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Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-31
ISBN : 9780857298928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,M V Diamanti,A Nazari,C Goran-Granqvist
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0857098837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Eco efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction

Eco efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Lech Czarnecki,Anna Laura Pisello,Luisa F. Cabeza,Claes Goran-Granqvist
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-05
ISBN : 0128209437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Materials for Reducing Cooling Needs in Buildings and Construction: Design, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive review on building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs in buildings. The book offers in-depth analysis of the performance of new innovative materials and technologies used in pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials. Includes practical case study examples of their applications in building and construction. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, architects and civil engineers, city planners, product developers, manufacturers, and other professionals working in eco-efficient cooling materials and sustainable and zero-energy building design. Offers a comprehensive review of building envelope materials and technologies for reducing cooling needs Features practical case studies, which are fundamental for building design and applications Provides in-depth analysis of performance for different materials and technologies Features brand new chapters on pavements, facade and roofing materials, PCMs and chromogenic smart materials

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction

Bio based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco efficient Construction Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-13
ISBN : 0128223812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals. Focuses on sustainability and green concepts in construction Discusses recent trends on bio-based materials and biotechnologies for eco-efficient construction Covers many important aspects, including infrastructure applications, energy efficiency for building construction, and air, water and soil related problems

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Luisa F. Cabeza,Joao Labrincha,Aldo Giuntini de Magalhaes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857097725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Eco efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco efficient Pavement Construction Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-01-18
ISBN : 0128189827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-11
ISBN : 0081002092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Eco efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Eco efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-02-27
ISBN : 1782424016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco efficient Concrete

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco efficient Concrete Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Jamal Khatib,Francesco Colangelo,Rabin Tuladhar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 0081027338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete looks at the processing of plastic waste, including techniques for separation, the production of plastic aggregates, the production of concrete with recycled plastic as an aggregate or binder, the fresh properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, the shrinkage of concrete with plastic aggregates, the mechanical properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, toughness of concrete with plastic aggregates, modulus of elasticity of concrete with plastic aggregates, durability of concrete with plastic aggregates, concrete plastic waste powder with enhanced neutron radiation shielding, and more, thus making it a valuable reference for academics and industrial researchers. Describes the main types of recycled plastics that can be applied in concrete manufacturing Presents, for the first time, state-of-the art knowledge on the properties of conventional concrete with recycled plastics Discusses the technological challenges for concrete manufactures for mass production of recycled concrete from plastic waste

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-08-05
ISBN : 9780857298935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Ecological and Health Effects of Building Materials

Ecological and Health Effects of Building Materials Book
Author : Junaid Ahmad Malik,Shriram Marathe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-07
ISBN : 3030760731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the present adverse effects of using precarious building materials on the ecology and human health. Also, the detailed discussions on the novel and greener construction materials and their utilization as an alternative to the conventional harmful existing methods and materials are also presented in the subsequent chapters. This book helps to fill the research gaps in the existing prior-art knowledge in the field of sustainable construction and green building materials and methods giving due importance to ecology and health, specifically to the fields of sustainable structural engineering, sustainable geotechnical engineering, sustainable road engineering, etc. This book helps in achieving a sustainable environment through possible adoption of innovative and ecological construction practices. Hence, this book acts as a practical workbook, mainly for the academicians and practicing engineers who are willing to work toward the consecrated building industry. It is a well-established fact that the constructions of the engineering structures consume more and more earth resources than any other human activities in the world. In addition, the construction-related activities will produce several million tons of greenhouse gases, toxic emissions, water pollutants, and solid wastes. This creates a huge impact on environment and causes severe health issues on humans and animals. It is thus important to create an eco-friendly construction environment which can satisfy the ecological and health requirements.

Eco Efficient Concrete

Eco Efficient Concrete Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,João Labrincha,V M John
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-04
ISBN : 0857098993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes (CDW). An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Eco-efficient concrete is a technical guide for all professionals, researchers and academics currently or potentially involved in the design, manufacture and use of eco-efficient concrete. The first part of the book examines the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete Chapters in the second part of the book consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials, including properties and performance Reviews the eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Bibhuti Bhusan Das,Narayanan Neithalath
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-30
ISBN : 9811333173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Construction and Building Materials (ICSCBM 2018), and examines a range of durable, energy-efficient, and next-generation construction and building materials produced from industrial wastes and byproducts. The topics covered include alternative, eco-friendly construction and building materials, next-generation concretes, energy efficiency in construction, and sustainability in construction project management. The book also discusses various properties and performance attributes of modern-age concretes including their durability, workability, and carbon footprint. As such, it offers a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in sustainable construction and allied fields.

Eco efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Robert Melchers,Nele de Belie,Xianming Shi,Kim Van Tittelboom,Andres Saez Perez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 0081021828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides an updated state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure. The first section focuses on deterioration assessment methods, and includes chapters on stress wave assessment, ground-penetrating radar, monitoring of corrosion, SHM using acoustic emission and optical fiber sensors. Other sections discuss the development and application of several new innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, including geopolymer concrete, sulfoaluminate cement-based concrete, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) based concrete, bacteria-based concrete, concrete with encapsulated polyurethane, and concrete with super absorbent polymer (SAPs), amongst other topics. Final sections focus on crucial design aspects, such as quality control, including lifecycle and cost analysis with several related case studies on repair and rehabilitation. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers and contractors working in the construction industry. Delivers the latest research findings with contributions from leading international experts Provides fully updated information on the European standard on materials for concrete repair (EN 1504) Includes an entire sections on the state-of-the-art in NDT, innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, as well as LCC and LCA information

Innovative Materials for Construction

Innovative Materials for Construction Book
Author : Mariaenrica Frigione,José Barroso de Aguiar
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 3036501665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the typical materials employed in today’s constructions present limitations, especially concerning their durability, in either common or severe environmental conditions, and their impact on the environment. In response to these issues, academic and industrial efforts around the world have been devoted to developing new smart materials that can provide efficient alternatives, improve the energy efficiency of buildings, or can upgrade, repair, or protect existing infrastructures. Different and wide technological innovations are, therefore, quickly fostering advancements in the field of construction materials. A new generation of materials (bricks, cement, coatings, concrete, FRP, glass, masonry, mortars, nano-materials, PCM, polymers, steel, wood, etc.) is gaining a prominent position in modern building technology, since they can overcome various limits and flaws of conventional materials employed in constructions, without neglecting the smart applications of pioneering materials in ancient constructions and historic buildings. Even though the adoption of innovative materials in the construction field has been a successful route in achieving enhanced performance, or even new and unexpected characteristics, some issues have not been completely solved. On top of them, the cost/performance ratio of novel solutions, since their introduction must be convenient, without compromising quality. Other concerns are related to their sustainability, with eco-friendly options, possibly exploiting recycled materials or by-products from other productions, being the most desirable solution. Finally, the use of materials or systems that are unconventional in this field raises the need to update or develop new specifications and standards. This special issue aims at providing a platform for discussing open issues, challenges, and achievements related to innovative materials proposed for the construction industry.

Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture

Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture Book
Author : Koç, Gül?ah,Christiansen, Bryan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-11-02
ISBN : 1522569960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designing buildings and physical environments depends on social structure, social needs, economic data, environment, and technological development. Planning these environments is heavily influenced by cultural and regional need, the existing environment, and the materials available. Reusable and Sustainable Building Materials in Modern Architecture is an essential reference source that discusses the shaping of building design through culture and materials as well as the influence of environment on building design. Featuring research on topics such as passive design, ecological design, and urban design, this book is ideal for academicians, specialists, and researchers seeking coverage on culture, environment, and building design.

Eco efficient Rendering Mortars

Eco efficient Rendering Mortars Book
Author : Catarina Brazao Farinha,Jorge de Brito,Maria Do Rosario Veiga
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-04-29
ISBN : 0128196890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-Efficient Rendering Mortars: Use of Recycled Materials focuses on the use of waste materials into cement-based renders, discussing the origins, treatment processes and properties of relevant wastes. The book dispels mistrust through demonstrating the technical feasibility and environmental benefits of eco-efficient rendering mortars. It considers the characteristics of different waste products, such as aggregates, fillers, binders and additions. The functional requirements of renders are also discussed alongside their impact. Finally, the title considers the lifecycle and durability of modified mortars. This book offers robust support and clear guidance on the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders. Presents evidence supporting the use of wastes as a substitute for natural aggregates and binders Characterizes wastes and considers how to best incorporate different kinds of waste into renders Gives details on the technical efficiency and environmental impact of different waste materials on mortars Analyzes the impact of wastes on render performance in terms of fresh state, mechanical, water and durability Considers the lifecycle assessment and durability of modified mortars

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Caijun Shi,Angel Palomo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-05-18
ISBN : 0081024479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials provides an updated, state-of-the-art review on the development of cementitious construction materials based on carbon dioxide storage, which will have a major eco-efficient and economic benefit for the construction industry. Key chapters include methods for the assessment of carbon dioxide absorbed by cementitious materials, air and water-based carbon dioxide storage, carbon dioxide storage modeling, carbonation mechanisms, carbon dioxide storage on recycled aggregates, calcium, sodium and magnesium- based binders, properties and the durability of carbon dioxide based concrete. Promotes the importance of CO2 storage in carbonation of these materials, especially reincorporation of CO2 during fabrication Discusses a wide range of cementitious materials with CO2 storage capabilities Features redesign of cementation mechanisms to utilize CO2 during fabrication

Portugal SB07

Portugal SB07 Book
Author : Luis Bragança
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1586037854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The construction industry is a vibrant and active industry. The building sector is responsible for creating, modifying and improving the living environment of humanity. On the other hand, construction and buildings have considerable environmental impacts, consuming a significant proportion of limited resources of the planet including energy, raw material, water and land. Therefore, the sustainability of the built environment, the construction industry and the related activities is a pressing issue facing all stakeholders in order to promote Sustainable Development. The new millennium is challenging practitioners and researchers with the sustainability of the built environment and the construction industry. Hence, the main purpose of this publication is to discuss these challenges and present solutions that actively facilitate and promote the adoption of policies, methods and tools to accelerate the movement towards a global sustainable built environment. The issues presented include: Building sustainability assessment tools; Indoor environment quality and benchmarks; Sustainable resources and materials use; Use of non-conventional materials; Use of industrial waste; Eco-materials and technologies; Sustainable management of existing building stock; Innovative sustainable construction systems; and Design."

Eco efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

Eco efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Paulo B. Lourenco,Joao Labrincha,P Chindaprasirt,S Kumar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-11-27
ISBN : 1782423184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction. This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed. Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units Examines the reuse of waste materials Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice