
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-29
ISBN : 0127999213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics and Society; Ethical, Legal-Cultural, and Socioeconomic Implications is the first book to address the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011. The work addresses fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system. Of particular interest to healthcare practitioners, bioethicists, and health economists, and of tangential interest to the gamut of applied social scientists investigating the societal impact of new medical paradigms, the work describes a myriad of issues around consent, confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and legality in the new era of genomic medicine. Addresses the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011 Presents the core fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system Describes a myriad of issues around consent, including confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and more

Textbook of Personalized Medicine

Textbook of Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Kewal K. Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-29
ISBN : 9781441907691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Personalized medicine, which simply means selection of treatment best suited for an individual, involves integration and translation of several new technologies in clinical care of patients. The scope is much broader than indicated by the term genomic medicine because many non-genomic factors are taken into consideration in developing personalized medicine. Basic technologies for personalized medicine, of which molecular diagnostics has the biggest share, are mentioned briefly and appropriate references are given for further information. Commercial aspects are discussed briefly in a chapter and detailed analysis of markets and companies involved in personalized medicine is presented in a special report on this topic. There is increasing interest in personalized medicine. Considerable advances have taken place in molecular biology and biotechnology to make personalized medicine a viable option, but some misconceptions still exist, both in the academic and commercial sectors. There is lack of a suitable source of information that provides both the fundamentals as well as applications of personalized medicine. As the latest version of the first monograph on personalized medicine published in 1998, this volume, Textbook of Personalized Medicine, summarizes the author’s efforts during the past decade, as well as reviews selected studies done during this period in a readable format for the physicians and scientists. It is hoped that physicians, pharmacists, scientists and interested lay readers with basic scientific knowledge will find this book useful.

Personalized Medicine as Innovation

Personalized Medicine as Innovation Book
Author : Katharina Kichko
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-21
ISBN : 3658278439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Katharina Kichko supports the first Personalized Medicine learnings as she provides an approach overview in general as well as reimbursement and regulatory policies in particular. In focus stays analysis of the current Personalized Medicine in the U.S. and Germany as well as its preconditions for a wider implementation in the medical practice. Results have shown that the U.S. – as early knower – have the most projects as well as personalized drugs and therapies, while Germany – as a follower – has a significant number of projects and personalized products and more to come in future.

Diffusion and Use of Genomic Innovations in Health and Medicine

Diffusion and Use of Genomic Innovations in Health and Medicine Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2008-06-18
ISBN : 9780309178310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until fairly recently, genetic information was used primarily in the diagnosis of relatively rare genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and Huntington's Disease, but a transformation in the use of genetic and genomic information is underway. While many predictions have been made that genomics will transform medicine, to date few of these promising discoveries have resulted in actual applications in medicine and health. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health, established in 2007, held its first workshop to address the following questions: 1. Are there different pathways by which new scientific findings move from the research setting into health care? 2. If so, what are the implications of those different pathways for genomics? 3. What can we learn from the translation of other new technologies as we seek to understand the translation of genome science into health care? Information obtained from the workshop was then used to further discussion and exploration of the answers to these questions. This book summarizes speaker presentations and discussions. Any conclusions reported should not be construed as reflecting a group consensus; rather they are the statements and opinions of presenters and participants.