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Economic Effects Of Natural Disasters

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The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

The Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Debarati Guha-Sapir,Indhira Santos,Alexandre Borde
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-05-23
ISBN : 0199841934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work combines research and empirical evidence on the economic costs of disasters with theoretical approaches. It provides new insights on how to assess and manage the costs and impacts of disaster prevention, mitigation, recovery and adaption, and much more.

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Taha Chaiechi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-16
ISBN : 0128174668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters explores how natural disasters affect sources of economic growth and development. Using theoretical econometrics and real-world data, and drawing on advances in climate change economics, the book shows scholars and researchers how to use various research methods and techniques to investigate and respond to natural disasters. No other book presents empirical frameworks for the evaluation of the quality of macroeconomic research practice with a focus on climate change and natural disasters. Because many of these subjects are so large, different regions of the world use different approaches, hence this resource presents tailored economic applications and evidence. Connects economic theories and empirical work in climate change to natural disaster research Shows how advances in climate change and natural disaster research can be implemented in micro- and macroeconomic simulation models Addresses structural changes in countries afflicted by climate change and natural disasters

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters

Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters Book
Author : Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780821356852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding the economic and financial impacts of natural disasters book written by Charlotte Benson,Edward J. Clay, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Methodologies for Estimating the Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters

Methodologies for Estimating the Economic Impacts of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Hirokazu Tatano,Yoshio Kajitani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-05
ISBN : 9811627193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book outlines methodologies to estimate the economic impacts of natural disasters based on business surveys conducted after large disasters in Japan. By including numerous observations on business activities in past disasters and the validations of both engineering and economic models based on these data sets, this book appeals to practitioners who estimate the regional economic impacts as well as to students and young professionals in various fields who conduct disaster impact studies. The book consists of 7 chapters and includes theories and practices, which help readers to interlink the estimation methods with real-world problems. The study primarily focuses on cases in Japan, but the methods employed can be generalized and applied in other countries.

The Economics of Natural Disasters

The Economics of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Douglas C. Dacy,Howard Kunreuther
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Economics of Natural Disasters book written by Douglas C. Dacy,Howard Kunreuther, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Economic Impacts and Emergency Management of Disasters in China

Economic Impacts and Emergency Management of Disasters in China Book
Author : Xianhua Wu,Ji Guo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-23
ISBN : 9811613192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book uses cutting-edge methods, such as big data mining methods on social media, generalized difference in difference, inoperational input–output models, improved data envelopment analysis, improved computable general equilibrium and others to calculate the economic impacts of climate and environmental disasters on China. This book provides the ideas, methods and cases of the redistribution of air pollution emissions in China through evaluating the benefits of meteorological disaster services and meteorological financial insurance. Using big data resources and data mining methods, as well as econometric models, etc., this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic impact of disasters in China and studies China's counterpart aid policy and international aid policy for disasters. This book is an academic monograph devoted to the China’s case study. The intended readership includes academics, government officials, graduate students and people concerned about China.

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries Adaptation and Preparedness

The Economic Impact of Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries  Adaptation and Preparedness Book
Author : Dongyeol Lee,Huan Zhang,Chau Nguyen
Publisher : International Monetary Fund
Release : 2018-05-10
ISBN : 1484353285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pacific island countries are highly vulnerable to various natural disasters which are destructive, unpredictable and occur frequently. The frequency and scale of these shocks heightens the importance of medium-term economic and fiscal planning to minimize the adverse impact of disasters on economic development. This paper identifies the intensity of natural disasters for each country in the Pacific based on the distribution of damage and population affected by disasters, and estimates the impact of disasters on economic growth and international trade using a panel regression. The results show that “severe” disasters have a significant and negative impact on economic growth and lead to a deterioration of the fiscal and trade balance. We also find that the negative impact on growth is stronger for more intense disasters. Going further this paper proposes a simple and consistent method to adjust IMF staff’s economic projections and debt sustainability analysis for disaster shocks for the Pacific islands. Better incorporating the economic impact of natural disasters in the medium- and long-term economic planning would help policy makers improve fiscal policy decisions and to be better adapted and prepared for natural disasters.

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters Book
Author : Yasuhide Okuyama,Stephanie E. Chang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3540247874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is dedicated to the memory of Barclay G. Jones, Professor of City and Regional Planning and Regional Science at Cornell University. Over a decade ago, Barclay took on a fledgling area of study - economic modeling of disasters - and nurtured its early development. He served as the social science program director at the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (NCEER), a university consortium sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States. In this capacity, Barclay shepherded and attracted a number of regional scientists to the study of disasters. He organized a conference, held in the ill-fated World Trade Center in September 1995, on "The Economic Consequences of Earthquakes: Preparing for the Unexpected. " He persistently advocated the importance of social science research in an establishment dominated by less-than-sympathetic natural scientists and engineers. In 1993, Barclay organized the first of a series of sessions on "Measuring Regional Economic Effects of Unscheduled Events" at the North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International (RSAI). This unusual nomenclature brought attention to the challenge that disasters -largely unanticipated, often sudden, and always disorderly - pose to the regional science modeling tradition. The sessions provided an annual forum for a growing coalition of researchers, where previously the literature had been fragmentary, scattered, and episodic. Since Barclay's unexpected passing in 1997, we have continued this effort in his tradition.

Growth at Risk from Natural Disasters

Growth at Risk from Natural Disasters Book
Author : Mr. Tamim Bayoumi,Mr. Saad N Quayyum,Sibabrata Das
Publisher : International Monetary Fund
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 1513597655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The paper analyzes the impact of natural disasters on per-capita GDP growth. Using a quantile regressions and growth-at-risk approach, the paper examines the impact of disasters and policy choices on the distribution of growth rather than simply its average. We find that countries that have in place disaster preparedness mechanisms and lower public debt have lower probability of witnessing a significant drop in growth as a consequence of a natural disaster, but our innovative methodology in this paper finds that the two policies are complements since their effectiveness vary across different disaster scenarios. While both are helpful for small to mid-size disasters, lower debt—and hence more fiscal space—is more beneficial in the face of very large disasters. A balanced strategy would thus involve both policies.

The Impacts of Natural Disasters

The Impacts of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Committee on Assessing the Costs of Natural Disasters,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-04-20
ISBN : 0309570778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We in the United States have almost come to accept natural disasters as part of our nation's social fabric. News of property damage, economic and social disruption, and injuries follow earthquakes, fires, floods and hurricanes. Surprisingly, however, the total losses that follow these natural disasters are not consistently calculated. We have no formal system in either the public or private sector for compiling this information. The National Academies recommends what types of data should be assembled and tracked.

National Economic Impact Analysis of Terrorist Attacks and Natural Disasters

National Economic Impact Analysis of Terrorist Attacks and Natural Disasters Book
Author : Harry W. Richardson,JiYoung Park,James E. Moore II,Qisheng Pan
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2014-11-28
ISBN : 1783475862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

øA unique contribution towards mitigation is offered in this book, which develops a national economic impact model to estimate the effects of simulated terrorist attacks and real world natural disasters on individual US States and economic sectors. The

Climate Change and Natural Disasters

Climate Change and Natural Disasters Book
Author : Vinod Thomas
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 2017-01-31
ISBN : 1412864526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The start of the new millennium will be remembered for deadly climate-related disasters—the great floods in Thailand in 2011, Super Storm Sandy in the United States in 2012, and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013, to name a few. In 2014, 17.5 million people were displaced by climate-related disasters, ten times more than the 1.7 million displaced by geophysical hazards. What is causing the increase in natural disasters and what effect does it have on the economy? Climate Change and Natural Disasters sends three messages: human-made factors exert a growing influence on climate-related disasters; because of the link to anthropogenic factors, there is a pressing need for climate mitigation; and prevention, including climate adaptation, ought not to be viewed as a cost to economic growth but as an investment. Ultimately, attention to climate-related disasters, arguably the most tangible manifestation of global warming, may help mobilize broader climate action. It can also be instrumental in transitioning to a path of low-carbon, green growth, improving disaster resilience, improving natural resource use, and caring for the urban environment. Vinod Thomas proposes that economic growth will become sustainable only if governments, political actors, and local communities combine natural disaster prevention and controlling climate change into national growth strategies. When considering all types of capital, particularly human capital, climate action can drive economic growth, rather than hinder it.

Unbreakable

Unbreakable Book
Author : Stephane Hallegatte,Adrien Vogt-Schilb,Mook Bangalore,Julie Rozenberg
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2016-11-24
ISBN : 1464810044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Economic losses from natural disasters totaled $92 billion in 2015.' Such statements, all too commonplace, assess the severity of disasters by no other measure than the damage inflicted on buildings, infrastructure, and agricultural production. But $1 in losses does not mean the same thing to a rich person that it does to a poor person; the gravity of a $92 billion loss depends on who experiences it. By focusing on aggregate losses—the traditional approach to disaster risk—we restrict our consideration to how disasters affect those wealthy enough to have assets to lose in the first place, and largely ignore the plight of poor people. This report moves beyond asset and production losses and shifts its attention to how natural disasters affect people’s well-being. Disasters are far greater threats to well-being than traditional estimates suggest. This approach provides a more nuanced view of natural disasters than usual reporting, and a perspective that takes fuller account of poor people’s vulnerabilities. Poor people suffer only a fraction of economic losses caused by disasters, but they bear the brunt of their consequences. Understanding the disproportionate vulnerability of poor people also makes the case for setting new intervention priorities to lessen the impact of natural disasters on the world’s poor, such as expanding financial inclusion, disaster risk and health insurance, social protection and adaptive safety nets, contingent finance and reserve funds, and universal access to early warning systems. Efforts to reduce disaster risk and poverty go hand in hand. Because disasters impoverish so many, disaster risk management is inseparable from poverty reduction policy, and vice versa. As climate change magnifies natural hazards, and because protection infrastructure alone cannot eliminate risk, a more resilient population has never been more critical to breaking the cycle of disaster-induced poverty.

A Safer Future

A Safer Future Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1991-02-01
ISBN : 0309045460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Economics Of Natural Disasters

Economics Of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Euston Quah,Suman Kumari Sharma
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 981472324X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unlike existing books on the topic that cover more on non-economic aspects of natural disasters, this book covers economic aspects of natural disasters viz damage assessment, risk management and resilience. The book contains several case studies and covers some of the major natural disasters in different countries, most notably the recent Nepal earthquake, tsunami in Fukushima, the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, floods in Thailand, the typhoon Haiyan, and the eruptions of Mount Merapi. It also suggests avenues for better public policies to tackle economics of natural disasters.

Resilience and Urban Disasters

Resilience and Urban Disasters Book
Author : Kamila Borsekova,Peter Nijkamp
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2022-11-28
ISBN : 1788970101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses unexpected disasters and shocks in cities and urban systems by providing quantitative and qualitative tools for impact analysis and disaster management. Including environmental catastrophes, political turbulence and economic shocks, Resilience and Urban Disasters explores a large range of tumultuous events and key case studies to thoroughly cover these core areas. In particular, the socio-economic impacts on urban systems that are subject to disasters are explored.

Economics of Natural Disasters and Climate Change

Economics of Natural Disasters and Climate Change Book
Author : Derya Dogan
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 3656363560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal (Schumpeter School of Business and economics), course: VWL, Makroökonomie, language: English, abstract: During past centuries, natural disasters occurred more often in our environment and caused more serious damage worldwide. The Hurricane Irene in the Caribbean and the USA, the floods in Australia, the earthquake in New Zealand and especially in Japan in 2011 had enormous extends concerning the caused loss and damages in the specific regions. Within the past four decades, the frequency of large natural disasters raised three times more. Furthermore, the economic losses - after adjusting for inflation – increased even eight times more compared to the past decades. This also has a great impact on the insurance industry, since the insured losses increase even in a larger amount compared to other factors affected by natural disasters. However, the insurance industry uses in spite of these unfavorable loss trends, a wide range of coverage against disasters such as Cat Bonds to transfer the disaster risk, and to avoid unnecessary expenses. Climate change also plays a big role in the frequently occurring amount of disasters. Since it is still hard to estimate the impacts of future climate changes for the frequency and intensity of natural disasters with its huge losses, new policies such as Green Growth have been introduced for mitigation effects. The purpose of this thesis is to represent and describe the economics of natural disasters due to climate change with its macroeconomic aspects and structural effects. While demonstrating the impacts on natural disasters to a region’s economy, it is important to know that many other factors are linked with natural disasters that have an effect on a region’s economy. Therefore, after defining the important terms in the first section of this thesis, the scope and costs of natural disasters will be illustrated in chapter 2 for a better demonstration of the disaster events impacts in general. This will start by describing the reasons for climate change to demonstrate in the latter the increasing number of disaster appearances due to the effects of climate change. Different regions will be considered within this analysis, whereas in the following sections only the regions which are economically vulnerable to natural disasters will be taken into account to illustrate the costs of natural disasters........

Thirty Years of Natural Disasters 1974 2003 The Numbers

Thirty Years of Natural Disasters 1974 2003  The Numbers Book
Author : Debarati Guha-Sapir,David Hargitt,Philippe Hoyois
Publisher : Presses univ. de Louvain
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9782930344713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last 30 years, 6,367 natural disasters killed more than 2 million people. A cumulative total of 5.1 billion individuals were affected, of which 182 million were left homeless.These same disasters caused US$1.4 trillion worth of damages. Data on natural disasters and their impact on populations and economies play an essential role in understanding the factors that increase human vulnerability and the importance of disaster preparedness, mitigation and prevention.

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters Book
Author : Taha Chaiechi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 012817465X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters explores how natural disasters affect sources of economic growth and development. Using theoretical econometrics and real-world data, and drawing on advances in climate change economics, the book shows scholars and researchers how to use various research methods and techniques to investigate and respond to natural disasters. No other book presents empirical frameworks for the evaluation of the quality of macroeconomic research practice with a focus on climate change and natural disasters. Because many of these subjects are so large, different regions of the world use different approaches, hence this resource presents tailored economic applications and evidence. Connects economic theories and empirical work in climate change to natural disaster research Shows how advances in climate change and natural disaster research can be implemented in micro- and macroeconomic simulation models Addresses structural changes in countries afflicted by climate change and natural disasters

Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture Book
Author : Mannava VK Sivakumar,Raymond P. Motha,Haripada P. Das
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-06
ISBN : 3540283072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural production is highly sensitive to weather and climate-related disasters such as drought, storm and flood. While it is not possible to prevent the occurrence of natural disasters, the resultant disastrous effects can be reduced mitigated through proper planning and effective preparation. This book, based on a gathering of experts in Beijing, discusses ways to reduce the vulnerability of agriculture to disaster and extreme events, both by accurate and timely warning, and by impact-reducing countermeasures.