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Earth As An Evolving Planetary System

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Earth as an Evolving Planetary System

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System Book
Author : Kent C. Condie
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 0128037091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System, Third Edition, examines the various subsystems that play a role in the evolution of the Earth, including subsystems in the crust, mantle, core, atmosphere, oceans, and life. This third edition includes 30% new material and, for the first time, includes full color images in both the print and electronic versions. Topics in the great events chapters are now included in the beginning of the book, with the addition of a new feature of breakout boxes for each event. The second half of the book now focuses on a better understanding of Earth's history by looking at the interactions of the subsystems over time. The Earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere, crustal and mantle evolution, the supercontinent cycle, great events in Earth history, and the Earth in comparison to other planets are also covered. Authored by a world leader in tectonics who also authored the two previous editions Presents comprehensive coverage of the Earth's history that is relevant for both students and teachers Includes important section on Comparative Planetary Evolution, not found in other textbooks All illustrations presented throughout both the print and electronic versions in full color

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System Book
Author : Kent C. Condie
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0123852277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth as an Evolving Planetary System, Second Edition, examines the various subsystems that play a role in the evolution of the Earth. These subsystems include such components as the crust, mantle, core, atmosphere, oceans, and life. The book contains 10 chapters that discuss the structure of the Earth and plate tectonics; the origin and evolution of the crust; the processes that leave tectonic imprints in rocks and modern processes responsible for these imprints; and the structure of the mantle and the core. The book also covers the Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere; crustal and mantle evolution; the supercontinent cycle; great events in Earth history; and the Earth in comparison to other planets. This book is meant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Earth Sciences, with a basic knowledge of geology, biology, chemistry, and physics. It also may serve as a reference tool for specialists in the geologic sciences who want to keep abreast of scientific advances in this field. Slides of all figures in the book can be downloaded on the companion site: http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123852274 Kent Condie's corresponding interactive CD, Plate Tectonics and How the Earth Works, can be purchased from Tasa Graphic Arts here: http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progptearth.html Two new chapters on the Supercontinent Cycle and on Great Events in Earth history New and updated sections on Earth's thermal history, planetary volcanism, planetary crusts, the onset of plate tectonics, changing composition of the oceans and atmosphere, and paleoclimatic regimes Also new in this Second Edition: the lower mantle and the role of the post-perovskite transition, the role of water in the mantle, new tomographic data tracking plume tails into the deep mantle, Euxinia in Proterozoic oceans, The Hadean, A crustal age gap at 2.4-2.2 Ga, and continental growth

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science

Introduction to Earth and Planetary System Science Book
Author : Naotatsu Shikazono
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-22
ISBN : 4431540571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents basic information on material science (geochemistry, geophysics, geology, mineralogy, etc.), interaction between subsystem consisting earth system (atmosphere, hydrosphere, litho (geo) sphere, biosphere, humans) and in earth-planet system and evolution of earth-planetary system. The nature-humans interactions are described and new view on earth, planets and humans (integration of anthropocentrism and naturecentrism) are presented.

The Earth as a Distant Planet

The Earth as a Distant Planet Book
Author : M. Vázquez,E. Pallé,P. Montañés Rodríguez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-12
ISBN : 9781441916846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Earth as a Distant Planet, the authors become external observers of our solar system from a distance and try to determine how one can understand how Earth, the third in distance to the central star, is essentially unique and capable of sustaining life. The knowledge gained from this original perspective is then applied to the search for other planets outside the solar system, or exoplanets. Since the discovery in 1992 of the first exoplanet, the number of planet detections has increased exponentially and ambitious missions are already being planned for the future. The exploration of Earth and the rest of the rocky planets are Rosetta stones in classifying and understanding the multiplicity of planetary systems that exist in our galaxy. In time, statistics on the formation and evolution of exoplanets will be available and will provide vital information for solving some of the unanswered questions about the formation, as well as evolution of our own world and solar system. Special attention is paid to the biosignatures (signs of life) detectable in the Earth's reflected spectra and the search for life in the universe. The authors are experts on the subject of extrasolar planets. They provide an introductory but also very much up-to-date text, making this book suitable for researchers and for advanced students in astronomy and astrophysics.

Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth

Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth Book
Author : G.R.T. Jenkin,P.A.J. Lusty,I. McDonald,M.P. Smith,A.J. Boyce,J.J. Wilkinson
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2015-01-02
ISBN : 1862396264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ore deposits form by a variety of natural processes that concentrate elements into a volume that can be economically mined. Their type, character and abundance reflect the environment in which they formed and thus they preserve key evidence for the evolution of magmatic and tectonic processes, the state of the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and the evolution of life over geological time. This volume presents 13 papers on topical subjects in ore deposit research viewed in the context of Earth evolution. These diverse, yet interlinked, papers cover topics including: controls on the temporal and spatial distribution of ore deposits; the sources of fluid, gold and other components of orogenic gold deposits; the degree of oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic ocean; bacterial immobilization of gold in the semi-arid near-surface environment; and mineral resources for the future, including issues of resource estimation, sustainability of supply and the criticality of certain elements to society.

Planetary System Evolution

Planetary System Evolution Book
Author : Lawrence Russell Mudryk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780494393789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout the evolution of a planetary system, planets, especially those newly formed, interact by several means with a variety of the system's constituents. In particular, the influence of the most massive planets is expected to govern much of the long-term evolution of the system. In early stages of this evolution, the gas disk that provided the material from which the planets formed also acts to couple the planets to its own dynamics. In part I of this thesis, I describe a new hydrodynamic code that I have developed, tuned to study these interactions. Using this code, I explore the formation of hydrodynamic structures within the disk, such as jets and eddies, that arise from the influence of the planets on the overall flow. I show that while the formation of vortices is damped in disks with a large enough viscosity, jet formation is more robust in this sense and jet structures form even in viscous flows. I further propose that these jets may affect the amount of material transport that occurs in the flow in a manner similar to that found in the Earth's atmosphere and in the weather layers of the Jovian planets. In order to qualify this claim, I perform preliminary numerical experiments that aim to establish this relationship. Even after the removal of the gas disk, the gravitational influence of massive planets---or stellar companions in the case of multiple systems---severely limits the range of stable orbits of the system's lesser planets. In part II of this thesis, I examine the physical mechanisms responsible for planet ejection from unstable orbits previously observed in numerical experiments. I determine the instability is due to overlap of subresonances lying within mean-motion resonances.

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Book
Author : Harsh Gupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-29
ISBN : 904818701X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Hadean Earth

Hadean Earth Book
Author : T. Mark Harrison
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-18
ISBN : 3030466876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consolidates the latest research on the Hadean Eon - the first 500 million years of Earth history - which has permitted hypotheses of early Earth evolution to be tested, including geophysical models that include the possibility of plate tectonic-like behavior. These new observations challenge the longstanding Hadean paradigm – based on no observational evidence - of a desiccated, lifeless, continent-free wasteland in which surface petrogenesis was largely due to extraterrestrial impacts. The eon was termed “Hadean” to reflect such a hellish environment. That view began to be challenged in 2001 as results of geochemical analyses of greater than 4 billion year old zircons from Australia emerged. These data were consistent with the zircons forming in a world much more similar to today than long thought and interpreted to indicate that sediment cycling was occurring in the presence of liquid water. This new view leaves open the possibility that life could have emerged shortly after Earth accretion. The epistemic limitations under which the old paradigm persisted are closely examined. The book is principally designed as a monograph but has the potential to be used as a text for advanced graduate courses on early Earth evolution.

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life Book
Author : Yildirim Dilek,Harald Furnes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-26
ISBN : 9400776152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an integrated approach to the study of the evolution of the Archean lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere, and as such it is a unique contribution to our understanding of the early Earth and life. The structural and geochemical make-up of both the oceanic and continental crust of the Archean Earth is documented in some case studies of various cratons, and the implications of the Phanerozoic plate and plume tectonic processes for the Archean geology are discussed in several chapters in the book. All chapters are process-oriented and data-rich, and reflect the most recent knowledge and information on the Archean Earth. The interdisciplinary approach of examining the evolution of the Archean crust, oceans, and life that we adopt in this book sets it apart from previous publications on Precambrian geology. The book will be attractive to researchers in academia and in industry, and to senior undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty in earth and natural sciences.

Mantle Convection for Geologists

Mantle Convection for Geologists Book
Author : Geoffrey F. Davies
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-02-03
ISBN : 1139496182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mantle convection is the fundamental agent driving many of the geological features observed at the Earth's surface, including plate tectonics and plume volcanism. Yet many Earth scientists have an incomplete understanding of the process. This book describes the physics and fluid dynamics of mantle convection, explaining what it is, how it works, and how to quantify it in simple terms. It assumes no specialist background: mechanisms are explained simply and the required basic physics is fully reviewed and explained with minimal mathematics. The distinctive forms that convection takes in the Earth's mantle are described within the context of tectonic plates and mantle plumes, and implications are explored for geochemistry and tectonic evolution. Common misconceptions and controversies are addressed - providing a straightforward but rigorous explanation of this key process for students and researchers across a variety of geoscience disciplines.

Geochemistry

Geochemistry Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Tariq A. Altalhi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 1119709970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to explore basic principles, concepts and applications of geochemistry. Topics include chemical weathering, impacts on living beings and water, geochemical cycles, oxidation and redox reactions in geochemistry, isotopes, analytical techniques, medicinal, inorganic, marine, atmospheric, and environmental applications, as well as case studies. This book helps in understanding the chemical composition of the earth and its applications. It also includes beneficial effects, bottlenecks, solutions, and future directions in geochemistry.

Invitation to Oceanography

Invitation to Oceanography Book
Author : Paul R. Pinet
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2009-12-14
ISBN : 0763759937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thoroughly updated to include the most recent and fascinating discoveries in oceanography, the Fifth Edition takes great strides to be the most up-to-date, comprehensive, and student-friendly resource available today. Its content continues to span the four major divisions of ocean science: geology, chemistry, physics and biology, while maintaining the conversational voice for which it is acclaimed. The Fifth Edition boasts many exciting updates, including a new chapter on global climate change that educates students on global warming in the 21st century and its likely impact on ocean systems. With new end-of-chapter questions, new color photographs and illustrations, and an expanded assortment of Selected Readings, Invitation to Oceanography is a must-have in any marine science classroom!

Fifty Years of the Wilson Cycle Concept in Plate Tectonics

Fifty Years of the Wilson Cycle Concept in Plate Tectonics Book
Author : R.W. Wilson,G.A. Houseman,K.J.W. McCaffrey,A.G. Doré,S.J.H. Buiter
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2019-11-11
ISBN : 1786203839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fifty years ago, Tuzo Wilson published his paper asking `Did the Atlantic close and then re-open?’. This led to the `Wilson Cycle’ concept in which the repeated opening and closing of ocean basins along old orogenic belts is a key process in the assembly and breakup of supercontinents. The Wilson Cycle underlies much of what we know about the geological evolution of the Earth and its lithosphere, and will no doubt continue to be developed as we gain more understanding of the physical processes that control mantle convection, plate tectonics, and as more data become available from currently less accessible regions. This volume includes both thematic and review papers covering various aspects of the Wilson Cycle concept. Thematic sections include: (1) the Classic Wilson v. Supercontinent Cycles, (2) Mantle Dynamics in the Wilson Cycle, (3) Tectonic Inheritance in the Lithosphere, (4) Revisiting Tuzo’s question on the Atlantic, (5) Opening and Closing of Oceans, and (6) Cratonic Basins and their place in the Wilson Cycle.

Mountain Geography

Mountain Geography Book
Author : Martin F. Price
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2013-08-24
ISBN : 0520254317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mountain Geography is a comprehensive resource that gives readers an in-depth understanding of the geographical processes that occur in the world's mountains and the impact of these regions on culture and society. The volume begins with an introduction that defines mountains, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography, including origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. The concluding chapters discuss the human geography of mountains and our attitudes toward them, populations in the mountain regions and their livelihoods and interactions within dynamic environments, the diversity of mountain agriculture, and the challenges of sustainable mountain development. -- Book Jacket.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Methods of Celestial Mechanics

Methods of Celestial Mechanics Book
Author : Gerhard Beutler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-11-19
ISBN : 9783540407508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

G. Beutler's Methods of Celestial Mechanics is a coherent textbook for students as well as an excellent reference for practitioners. The first volume gives a thorough treatment of celestial mechanics and presents all the necessary mathematical details that a professional would need. The reader will appreciate the well-written chapters on numerical solution techniques for ordinary differential equations, as well as that on orbit determination. In the second volume applications to the rotation of earth and moon, to artificial earth satellites and to the planetary system are presented. The author addresses all aspects that are of importance in high-tech applications, such as the detailed gravitational fields of all planets and the earth, the oblateness of the earth, the radiation pressure and the atmospheric drag. The concluding part of this monumental treatise explains and details state-of-the-art professional and thoroughly-tested software for celestial mechanics.

Evolution of the Earth and Other Planetary Bodies

Evolution of the Earth and Other Planetary Bodies Book
Author : N. Bakun-Czubarow
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780444996473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of the Earth and Other Planetary Bodies book written by N. Bakun-Czubarow, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pandeism An Anthology of the Creative Mind

Pandeism  An Anthology of the Creative Mind Book
Author : Knujon Mapson,Amy Perry
Publisher : John Hunt Publishing
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 178904104X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following on from Pandeism: An Anthology this new volume brings you three returning authors and a dozen new ones, including renowned physicist and theologian Varadaraja V. Raman, communications professor and poet John Ross, Jr., mixed martial artist turned musician Jimmy "Ninja" Chaikong, Judaism author Roger Price, and mythohistorian Julian West. The theme of this volume is the creativity of the human mind - in art, in poetry, in recasting historical events in mythological terms, in film and television, and, indeed, in prose theological writing. A creative mind is a fire which gives light to the head, warmth to the heart, and nourishment to the soul, and we are blessed to present talents sufficient to fuel many a conversation to come. Indeed, perhaps the creativity of the human mind is a flickering echo of a greater mind which we all occupy.

Direct Imaging of Exoplanets IAU C200

Direct Imaging of Exoplanets  IAU C200  Book
Author : International Astronomical Union. Colloquium
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-05-25
ISBN : 9780521856072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings volume for researchers and graduate students of exoplanetary astrophysics, a rapidly evolving discipline.

Dust in the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems

Dust in the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems Book
Author : S.F. Green,I. Williams,T. McDonnell,N. McBride
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-12-10
ISBN : 9780080530567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the last joint IAU and COSPAR Colloquium in Gainesville in 1995, there have been dramatic changes in the field resulting from in-situ space experiments, Earth orbiting satellites and ground based observations. The brightest comet since the early years of the twentieth century, comet Hale-Bopp, appeared, giving an invaluable opportunity to see in action one great source of interplanetary dust. Similarly, the Leonid meteor shower has been at its most active since 1966, producing spectacular displays of meteors and allowing for an array of observational techniques, not available in 1966 to be used, while theory has also been refined to a level where very accurate predictions of the timing of meteor storms has become possible. Prior to the meeting a total eclipse of the Sun in South West England and North Europe was observed, traditionally a good opportunity to observe the Zodiacal cloud. The knowledge of the Near-Earth Asteroid population has also increased dramatically, with the increased study arising from the heightened awareness of the danger to Earth from such bodies. Extrasolar planets have been discovered since the last meeting and it is recognised that interplanetary dust in other Planetary Systems can now be studied. Since much of the dust observed in such systems is at a distance of order 100 AU from the star, this brings into focus the production of dust in the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt of our own system. Recent years have seen a recognition of the importance of dust originating outside our own system, that is now present in the near-Earth environment. As is always the case when great strides take place observationally, much theoretical work follows, and the same is true in this instance. While data about the planetary medium from Venus to Jupiter was beginning to be available at the meeting in 1995, the data from both Galileo and Ulysses have now been more fully analysed, with a corresponding increase in our knowledge. This book reflects the thematic approach adopted at the meeting, with a flow outwards (from meteors in the atmosphere, through zodiacal dust observation and interplanetary dust, to extra solar planetary systems) and returning (via the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt and comets) to the Earth, with laboratory studies of physical and chemical processes and the study of extra-terrestrial samples.