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Ecology

Ecology Book
Author : David T. Krohne
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 9780190638887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology: Evolution, Application, Integration, Second Edition, takes a unique evolutionary approach to ecology, focusing on the concepts of the discipline and the human impact on ecosystems. Helping students develop their scientific reasoning skills, this text teaches them not only what we knowabout the field, but how we know it.

Ecology

Ecology Book
Author : Professor Emeritus of Biology David T Krohne
Publisher :
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 9780190638979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology: Evolution, Application, Integration, Second Edition, is designed to provide students and instructors with a groundbreaking evolutionary approach that transforms ecology from a collection of disassociated facts into an integrated, concept-driven discipline, all the while shedding light on the impact humans have on ecosystems. Importantly, the text develops scientific reasoning skills by teaching students not just what we know about the field, but also how we know what we know about it. Ecology: Evolution, Application, Integration, Second Edition implements two key pedagogical approaches. First, the text integrates modern evolutionary theory throughout. Why is evolution pedagogically valuable? Evolution has great explanatory power-most ecological interactions are rooted in adaptive evolution. Moreover, as students learn to place ecological problems in an evolutionary context, they find they can memorize less because they are able to deduce key ideas. Second, the text employs a question-based pedagogy. Each chapter begins with a fundamental ecological question. The sections of the chapter are designed around a logical sequence of smaller questions, the answers to which eventually enable the student to answer the chapter's main question. This approach models the process of science-researchers address fundamental ecological questions in the same way. As students gain experience with this approach they can apply it to new problems and questions.

Carrion Ecology Evolution and Their Applications

Carrion Ecology  Evolution  and Their Applications Book
Author : M. Eric Benbow,Jeffery K. Tomberlin,Aaron M. Tarone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-18
ISBN : 1466575476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category Decomposition and recycling of vertebrate remains have been understudied, hampered largely due to these processes being aesthetically challenging (e.g., smell and sight). Technological innovations have provided the means to explore new and historically understood natural systems to give us a plethora of new information. Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications covers a broad spectrum of topics including the molecular mechanistic foundations that provide the basis for intra- and interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, and how this manifests into habitat- and ecosystem-level importance. The book connects the science of carrion decomposition from genes to ecosystems in multidisciplinary synthesis of the science. This book brings together a team of global experts involved with measuring and understanding the process and effects of carrion ecology in nature, with special application in such applied fields as forensic entomology, habitat management, animal production (e.g., livestock and aquaculture), and human and environmental health. It fills a large literature gap in ecology, providing a synthesis and future directions important for studies of carrion decomposition that improve the general understanding of decomposition in ecosystems. The book fuses multiple disciplines into a single message explaining the importance of vertebrate carrion ecology in nature. Illustrates Carrion Decomposition in a 16-Page Color Insert with 40 Photos The authors illustrate how the study of carrion transcends the globe and expands systems of inquiry, broadening awareness of this important ecosystem process. Whether you are a student, academic, or professional, you will find this book insightful for the fields of molecular ecology, microbiology, entomology, forensics, population biology, community and ecosystem ecology, and human and environmental health.

Urban Evolutionary Biology

Urban Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : Marta Szulkin,Jason Munshi-South,Anne Charmantier
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0198836848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Evolutionary Biology fills an important knowledge gap on wild organismal evolution in the urban environment, whilst offering a novel exploration of the fast-growing new field of evolutionary research. The growing rate of urbanization and the maturation of urban study systems worldwide means interest in the urban environment as an agent of evolutionary change is rapidly increasing. We are presently witnessing the emergence of a new field of research in evolutionary biology. Despite its rapid global expansion, the urban environment has until now been a largely neglected study site among evolutionary biologists. With its conspicuously altered ecological dynamics, it stands in stark contrast to the natural environments traditionally used as cornerstones for evolutionary ecology research. Urbanization can offer a great range of new opportunities to test for rapid evolutionary processes as a consequence of human activity, both because of replicate contexts for hypothesis testing, but also because cities are characterized by an array of easily quantifiable environmental axes of variation and thus testable agents of selection. Thanks to a wide possible breadth of inference (in terms of taxa) that may be studied, and a great variety of analytical methods, urban evolution has the potential to stand at a fascinating multi-disciplinary crossroad, enriching the field of evolutionary biology with emergent yet incredibly potent new research themes where the urban habitat is key. Urban Evolutionary Biology is an advanced textbook suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers studying the genetics, evolutionary biology, and ecology of urban environments. It is also highly relevant to urban ecologists and urban wildlife practitioners.

Ecology Genetics and Evolution of Metapopulations

Ecology  Genetics and Evolution of Metapopulations Book
Author : Ilkka A. Hanski,Oscar E. Gaggiotti
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004-05-17
ISBN : 0080530699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of specially commissioned articles looks at fragmented habitats, bringing together recent theoretical advances and empirical studies applying the metapopulation approach. Several chapters closely integrate ecology with genetics and evolutionary biology, and others illustrate how metapopulation concepts and models can be applied to answer questions about conservation, epidemiology, and speciation. The extensive coverage of theory from highly regarded scientists and the many substantive applications in this one-of-a-kind work make it invaluable to graduate students and researchers in a wide range of disciplines. * Provides a comprehensive and authoritative account of all aspects of metapopulation biology, integrating ecology, genetics, and evolution * Developed by recognized experts, including Hanski who won the Balzan Prize for Ecological Sciences * Covers novel applications of the metapopulation approach to conservation

Community Ecology

Community Ecology Book
Author : Herman A. Verhoef,Peter J. Morin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0199228973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an up-to-date study of patterns and processes involving two or more species. The book strikes a balance between plant and animal species and among studies of marine, freshwater and terrestrial communities.

Insect Ecology

Insect Ecology Book
Author : Timothy Duane Schowalter
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0123813514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach provides a modern perspective of insect ecology that integrates two approaches traditionally used to study insect ecology: evolutionary and ecosystem. This integration substantially broadens the scope of insect ecology and contributes to prediction and resolution of the effects of current environmental changes, as these affect and are affected by insects. The third edition includes an updated and expanded synthesis of feedback and interactions between insects and their environment. This updated material and a new chapter on applications of insect ecology to social and environmental issues effectively demonstrates how evolutionary and ecosystem approaches complement each other, with the intent of stimulating further integration of these approaches in experiments that address insect roles in ecosystems. Effective management of ecosystem resources depends on evaluation of the complex, often complementary, effects of insects on ecosystem conditions, as well as insect responses to changing conditions. . Timely revision of a key reference on insect ecology . Full coverage of ecosystem structure and function balanced with essential background on evolutionary aspects . New chapter on applications to issues such as pest management, ecosystem restoration, invasive species and environmental changes . Case studies highlight practical and theoretical applications for topics covered in each chapter

Issues in Ecological Research and Application 2011 Edition

Issues in Ecological Research and Application  2011 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464964084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecological Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecological Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-14
ISBN : 0128004266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology is the definitive go-to reference in the field of evolutionary biology. It provides a fully comprehensive review of the field in an easy to search structure. Under the collective leadership of fifteen distinguished section editors, it is comprised of articles written by leading experts in the field, providing a full review of the current status of each topic. The articles are up-to-date and fully illustrated with in-text references that allow readers to easily access primary literature. While all entries are authoritative and valuable to those with advanced understanding of evolutionary biology, they are also intended to be accessible to both advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Broad topics include the history of evolutionary biology, population genetics, quantitative genetics; speciation, life history evolution, evolution of sex and mating systems, evolutionary biogeography, evolutionary developmental biology, molecular and genome evolution, coevolution, phylogenetic methods, microbial evolution, diversification of plants and fungi, diversification of animals, and applied evolution. Presents fully comprehensive content, allowing easy access to fundamental information and links to primary research Contains concise articles by leading experts in the field that ensures current coverage of each topic Provides ancillary learning tools like tables, illustrations, and multimedia features to assist with the comprehension process

Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes Book
Author : Stephen T. Ross
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2013-06-01
ISBN : 0520249453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad pictureÑboth spatially and temporallyÑof the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.

Integration of Ecosystem Theories A Pattern

Integration of Ecosystem Theories  A Pattern Book
Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-08-31
ISBN : 9781402006517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents an integration of existing ecosystem theories in such a comprehensive way as to enable a full ecological and theoretical pattern to be presented. It shows that ecosystems and their reactions may be understood, provided that all basic systems ecology is applied to different aspects of the properties of ecosystems. Since the publication of the previous two editions of this book, ongoing research and discussions on an international scale have greatly clarified and enhanced this pattern. This progress is presented as Chapter 16 in this new, third edition. It is shown that the integrated ecosystem theory presented can be applied to explain various ecological observations and rules. Audience: Researchers and decision makers whose work involves the study of ecosystems and ecology. This book is also recommended for use in graduate courses.

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Quantitative Genetics in the Wild Book
Author : Anne Charmantier,Dany Garant,Loeske E. B. Kruuk
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-04-03
ISBN : 0191655961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the field of quantitative genetics - the study of the genetic basis of variation in quantitative characteristics such as body size, or reproductive success - is almost 100 years old, its application to the study of evolutionary processes in wild populations has expanded greatly over the last few decades. During this time, the use of 'wild quantitative genetics' has provided insights into a range of important questions in evolutionary ecology, ranging from studies conducting research in well-established fields such as life-history theory, behavioural ecology and sexual selection, to others addressing relatively new issues such as populations' responses to climate change or the process of senescence in natural environments. Across these fields, there is increasing appreciation of the need to quantify the genetic - rather than just the phenotypic - basis and diversity of key traits, the genetic basis of the associations between traits, and the interaction between these genetic effects and the environment. This research activity has been fuelled by methodological advances in both molecular genetics and statistics, as well as by exciting results emerging from laboratory studies of evolutionary quantitative genetics, and the increasing availability of suitable long-term datasets collected in natural populations, especially in animals. Quantitative Genetics in the Wild is the first book to synthesize the current level of knowledge in this exciting and rapidly-expanding area. This comprehensive volume also offers exciting perspectives for future studies in emerging areas, including the application of quantitative genetics to plants or arthropods, unraveling the molecular basis of variation in quantitative traits, or estimating non-additive genetic variance. Since this book deals with many fundamental questions in evolutionary ecology, it should be of interest to graduate, post-graduate students, and academics from a wide array of fields such as animal behaviour, ecology, evolution, and genetics.

The Flexible Phenotype

The Flexible Phenotype Book
Author : Theunis Piersma,Jan A. van Gils
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0199233721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book attempts a true synthesis of animal physiology, behaviour, and ecology by developing an empirical argument that describes the intimate connections between animal phenotype and environment, using the results of a long-term research programme on migrant shorebirds and their invertebrate prey.

Environmental Stress Adaptation and Evolution

Environmental Stress  Adaptation  and Evolution Book
Author : K. Bijlsma,Rudolf Bijlsma,Volker Loeschcke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-09-23
ISBN : 9783764356958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and affects life histories, how organisms cope with thermal stress through acclimation, and how environmental and genetic stress induce fluctuating asymmetry, shape selection pressure and cause extinction of populations. Finally, it discusses the role of stress in evolutionary change, from stress induced mutations and selection to speciation and evolution at the geological time scale. The book contains reviews and novel scientific results on the subject. It will be of interest to both researchers and graduate students and may serve as a text for graduate courses.

The Physiological Ecology of Vertebrates

The Physiological Ecology of Vertebrates Book
Author : Brian Keith McNab
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780801439131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Though physiological ecology has been a discipline since the 1950s, McNab redresses a perceived absence of a theoretical framework with a comparative, inductive approach to studying vertebrate evolution and ecology. He discusses the patterns and limits of adaptation to the environment, acclimation to temperature variation and material exchange with the environment, and the energetics of locomotion and growth. The final section treats the significance of energetics for population ecology and distribution. Includes a taxonomic as well as subject index. Suitable for advanced students and researchers in the biological and ecological sciences. The Gainesville, FL-based author is referred to by the foreword writer as a keen naturalist, but his credentials are not stated. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR.

Advances in Molecular Ecology

Advances in Molecular Ecology Book
Author : North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9789051994407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each contributor to this publication was asked to examine how molecular genetic tools have contributed to their specific areas of consideration. To increase the practical utility of the book, a summary of software that is available for the anaylsis of data in molecular ecology is included.

Ecology Abstracts

Ecology Abstracts Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2001
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coverage: 1982- current; updated: monthly. This database covers current ecology research across a wide range of disciplines, reflecting recent advances in light of growing evidence regarding global environmental change and destruction. Major ares of subject coverage include: Algae/lichens, Animals, Annelids, Aquatic ecosystems, Arachnids, Arid zones, Birds, Brackish water, Bryophytes/pteridophytes, Coastal ecosystems, Conifers, Conservation, Control, Crustaceans, Ecosyst em studies, Fungi, Grasses, Grasslands, High altitude environments, Human ecology, Insects, Legumes, Mammals, Management, Microorganisms, Molluscs, Nematodes, Paleo-ecology, Plants, Pollution studies, Reptiles, River basins, Soil, TAiga/tundra, Terrestrial ecosystems, Vertebrates, Wetlands, Woodlands.

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology Book
Author : David M. Richardson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-02-23
ISBN : 1444330004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.