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Dynamics And Stochasticity In Transportation Systems

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Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems

Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems Book
Author : Giulio Cantarella,David Watling,Stefano de Luca,Roberta Di Pace
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 0128143541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics and Stochasticity in Transportation Systems: Solutions for Transportation Network Modeling breaks new ground on the topics, providing consistent and comprehensive coverage of steady state equilibrium and dynamic assignment within a common strategy. The book details the most recent advances in network assignment, including day-to-day and within-day dynamics, providing a solid foundation to help transportation planners solve transient overload and other problems. Users will find a book that fills the gap in knowledge with its description on how to use and employ the latest dynamic network models for evaluation of traffic and transport demand interventions. This book demystifies the many different dynamic traffic assignment approaches and requires no previous knowledge on the part of the reader. All results are fully described and proven, thus eliminating the need to seek out other references. The skills described will appeal to transportation professionals, researchers and graduate students alike. Presents a consistent and comprehensive theory on steady state equilibrium assignment and day-to-day dynamic assignment models within a common framework Describes and solves modeling calculations in detail, with no need to reference other sources Includes numerical and graphical examples, text boxes and summaries at the end of each chapter to help readers better understand theoretical components Includes primary mathematical tools necessary for each dynamic model, easing comprehension

Modeling Dynamic Transportation Networks

Modeling Dynamic Transportation Networks Book
Author : Bin Ran,David Boyce
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642802303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book seeks to summarize our recent progress in dynamic trans portation network modeling. It concentrates on ideal dynamic network models based on actual travel times and their corresponding solution algorithms. In contrast, our first book DynamIc Urban Transportation Network Models - The ory and Implications for Intelligent Vehicle-Hzghway Systems (Springer-Verlag, 1994) focused on instantaneous dynamic network models. Comparing the two books, the major differences can be summarized as follows: 1. This book uses the variational inequality problem as the basic formulation approach and considers the optimal control problem as a subproblem for solution purposes. The former book used optimal control theory as the basic formulation approach, which caused critical problems in some circumstances. 2. This book focuses on ideal dynamic network models based on actual travel times. The former book focused on instantaneous dynamic network models based on currently prevailing travel times. 3. This book formulates a stochastic dynamic route choice model which can utilize any possible route choice distribution function instead of only the logit function. 4. This book reformulates the bilevel problem of combined departure time/ route choice as a one-level variational inequality. 5. Finally, a set of problems is provided for classroom use. In addition, this book offers comprehensive insights into the complexity and challenge of applying these dynamic network models to Intelligent Trans portation Systems (ITS). Nevertheless, the models in this text are not yet fully evaluated and are subject to revision based on future research.

Advances in Dynamic Network Modeling in Complex Transportation Systems

Advances in Dynamic Network Modeling in Complex Transportation Systems Book
Author : Satish V. Ukkusuri,Kaan Ozbay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-21
ISBN : 1461462436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book focuses on recent developments in Dynamic Network Modeling, including aspects of route guidance and traffic control as they relate to transportation systems and other complex infrastructure networks. Dynamic Network Modeling is generally understood to be the mathematical modeling of time-varying vehicular flows on networks in a fashion that is consistent with established traffic flow theory and travel demand theory. Dynamic Network Modeling as a field has grown over the last thirty years, with contributions from various scholars all over the field. The basic problem which many scholars in this area have focused on is related to the analysis and prediction of traffic flows satisfying notions of equilibrium when flows are changing over time. In addition, recent research has also focused on integrating dynamic equilibrium with traffic control and other mechanism designs such as congestion pricing and network design. Recently, advances in sensor deployment, availability of GPS-enabled vehicular data and social media data have rapidly contributed to better understanding and estimating the traffic network states and have contributed to new research problems which advance previous models in dynamic modeling. A recent National Science Foundation workshop on “Dynamic Route Guidance and Traffic Control” was organized in June 2010 at Rutgers University by Prof. Kaan Ozbay, Prof. Satish Ukkusuri , Prof. Hani Nassif, and Professor Pushkin Kachroo. This workshop brought together experts in this area from universities, industry and federal/state agencies to present recent findings in this area. Various topics were presented at the workshop including dynamic traffic assignment, traffic flow modeling, network control, complex systems, mobile sensor deployment, intelligent traffic systems and data collection issues. This book is motivated by the research presented at this workshop and the discussions that followed.

Transportation Systems Analysis

Transportation Systems Analysis Book
Author : Ennio Cascetta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-22
ISBN : 0387758577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Transportation Systems Engineering

Transportation Systems Engineering Book
Author : Ennio Cascetta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475768737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Optimization and Control of Stochastic Dynamic Transportation Systems

Optimization and Control of Stochastic Dynamic Transportation Systems Book
Author : Steven Travis Waller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis employs traditional and new approaches to analyze properties of transportation systems under uncertainty and their effect on the various stages to transportation management; i.e., strategic, tactical, operational and real-time. Numerous pertinent problems are presented or extended to account for dynamics and uncertainty such as the network design problem, dynamic traffic assignment, centralized guidance, and the online shortest path problem. Analytical formulations are developed to describe system properties, and solution algorithms are presented to model transport systems under the stated conditions and, ultimately, to improve the performance of the transportation network.

Stochastic Dynamics of Power Systems

Stochastic Dynamics of Power Systems Book
Author : Ping Ju
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-23
ISBN : 9811318166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses stochastic dynamics of power systems and the related analytical methodology. It summarizes and categorizes the stochastic elements of power systems and develops a framework for research on stochastic dynamics of power systems. It also establishes a research model for stochastic dynamics of power systems and theoretically proves stochastic stability in power systems. Further, in addition to demonstrating the stochastic oscillation mechanism in power systems, it also proposes methods for quantitative analysis and stochastic optimum control in the field of stochastic dynamic security in power systems. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, scholars and engineers in the field of electrics.

Green Intelligent Transportation Systems

Green Intelligent Transportation Systems Book
Author : Wuhong Wang,Klaus Bengler,Xiaobei Jiang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-10
ISBN : 9811035512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings collect selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Green Intelligent Transportation System and Safety held in Nanjing on July 1-4, 2016. The selected works, which include state-of-the-art studies, are intended to promote the development of green mobility and intelligent transportation technology to achieve interconnectivity, resource sharing, flexibility and higher efficiency. They offer valuable insights for researchers and engineers in the fields of Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering, Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial and System Engineering, and Electrical Engineering.

Behavioural and Network Impacts of Driver Information Systems

Behavioural and Network Impacts of Driver Information Systems Book
Author : Richard Emmerink,Peter Nijkamp
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-28
ISBN : 1351119729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1999, this volume contains a systematic collection of both theoretical and applied studies on user information systems for road users. It is generally expected that reliable information offered to road users will improve the use of scarce capacity on transport networks but from a research perspective the question arises whether the provision of such hard and software will influence the behaviour of road users to such an extent that a more desirable traffic situation will emerge. The book contains European, American and Asian contributions and presents advances and findings in the field of theoretical, simulation and empricial models on driver information systems and behaviour, whilst also paying attention to the design of such systems.

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems Book
Author : Andreas Schadschneider,Debashish Chowdhury,Katsuhiro Nishinari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 9780080560526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics. Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

Modeling and Optimization of Air Traffic

Modeling and Optimization of Air Traffic Book
Author : Daniel Delahaye,Stéphane Puechmorel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 1118743717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book combines the research activities of the authors, bothof whom are researchers at Ecole Nationale de l’AviationCivile (French National School of Civil Aviation), and presentstheir findings from the last 15 years. Their work uses airtransport as its focal point, within the realm of mathematicaloptimization, looking at real life problems and theoretical modelsin tandem, and the challenges that accompany studying bothapproaches. The authors’ research is linked with the attempt to reduceair space congestion in Western Europe, USA and, increasingly,Asia. They do this through studying stochastic optimization(particularly artificial evolution), the sectorization of airspace,route distribution and takeoff slots, and by modeling airspacecongestion. Finally, the authors discuss their short, medium and long termresearch goals. They hope that their work, although related to airtransport, will be applied to other fields, such is thetransferable nature of mathematical optimization. At the same time,they intend to use other areas of research, such as approximationand statistics to complement their continued inquiry in their ownfield. Contents 1. Introduction. Part 1. Optimization and Artificial Evolution 2. Optimization: State of the Art. 3. Genetic Algorithms and Improvements. 4. A new concept for Genetic Algorithms based on OrderStatistics. Part 2. Applications to Air Traffic Control 5. Air Traffic Control. 6. Contributions to Airspace Sectorization. 7. Contribution to Traffic Assignment. 8. Airspace Congestion Metrics. 9. Conclusion and Future Perspectives. About the Authors Daniel Delahaye works for Ecole Nationale de l’AviationCivile (French National School of Civil Aviation) in France. Stéphane Puechmorel works for Ecole Nationale del’Aviation Civile (French National School of Civil Aviation)in France.

Equilibrium and Advanced Transportation Modelling

Equilibrium and Advanced Transportation Modelling Book
Author : P. Marcotte,Sang Nguyen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1461557577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each chapter in Equilibrium and Advanced Transportation Modelling develops a topic from basic concepts to the state-of-the-art, and beyond. All chapters relate to aspects of network equilibrium. Chapter One advocates the use of simulation models for the representation of traffic flow movements at the microscopic level. Chapter Two presents travel demand systems for generating trip matrices from activity-based models, taking into account the entire daily schedule of network users. Chapter Three examines equilibrium strategic choices adopted by the passengers of a congested transit system, carefully addressing line selection at boarding and transfer nodes. Chapter Four provides a critical appraisal of the traditional process that consists in sequentially performing the tasks of trip generation, trip distribution, mode split and assignment, and its impact on the practice of transportation planning. Chapter Five gives an insightful overview of stochastic assignment models, both in the static and dynamic cases. Chapters Six and Seven investigate the setting of tolls to improve traffic flow conditions in a congested transportation network. Chapter Eight provides a unifying framework for the analysis of multicriteria assignment models. In this chapter, available algorithms are summarized and an econometric perspective on the estimation of heterogeneous preferences is given. Chapter Nine surveys the use of hyperpaths in operations research and proposes a new paradigm of equilibrium in a capacitated network, with an application to transit assignment. Chapter Ten analyzes the transient states of a system moving towards equilibrium, using the mathematical framework of projected dynamical systems. Chapter Eleven discusses an in-depth survey of algorithms for solving shortest path problems, which are pervasive to any equilibrium algorithm. The chapter devotes special attention to the computation of dynamic shortest paths and to shortest hyperpaths. The final chapter considers operations research tools for reducing traffic congestion, in particular introducing an algorithm for solving a signal-setting problem formulated as a bilevel program.

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications

Agent and Multi Agent Systems  Technologies and Applications Book
Author : Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Adam Grzech
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-24
ISBN : 3540728295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Symposium on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications, KES-AMSTA 2007, held in Wroclaw, Poland in May/June 2007. Coverage includes agent-oriented Web applications, mobility aspects of agent systems, agents for network management, agent approaches to robotic systems, as well as intelligent and secure agents for digital content management.

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow Book
Author : Xiqun (Michael) Chen,Li Li,Qixin Shi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 3662445727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reveals the underlying mechanisms of complexity and stochastic evolutions of traffic flows. Using Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements, the authors propose lognormal headway/spacing/velocity distributions and subsequently develop a Markov car-following model to describe drivers’ random choices concerning headways/spacings, putting forward a stochastic fundamental diagram model for wide scattering flow-density points. In the context of highway onramp bottlenecks, the authors present a traffic flow breakdown probability model and spatial-temporal queuing model to improve the stability and reliability of road traffic flows. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of transportation engineering and civil engineering.

Stochastic Hybrid Systems

Stochastic Hybrid Systems Book
Author : Christos G. Cassandras,John Lygeros
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420008544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because they incorporate both time- and event-driven dynamics, stochastic hybrid systems (SHS) have become ubiquitous in a variety of fields, from mathematical finance to biological processes to communication networks to engineering. Comprehensively integrating numerous cutting-edge studies, Stochastic Hybrid Systems presents a captivating treatment of some of the most ambitious types of dynamic systems. Cohesively edited by leading experts in the field, the book introduces the theoretical basics, computational methods, and applications of SHS. It first discusses the underlying principles behind SHS and the main design limitations of SHS. Building on these fundamentals, the authoritative contributors present methods for computer calculations that apply SHS analysis and synthesis techniques in practice. The book concludes with examples of systems encountered in a wide range of application areas, including molecular biology, communication networks, and air traffic management. It also explains how to resolve practical problems associated with these systems. Stochastic Hybrid Systems achieves an ideal balance between a theoretical treatment of SHS and practical considerations. The book skillfully explores the interaction of physical processes with computerized equipment in an uncertain environment, enabling a better understanding of sophisticated as well as everyday devices and processes.

Soft Computing Methodologies and Applications

Soft Computing  Methodologies and Applications Book
Author : Frank Hoffmann,Mario Köppen,Frank Klawonn,Rajkumar Roy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-21
ISBN : 3540324003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The series of Online World Conferences on Soft Computing (WSC) is organized by the World Federation of Soft Computing (WFSC) and has become an established annual event in the academic calendar and was already held for the 8th time in 2003. Starting as a small workshop held at Nagoya University, Japan in 1994 it has - tured to the premier online event on soft computing in industrial applications. It has been hosted by the universities of Granada, Spain, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Berlin, Cran?eld University, Helsinki University of Technology and Nagoya University. The goal of WFSC is to promote soft computing across the world, by using the internet as a forum for virtual technical discussion and publishing at no cost to authors and participants. The of?cial journal of the World Federation on Soft Computing is the journal Applied Soft Computing. The 8th WSC Conference (WSC8) took place from September 29th to October 10th, 2003. Registered participants had the opportunity to follow and discuss the online presentations of authors from all over the world. Out of more than 60 subm- sions the program committee had accepted 27 papers for ?nal presentation at WSC8.

Reliability based Dynamic Network Design with Stochastic Networks

Reliability based Dynamic Network Design with Stochastic Networks Book
Author : Hao Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Reliability based Dynamic Network Design with Stochastic Networks book written by Hao Li, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dynamic Travel Choice Models

Dynamic Travel Choice Models Book
Author : Huey-Kuo Chen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 364259980X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contains up-to-date and accessible material, plus all the necessary mathematical background. By verifying the asymmetric property of the dynamic link travel time function, while identifying the inflow, exit flow and number of vehicles on a physical link as three different states over time, the author adopts a variational inequality approach using one time-space link variable. This is then used to formulate problems with deterministic, stochastic and fuzzy traffic information. The book is thus of particular interest to those readers involved in aspects of model formulation, solution algorithm, equivalence analysis and numerical examples.

Smart Cities Green Technologies and Intelligent Transport Systems

Smart Cities  Green Technologies  and Intelligent Transport Systems Book
Author : Brian Donnellan,Cornel Klein,Markus Helfert,Oleg Gusikhin,António Pascoal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 3030029077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems, SMARTGREENS 2017, and the Third International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems, VEHITS 2017, held in Porto, Portugal in April 2017. The 8 full papers of SMARTGREENS 2017 presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 70 submissions. VEHITS 2017 received 77 paper submissions from which 9 papers were selected and published in this book. The papers reflect topics such as smart cities, energy-aware systems and technologies, sustainable computing and communications, sustainable transportation and smart mobility.