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Durability And Reliability Of Medical Polymers

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Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers Book
Author : Mike Jenkins,Artemis Stamboulis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers Book
Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0081003935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules Book
Author : Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0128115459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery Book
Author : W Peters,H Brandon,K L Jerina,C Wolf,V L Young
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-02
ISBN : 0857096419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Employed for both cosmetic and reconstructive purposes, breast implants are one of the most widely-used and controversial prostheses available. The development of safe, reliable products is vital to the future of this important field of surgery. Biomaterials in plastic surgery reviews the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants. Beginning with an introduction to the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation, Biomaterials in plastic surgery goes on to discuss development issues. It then discusses the chemistry and physical properties of biomedical silicones before reviewing cohesive gel and polyurethane foam implants. The book concludes by analysing the epidemiological evidence on the safety issues relating to breast implants, followed by a review of retrieval and analysis of breast implants emphasizing strength, durability and failure mechanisms. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Biomaterials in plastic surgery is an important guide for surgeons, manufacturers and all those researching this important field. Comprehensively examines the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants Provides an overview of the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation and goes on to discuss the development and chemical and physical properties of biomedical silicones Reviews cohesive gel breast implants and polyurethane foam breast implants

Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds

Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds Book
Author : Oleg Figovsky,Dmitry Beilin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-11
ISBN : 1466590343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One way of improving performance attributes of building structures is to use a new class of materials—polymer composites. They have unique properties that combine high strength with features of non-metallic materials. Polymer concretes (PC) appear to offer many possibilities for producing new materials with desired physical and mechanical characteristics, such as improved mechanical strength, low permeability, and greater chemical resistance. Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds presents the results of theoretical and experimental research on efficient building material composites based on advanced polymer binders. This book examines the composition and properties of two new polymer concretes that have potential to solve various construction issues: rubber concrete based on a polybutadiene binder and silicate polymer concrete with an organo-silicate matrix. It examines the physical, mechanical, and technological properties of these PCs as well as their behavior in harsh environments and durability and reliability issues. The authors describe a new environmentally friendly polymer for monolithic industrial floor coverings and coatings—nonisocyanate polyurethanes. They also discuss advanced crack-resistant coatings based on water dispersion of chlorosulfonated polyethylene, which can be used on concrete, metal, and plastic for various industrial uses such as aircraft, automobiles, paint, and in shipbuilding and civil engineering. The book covers a new type of epoxy composition with nano-heterogenic structure with potential for better mechanical properties and chemical resistance, acid-resistant building materials based on a nanostructured binder, and an advanced environmentally friendly and weather-resistant fire-protective coating for indoor and outdoor application to flammable substrates. With a focus on novel concretes and protective compounds for a variety of environments, this book reflects the newest developments in the rapidly growing field of building materials engineering.

Mechanical Behaviour of Polymeric Materials

Mechanical Behaviour of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Jaroslav Kahovec
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conference has provided a forum for both academia and industry experts in the mechanical behaviour of solid polymers, both synthetic and natural. Special emphasis will be put on structural understanding of macroscopic mechanical behaviour.

Polymers Biomaterials and Medical Applications

Polymers  Biomaterials and Medical Applications Book
Author : Jacqueline I. Kroschwitz
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1989-07-25
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprises all of the original, complete articles related to biomedical applications of polymers found in the 19-volume Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering. Articles provide detailed information on properties, uses and methods of manufacture of polymers with biomedical applications. There are approximately 20 main entries, averaging 12,000 words in length, prepared by 30 leading authorities from industry, academia and research laboratories. Coverage includes drug delivery systems, prosthetic devices, contact lenses, medical packaging, dental applications, skin replacement and more, all supported by standards and specifications for materials.

Weathering of Plastics

Weathering of Plastics Book
Author : George Wypych,Plastics Design Library
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In spite of extensive efforts, material weathering testing still requires improvement. This book presents findings and opinions of experts in material degradation testing. The aim is to improve testing methods and procedures. Materials are presented to show that photochemical degradation rate depends on a combination of environmental factors such as UV radiation, temperature, humidity, rain, stress, and concentration of reactive pollutants. The potential effect of each parameter of degradation on data gathered is discussed based on known results from a long experience in testing. This book contains data obtained in laboratories of the largest manufacturers of UV stabilizers and chemical companies that manufacture durable materials. The book gives details of testing procedures and choice of parameters of exposure which are crucial for obtaining laboratory results correlating with environmental performance of materials. In addition to exposure conditions, the book contains many suggestions on sample preparation and post-exposure testing. The effective use of these methods shortens testing time of materials and determines acceleration rate of testing. The book also gives examples of complete, well-designed weathering experiments which may be used as patterns for selection of parameters and techniques for new studies. The areas of research that still require more attention in future studies are clearly indicated.

Interactions of Polymers With Bioactive And Corrosive Media

Interactions of Polymers With Bioactive And Corrosive Media Book
Author : T. E. Rudakova,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov,Gennadij E. Zaikov
Publisher : VSP
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9789067641623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural polymers have always been used in medicine. However, the development of synthetic polymers for use in medicine has occurred only in the last few decades. The successful applications of these synthetic polymers in medicine depend mainly on their physico-chemical and special characteristics such as biological compatibility with tissues, stability, durability and elasticity. This book deals mainly with the kinetic and structural aspects which are essential for the realization of these characteristics. The authors have examined in detail the processes of diffusion, chemical and biological diintegration, changes in various structural levels induced by chemical and biological media, and the problems of simultaneous influence of these media and mechanical strains on polymers used in medicine. Researchers in the field of polymer physics and chemistry, as well as those who are working with applications of polymers in medicine and biology should find this book useful.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Ad Hoc Panel on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publisher : National Academies
Release : 1981
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conference Proceedings

Conference Proceedings Book
Author : Society of Plastics Engineers. Technical Conference
Publisher :
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technical Report Series

Technical Report Series Book
Author : WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization
Publisher :
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Erythrocyte Engineering for Drug Delivery and Targeting

Erythrocyte Engineering for Drug Delivery and Targeting Book
Author : Mauro Magnani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-01-31
ISBN : 9780306476914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Symposia on Plant Lipids, the 15th of which was held in Okazaki, Japan, in May 12-17, 2002, is held every two years and is the only international meeting in this field. The contributions from the symposium collected in this book represent the most up-to-date research results on plant lipids, including their structure, analysis, biosynthesis, regulation, physiological function, environmental aspects, and biotechnology, obtained world-wide during 2000-2002