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Dynamic Sedimentary Environment Of Mangrove Coasts

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Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts Book
Author : Daniel Friess,Frida Sidik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-05
ISBN : 0128175109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts provides knowledge on the importance of sedimentary dynamics in managing mangrove forests. In the first part of the book, the editors seamlessly offer a general introduction of mangrove sedimentary dynamics. This leads into more in-depth information on soil surface elevation change, sea level rise, and the importance of sedimentary dynamics in the loss or gain of blue carbon. The book concludes the discussion of mangrove sedimentary dynamics by addressing the issues of climate change (e.g. sea level rise and blue carbon) on mangrove restoration and sediment. This book will assist coastal managers and academics in addressing the gaps in mangrove restoration and coastal management. As such, it will be a valuable reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, academics in the field of coastal restoration, and coastal management practitioners. Provides a state-of-the-art summary of research into sedimentary dynamics in mangrove forests Includes updates on issues of climate change-relevant to mangroves, such as blue carbon and sea level rise Presents scientific background and successful case studies for mangrove restoration that can solve problems relating to mangrove management

Mangroves and Sediment Dynamics Along the Coasts of Southern Thailand

Mangroves and Sediment Dynamics Along the Coasts of Southern Thailand Book
Author : Udomluck Thampanya
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thirty-year runs of the demographic simulation model revealed that herbivory and water turbulence were the main factors influencing the success of colonization in a mangrove-dominated bay while gradual sedimentation and salinity had little effect. Avicennia was the most successful taxon in colonizing open mudflats followed by Sonneratia while Rhizophora exhibited less success. However, colonization success may vary with changes in environmental conditions as revealed by our predictive scenarios. For example, accelerated sea level rise will reduce the success in colonization of all three taxa and lack of freshwater discharge due to river damming may enhance the colonization success of Avicennia but adversely affect Sonneratia.

Mangroves Ecology Biodiversity and Management

Mangroves  Ecology  Biodiversity and Management Book
Author : Rajesh P. Rastogi,Mahendra Phulwaria,Dharmendra K. Gupta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 9811624941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mangroves are one of the most productive and biologically important blue-carbon ecosystems across the coastal intertidal zone of earth. In the current scenario of serious environmental changes like global warming, climate change, extreme natural disasters, mangrove forests play a vital role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and maintaining ecosystem balance. Mangroves are unique ecosystems with rich biological diversity of different taxonomic groups exhibiting great ecological and commercial importance. The book consolidates existing and emerging information on ecology of mangroves, with a special reference to their biodiversity and management. It emphasizes on the role of mangroves in providing various ecological services. The book is a comprehensive compilation covering all aspects of mangrove ecology. It is useful for students and researchers in ecology, plants sciences and environmental sciences.

Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia

Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia Book
Author : I. Faridah-Hanum,A. Latiff,Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Munir Ozturk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-01
ISBN : 1461485827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an up-to-date account of mangrove forests from Asia, together with restoration techniques, and the management requirements of these ecosystems to ensure their sustainability and conservation. All aspects of mangroves and their conservation are critically re-examined. The book is divided into three sections presenting the distribution and status of mangrove ecosystems in Asia, the challenges they are facing, their issues and opportunities, and the management strategies for their conservation.

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Urban and Coastal Areas

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Urban and Coastal Areas Book
Author : Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 0081017677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For a long time, the dynamics of urban and coastal areas have been the focus of administrators and decision makers in charge of public policy in order to better take into account anthropogenic pressure and the impact of climate change. This volume presents applications of remote sensing in urban environments and coastal zones, including the use of remote sensing in city planning (urban expansion, light pollution, air quality, etc.), observation of the properties of ocean color, the study of coastal dynamics (identifying coastlines and estimating sediment balances, etc.) and analysis of the dynamics of mangroves. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to the coastal environment and urban areas. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Clear-and-concise descriptions of modern methods of remote sensing for a variety of applications Explores the most current remote sensing techniques, with physical aspects of their measurement (theory) Presents physical principles, measurement, and data processing chapters that are provided for each technique described

Fine Sediment Dynamics in the Marine Environment

Fine Sediment Dynamics in the Marine Environment Book
Author : Johan C. Winterwerp,C. Kranenburg
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-06-05
ISBN : 9780080531663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cohesive sediment, or mud, is encountered in most water bodies throughout the world. Often mud is a valuable resource, synonymous with fertile land, enriching the natural environment and used as an important building material. Yet mud also hinders navigation and consequently, dredging operations have been carried out since ancient times to safeguard navigation. Unfortunately, many mud deposits are now contaminated, endangering the eco-system and increasing the costs of dredging operations. The transport and fate of mud in the environment are still poorly understood and the need for basic research remains. This text contains the proceedings of the INTERCOH-2000 conference on progress in cohesive sediment research. It was the sixth in a series of conferences initially started by Professor Ashish Mehta in 1984 as a "Workshop on Cohesive Sediment Dynamics with Special Reference to the Processes in Estuaries". During these conferences the character of the first workshop has always been maintained, that is, small scale and dedicated to the physical and engineering aspects of cohesive sediments, without parallel sessions, but with ample time for discussions during and after the presentations, and followed by a book of proceedings containing thoroughly reviewed papers. INTERCOH-2000 was integrated with the final workshop of the COSINUS project. This project was carried out as a part of the European MAST-3 programme, and almost all European cohesive sediment workers were involved. INTERCOH-2000 focused on the behaviour and modelling of concentrated benthic suspensions, i.e. high-concentrated near-bed suspensions of cohesive sediment. Special attention was paid to: sediment - turbulence interaction; flocculation and settling velocity; high-concentrated mud suspensions; processes in the bed - consolidation; processes on the bed - erosion; field observations on mud dynamics; instrumentation; and numerical modelling.

PNEC Le Programme National Pour L environnement C tier Pr sentation Des Activit s de 1999 2002

PNEC   Le Programme National Pour L environnement C  tier  Pr  sentation Des Activit  s de 1999    2002 Book
Author : Jacques Clavier,Michel Joanny,François Carlotti
Publisher : Editions Quae
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 2844331513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthèse des activités du programme national pour l'environnement côtier (PNEC) qui développe des recherches fondamentales sur les zones côtières de France métropolitaine et d'outre-mer. Les activités concernent les cycles biogéochimiques, la dynamique des populations, les efflorescences algales toxiques, facteurs hydroclimatiques et variabilité, microorganismes, gouvernance environnementale, etc.

Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes

Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes Book
Author : I.P. Martini,H.R. Wanless
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1862393745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a world where the loss of sea ice and thawing of coastal grounds in the north, and renewed marine transgression and an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events globally, are becoming commonplace. This volume presents a timely examination of coasts, the geological environment at particular risk, as global warming brings on this new reality. In 23 papers, low lying, mainly siliciclastic coasts are reviewed, described and analysed, under a variety of climates in quasi-stable tectonic settings along passive, trailing-continental edges from Polar Regions to the Tropics. Examples include coast of the Arctic seas, temperate to tropical eastern shores of the Americas, western Portugal, Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, South Africa and Australia. The entire coastal zone (landscape) is considered ranging from geophysical processes and products to biological entities including the adaption of Native People in various climatic zones. Knowledge of the state of the coasts now, and how the coastal plain has evolved since Late Pleistocene, is crucial for any realistic planning for the future.

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate

Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Barbara Zanuttigh,Robert J. Nicholls,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Richard C. Thompson,Hans Falk Burcharth
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 0123973317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Existing coastal management and defense approaches are not well suited to meet the challenges of climate change and related uncertanities. Professionals in this field need a more dynamic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach. Written by an international group of experts, Coastal Risk Management in a Changing Climate provides innovative, multidisciplinary best practices for mitigating the effects of climate change on coastal structures. Based on the Theseus program, the book includes eight study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located. Integrated risk assessment tools for considering the effects of climate change and related uncertainties Presents latest insights on coastal engineering defenses Provides integrated guidelines for setting up optimal mitigation measures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of mitigation measures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal mitigation

Sediment Transport and Morphodynamics Modelling for Coasts and Shallow Environments

Sediment Transport and Morphodynamics Modelling for Coasts and Shallow Environments Book
Author : Vanesa Magar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-09
ISBN : 1498753485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference for engineers, and graduate students covers sediment transport and morphodynamics modelling in nearshore environments. It presents the fundamentals required for understanding the physics and for setting up numerical models. This book covers hydrodynamics of estuarine and coastal environments, properties of seafloor and estuarine composition, and hydroenvironmental interactions; emphasising the inter-relations of small- and large-scale processes, and short- and large-evolution timescales. The focus is, principally, on the application of shallow-water theory, but some surface wave models, and coupling of shallow-water models with surface waves is also discussed to some extent. The guidance on running regional models and the case studies presented are directed to managed realignment, coastal protection, climate change impacts, and offshore renewables. Key features: Gives a balanced review of this rich interdisciplinary area Bridges practical engineering and research Offers both large- and small-scale application Suits graduate students and researchers as well as consulting engineers Vanesa Magar is a senior researcher and associate professor at the Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE) in Baja California, Mexico. She was formerly a researcher and then a lecturer at Plymouth University, UK.

World Seas An Environmental Evaluation

World Seas  An Environmental Evaluation Book
Author : Charles Sheppard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 012805204X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Second Edition, Volume Three: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts covers global issues relating to our seas, including a biological description of the coast and continental shelf waters, the development and use of the coast, landfills and their effects, pollutant discharges over time, the effects of over-fishing, and the management methods and techniques used to ensure continued ecosystem functioning. The relative importance of water-borne and airborne routes differ in different parts of the world is explored, along with extensive coverage of major habitats and species groups, governmental, education and legal issues, fisheries effects, remote sensing, climate change and management. This book is an invaluable, worldwide reference source for students and researchers concerned with marine environmental science, fisheries, oceanography and engineering and coastal zone development. Provides scientific reviews of regional issues, empowering managers and policymakers to make progress in under-resourced countries and regions Covers environmental issues arising from the human use of both the sea and its watershed Presents informed commentary on major trends, problems and successes, and recommendations for the future

Sediment Dynamics of Chinese Muddy Coasts and Estuaries

Sediment Dynamics of Chinese Muddy Coasts and Estuaries Book
Author : Xiao Hua Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-24
ISBN : 0128119659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sediment Dynamics of Chinese Muddy Coasts and Estuaries: Physics, Biology and Their Interactions provides a forum for the latest research addressing the physics, sedimentary processes, biology, chemistry and ecological processes associated with these rapidly changing estuarine and coastal environments. The book explores the challenges and opportunities for future research in China’s estuaries and coastal waters around the world, and uses China as a case study to provide answers to the causes of, and possible solutions to, these problems, presenting methodologies on working with observation and modelling analysis. China’s coastal zone is facing many urgent issues in the environmental degradation and sustainable use of its marine resources. This book reviews and synthesizes papers from international research communities, including those from China, to exemplify and document their scientific approaches to manage and recover coastal ecological functions. Presents spatio-temporal processes and multivariate dynamic modelling Includes physical and biological feedback, along with marine ecosystem observation and modeling Features multidisciplinary methodological approaches Includes important information on the effects of climate change to the coasts and estuaries of China

Coastal Zone Management Imperative for Maritime Developing Nations

Coastal Zone Management Imperative for Maritime Developing Nations Book
Author : B.U. Haq,Syed M. Haq,Gunnar Kullenberg,Jan H. Stel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-11-30
ISBN : 9780792347651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthropogenic transformation of the coastal zone continues at a steady pace, especially in the developing maritime countries, where coastal resources are often crucial to national economies. However, exploitation of these resources is often indiscriminate, ill planned, or carried out without adequate scientific knowledge. This leads to rapid resource depletion, and often irreversible environmental degradation. The 1992 Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on Environment and Development recognized the expediency of an integrated and sustainable use of all coastal resources, functions and services grounded on sound scientific data. The present volume is based on the 1994 international workshop Integrated Coastal Zone Management, and brings together contributions by leading specialists both on basic concepts and on applications of coastal management. The work is divided into six parts, dealing with the conceptual framework of ICZM; regional and global aspects of coastal management; environmental assessment in ICZM; capacity building and technology transfer; monitoring and environmental analysis; and case studies and status of ICZM plans. The book also incorporates an interactive ICZM planning module, COSMO, which can be of use in designing a management plan for a coast. Attention is also given to long-term environmental effects of present-day actions. It is hoped that COSMO will prove an additional learning tool for ICZM practitioners and enhance the value of the book. This work is intended to give a broad coverage of conceptual and technical aspects of ICZM, and will be of use to operational executives as well as students of ICZM, environmental economists, policy-makers and senior managers in the international development agencies and governmental and non-governmental organizations. It can be recommended as a textbook and as a reference work.

Muddy Coasts of the World

Muddy Coasts of the World Book
Author : Terry R. Healy,Ying Wang,Judy-Ann Healy
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780444510198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The SCOR (Scientific Committee on Ocean Research of ICSU) Working Group 106 was tasked with reviewing the geomorphic, sedimentary and oceanographic dynamics of muddy costs, assessing the impact of sea level rise on muddy coasts, especially in estuaries, and to recommend future research pathways relating to muddy coasts. This book addresses these questions and includes chapters on the research issues of muddy coasts, the definition of muddy coasts, sea level rise effects on muddy coasts, fundamental dynamic processes effecting muddy coast formation, the role of mangrove and salt marsh vegetation, bio-geochemistry of muddy coast deposits, storm surge effects on muddy coasts, human impacts on muddy coasts, and a detailed geographical review of muddy coasts of the world. The volume presents examples of muddy coasts sedimentation from many different environments of the world including the broad expanse muddy coast of China, muddy coasts of continental trailing edges (the Americas), muddy coasts in seasonally ice covered environments, muddy coasts in areas of tropical coral reefs, muddy coasts from the tropics, muddy coasts resulting from large river discharges, and muddy coasts of mid-latitude oceanic islands.

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science Book
Author : Maurice Schwartz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-11-08
ISBN : 1402038801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Mangrove Dynamics and Management in North Brazil

Mangrove Dynamics and Management in North Brazil Book
Author : Ulrich Saint-Paul,Horacio Schneider
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-30
ISBN : 9783642134579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mangrove ecosystems are being increasingly threatened by human activities. Their biotic productivity supplies food and other resources to the human populations that inhabit or make use of them. This volume highlights the results of a ten-year German / Brazilian research project, called MADAM, in one of the largest continuous mangrove areas of the world, located in northern Brazil. Based on the analysis of the ecosystem dynamics, management strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of mangroves are presented and discussed. Beyond the scientific results, this book also provides guidelines for the development of international cooperation projects.

Coastal Wetlands

Coastal Wetlands Book
Author : Gerardo Perillo,Eric Wolanski,Donald R Cahoon,Charles S Hopkinson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-02
ISBN : 0444638946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal Wetlands, Second Edition: An Integrated and Ecosystem Approach provides an understanding of the functioning of coastal ecosystems and the ecological services that they provide. As coastal wetlands are under a great deal of pressure from the dual forces of rising sea levels and the intervention of human populations, both along the estuary and in the river catchment, this book covers important issues, such as the destruction or degradation of wetlands from land reclamation and infrastructures, impacts from the discharge of pollutants, changes in river flows and sediment supplies, land clearing, and dam operations. Covers climate change and its influence on coastal wetland form and function Provides a fully updated and expanded resource, including new chapters on modeling, management and the impact of climate change Contains full-color figures of wetlands and estuaries in different parts of the world

Biology and ecology of mangroves

Biology and ecology of mangroves Book
Author : H.J. Teas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401709149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biology and ecology of mangroves book written by H.J. Teas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sediment Dynamics and Deposits Along the Fluvial marine Transition

Sediment Dynamics and Deposits Along the Fluvial marine Transition Book
Author : Aaron T. Fricke
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rivers supply the vast majority of sediment that reaches the global ocean. As many rivers approach the sea, they experience tidal influence in the absence of salinity, along a reach known as the tidal river. As a result, a significant fraction of the sediment discharged by rivers around the world passes through a tidal river before entering the ocean. Within the tropics, these tidal rivers also supply sediment to coastal mangrove forests near the river mouths. Although common, the deposits and dynamics associated with tidal rivers and the coastal mangrove forests they nourish remain poorly understood. Processes acting within tidal-river environments, as well as between tidal rivers and adjacent mangrove forests, are governed by a combination of fluvial and tidal processes, which are a focus of this work. The Amazon River is the largest fluvial source of freshwater and sediment to the global ocean and has the longest tidally-influenced reach in the world. Two major rivers, the Tapajós and Xingu, enter the Amazon along its tidal reach. However, unlike most fluvial confluences, these are not one-way conduits through which water and sediment flow downstream toward the sea. The drowned river valleys (rias) at the confluences of the Tapajós and Xingu with the Amazon River experience water-level fluctuations associated not only with the seasonal rise and fall of the river network, but also with semidiurnal tides that propagate as far as 800 km up the Amazon River. Superimposed seasonal and tidal forcing, distinct sediment and temperature signatures of Amazon and tributary waters, and antecedent geomorphology combine to create mainstem-tributary confluences that act as sediment traps rather than sources of sediment. Hydrodynamic measurements are combined with data from sediment cores to determine the distribution of tributary- and Amazon-derived sediment within the ria basins, characterize the sediment-transport mechanisms within the confluence areas, and estimate rates of sediment accumulation within both rias. The Tapajós and Xingu ria basins trap the majority of the sediment carried by the tributaries themselves in addition to ~20 Mt y-1 of sediment sourced from the Amazon River. These findings have implications for the interpretation of stratigraphy associated with incised-valley systems, such as those that dominated the transfer of sediment to the oceans during low-stands in sea level. The estimates of water and sediment discharged by the Amazon River are based on data from the lowermost non-tidal gauging station at Óbidos, ~800 km upstream of the Atlantic Ocean. Depositional environments along the lengthy tidal river downstream of Óbidos have been proposed as important sinks for up to a third of the reported sediment discharge from the Amazon River. However, the morphology and dynamics of the intertidal floodplain have yet to be described. River-bank surveys in five areas along the Amazon tidal river reveal a distinct evolution in bank morphology between the upper, central, and lower reaches of the tidal river. The upper tidal-river floodplain is defined by prominent natural levees that strongly control the transfer of water and sediment between the mainstem Amazon River and its floodplain. Increased tidal influence in the central tidal river suppresses levee development, and tidal currents increase sediment transport into the distal parts of the floodplain. The floodplain morphology in the lower tidal river closely resembles marine intertidal environments (e.g., mud flats, salt marshes), with dendritic tidal channels incising elevated vegetated flats. Theory, morphology, and geochronology suggest that the dynamics of sediment delivery to the intertidal floodplain of the Amazon tidal river vary along its length due to the relative dominance of fluvial and tidal influence. The interplay between fluvial and marine influence is similarly felt in coastal mangrove forests that are nourished by tidal rivers. Mangrove forests are an important means of coastal protection along many shorelines in the tropics, and are often associated with large rivers there. The mangrove forest at the seaward end of Cù Lao Dung, an island in the Mekong Delta, includes areas with progradation rates of 10s of meters per year, and areas that have experienced little to no progradation in recent decades. The physical proximity (

Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology

Introduction to Coastal Processes and Geomorphology Book
Author : Robin Davidson-Arnott,Bernard Bauer,Chris Houser
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-09-30
ISBN : 1108424279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grounded in current research, this second edition has been thoroughly updated, featuring new topics, global examples and online material. Written for students studying coastal geomorphology, this is the complete guide to the processes at work on our coastlines and the features we see in coastal systems across the world.