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Early Warning For Infectious Disease Outbreak

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Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak Book
Author : Weizhong Yang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-25
ISBN : 0128124830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak: Theory and Practice is divided into three parts, with the first section introducing basic theory and key technologies of early warning and the basic principles of infectious disease surveillance. The second section introduces the technical details in the process of establishment, operation and usage of CIDARS and Pudong Syndromic Surveillance and the Early Warning System of the Shanghai World Expo. The third part explores the study of early warning technology, collecting some useful exploration in the fields of infectious diseases involving sentinel setting, data analysis, influence factors study, calculation and evaluation of early warning models. Provide insights into the theory and practice of early warning systems that have been evaluated and shown to be effective Presents a synopsis of current state-of-the-art practices and a starting point for the development and evaluation of new methods Covers applied research and complete case studies that focus on local, regional, national and international implementation Includes techniques from other fields, such as intelligence and engineering Explores future innovations in biosurveillance, including advances in analytical methods, modeling and simulation Addresses policy and organizational issues related to the construction of biosurveillance systems

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak Book
Author : Weizhong Yang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-26
ISBN : 9780128123430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Early Warning for Infectious Disease Outbreak: Theory and Practice is divided into three parts, with the first section introducing basic theory and key technologies of early warning and the basic principles of infectious disease surveillance. The second section introduces the technical details in the process of establishment, operation and usage of CIDARS and Pudong Syndromic Surveillance and the Early Warning System of the Shanghai World Expo. The third part explores the study of early warning technology, collecting some useful exploration in the fields of infectious diseases involving sentinel setting, data analysis, influence factors study, calculation and evaluation of early warning models. Provide insights into the theory and practice of early warning systems that have been evaluated and shown to be effective Presents a synopsis of current state-of-the-art practices and a starting point for the development and evaluation of new methods Covers applied research and complete case studies that focus on local, regional, national and international implementation Includes techniques from other fields, such as intelligence and engineering Explores future innovations in biosurveillance, including advances in analytical methods, modeling and simulation Addresses policy and organizational issues related to the construction of biosurveillance systems

Under the Weather

Under the Weather Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate, Ecosystems, Infectious Disease, and Human Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-05-29
ISBN : 0309132959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin

Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-01-22
ISBN : 0309128188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the biggest threats today is the uncertainty surrounding the emergence of a novel pathogen or the re-emergence of a known infectious disease that might result in disease outbreaks with great losses of human life and immense global economic consequences. Over the past six decades, most of the emerging infectious disease events in humans have been caused by zoonotic pathogens-those infectious agents that are transmitted from animals to humans. In June 2008, the Institute of Medicine's and National Research Council's Committee on Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin convened a workshop. This workshop addressed the reasons for the transmission of zoonotic disease and explored the current global capacity for zoonotic disease surveillance.

Infectious Disease Surveillance

Infectious Disease Surveillance Book
Author : Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha,Ruth Lynfield,Chris A. Van Beneden,Henriette de Valk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-11
ISBN : 1118543521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fully updated edition of Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is for frontline public health practitioners,epidemiologists, and clinical microbiologists who are engaged incommunicable disease control. It is also a foundational textfor trainees in public health, applied epidemiology, postgraduatemedicine and nursing programs. The second edition portrays both the conceptual framework andpractical aspects of infectious disease surveillance. It is acomprehensive resource designed to improve the tracking ofinfectious diseases and to serve as a starting point in thedevelopment of new surveillance systems. Infectious DiseaseSurveillance includes over 45 chapters from over 100contributors, and topics organized into six sections based on majorthemes. Section One highlights the critical role surveillanceplays in public health and it provides an overview of the currentInternational Health Regulations (2005) in addition to successesand challenges in infectious disease eradication. Section Two describes surveillance systems based onlogical program areas such as foodborne illnesses, vector-bornediseases, sexually transmitted diseases, viral hepatitis healthcareand transplantation associated infections. Attention is devoted toprograms for monitoring unexplained deaths, agents of bioterrorism,mass gatherings, and disease associated with internationaltravel. Sections Three and Four explore the uses of the Internetand wireless technologies to advance infectious diseasesurveillance in various settings with emphasis on best practicesbased on deployed systems. They also address molecular laboratorymethods, and statistical and geospatial analysis, and evaluation ofsystems for early epidemic detection. Sections Five and Six discuss legal and ethicalconsiderations, communication strategies and appliedepidemiology-training programs. The rest of the chapters offerpublic-private partnerships, as well lessons from the 2009-2010H1N1 influenza pandemic and future directions for infectiousdisease surveillance.

Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection

Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-11-11
ISBN : 0309111145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Early detection is essential to the control of emerging, reemerging, and novel infectious diseases, whether naturally occurring or intentionally introduced. Containing the spread of such diseases in a profoundly interconnected world requires active vigilance for signs of an outbreak, rapid recognition of its presence, and diagnosis of its microbial cause, in addition to strategies and resources for an appropriate and efficient response. Although these actions are often viewed in terms of human public health, they also challenge the plant and animal health communities. Surveillance, defined as "the continual scrutiny of all aspects of occurrence and spread of a disease that are pertinent to effective control", involves the "systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data." Disease detection and diagnosis is the act of discovering a novel, emerging, or reemerging disease or disease event and identifying its cause. Diagnosis is "the cornerstone of effective disease control and prevention efforts, including surveillance." Disease surveillance and detection relies heavily on the astute individual: the clinician, veterinarian, plant pathologist, farmer, livestock manager, or agricultural extension agent who notices something unusual, atypical, or suspicious and brings this discovery in a timely way to the attention of an appropriate representative of human public health, veterinary medicine, or agriculture. Most developed countries have the ability to detect and diagnose human, animal, and plant diseases. Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges-Finding Solutions, Workshop Summary is part of a 10 book series and summarizes the recommendations and presentations of the workshop.

Global Public Health Vigilance

Global Public Health Vigilance Book
Author : Lorna Weir,Eric Mykhalovskiy
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-05-17
ISBN : 1135159165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes and analyzes the transformations in global mechanisms for monitoring infectious disease outbreaks that have occurred since the mid-1990s. This book examines early warning outbreak detection, which operates electronically through the Internet to identify infectious disease outbreaks that may lead to international health emergencies.

Learning from SARS

Learning from SARS Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-04-26
ISBN : 9780309182157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in late 2002 and 2003 challenged the global public health community to confront a novel epidemic that spread rapidly from its origins in southern China until it had reached more than 25 other countries within a matter of months. In addition to the number of patients infected with the SARS virus, the disease had profound economic and political repercussions in many of the affected regions. Recent reports of isolated new SARS cases and a fear that the disease could reemerge and spread have put public health officials on high alert for any indications of possible new outbreaks. This report examines the response to SARS by public health systems in individual countries, the biology of the SARS coronavirus and related coronaviruses in animals, the economic and political fallout of the SARS epidemic, quarantine law and other public health measures that apply to combating infectious diseases, and the role of international organizations and scientific cooperation in halting the spread of SARS. The report provides an illuminating survey of findings from the epidemic, along with an assessment of what might be needed in order to contain any future outbreaks of SARS or other emerging infections.

Health in Humanitarian Emergencies

Health in Humanitarian Emergencies Book
Author : David Townes,Mike Gerber,Mark Anderson (Physician)
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-05-31
ISBN : 1107062683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, best practices resource for public health and healthcare practitioners and students interested in humanitarian emergencies.

Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response

Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Book
Author : World Health Organization,World Health Organization. Global Influenza Programme
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9241547685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidance is an update of WHO global influenza preparedness plan: the role of WHO and recommendations for national measures before and during pandemics, published March 2005 (WHO/CDS/CSR/GIP/2005.5).

Defence Against Bioterrorism

Defence Against Bioterrorism Book
Author : Vladan Radosavljevic,Ines Banjari,Goran Belojevic
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-22
ISBN : 9402412638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is based on a multidisciplinary approach towards biological and chemical threats that can, and have been previously used in bioterrorism attacks around the globe. Current knowledge and evidence-based principles from the fields of synthetic biology, microbiology, plant biology, chemistry, food science, forensics, tactics, infective medicine, psychology and others are compiled to address numerous aspects and the complexity of bioterrorism attacks. The main focus is on biological threats, especially in the context of synthetic biology and its emerging findings that can be observed as possible threat and tool. The book examines microorganisms and their possible use in forensics, i.e. as possible detection tool that could enable fast and precise detection of possible treats. A number of plant derived components are also discussed as possible agents in bioterrorism attacks, and in relation to infectious disease pathology. Another integral part is food safety, especially in terms of large food supply chains, like airline caterings, institutionalized kitchens etc. Food can be observed as a possible mean of delivery of various agents (biological and chemical) for bioterrorism attacks. Steps on how to recognize specific critical points in a food supply chain, along with proposed corrective activities are discussed. Examples from around the globe, along with the methodological approach on how to differentiate bioterrorism attacks from other epidemics are provided. However, epidemics are also discussed in the context of migrations, with the special emphasis on the current refugee migrations that affect not only Europe, but also the United States. The book will be of interest to experts from various fields of science as well as professionals working in the field. The book encompasses examples and tools developed for easier, more specific, and faster detection of possible bioterrorism treats, along with proposed actions for some aspects of a bioterrorism attack.

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 9

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 9  Book
Author : Dean T. Jamison,Hellen Gelband,Susan Horton,Prabhat Jha,Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2017-12-06
ISBN : 1464805288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the culminating volume in the DCP3 series, volume 9 will provide an overview of DCP3 findings and methods, a summary of messages and substantive lessons to be taken from DCP3, and a further discussion of cross-cutting and synthesizing topics across the first eight volumes. The introductory chapters (1-3) in this volume take as their starting point the elements of the Essential Packages presented in the overview chapters of each volume. First, the chapter on intersectoral policy priorities for health includes fiscal and intersectoral policies and assembles a subset of the population policies and applies strict criteria for a low-income setting in order to propose a "highest-priority" essential package. Second, the chapter on packages of care and delivery platforms for universal health coverage (UHC) includes health sector interventions, primarily clinical and public health services, and uses the same approach to propose a highest priority package of interventions and policies that meet similar criteria, provides cost estimates, and describes a pathway to UHC.

Manual on Livestock Disease Surveillance and Information Systems

Manual on Livestock Disease Surveillance and Information Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defining importance of diseases; FAO/EMPRES: a new emphasis; Early detection; The need for surveillance; What is surveillance?; Surveillance on the ground; Putting a surveilance system in place; Surveillance for what?; Surveillance when and how?; Surveillance in resource-poor countries; Information systems; Setting the goals; Determining needs and outputs; Computerisation; Questionnaire design; Databases; Data quality control; Feedback; The role of GIS; Motivating and training field staff; Awareness creation among decision-makers; Using surveillance as a management tool; FAO involvement in surveillance and information systems development; Examples of questionnaires.

Biosurveillance

Biosurveillance Book
Author : Taha Kass-Hout,Xiaohui Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-09
ISBN : 9781439800478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As evidenced by the anthrax attacks in 2001, the SARS outbreak in 2003, and the H1N1 influenza pandemic in 2009, a pathogen does not recognize geographic or national boundaries, often leading to devastating consequences. Automated biosurveillance systems have emerged as key solutions for mitigating current and future health-related events. Focusing on this promising public health innovation, Biosurveillance: Methods and Case Studies discusses how these systems churn through vast amounts of health-related data to support epidemiologists and public health officials in the early identification, situation awareness, and response management of natural and man-made health-related events. The book follows a natural sequence from theory to application. The initial chapters build a foundation while subsequent chapters present more applied case studies from around the world, including China, the United States, Denmark, and the Asia-Pacific region. The contributors share candid, first-hand insights on lessons learned and unresolved issues that will help chart the future of biosurveillance. As this book illustrates, biosurveillance operates in a complex, multidimensional problem space that incorporates varied data. Capturing the progress of modern-day pioneers who are walking in John Snow’s footsteps, this volume shows how contemporary information technology can be applied to the age-old challenge of combating the spread of disease and illness.

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-07-08
ISBN : 0309107695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent public workshops and working group meetings, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) has examined a variety of infectious disease outbreaks with pandemic potential, including those caused by influenza (IOM, 2005) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (IOM, 2004). Particular attention has been paid to the potential pandemic threat posed by the H5N1 strain of avian influenza, which is now endemic in many Southeast Asian bird populations. Since 2003, the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza has caused 185 confirmed human deaths in 11 countries, including some cases of viral transmission from human to human (WHO, 2007). But as worrisome as these developments are, at least they are caused by known pathogens. The next pandemic could well be caused by the emergence of a microbe that is still unknown, much as happened in the 1980s with the emergence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in 2003 with the appearance of the SARS coronavirus. Previous Forum meetings on pandemic disease have discussed the scientific and logistical challenges associated with pandemic disease recognition, identification, and response. Participants in these earlier meetings also recognized the difficulty of implementing disease control strategies effectively. Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease: Workshop Summary as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop.

Diseases from Space

Diseases from Space Book
Author : Fred Hoyle,Chandra Wickramasinghe
Publisher : HarperCollins Publishers
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Diseases from Space book written by Fred Hoyle,Chandra Wickramasinghe, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Infectious Disease Epidemiology Book
Author : Ibrahim Abubakar,Helen R. Stagg,Ted Cohen,Laura C. Rodrigues
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-04-07
ISBN : 0191030546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infectious Disease Epidemiology is a concise reference guide which provides trainees and practicing epidemiologists with the information that they need to understand the basic concepts necessary for working in this specialist area. Divided into two sections, part one comprehensively covers the basic principles and methods relevant to the study of infectious disease epidemiology. It is organised in order of increasing complexity, ranging from a general introduction to subjects such as mathematical modelling and sero-epidemiology. Part two examines key major infectious diseases that are of global significance. Grouped by their route of transmission for ease of reference, they include diseases that present a particular burden or a high potential for causing mortality. This practical guide will be essential reading for postgraduate students in infectious disease epidemiology, health protection trainees, and practicing epidemiologists.

The Dynamics of Discrete Populations and Series of Events

The Dynamics of Discrete Populations and Series of Events Book
Author : Keith Iain Hopcraft,Eric Jakeman,Kevin D. Ridley
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2014-01-17
ISBN : 1482227657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discrete phenomena are an important aspect of various complex systems, acting both as underlying driving mechanisms and as manifestations of diverse behaviours. However, the characterisation of these discrete phenomena requires models that go beyond those featured in existing books. Largely concerned with mathematical models used to describe time-v

Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases

Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Achieving Sustainable Global Capacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-01-24
ISBN : 0309137349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

H1N1 ("swine flu"), SARS, mad cow disease, and HIV/AIDS are a few examples of zoonotic diseases-diseases transmitted between humans and animals. Zoonotic diseases are a growing concern given multiple factors: their often novel and unpredictable nature, their ability to emerge anywhere and spread rapidly around the globe, and their major economic toll on several disparate industries. Infectious disease surveillance systems are used to detect this threat to human and animal health. By systematically collecting data on the occurrence of infectious diseases in humans and animals, investigators can track the spread of disease and provide an early warning to human and animal health officials, nationally and internationally, for follow-up and response. Unfortunately, and for many reasons, current disease surveillance has been ineffective or untimely in alerting officials to emerging zoonotic diseases. Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases assesses some of the disease surveillance systems around the world, and recommends ways to improve early detection and response. The book presents solutions for improved coordination between human and animal health sectors, and among governments and international organizations. Parties seeking to improve the detection and response to zoonotic diseases-including U.S. government and international health policy makers, researchers, epidemiologists, human health clinicians, and veterinarians-can use this book to help curtail the threat zoonotic diseases pose to economies, societies, and health.

Infectious Disease and National Security

Infectious Disease and National Security Book
Author : Gary Cecchine,Melinda Moore
Publisher : Rand Corporation
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pace of global travel, migration, and commerce has brought about an increased risk of a worldwide infectious disease outbreak. This report examines infectious disease within the context of national security and assesses the need for and adequacy of information that will enable U.S. policymakers to prevent and respond to such threats.